pilots in dress uniforms Riveters doughboys with mules African American Officers gas masks African American Soldiers 1 Mule Rearing The pilots

Dispatch Newletter

The WWI Centennial Dispatch is a weekly newsletter that touches the highlights of WWI centennial and the Commission's activities. It is a short and easy way to keep tabs on key happenings. We invite you to subscribe to future issues and to explore the archive of previous issues.

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January 9, 2018

The Next Step in ‘A Soldier’s Journey’ to the new national World War One Memorial

Sculpture detail

While the recent ceremonial groundbreaking for the new national World War One Memorial at Pershing Park in Washington, DC was taking place in the nation's capital, sculptor Sabin Howard was on the other side of the world at Weta Workshop in New Zealand, designing and sculpting the small-scale model (maquette) for the sculptural component of the memorial—a 65-foot-long bronze relief titled “A Soldier’s Journey.” The Epoch Times newspaper interviewed Howard a few days after he had completed the maquette, and last week published the interview with new photos of the sculpture. Read the entire in-depth article here.


Soccer event honors Christmas Truce

Christmas Soccer trophy

Veterans of the Great War were honored on Christmas Day as soccer lovers from the Leavenworth, Kansas area paid homage to one of the most unique and inspirational events in human history. The Christmas Truce, the unofficial ceasefires along the Eastern and Western Fronts, was commemorated Monday by soccer enthusiasts in the fifth annual Truce Tournament hosted by Sporting Club, the National World War I Museum and Memorial, and The Soccer Lot. WWI Centennial Commissioner and National World War I Museum and Memorial President and CEO Dr. Matthew Naylor was at the event to help present the trophy. Read more about the homage to the soccer games of the Christmas Truce here.


Online exhibit explores "American Women Physicians in World War I"

Dr. Esther Pohl

The American Medical Women’s Association (AMWA) has created a remarkable new online exhibit, "American Women Physicians in World War I". When the United States entered the war in 1917, women physicians numbered less than 5% of all physicians. Many were eager for the chance to serve their country. But when the Army Surgeon General sent out a call for physicians to serve in the Medical Corps, the women who applied were rejected. Women physician leaders across the country protested this decision and petitioned the government, but the War Department stood firm. Dr. Esther Pohl Lovejoy would later write, “Our Government provided for the enlistment of nurses, but not for women physicians. This was a mistake. It is utterly impossible to leave a large number of well-trained women out of a service in which they belong, for the reason that they won’t stay out.” Click here to read more about how Dr. Lovejoy and her resolute comrades found other ways to participate, and make lasting contributions to the war effort.


President Woodrow Wilson debuts his Fourteen Points on January 8, 1918

Wilson

On January 8, 1918 -- long before the 1919 Treaty of Versailles -- President Woodrow Wilson addressed the U.S. Congress with what would later become known as his "Fourteen Points" that were "Fundamental to America's War Aims." Up until then, there had been no explicit statement of war aims by any of the nation’s fighting during World War I. Wilson proclaimed that the problems specified in his Fourteen Points affected the whole world; “...Unless they are dealt with in a spirit of unselfish and unbiased justice, with a view to wishes, the natural connections, the racial aspirations, the security, and the peace of mind of the peoples involved, no permanent peace will be attained.” Read how this important speech and the list of principles that were to shape U.S. foreign policy going forward in WWI came about.


"No one left, or walked away, they all wanted to see more."

Gassed

The landmark art exhibit World War I and American Art will close out its current run at Nashville's Frist Center on 21 January. This ambitious show was originally organized by the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA), Philadelphia, and it was timed to coincide with the centennial of the entry of the U.S. into the war. The show came to the Frist in August of last year. The exhibit revisits a critical period in history through a wide variety of artistic responses, ranging from patriotic to dissenting. The artworks show an incredible range, and include painting work by Georgia O'Keefe, who lost a brother in the war; photography by Edward Steichen, who flew aerial reconnaissance missions with the Army Air Corps; and masterwork painting "Gassed", by John Singer Sargent, which is on loan from the Imperial War Museum in the UK. We reached out to the staff of the Frist Center, to discuss the exhibition. Frist Center Curator Trinita Kennedy, Director of Education and Community Engagement Anne Henderson, and Director of Communications Ellen Pryor, responded to our questions about the show, about the war, and about impact on the local region.


Doughnut Girls: Women who fried donuts and dodged bombs on the front in WWI

Stella Young

During World War I, the Salvation Army sent women to France to lift the spirits of the soldiers – and to serve them comfort food. Their food of choice? Hot donuts. The women became known as “Doughnut Girls.” When America entered the hostilities in April 1917, Evangeline Booth (USA National Commander) placed the entire Salvation Army in the USA on a war-service basis. Hostels and service centers were established adjacent to military camps and when the American Expeditionary Force went to France, Lt-Colonel W. William Barker was dispatched to see how the Army could best serve them. In response to Barker’s request to “Send over some Lassies”, Evangeline dispatched a group of eleven handpicked officers, including four single women believing that quality mattered more than quantity. Read more about how the Salvation Army delivered the doughnuts to the Doughboys here.


