Teaching Teachers about WWI
Locations, dates announced for new Gilder Lehrman Education Program
By Chris Isleib
Director of Public Affairs, United States World War One Centennial Commission
Last month, we announced our participation in “Teaching Literacy Through History”, a great new professional education program presented by the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, the nation’s leading American history organization dedicated to K-12 education.
The American Legion and the U.S. World War I Centennial Commission have partnered with Gilder Lehman for a special “Teaching Literacy Through History” program focused on World War I.
The World War I program has been slated to take place in six cities across the country by the end of the current academic year.
This week, those six locations/date are officially announced. They are:
1. Louisville, KY: Saturday, October 21
Site: The McConnell Center, University of Louisville
Scholar: Michael S. Neiberg, U.S. Army War College
Master Teacher: Nathan McAlister
30 registered / 40 seats for the program (sending out a final reminder email to our contacts next week)
Click here for registration information for the Louisville session.
2. Anchorage, AK: Saturday, November 4
Site: Anchorage School District Education Center
Scholar: Kimberly Jensen, Western Oregon University
Master Teacher: Lois MacMillan
Invitation to teachers to go out next week
3. Albuquerque, NM: Monday, December 4
Site: Albuquerque Public Schools City Center
Scholar: Jennifer Keene, Chapman University
Master Teacher: Angelia Moore
40 registered / 40 seats (plus 26 on waitlist -- all APS teachers)
4. San Diego, CA: January/February 2018 (date TBD)
Site, Scholar, Master Teacher TBD
5. Detroit, MI: Saturday, March 17, 2018
Site: Wayne County Regional Educational Service Agency, Wayne, MI
Scholar: Christopher Capozzola, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Master Teacher TBD
6. Providence, RI: Spring 2018 (date TBD)
Site: likely the Rhode Island Historical Society
Scholar, Master Teacher TBD
The intent of the program is to help educators better teach the Great War to their students, especially by using primary sources – direct or firsthand pieces or accounts, such as letters, diaries, printed books, newspapers, photographs and more – to bring the era to life, rather than relying strictly on secondary sources like textbooks or other articles written after the fact.
Literacy skills and tools for using these primary sources will be provided; the educators will leave with lesson plans and other resources, and the hope is that this new focus will benefit student understanding and performance.
Read more: Locations, dates announced for new WW1CC/Gilder Lehrman Education Program
United States Mint announces designs for WWI Centennial Silver Medals
WASHINGTON – The World War I Centennial Silver Medals are being issued in conjunction with the congressionally authorized World War I Centennial Silver Dollar. This five-medal program features obverse (heads) and reverse (tails) designs that pay homage to each branch of the U.S. Armed Forces active during World War I.
The United States Mint has revealed the obverse (heads) and reverse (tails) designs for five silver medals that will be issued in conjunction with the 2018 World War I Centennial Silver Dollar. Each medal, composed of 90 percent silver, pays homage to branches of the U.S. Armed Forces that were active in World War I. Design descriptions and the respective minting facilities are below.
World War I Centennial Army Medal - West Point Mint
The Army medal design depicts a soldier cutting through German barbed wire, while a second soldier aims a rifle amid a shattered landscape of broken trees and cratered earth. A shell explodes in the distance. The medal’s reverse design features the United States Army emblem, which was also in use during World War I, with the inscriptions “OVER THERE!,” “CENTENNIAL OF WORLD WAR I,” “2018,” and “UNITED STATES ARMY.”
The obverse was designed by United States Mint Artistic Infusion Program (AIP) Designer Emily Damstra and sculpted by now retired United States Mint Sculptor-Engraver Don Everhart, who also designed and sculpted the reverse.
Read more: United States Mint announces designs for World War I Centennial Silver Medals
Marie Curie and her X-ray vehicles’ contribution to World War I battlefield medicine
By Timothy J. Jorgensen
via theconversation.com web site
Ask people to name the most famous historical woman of science and their answer will likely be: Madame Marie Curie. Push further and ask what she did, and they might say it was something related to radioactivity. (She actually discovered the radioisotopes radium and polonium.) Some might also know that she was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. (She actually won two.)
Marie Curie in one of her mobile X-ray units in October 1917.But few will know she was also a major hero of World War I. In fact, a visitor to her Paris laboratory in October of 1917 – 100 years ago this month – would not have found either her or her radium on the premises. Her radium was in hiding and she was at war.
For Curie, the war started in early 1914, as German troops headed toward her hometown of Paris. She knew her scientific research needed to be put on hold. So she gathered her entire stock of radium, put it in a lead-lined container, transported it by train to Bordeaux – 375 miles away from Paris – and left it in a safety deposit box at a local bank. She then returned to Paris, confident that she would reclaim her radium after France had won the war.
With the subject of her life’s work hidden far away, she now needed something else to do. Rather than flee the turmoil, she decided to join in the fight. But just how could a middle-aged woman do that? She decided to redirect her scientific skills toward the war effort; not to make weapons, but to save lives.
X-rays enlisted in the war effort
X-rays, a type of electromagnetic radiation, had been discovered in 1895 by Curie’s fellow Nobel laureate, Wilhelm Roentgen. As I describe in my book “Strange Glow: The Story of Radiation,” almost immediately after their discovery, physicians began using X-rays to image patients’ bones and find foreign objects – like bullets.
But at the start of the war, X-ray machines were still found only in city hospitals, far from the battlefields where wounded troops were being treated. Curie’s solution was to invent the first “radiological car” – a vehicle containing an X-ray machine and photographic darkroom equipment – which could be driven right up to the battlefield where army surgeons could use X-rays to guide their surgeries.
Read more: Marie Curie and her X-ray vehicles’ contribution to World War I battlefield medicine