Riveters Mule Rearing African American Officers pilots in dress uniforms The pilots gas masks African American Soldiers 1 doughboys with mules

World War I Centennial News


Free outdoor exhibition featuring striking modern images of WWI battlefields from acclaimed photographer Michael St Maur Sheil at Pershing Park until 8 December 

By Chris Isleib
Director of Public Affairs, United States World War One Centennial Commission

Washington DC — World War I was the first “modern” war as industry enabled weapons and explosives to be manufactured in vast quantities that brought death and destruction on a scale never previously experienced by mankind.

 DSC6002 preview 900Michael Sheil, the photographer of the exhibitAmerican Sergeant Charles S. Stevenson wrote, “Machine guns, rifles, shells, aeroplanes, and tanks — everything you read about — I saw ‘em all. We followed the first line (the attacking party) for twelve hours and ours was a sort of 'after the battle' review. I saw all kinds of German trenches, barbed wire entanglements, busted houses, burning trees, deep shell holes, torn-up railroad tracks, peaceful gardens, dynamited bridges.”

The experience of American soldiers in the Great War is documented in a free outdoor special centennial exhibition, Fields of Battle, Lands of Peace: The Doughboys, 1917-1918, which debuted Wednesday in Washington DC's Pershing Park.

The exhibition features the incredible contemporary photographs of Michael St Maur Sheil, depicting the battlefields of the Western Front where the Doughboys fought. The exhibition, co-curated by the National World War I Museum and Memorial in Kansas City, opened in conjunction with the ceremonial groundbreaking for America's World War I Memorial.

Exhibit also coincides with the centennial of American entry into the Great War. It is the first large-scale exhibition of Sheil’s work in the U.S. His prior exhibitions have been seen by more than five million people across the world.

Read more: Outdoor exhibition of images of WWI Battlefields at Pershing Park

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard introduces legislation to honor nation’s World War I Memorials

GabbardCongresswoman Tulsi GabbardWashington, DC — Ahead of the 100th Anniversary of World War I next year, Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (HI-02) has introduced bipartisan legislation to rehabilitate World War I memorials in Hawai‘i and across the country. H.R. 4328, the Honoring World War I Memorial Act of 2017 would authorize $50 million awarded through VA grants to eligible entities for the rehabilitation of World War I memorials throughout the United States. Eligible entities include non-profit organizations or state or local governments with direct jurisdiction over the rehabilitation of a World War I memorial. Hawai‘i is home to one eligible World War I memorial at Waikiki Natatorium, along with 47 other states.

In recognition of Veterans Day, Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard will deliver the keynote address during the Veterans' Day Ceremony in commemoration of the 99th Anniversary of the end of World War I at the Waikiki Natatorium this Saturday, November 11.

“More than four million brave men and women, including 10,000 soldiers from the territory of Hawai‘i, bravely served our country during World War I,” said Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard. “Nearly a century later, many of the memorials, like the WWI Waikiki Natatorium in Hawai‘i, are deteriorating, decaying, and crumbling due to decades of neglect, and many have been closed to the public for decades. The heroes of World War I fought bravely and sacrificed greatly for our country and deserve places of rest and reflection that honor their service. Passing the Honoring World War I Memorials Act of 2017 to restore our country’s World War I memorials would provide a small measure of our nation’s gratitude to those who served and sacrificed.”

“Part of honoring our veterans includes maintaining the war memorials that recognize their heroic sacrifices in defense of our country,” said Congresswoman Colleen Hanabusa. “I thank Congresswoman Gabbard for introducing this legislation to restore World War I memorials for future generations.”

“We applaud Congresswoman Gabbard’s legislation to give our World War I memorials the protection they deserve,” said Stephanie K. Meeks, President and CEO of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. “Often neglected, World War I memorials across the country are some of the most unique and functional community resources. As we join the world in reflecting on the centennial of the war, the Honoring World War I Memorials Act helps bring much needed focus on these memorials and ensures the sacrifices of the millions of Americans who served are not forgotten.”

“We are thrilled to have this support for our efforts of commemoration, education, and public outreach,” said Daniel Dayton, Executive Director of the WWI Centennial Commission. “The American men and women who served in World War I helped to change the entire world. 4.7 million Americans stepped forward to serve in uniform during World War I. Two million of them deployed overseas. 116,516 of them never made it home. No war should be forgotten, and no military member's service should be forgotten. The lessons of their service needs to be honored, and to be learned from.”