The U.S. economy in World War I: fighting the war of production and finance

Auto Factory

When war broke out in Europe in the summer of 1914, a sense of dread rippled through the American business community. So great was the fear of contagion from tumbling European markets that the New York Stock Exchange was closed for more than three months, the longest suspension of trade in its history. At the same time, businesses could see the enormous potential the war might bring to their bottom lines. The economy was mired in recession in 1914 and war quickly opened up new markets for American manufacturers. In the end, World War I set off a 44-month period of growth for the United States and solidified its power in the world economy. Read more about the impact of the Great War on America's economy here.


The brave animals that helped America's Doughboys win in World War One

Unbearable

Rags was as brave and hardworking as the American soldiers he fought alongside during World War I. But one key detail set him apart from the men serving in the First Division American Expeditionary Forces: He was a dog. The stray dog turned soldier was just one of the estimated millions of dogs, horses, camels and other animals that served during the Great War. Often referred to as “military mascots,” these beasts of burden typically acted as soldiers’ companions. But military mascots didn’t just lend a supportive paw: They did real work on the battlefield. The National Archives' massive scanning project for its American Unofficial Collection of World War Photographs (165-WW) revealed an astounding assortment of animals,  including dogs, raccoons, an alligator, and a bear, keeping U.S. forces company. Read more about the amazing menagerie of American Military Mascots here.


WWI Centennial NEWS Podcast

Podcast Logo

The WW1 Centennial News Podcast is about WW1 THEN: 100 years ago this week, and it's about WW1 NOW: News and updates about the centennial and the commemoration.  

Available on our web site, iTunes, Google Play, and TuneIn.

Red Cross nurse helps wounded soldiers

Favorite Stories of 2017 - Part 2

Welcome to Part 2 of our 2017 favorite stories in review!

June 28, Episode 26 - From 100 Years ago this week : The Red Cross we know today | @ 01:05

July 5, Episode 27 - From Events - “Ready to Serve” - a one woman show about WWI Nurses - with Ellouise Schoettler | @ 07:50

July 12, Episode 28 - From Commission News - farewell to Former Commissioner James Nutter with Dan Dayton | @ 12:55

July 19, episode 29 - 100 Years ago this week - A tale of combat between a merchant ship and a U-boat | @ 14:05

July 26 Episode 30 - From the Buzz - The Kodak Vest Pocket Camera with Katherine Akey | @ 17:20

August 30, Episode 35 - From Speaking WWI - Field Day | @ 19:35

Sept. 27, Episode 39 - from Speaking WWI - OMG.. Really! | @ 20:55

October 4, episode 40 - From the Great War Project - Ring of Spies in Palestine with Mike Shuster | @ 22:10

October 18, Episode 42 - From 100 Cities / 100 Memorials the genesis and future of the program  with Ken Clarke | @ 26:00

November 1, episode 44 - From 100 Years ago this week - Living in NYC? Did a Slacker live in your apartment building 100 years Ago? | @ 31:25

October 25, Episode 43 - From Commission News - America’s WWI Memorial in Washington DC - with Edwin Fountain  | @ 33:50

November 8 - Episode 45 - From the Great War Project - The Eastern Front Collapses - with Mike Shuster | @ 39:05

November 15, Episode 46 - From 100 Years ago This week - The Suffragists in WWI | @ 43:00 

December 6, Episode 49 - From the WWrite Blog - German songwriter/soldier found from rediscovering his music | @ 51:25

 


Official WWI Centennial Merchandise

Laura Pepper Poster

NEW Product

English Artist WWI Poster - $12.50

Laura Pepper, an English artist living in the UK, was moved to produce this commemorative image to mark the historic First World War Centenary (originally an oil on canvas but a complete departure from her usual genre).

The spirit of the time is conveyed by the use of sepia tones. However, it is foremost a symbolic painting which she hopes the viewer will find both atmospheric and poignant, connecting with the present generation as they reflect on the battles fought by their relatives and the human cost involved, personal reflection encouraged by national and international commemorative events over this centenary period.

To this end, some nineteen key battle names are mentioned in the entanglement of barbed wire and the five poppies are symbolic of those five years of war in which a generation was lost.

As she wanted the image to resonate with the widest possible audience, the lone soldier is not specific to any particular regiment and is intentionally not wearing a steel helmet (first introduced to British soldiers in 1915), as she wanted to accentuate the vulnerability of the men on the battlefield in such basic uniform.

The destiny of the lone soldier walking a path where so many soldiers have trodden before him is for the viewer to decide - is he symbolic of the survivors of battle or of the fallen?

The role of the Royal Flying Corps in reconnaissance and artillery observation is acknowledged. The fractured cartwheel in the bottom right-hand corner of the picture represents in particular the role of the horse and mule in WW1, used mostly to transport ammunition and supplies to the Front, they sustained heavy losses in appalling conditions.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the United States World War One Centennial.


Take advantage of the
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Pritzker Military Museum and Library

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Sgt Henry Veal, II

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of ww1cc.org

Henry Veal

 

Submitted by: Johnette Brooks

 

 

Sgt Henry Veal, II served in World War 1 with the United States Army . The dates of service are: Known 30 APR 1918 - 30 AUG 1918

18 FEB 1895, Henry was born in the Spring Hill District 2 of Milledgeville, GA. He was the baby son of eleven (11) children of Henry Veal, I and Lucy Ann Hearst of Deepstep, GA (the home of the Honorable Elijah Mohammed, Nation of Islam). Henry, II’s father was a minister and a farmer. Henry, II (Sr.) grew up a few doors down from his future bride, Mamie Solomon on the highway that would later (13 AUG 2011) be named in their honor. He joined Green Pastures Baptist Church as a youth and attended school until the 5th Grad . On 5 JUN 1917, Henry registered for the WWI Draft.

He was inducted in Milledgeville GA on 29 APR 1918 and was entrained on 30 APR at Camp Gordon in the 157th Depot Brigade until September 21, 1918. he departed Newport News VA on the USS Mercury headed for Brest, France.

Read Henry Veal's entire Story of Service here.

Submit your family's Story of Service here.


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January 2, 2018 

"The Poppy Lady" Moina Belle Michael: a century-long legacy of helping veterans

Moina Belle Michael

It began with a simple idea from a University of Georgia professor — sell poppy flowers to raise money on behalf of soldiers killed and injured in World War I. Now, nearly 100 years and billions of dollars later, the poppy has become the international symbol of remembrance and support for all military veterans, thanks to the tireless efforts of Moina Belle Michael, affectionately known today as "The Poppy Lady." "During her lifetime, if you adjust for inflation, poppy sales raised $3 billion worldwide, most of which went directly to veterans," said Tom Michael, a great nephew of Moina Michael, who died in 1944. "She championed the poppy as a permanent symbol and reminder of our collective obligation to support our veterans and their families And through all the poppy sales around the world, her legacy of helping veterans lives on." Read more here about  the education professor from Good Hope, GA.


The Four Minute Men, and the U.S. Committee on Public Information in WWI

George Creel

President Wilson established the Committee on Public Information (CPI) soon after the declaration of war in 1917, responsible for interpreting and creating messages about the home front and the war to maintain public support for the U.S. war effort. Committee chairman George Creel, a Midwest newspaper man, embarked on a national propaganda campaign that incorporated nearly every type of medium to spread a positive message about war. But one Creel innovation was much more personal: the Four Minute Man program, involving over 70,000 volunteer speakers. Read more about the impact of Creel's person-to-person program here.


Mt. Airy, PA War Tribute re-dedication

Mt. Airy, PA War Tribute

In the Philadelphia neighborhood of Mount Airy, a ceremony was held in December, 2017 to rededicate the Mount Airy World War I Tribute memorial, with newly-installed bronze plaques. Originally dedicated May 25, 1924 with the names of 34 men and one woman from Mount Airy who lost their lives during the First World War, the original plaques were lost sometime in the 1970s. Read more about the detective work and local dedication that restored the stone tribute to the Mt. Airy WWI war dead.


Christmas Eve road march in NY honors deployed service members, WWI history

New York Road March

New York National Guard Soldiers, Airmen, families and community supporters made up more than 1,200 marchers in Glens Falls, NY on Dec. 24 as part of a Christmas Eve Road March to remember the service of past and present troops overseas. The 2017 march included Soldiers in khaki leading the march instead of the more commonplace camouflage, as a special contingent of New York Army National Guard Soldiers from the 42nd Infantry Division Headquarters, based in Troy, led the road march in replica WWI uniforms, commemorating the service of New York's Doughboys of WWI and remembering their arrival in France in 1917 for combat service. Read more about how this event saluted those Doughboys who marched from their initial staging areas in France to their combat assembly areas, covering nearly 100 kilometers over 18 days in extraordinarily bitter winter weather.


In Flew Enza: Remembering the deadly 1918 Plague Year in Berkeley, California

Plague year

In 1918, America was at war and students arriving at the University of California in the fall of that year found their campus transformed. From the Center Street entrance, the view of the hills was now obscured by large new barracks and the dark smoke issuing from the powerhouse gave the place the look of a factory. Everywhere young men wore the khaki uniforms of the various military outfits represented on campus—the Student Army Training Center, the School of Military Aeronautics, the Naval Unit, and the Ambulance Corps.But the military preparations were not the most dangerous new arrivals in Berkley: the flu epidemic had emerged in Kansas in January 1918 soon struck the campus on its way around the world, killing both high and low, young and old. Read more about how the flu devastated Berkley, and how the institution coped with its piece of the global epidemic.


Laurence Stallings used his World War I experience to inspire books, plays & films

Laurence Stallings

Laurence Stallings, who graduated with a Master’s degree from the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service in 1922, turned his experience as a wounded Marine in the First World War (awarded the Silver Star, and given the Croix de Guerre by the French Government) into inspiration for a career as a journalist, author, and playwright. Read more about how this luminary figure of arts and letters overcame the loss of a leg, and lives on in the legacy of his contribution to literature, film, theater, and journalism—especially his exceptional work capturing the history and experience of the First World War.


WWI Centennial NEWS Podcast

Podcast Logo

The WW1 Centennial News Podcast is about WW1 THEN: 100 years ago this week, and it's about WW1 NOW: News and updates about the centennial and the commemoration.  

Available on our web site, iTunes, Google Play, and TuneIn.