Read more: Rep. Tulsi Gabbard Introduces Legislation to Honor Nation’s World War I Memorials

Four question Gaëlle Powis de Tenbossche, and Carl Vander Maelen 

"We will never forget the sacrifices made by American soldiers" 

By Chris Isleib
Director of Public Affairs, United States World War One Centennial Commission

The Embassy of Belgium has a remarkable new World War I exhibit that has been traveling across the United States. It tells a unique story, of a unique military unit, that had adventures unlike any other, during the World War I period. The Expeditionary Corps of Armored Cars (often called ACM) was a military division formed by Belgian volunteers during WWI. It was sent to Russia at the request of the Tsar to fight the German Army on the Eastern front and distinguished itself in battle in Galicia in 1915. After the Bolshevik revolution, the ACM corps found itself in hostile territory and reached the US through Siberia and China. In the United States, the unit became a tool of propaganda in support of the war effort and was celebrated in May and June 1918 with major military parades (San Francisco, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, Cheyenne, Omaha, Des Moines, Chicago, Detroit, Niagara, New York). The exhibition consists in 19 banners (4 dedicated exclusively to their journey in the USA) and we would like them to be exposed on the trajectory of the ACM corps 100 years ago. We caught up with two members of the Belgian Embassy staff, who worked with the exhibit -- Gaëlle Powis de Tenbossche, and Carl Vander Maelen. They took a few moments to tell us all about it.

The Embassy of Belgium has an incredible traveling exhibit on the Expeditionary Corps of Armored Cars (ACM). Tell us about the exhibit.

TGaëlle Powis de Tenbossche and Carl Vander MaelenGaëlle Powis de Tenbossche (left) and Carl Vander Maelenhe exhibit details the epic and one-of-a-kind story of the Belgian Expeditionary Corps of Armored Cars during World War I. Through 19 richly-detailed and beautiful panels, we tell the remarkable journey of this elite corps through Russia, China and the United States.

Just as the ACM traveled through the US, our exhibit will too. We are currently identifying partners in order to display it in the same major cities where the ACM stopped and was celebrated by the American public. The choice to make this a traveling exhibit thus not only helps us find a wider audience, but also honors the journey that the ACM made.

The ACM travelled all around the world from 1915 to 1918. What are some of the highlights of this journey? Who were some of the soldiers who joined this elite group?

The ACM fought alongside Russian troops on the Eastern Front, and earned a distinction during the Battle of Galicia in 1915. However, after the Bolshevik revolution in 1917, the ACM corps suddenly found itself in hostile territory. They undertook an incredible journey that led them through Siberia and China, eventually arriving in the safety of the United States of America in mid- 1918.

In the US, they were celebrated as war heroes. They traveled all across the country to tell their story, and major military parades were held in San Francisco, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, Cheyenne, Omaha, Des Moines, Chicago, Detroit, Niagara and New York.

Read more: Four question for Gaëlle Powis de Tenbossche, and Carl Vander Maelen

Five Questions for Olivier Jaubert

Trains and Traction restoration of WWI American Rail Car 

By Chris Isleib
Director of Public Affairs, United States World War One Centennial Commission

An amazing group of people in France have been working on an amazing project to remember the American troops who helped France 100 years ago. Calling themselves Trains and Traction, they are railway enthusiasts who have spent countless hours restoring an original American Army World War I-era railway boxcar, for eventual display & exhibit. The rail car was left behind in France, and was a ruin when discovered by the group a few years ago. Olivier Jaubert is the Director of Heritage for the Trains and Traction Foundation, and he told us about his team, and what they have done.

Olivier, Tell us about your railcar project. This is an amazing and unique way of remembering the people who served in the war. Who had the idea?

The idea came from inside, as these 37000 wagons, sent completely kick-down from US, were locally assembled in La Rochelle by US soldiers from the 35th Engineers in what is now today ALSTOM, the biggest local factory with over 2.000 workers, building TGVs and tramcars.

Olivier JaubertOlivier JaubertrailcarRestored American railcar from World War I.The 35th Engineers guys worked from the end of 1917 to the 31st of March 1919, assembling 17.000 units. Then an American company, the Middletown Car Co., assembled the 20,000 remaining ones.