2017-new year podcast thumb

Favorite Stories of 2017 - Part 1

January 4,  Episode #1- our first story! | @ 01:05

February 15, Episode #7 - "Stories of Service" and "Family Ties" introduced by Chris Christopher | @ 02:15

March 8, Episode #10 - War in the sky -The story of Baron von Zeppelin | @ 04:05

March 29, Episode #13 - Special Feature - about horses and mules serving | @ 07:50

April 5 and April #12 - Episodes 14 and 15 - Commission News - In Sacrifice for Liberty and Peace - with Ed Bilous and Chris Christopher | @ 11:20

April 26  Episode #17 - 100 years ago this week - The selective service act of 1917 | @ 19:10

April 26 - Episode #17 - War In the Sky - It turned into the world’s largest aerospace company | @ 21:05

May 3, Episode #18 - Spotlight in the media - introducing Sgt. Stubby the animated film with Jordan Beck | @ 23:30

May 3 Episode #18 - From the BUZZ - Moss is mostly good with Katherine Akey | @ 28:05

May 10, Episode #19 - 100 Years ago This week -  For Mother’s day - Mothers in WW1 | @ 29:20

June 6, Episode #23 - Commission News - A brief mission profile from Commission Executive Director - Dan Dayton | @ 35:25

Also June 6, Episode #23 - Special Feature - George Cohan’s “Over There” turns 100 - with Richard Rubin and Jonathan Bratten | @ 36:50

June 14, 2017, Episode 24 - Spotlight in the media - Three theories on why Wonder Woman is set in WW1 |@ 43:20

June 14, Episode 24 - International Report - The Violin of Private Howard | @ 45:40


Wwrite Blog Post This Week

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Native Americans: Soldiers Unknown
by Chag Lowry (Yurok/Maidu/Achumawi)

Chag Lowry wants us to feel the experience of Native Americans in WWI. This week's WWrite blog comes from his project working to release these lost voices. Conscripted from their tribal home in Northern California by a country they barely knew - to serve in a war they could hardly call their own - young Yurok men nevertheless demonstrated immense courage and humanity on the battlefields of France in WWI. In his post, Lowry talks about his forthcoming graphic novel, Soldiers Unknown, which reveals the untold story of the native Yurok men who fought and died for the US in 1914-1918. 


Official WWI Centennial Merchandise

ww1 Decal

U.S. Army “Doughboy” Window Decal: $3.95 each

Remember the Centennial of the "War that changed the world" and remind others all year - with these great 6" tall window decals. Put them in car windows, office doors, shop windows and all other places that will help the conversation about WWI get started.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the United States World War One Centennial.


Take advantage of the
Matching Donation by the
Pritzker Military Museum and Library

Double Your Donation - Soldiers


Stanley Lionel

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of ww1cc.org

Stanley Lionel

 

Submitted by: Tanveer Kalo

 

 

Stanley Lionel served in World War 1 with the United States Army . The enlistment was in 1917 and the service was completed in 1919.

Stanley Lionel was born on January 15, 1893 or 1894 in Ceylon, British India. Lionel's birth year is contested because multiple documents list different years. He immigrated to the United States in either 1904, or 1905 or 1914. The exact year of his arrival is contested by his 1930 census and naturalization application. After his arrival, Lionel settled in Manhattan, New York.

Lionel enlisted in the U.S. Army on June 5, 1917. His World War I draft card recorded his race as "Ceylonian" and birth date as January 15, 1893. Lionel started his service at Fort Solcum, New York. He was then assigned to the 13th Cavalry Regiment at Fort Ringgold, Texas. His unit was assigned to the Mexican-U.S. border. On December 17, 1917, Lionel was promoted to Private First Class.

Read Stanley Lionel's entire Story of Service here.

Submit your family's Story of Service here. 


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December 26, 2017

December 26th, 1917: U.S. Government takes over control of nation’s railroads

Railroad poster

Eight months after the United States enters World War I on behalf of the Allies, President Woodrow Wilson announces the nationalization of a large majority of the country’s railroads under the Federal Possession and Control Act. By the end of 1917, it seemed that the existing railroad system was not up to the task of supporting the war effort and Wilson decided on nationalization. Two days after his announcement, the United States Railroad Administration (USRA) seized control. Read more about why and how the railroads came under Federal control, and how they emerged as private entities again after the war.


The Christmas Truce in World War I is an enduring historical memory 100 years on

Truce 1

The gruesome carnage of the War that Changed the World is a dark memory that a century later civilization is still trying to comprehend, let alone understand. But out of that darkness, one episode of light continues to fascinate: the 1914 Christmas Truce. Described by the Washington Post as "The Christmas Truce Miracle," it began when "a melody drifted over the darkness of No Man’s Land. First “O, Holy Night,” then “God Save the King.” German and British soldiers emerged from their trenches to share cigarettes, wine, and song, in a too-brief, and not-to-be-repeated interlude of peace and soldierly fellowship in the midst of the brutal killing that preceded and followed it.

Truce 2

This Washington Post article on the Christmas Truce describes how the National World War I Museum and Memorial in Kansas City has published an online gallery of hundreds of accounts of such Christmas truces — letters home from soldiers telling of the extraordinary events. Another essay discusses Why the Christmas Truce endures in historical memory so vividly. The light of the truce has even touched the virtual world of WWI, with the competitors in the wildly successful Great War-themed online game Battlefield 1 stirred to action by the "story so powerful that, even today, it still almost sounds like a myth."

Truce 3


WWI Centennial NEWS Podcast

Podcast Logo

The WW1 Centennial News Podcast is about WW1 THEN: 100 years ago this week, and it's about WW1 NOW: News and updates about the centennial and the commemoration.  

Available on our web site, iTunes, Google Play, and TuneIn.

Christmas Truce 1914

Holiday Special

This Special episode is a 1-hr+ Holiday music compilation from the WWI era. It features a special homily from Rear Admiral Margaret Kibben - Chief of Navy Chaplains, with words of thanks and prayer from all of us here today - back to those who were serving in 1917, in recognition and appreciation for their service and their sacrifice in the War That Changed the World!


Wwrite Blog Post This Week

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Christian Carion’s  Film, Joyeux Noël: A Place of Memory

Winter 1914. WWI’s first major battles have stagnated in the trenches. In an icy field in the North of France, French, Scots, and Germans spy on each other until Christmas Eve when the nostalgic song of bagpipes escapes from the underground while the sound of a Berlin tenor’s Lied rises and spreads in the night. Soon the two melodies harmonize, and the soldiers from all sides emerge from the trenches and meet each other in No Man’s Land. Strategic enemies become war brothers. Christian Carion, captures this battlefield miracle in his 2005 film,Joyeux Noël,now a WWI classic. Don't miss this moving interview with the famous French director!


Official WWI Centennial Merchandise

Marine devil dog statue

Limited Edition Marine Devil Dog Statue - $175

Inspired by the WWI Marine Chauchat gunner, this 12” cold cast bronze collector statue is a tribute to those who fought in The Great War.

Imagine a scene somewhere in France late 1918. The term “Devil Dog” has its origins at Belleau Wood where a dispatch from the German front lines to headquarters described the fighting abilities of the Americans as fighting like “Teufel Hunden”- “Hounds from Hell.” The Marine gunner wears the AEF M1917 khaki drab uniform typically worn without collar insignia. His primary weapon is the French Chauchat (CSRG) machine gun, while a Colt .45 pistol serves as his sidearm. His backpack is lightly loaded for the assault and he carries extra 20 round magazines for the Chauchat in a French-made haversack. His gasmask, worn in the “ready” position, helmet and gear are all U.S. issue.

These finely sculpted limited edition statues are cast and finished one at a time - no two are truly alike. Extensive research and fine sculpting ensures that the over 200 hours of sculpting time, often spanning over two years, result in a statue that is historically and physically accurate as possible. Each limited edition statue is stamped with individual serial numbers and comes packaged in a high quality color presentation box. A portion of the proceeds from the sale of this item will help fund the national WWI Memorial to be built in Pershing Park in Washington, D.C., commemorating the valor and sacrifices of all U.S. WWI soldiers.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the United States World War One Centennial.


Take advantage of the
Matching Donation by the
Pritzker Military Museum and Library

Double Your Donation - Soldiers


Henry Abraham Lincoln Nichols

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of ww1cc.org

Henry Abraham Lincoln Nichols

 

Submitted by: Alan Leventhal, Tribal Ethnohistorian, Muwekma Ohlone Tribe

 

 

Henry Abraham Lincoln Nichols was born around 1895. Henry Nichols served in World War 1 with the United States Navy. The enlistment was in 1917 and the service was completed in 1919.

Fireman 1st Class Henry Abraham Lincoln Nichols

U.S. Navy, Battleships USS Arizona and USS Oklahoma.

Henry Nichols was born in Niles on February 12, 1895 to Charles Nichols and Muwekma Ohlone Susanna Flores Nichols.

Henry enlisted on May 23, 1917 and first served on the USS Albatross. By December 31, 1917 he was transferred to the Battleship USS Arizona, and later on March 26, 1918 he was transferred again to the Battleship USS Oklahoma.

Read Henry Abraham Lincoln Nichols's entire Story of Service here.

Submit your family's Story of Service here.


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December 19, 2017

The Secretary of the Navy who saved America's Christmas in World War I

Daniels

Josephus Daniels, one of the most prominent North Carolinians of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, played a key role in a story that often circulates around Christmastime. He’s not exactly its hero, but in the end Daniels makes the right call — and thus helps to save the celebration of Christmas during wartime. While serving on the Council of National Defense, a federal panel which, among other things, supervised private industry’s contribution to the war effort. Daniels had a decision to make when the Council staff drafted a rule to limit the production of Christmas gifts. Read more here about how Daniels saved the Christmas season.


In 1917, N.Y. Guard soldiers celebrated Christmas before a legendary march

Valley Forge March

By Christmas 1917, the 42nd division's elements were located in a number of villages northeast of the city of Chaumont, about 190 miles east of Paris. By all accounts, most had a warm and well-fed Christmas. But after Christmas, Division elements marched through the snowy French countryside in what became known as the "Valley Forge Hike", 100 kilometers in the snow from the Vaucouleurs to Rolampont France. Today you can drive the route in an hour. In 1917 it took the Soldiers four days to get there.  Read more here about the December hike that "made Napoleon's retreat from Moscow look like a Fifth Avenue Parade."