How did the restoration project get started?

These US wagons have a specific look: any boy who had an electric train to play with had one in his rake.

So when we had the opportunity to buy one for one € plus transport, we bought it. It was six or seven years ago, and this railcar was already derelict, but also already listed as a French Historical Monument since 1990. This listing means that National and local authorities can pay up to 60% of refurbishment costs, which gives ideas to the ones who can find the remaining 40%.

As they were 8 different types of these wagons, from boxcars (two types), flat, tank, to high and low gondolas, etc…, all built with same sub-components, and as they had all been locally assembled, we started collecting one of each of the only six remaining types and filled the files to get money. It seems simple. It is not.

Now two railcars are almost finished, the third “started”, and files filled to get money for the remaining ones: we plan to be ready to show the full rake of six units for your 2018’s Independence Day. The steam locomotive, we have: let’s just find reenacting groups, Ford American Legion ambulances, Liberty trucks, Nash-Quad and Macks of the time, and that’s it!

Remind us of the symbolism of these particular 8/40 rail cars. What role did they serve during the war? What information will people see on the education panels?

8/40 means 8 horses/40 soldiers, the French standard small boxcar’s capacity.

In fact your cars were bigger, and as you may have seen, you US, didn’t painted on these cars ‘sides how many horses and men there were able to transport: 12/60?

Today in France, as it seems also to have been organized in USA in the thirties by your late president Roosevelt, local authorities have training schools to put back in work long time unemployed persons. To train their people, these “schools” need to build things, but are not allowed to compete against private companies. They can only work for cities and non-profit associations. We succeeded to benefit of their work: so is public money not only used to help people, but also to save “Historic Monuments”. We volunteers only take care of the railway sides of the job, like refurbishing brakes, axles, wheels, couplings and car’s markings.

Read more: Five Questions for Olivier Jaubert

Biblio File, For Teachers

Americans in World War One: History & Stories 

By Anne Rouyer, Supervising Librarian, Mulberry Street Library
via the New York Public Library web site

main legacy meuseoff 1Harlem Hellfighters during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Painting by H. Charles McBarron JrWe started celebrating Veteran’s Day on November 11, 1919 as a way to commemorate the first anniversary of Armistice Day, the day that hostilities in World War I ended. In 1926, Congress made Veteran’s Day a national holiday and it has since become a day that we remember all veterans that have served in the United States Armed Forces.

World War I is called "The Great War" but in America it could also be called "The Forgotten War". Compared to four years in WWII, we just weren't in it for very long but it's repercussions are still being felt today.

It began in 1914 but the U.S. stayed out of it until April 1917 when President Wilson convinced Congress we should enter the war and fight. By March 1918, the U.S. had 85,000 troops in France and by September 1918 there were 1.2 million. The total troop mobilization for the U.S. was approx. 4.4 million. All told, America was in the war for about a year and a half and lost 116,516 soldiers and just over 204,000 were wounded.

During the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the last major campaign of the war, over a million Americans participated and over 26,000 were killed. The Battle of the Argonne is still considered the deadliest battle in American military history. However, that's just a drop in the bucket when you consider that the total casualties for the entire war was a little over 37.4 million people (Allies, Central Powers and civilians). On the opening day of the Battle of the Somme alone, Britain lost nearly 20,000 men. Just reading these statistics can leave you dumbfounded by the sheer loss off life and the complete loss of innocence.

Read more: Americans in World War One: History & Stories

"The First State” Honors its First World War Servicemen with new Memorial at State Capitol

By Steven Jones
Ebony Doughboy Living History Unit

DOVER, DELAWARE — One hundred years after America’s entry in that great, war to end all wars just to the south of where Delaware’s General Assembly meets, Legislative Hall, stands the nation’s latest monument commemorating The First State’s servicemen.

governor2Governor John Carney greets students at the Delaware WWI memorial unveilingIt was the vision of Delaware’s Historical Commission Chair Richard B. Carter two years ago along with the commitment of a dedicated community led by Lori Christiansen Director of Legislative Council-Division of Research that produced the stately granite monument which was unveiled on a cool November 4th before elected officials, residents and visitors.

Personal reflections and recollections of great uncles and grandfathers who mentioned those days to much younger speakers or their parents, marked the moment. The connections were real.