Dunning sworn in as a new member of U.S. World War I Centennial Commission

Dunning swearing-in

Last week, Commander Zoe Dunning, USN (Ret.) was sworn in as a new member of the U.S. World War I Centennial Commission. The ceremony took place prior to the Centennial Commission's quarterly meeting in Washington DC. "I am honored to be part of this commission" Dunning said. "As a veteran, I will do everything I can to ensure that the Centennial Commission's activities ring loudly, in the name of all of America's veterans." Read more about the newest World War I Centennial Commissioner here.


"People will get a chance to see this legendary Tankgewehr, and learn about its extraordinary history"

Tankgewehr

Our friend David O'Neal has an interesting specialty -- he restores artifacts from World War I. His latest project is certainly one of his most unique -- it is the ground-up recreation of one of the most extraordinary weapons from World War I -- a Mauser Tankgewehr anti-tank rifle. This enormous rifle was designed to shoot at allied tanks and armored cars, with a huge bullet that could penetrate even their thickest steel hulls. The full story of his restoration, which is still underway, can be followed at http://www.ww1history.com/parking-lot.html. David came across a collection of parts from one such rifle, and accepted the challenge of restoring it for museum use. We spoke to David to hear about the challenges that he has faced to bring his vision to reality.


New video from Sabin Howard, sculptor of America's World War I Memorial

Sabin Howard

Sculptor Sabin Howard has provided us with a great present for the Holidays -- a video that provides an update on his incredible work on America's World War I Memorial. This new video shows, in great detail, a small-scale maquette for the memorial's sculptural element, and also provides a great explanation on Sabin's choices for the artistic vision, narrative, and symbolism, of the ultimate piece. Click here to watch the new Memorial video.


Illinois WWI National Guard unit became known as 'the Fighting Black Devils'

Emmett Thompson

When the early Chicago train pulled into a Quincy, IL train station on Feb. 25, 1919, it was met by both a band and a cheering crowd. The Daily Whig paper reported that hundreds "of men and women of his own race and all the other citizens of Quincy" had come out to welcome Sgt. Emmett Thompson home from the World War. The Daily Herald recorded that "when Thompson swung down from the coach he was caught up by many willing hands." For conspicuous bravery in France, Thompson, an African-American, had been awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the U.S. military's second highest medal for valor, the first soldier from Quincy to have this honor bestowed on him. Read more about Thompson, and how the all-black Eighth Illinois National Guard Infantry earned its fearsome fighting reputation in France during World War I.


Pritzker Military Museum & Library exhibit tells personal stories of World War I

Pritzker exhibit

The Pritzker Military Museum & Library’s new original exhibit, Lest We Forget: Sailors, Sammies and Doughboys Over There in World War I, explores the experiences of those who served in World War I and the role the United States played in ending the first global conflict. This incredible new exhibit will feature photographs, maps, posters, rare books, artifacts and footage from the era. Read more about this outstanding new WWI exhibit at the Pritzker Military Museum and Library here.


"War & Art: USA in Italy" World War I exhibit goes up at the Pentagon

Tom Christianson

The Pentagon, home to the U.S. Department of Defense, is in many ways, a city-like community all unto itself. The Pentagon structure is huge, considered the largest low-rise office building in the world, with some 25,000 people working there ever day. Over the past dozen or so years, there has been a significant effort to build the sense of community among the people in the Pentagon -- by using its endless hallways as exhibit space, in order to tell stories from the Defense Department's remarkable history. The latest Pentagon hallway exhibit has a World War I theme, and centers on the story of America's activities in Italy during the war. The exhibit was curated by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and presented through the Embassy of Italy. We spoke to Defense Department Historian Tom Christianson about the exhibit, and its stories.


WWI Centennial NEWS Podcast

Podcast Logo

The WW1 Centennial News Podcast is about WW1 THEN: 100 years ago this week, and it's about WW1 NOW: News and updates about the centennial and the commemoration.  

Available on our web site, iTunes, Google Play, and TuneIn

Horse Heroes

Episode #50
Highlights:

The role of coal in WWI America - Dr. Sean Adams | @ 03:00

Coming Attractions - Preview of podcasts | @ 09:50 

The Halifax Explosion - Mike Shuster | @ 11:10   

Commissioner Zoe Dunning is sworn in | @ 16 :00

Gold Star Mothers special tour - Candy Martin | @ 16:55

Speaking WWI - "Chatting" - A lousy deal | @ 23:50

New issue “Understanding The Great War” Education Newsletter | @ 25:00

100C/100M - Portland, Maine - Brandon Mazer | @ 25:50

Sgt. Stubby new trailer | @ 30:40

Horse Heroes - BrookeUSA - Jo Ellen Hayden | @ 32:25

WWrite Blog - What if there had been no Balfour Declaration | @ 39:30

Buzz - Signal Corp & drip rifles - Katherine Akey | @ 40:15

Xmas Soldier

COMING ATTRACTION - Podcast Holiday Special

Available starting this coming Friday, 12/22, 2017

For our Holiday Special episode we have created a period 1917 holiday music mixtape. Put on the podcast for a WWI holiday ambiance in memory of those who spent Christmas 1917 apart from their loved ones!

It includes a special message from Rear Admiral Margaret Kibben, Chief of Navy Chaplains, as we send words of thanks and prayers from us here today, back to 1917 in recognition and appreciation for the service and sacrifice that is the legacy from the war the Changed the world!


Official WWI Centennial Merchandise

Coffee Mug

White Ceramic Mug

You can get these in time to ring in the new year. Get a whole set of WHITE CERAMIC COMMEMORATION MUGS ($12/ea.) 

Then... add some strong fresh brew coffee, some heated egg nog, and maybe a nice generous splash of Amaretto. 

Get mugs for the whole team, the post, the office or just the family and help build America's WWI Memorial at Pershing Park in Washington DC.

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the United States World War One Centennial.


Take advantage of the
Matching Donation by the
Pritzker Military Museum and Library

Double Your Donation - Soldiers


Daniel Sylvester Carroll

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of ww1cc.org

Daniel Sylvester Carroll

 

Submitted by: Natilie

 

 

Daniel Sylvester Carroll served in World War 1 with the United States Marine Corps. The dates of service are: Known January 1918-December 1918.

Daniel Sylvester Carroll was a member of the United States Marine Aviation Force, Northern Bombing Group, Foreign Service, Field D., France.

Daniel Sylvester Carroll’s War Experience as told by his daughter, Doris Carroll Simper:

Dad was inducted in Vernal - He went instead of Uncle Roy because one of them had to stay home and run the farm. Dad said he would rather die than be stuck on that farm. He was sent from Vernal to Salt Lake City where he was sent to Vallejo, California for his Basic Training. From there he was sent to Miami, Florida where he trained to be a mechanic and machine gunner in the first planes ever used in combat.

He was then shipped directly to France. Upon arriving there because of the shortage of planes he was assigned to be a motorcycle dispatch rider. During this assignment he had five cycles blown up. Two while he was on them. He was not critically injured or so they thought at the time but a small fragment of shrapnel somehow had become lodged in his head. It travelled around doing its thing and caused all kinds of problems for a long time.

Read Daniel Sylvester Carroll's entire Story of Service here.

Submit your family's Story of Service here. 


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December 12, 2017

WWI American Horse Heroes "served with heart, with obedience, with loyalty"

Horse Heroes logo

For three years prior to the nation's entry into World War I, the United States shipped approximately one million American horses and mules to Europe, to assist the war effort as they worked for the British and French armies. These animals carried men into battle, and wounded men to safety. They carried food, water, medical supplies, ammunition, gun carriages and other supplies to the front lines across difficult terrain, in brutal weather, often surrounded by dead and dying men and animals. For peace-loving animals, the sights, sounds, and smells were as dreadful as they were for the men.

Jo Ellen Hayden

The story of these animals is one of courage, and also of tragedy. Brooke USA,  a Commemorative Partner to the WW1CC, is charity dedicated to improving the welfare of horses, donkeys and mules in the developing world. They have a special project to honor and remember the story of these horses, and this week their new section on our website, honoring the Horse Heroes, goes live. We discussed Horse Heroes, and the efforts by Brooke USA, with Jo Ellen Hayden, Brooke USA's Horse Heroes Special Project Volunteer.


After a long search, US Army Nurse's WWI bracelet is returned... to Ireland

Josephine Heffernan

A bracelet that had belonged to an Irishwoman serving with the US Army Nurse Corps in France in World War I has been returned to her relatives in Bray, Co Wicklow. Found fifteen years ago by an eight-year-old boy in a schoolyard in Rimaucourt in northeastern France, the bracelet prompted a teacher to begin a long, and ultimately successful search for the descendants of Josephine Heffernan, which led from France to the United States and then to Ireland. Click here to read more about the quest, which has spawned a documentary film in France.


How friendship and love turned a little homeless dog into an unlikely WWI hero

Sgt STubby

The animated movie, SGT Stubby: An American Hero, is a WW1CC Commemorative Partner, and will come to theaters nationwide on 13 April 2018. The film is based on the remarkable true story of the 26th "Yankee" Division's legendary mascot, SGT Stubby, a stray dog who became a hero of World War I. The film features the voices of actors Helena Bonham Carter, Gerald Depardieu, and Logan Lerman, among others. Sgt. Stubby's new teaser trailer arrived this week in select theaters across North America.  We talked about SGT Stubby with the film's writer/producer, Richard Lanni.


Hilton Village in the Virginia Tidewater: An enduring sense of place for 100 years

Homer Ferguson

Prevented from hiring the shipbuilders he needed to build U.S. Navy warships because of the severe war-driven housing shortage in the Norfolk, VA region, the Newport News Shipbuilding Chief Homer L. Ferguson began looking for solutions even before America entered World War I in April, 1917. Not until he dressed down a Senate subcommittee in early 1918 did Washington grasp the depth of the housing crisis, leading in hours to the funds for historic Hilton Village. Designed and built for workers, 100 years later it has been cited by planners and architectural historians as a landmark achievement. Read more about Hilton Village here.