Speakers included: Governor John Carney; State Senator David McBride; Major General Francis Ianni (DE NG ret.) State Senator Colin Bonini and author of “Delaware in World War I” (2015) Brigadier General Kennard Wiggins, Jr. (DE ANG ret.). Unveiling the memorial: State Representative Earl Jaques of Chair of Veterans Affairs; State Senator Bruce Ennis and Major General Carol Timmons and Veteran’s Commission Chair William Farley.

Delaware had approximately 10,000 WWI servicemen and it was noted that 14 percent were African-American. On hand to provide a powerful visual of the First State’s servicemen were five Dover High School JROTC program students, outfitted courtesy of the Ebony Doughboys, in period uniforms.

Each student represented five Delaware servicemen:

  • John Henry Temple who served with the 312th Infantry Regiment
  • Lewis A. Taylor & Jenkins Fennell, who were killed in action, and served with the 369th Infantry Regiment
  • William Ambrose Ross who served with the 808th Pioneer Infantry
  • Littleton Van Mitchell who served with the 152nd Depot Brigade. and father of a Tuskegee Airman.

“The goal was not only for them to look the part, but know why it is important” said Steven W. Jones, director of development and education for The Ebony Doughboys. “They look like authentic ‘doughboys’, and connected with the past; what these servicemen accomplished, especially those African Americans given their status in America at the time, was remarkable.”

Read more: "The First State” Honors its First World War Servicemen with new Memorial at State Capitol


World War I Memorial ceremonial groundbreaking set for Nov. 9 in Washington, D.C. 

By Joe Curtin
Director, National Veterans Outreach Office, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
via the VAntage Point blog

After years of extensive research, planning and coordination with state, federal, military and international governments, supporters of the World War I Memorial will break ground for the site just prior to Veterans Day.

The groundbreaking event is scheduled for Nov. 9 at 11 a.m. at Pershing Park in Washington, D.C. The program will serve as an opportunity to thank partners and supporters who have helped turn a historic vision into reality. Unique to the event, the symbolic groundbreaking ceremony will include soil brought from French battlefields signifying the allied service and sacrifice of those who fought for the common cause of freedom.

The event will be streamed via Facebook Live at https://www.facebook.com/ww1centennial.

VA Secretary Dr. David Shulkin is scheduled to be among the featured speakers. VA is one of many federal agencies participating in the World War I Centennial Commission’s mission to build a new national memorial. Although there are no living World War I Veterans, VA recognizes the incredible history this generation of Veterans made to both America and the world following the Great War.

Read more: World War I Memorial ceremonial groundbreaking set for Nov. 9 in Washington, D.C.

United War Veterans Council events for Veterans Week in NYC

By Chris Isleib and Ryan Hegg

Forward March Cover 2017The Centennial of World War One is featured on the front cover of the 2017 Forward March program for the New York City Veterans Day Parade.The United War Veterans Council in NYC invites you to join us in honoring America’s veterans in our nation’s largest city!

The UWVC is hosting activities on and around Veterans Day, including the New York City Veterans Day Parade (formerly America’s Parade) on November 11th, as well as activities that take place during Veterans Week NYC, November 4th-11th. The parade will feature100+ WWI re-enactors.

World War One is mentioned or showcased on 12 out of 88 pages of this year's FORWARD MARCH parade program, including a full-page highlight of New Yorker Sabin Howard, sculptor of the National World War One Memorial at Pershing Park in Washington, DC. 95,000 copies of FORWARD MARCH will be distributed as an insert in the New York Daily News. The full FORWARD MARCH is available at nycvetsday.org/2017-forward-march.

95,000 copies of FORWARD MARCH are going out tomorrow as an insert in the NY Daily News.  Full publication available at nycvetsday.org/2017-forward-march

NYC Veterans Day Parade

The New York City Veterans Day Parade on Saturday November 11th, is our nation’s largest event honoring service. The Parade provides the public with the opportunity to salute our veterans and military, and raises awareness for organizations working to serve their needs.

This year’s Parade marks the centennial of America’s entry into the First World War (1917 ~ 2017). The U.S. Air Force is this year’s featured service. The Parade is also a key part of Veterans Day USA, a national network of events working towards the 100th Anniversary of Veterans Day in 2019. Astronaut Buzz Aldrin, a U.S. Air Force veteran of the Korean War, will be the Grand Marshal for this year's parade.

The parade kicks off at 11 a.m. from 26th Street and Fifth Avenue and proceeds up Fifth Avenue to 52nd Street. About 40,000 veterans, Active Duty military personnel, marching bands and veterans’ supporters march past 500,000 spectators.

Read more: United War Veterans Council events for Veterans Week in NYC

Prohibition and World War I

Returning U.S. soldiers faced a sobering reality in 1919

By Thomas Richardson
Digital Imaging Technician, National Personnel Records Center, National Archives and Records Administration

The global impact of the Great War reverberated throughout world history. Millions of lives were changed in four years, putting nations on radically different paths. In the United States, the war fundamentally shifted how the nation viewed itself in global affairs and how it behaved at home. As industries and the federal government prepared for conflict, a social movement that brewed for nearly eighty years saw the golden opportunity to achieve its ultimate goal: the national prohibition of alcohol.

Thomas Richardson mugThomas Richardson The 18th Amendment was ratified and Prohibition began in January 1919 following the armistice. Dry forces advocated for decades to limit the consumption of alcohol. Temperance was practiced at first; simply regulating and restricting the amount one could drink. The Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) advocated heavily throughout the late 19th century on these issues, while simultaneously addressing other reforms. The WCTU quickly established themselves as the leader of progressive causes, but the single issue of alcohol was taken up by another organization: the Anti-Saloon League (ASL). The ASL engaged in large-scale lobbying that called for the total prohibition of alcohol and set the path for a constitutional amendment. Alcohol, they believed, was a moral scourge upon families, causing poverty, and criminal figures operating from saloons fostered public corruption.

The Great War itself wasn’t the only contributing factor to the amendment’s passage, but instead it was the culmination of decades of work carried out by temperance and progressive groups.

Large breweries looked to secure their essential economic role through lobbying and political groups, such as the United States Brewers Association and the German-American Alliance. The wets, opponents of prohibition, staved off alcohol restrictions through their lobbying and commercial interests. Wet leaders like Adolphus Busch embarked on massive public relations campaigns showing the essential role the alcohol industry played in the American economy. Federal tax revenue depended heavily on alcohol sales, but that changed drastically in 1913 following passage of the 16th Amendment implementing an income tax. No longer was the government reliant on alcohol excise taxes, which gave progressive advocates much needed support for prohibition.

Read more: Prohibition and World War I

Indiana events honor Corporal Gresham, Veterans Day

By Chris Isleib
Director of Public Affairs, United States World War One Centennial Commission

Hamby speaks at Gresham eventTerry Hamby, Chair of the United States World War One Centennial Commission, speaks at an Evansville, Indiana event honoring Corporal James Bethel Gresham one of the first three American soldiers killed in combat in WWI.A number of events took place in Indiana last week, to mark the approach of Veterans Day, and to honor the centenary of the first U.S. Army soldier killed in combat during World War I. That first soldier, Corporal James Bethel Gresham, hailed from the town of Evansville Indiana, and was lost on November 3rd, 1917. United States World War One Centennial Commission Chair Terry Hamby, attended these events as representative of the U.S. World War I Centennial Commission.

On Thursday, November 2nd, the Indiana Military Museum, in Vincennes, Indiana, dedicated a new addition to their collection -- a fully-restored World War I-era M1917 tank. (See prior coverage of the tank restoration project here.)

Hamby joined Jim Corrigan, Chair of the Indiana WWI Centennial Committee, and Mr. Pat Waters, grandson of General George S. Patton, at the event with the museum staff & supporters. At a celebration banquet that evening, Chair Hamby expressed his thanks and solidarity with the community, in their great effort to keep alive the memory of our World War I veterans.

On Friday, Chair Hamby took part in a wreath-laying ceremony at Corporal Gresham's graveside, in Evansville. At the ceremony, French Consul General Guillaume Lacroix said, "He is a hero who made the ultimate sacrifice for his country, but also for my country... The region where he was killed in action still keeps the memory alive of Corporal Gresham, himself, and his two companions who died with him".