"How ironic that many issues from 1917 continue to resonate long after the 'war to end all wars.' "

Harold T Andrews

On Nov. 30, 1917, Cpl. Harold T. Andrews of Portland became the first Mainer in the American Expeditionary Forces to die in combat in World War I. This son of a prominent Portland educator died when his engineering unit was called into combat to fight a German offensive on the Cambrai front in France. Writing on the Portland Press Herald newspaper web site, scholar Donald Zillman notes that "the study of the American experience in World War I reminds us of is how the issues of 1917 still resonate a century later." Read Zillman's entire thoughtful article here.


Chronicling Major Leaguers who served in WWI ‘From Dugouts to the Trenches’

Baseball

Major League baseball in America went to war in WWI with the rest of the nation. By spring 1918, 76 Major Leaguers were in the military, 48 from the American League and 28 from the National League (there were only 16 Major League teams then). There were 120 players in the military by July 1918. Jim Leeke’s book “From the Dugouts to the Trenches: Baseball During the Great War” tells the story of two seasons 100 years ago when professional baseball players, executives and sportswriters enlisted, waited for the draft to catch up to them or went to work in steel mills or shipyards. Step up to the plate and read more about Leeke’s book here.


WWI Centennial NEWS Podcast

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The WW1 Centennial News Podcast is about WW1 THEN: 100 years ago this week, and it's about WW1 NOW: News and updates about the centennial and the commemoration. 

 

Available on our web site, iTunes, Google Play, and TuneIn.

He is an ace, has lion cubs as pets, can't walk backwards and is obviously way cool. Who is this? Listen to the show and find out.

Mystery Ace - lufberry

Episode #49
Highlights:

The African American saga in WW1 @ | 01:30

11th Engineers Cambrai follow up @ | 08:55

Brits capture Jerusalem from Turks - Mike Shuster @ | 09:40

Millionaire’s Unit & Lafayette Escadrille documentary film producer - Darroch Greer @ | 13:55

AmazonSmile for the holidays @ | 21:35

Speaking WW1- Foxhole, Dugout and Cubbyhole @ | 22:35

100C/100M profile - Carmel By The Sea memorial arch - Ian Martin @ | 23:25

The American in Paris documentary - Antony Easton @ | 30:05

Mexican born, illegal immigrant most decorated Texan soldier in WW1 @ | 38:15

WWrite Blog - German songwriter/soldier found from rediscovering his music @ | 39:05

The Buzz - Katherine Akey  @ | 40:20


Wwrite Blog Post This Week

Wwrite Blog Logo

The Balfour Declaration sparks the latest post on the WWrite blog, which explores WWI’s Influence on contemporary writing and scholarship. Enjoy and subscribe!!

This week:

What if there had been no Balfour Declaration? What would the alternative history look like? These are questions that writer, Simone Zelitch, author of the novel,Judenstaat,explores  in this week's WWrite blog. Don't miss this fascinating glimpse at a new past...


Official WWI Centennial Merchandise

WW1 Tie

World War One Custom Silk Tie: $59.95

This is a great gift idea for the WWI buff or buddy in your life. And you deserve one too!

This 100% woven silk tie has been custom created for the World War One Centennial Commission.  This red silk tie features World War One era aircraft and the official logo of the Centennial Commission on the back.  This beautiful tie also comes packaged in a 2 piece box with the Doughboy seal printed on the top.

Suit up for your next WWI event... It's like a British School tie - it is a keepsake and badge of membership for years to come!

This and many other items are available as Official Merchandise of the United States World War One Centennial.


Take advantage of the
Matching Donation by the
Pritzker Military Museum and Library

Double Your Donation - Soldiers


Joseph Miller Duff, Jr.

A Story of Service from the Stories of Service section of ww1cc.org

Joseph Miller Duff, Jr.

 

Submitted by: Andrew Capets

 

 

Joseph Miller Duff Jr. born around 1889, Joseph Duff served in World War 1 with the United States Army. The enlistment was in 1918 and the service was completed in 1918

Joseph "Joe" Miller Duff Jr. was destined to lead men. Unfortunately, like so many brilliant young men of their time, his life was cut short in the killing fields of the Meusue-Argonne. Duff was an Ivy League graduate, the Head Football Coach for the University of Pittsburgh, an attorney for the Allegheny County Bar in Pittsburgh, and a World War I machine gunner.

Joe Duff was an American hero. Despite being rejected by the Army on three different occasions for medical reasons, Duff was determined to serve his country and was eventually able to convince the local draft board to overlook his vision problems. 

Duff was a 1912 graduate of Princeton University. As a standout player on their varsity football team, he was named a 1911 ‘All-American’ and proclaimed to be one of the ‘greatest guards in football history’ according to a 1913 Pittsburgh Press newspaper article.

After graduation he was asked to stay on at Princeton to serves as an assistant football coach. The following year he received an offer to become head football coach at the University of Pittsburgh. Duff delivered two winning seasons for Pittsburgh in 1913 and 1914. Following the 1914 season, Pitt found an opportunity to hire legendary coach Glenn Scobey "Pop" Warner. Coach Warner helped Pitt win the College Football National Championship in 1915.

Read Joseph Miller Duff, Jr.'s entire Story of Service here.

Submit your family's Story of Service here.


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