Read more: Events honoring Corporal Gresham, Veterans Day in Indiana

Fighting for respect

Fascinating images of the Black soldiers who fought for America during WWI 

By Chris Pleasance
via the Daily Mail online web site

Soldiers with DogsPrivates Robinson Cleve of the 539th Engineers, and Daniel Nelson of the 372nd Infantry Regiment, both wounded in action, pose with war dogs Crown Prince and Kaiser Bill on their return to the US from the First World War.At the outbreak of the First World War there were just four black regiments in the American military. After the Selective Draft Act was passed, more than a million African American volunteers responded.

By the end of the conflict, just a year later, almost 400,000 black troops have served, many in combat roles. Their role paved the way for future black regiments and the eventual integration of the armed services

These are the striking images that reveal the African-American soldiers of the Great War - who faced racial discrimination even when they simply wanted to fight for their country

When the First World War broke out there were just four 'colored' regiments in the American military, but by the end nearly 370,000 African Americans had served in some capacity - paving the way for future generations.

Over one million African Americans responded to draft calls and the War Department had to stop accepting black volunteers because the quotas for African Americans were filled within a week of Woodrow Wilson's declaration.

These images show crowds of black men lining up to enlist for service in Chicago in 1917 and Ike Sims from Atlanta whose eleven sons drafted for the army.

Meanwhile other photos show African American troops arriving in France, carrying their good luck charms as they head to war and wounded black soldiers receiving chocolates and cigarettes from the Red Cross.

Read more: Fascinating images of the Black soldiers who fought for America during WWI

Veterans Day event to take place in World War I trenches at USAHEC

TrenchesWWI trench reenactors at the U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

By Amanda Neal
via the Army Heritage Foundation web site

At 11:00 am on November 11th, 1918, the First World War, one of the most devastating and tragic conflicts the world has ever seen, came to a conclusion. Early on that November morning, senior military and political officials of both the Allied and German armies met in the Compiègne Forest of northern France to finalize and sign the armistice that would bring peace to war torn Europe.

Since that time, countries across the world have chosen November 11th to honor those Soldiers who died in the “war to end all wars.”

In the case of the United States, we have grown the purpose to honor all of those who serve in the Armed Forces, past and present, by renaming it Veterans Day.

In recognition of the World War I Centennial, and to honor all those who have served and are currently serving in the U.S. Armed Forces, the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC) in Carlisle, PA will be hosting a living history event entitled “Remembering Armistice Day” on Veterans Day weekend, November 11th and 12th, 2017.

The event will commence at 10:00am and run until 3:00pm and will be located at the World War I Allied and German trenches on USAHEC’s Army Heritage Trail.

Among the day’s highlights include reenactors who will be illustrating the events as they unfolded for the 316th Infantry Regiment, AEF in the hours leading up to and the day following the Compiègne Armistice. Visitors are invited to come witness the life of an American Doughboy in the trenches and the end of the war for the 316th.

Read more: Veterans Day event to take place in World War I trenches at USAHEC

Medford, NJ honors 89 county residents who died in WWI 

By Carol Comegno
via the Courier-Post web site

Goodbye Camp Dix 1919 National Archives smallArmy soldiers bid a joyous farewell to Camp Dix in Burlington County after World War I ended Nov. 11, 1918. (Photo: National Archives)Lethal gas permeated the air above the French battlefield from another enemy chemical attack, suffocating soldiers.

When a fellow U.S. soldier was overcome by the gas in Juvine, France, his sergeant picked him up and carried him 50 yards across a road under heavy enemy bombardment.

For that heroic rescue during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in World War I, Sgt. Howard M. Karg of Mount Holly received the Distinguished Service Cross — the second highest military honor after the Congressional Medal of Honor, but he died a few days later on French soil on Nov. 5, 1918, just six days before the war ended.

Like other World War I soldiers, Karg’s name has melted into history, but he and 88 other Burlington County residents who gave their lives during World War I were be remembered Saturday, November 4 at the dedication of a new memorial in Freedom Park in Medford.

“It was to be the ‘Great War’ that ended future wars. We know that was far from reality as our world continues the struggles that have taken many lives. Through strength and courage, the United States and its allies have led the way to preserve freedom and liberty.

"We should not ignore the sacrifice of those who have gone before,” said retired teacher Michael Panarella of Medford, chairman of the Burlington County World War I Memorial Committee.

Read more: Medford honors 89 county residents who died in World War I

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