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Doughboy MIA News

The latest info on Doughboy MIA

Welcome to Doughboy MIA, and thanks for stopping by. We hope you will check back with us often and make our site a regular stop as you surf the web. Here on our news feed you will find all the latest updates, news, special announcements and articles on Doughboy MIA related subjects. Check back often to keep up with what's going on, special offers and volunteer opportunities.


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Who runs Doughboy MIA?

Doughboy MIA is run by Robert J. Laplander and his wife, Trinie. Robert is best known for his work with the famous Lost Battalion of the 77th Division in WW1 and his book, Finding the Lost Battalion: Beyond the Rumors, Myths and Legends of America's Famous WW1 Epic, is considered to be the 'bible' on the Lost Battalion. Trinie Laplander is an educator with a Masters of Education degree in Instructional Technology.

The overseas arm of Doughboy MIA is staffed by Sjoerd 'Red' Van der Ven (Netherlands) and Peter Wever (England). (Their bios are coming soon.) Chief associate researcher is Mrs Nancy Schaff of Maryland. 

Monday's MIA for February 19th:

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.
Monday's MIA this week is Corporal Edward James Malone, ASN1706748, Company K/307th Infantry/77th Division.
Corporal Malone was hit in the neck by machine gun fire on September 9th, 1918 during an advance in the Vesle sector and died in the arms of his best friend, Private Harold Cronin, a few minutes later. Malone was buried on the battlefield by his squad with a marked grave and identification was included with the remains, but when GRS went to find him following the war, they were unable to locate him. Doughboy MIA has recently opened a fresh investigation on Corporal Malone's case.

Can you spare just ten dollars? Give 'Ten For Them' to Doughboy MIA and help us make a full accounting of the 4,423 American service personnel still listed as missing in action from WW1.  Make your tax deductible donation now, with our thanks.

Edward James Malone Portrait











This just in from Marvin Barrash, who is THE guy concerning the USS Cyclops, which disappeared without a trace in 1918 with 309 men aboard her. (His 2010 book, 'USS Cyclops', is the most comprehensive ever written on the disaster. Doughboy MIA notes that there is no known memorial to these 309 men - they are not listed as war casualties as they were not in a war zone when they disappeared. We're going to be working on that in the future.)

"As part of my efforts to bring awareness of the 100th anniversary of the tragic loss of the 309 and their ship, I've been in contact with some media outlets. As a result, two radio stations, thus far, have shown interest in the subject; Norfolk (home post of the ship) and Annapolis (U.S. Naval Academy). I do not know how long the interviews will run. Both radio stations have links for distant listeners."

February 28, 2018 at 7:30 a.m. (Eastern) On air and streamed WNIS 790 kHz Norfolk, VA

March 2, 2018 at 8:35 a.m. (Eastern) On air and streamed WNAV Radio, 1430 kHz Annapolis, MD

Make sure you catch these broadcasts and show support for the Cyclops 309! Thanks for letting us know Marvin!

 Monday's MIA - 12FEB2018

A man is only missing if he is forgotten.

Monday's MIA this week is PFC Grant S. Norton, Co. B/308th Inf./77th Div. PFC Norton was inducted at Westfield, New York on 25FEB1918 and arrived in France on 06APR1918. He served in the Baccarat sector, the Vesle sector, and finally in the Argonne Forest where he was among the member sof the famous 'Lost Battalion'. During that action, PFC Norton lost his life to enemy shrapnel on October 5th, 1918. His remains were never identified.

Can you spare just ten dollars? Give 'Ten For Them' to Doughboy MIA and help us make a full accounting of the 4,423 American service personnel still listed as missing in action from WW1.  Make your tax deductible donation now, with our thanks.

 Grant S. Norton photo


It's been a while since this page has seen any updated. With the centennial of America's entry into the war in April, 2017, Mr. Laplander was kept very busy with duties associated with the 3-part, 6-hour PBS American Experience series 'The Great War', in which he was one of the 'talking heads'. For several weeks leading up to the airing of the special, Doughboy MIA took a necessary back seat to promotional work for the series and for the release of the 100th anniversary edition of his book Finding the Lost Battalion, which occurred in March. Your patience has been appreciated.

However the big news is that also in March, Dr. Stephen Gehnrich of Salisbury University in Maryland contacted us concerning a sailor from Baltimore who was listed as the first Marylander to die in the war (May 22nd, 1917) and was Lost at Sea. He was listed in the Maryland casualty database and in his county war history, but was found to NOT be included on the Doughboy MIA database. We immediately launched an investigation and found that the sailor - Seaman Herbert Hammond Renshaw - was not only not listed on our database, but was also not listed with the ABMC and as such not commemorated on any of the Wall to the Missing at any US Military cemetery as he should have been. Doughboy MIA spent a month building a case for Renshaw and double checking facts before submitting a report on the nearly one hundred year old omission to the ABMC on April 25th.

On April 28th we received the official letter from the ABMC stating that they had reviewed and approved the case based on the good work of Doughboy MIA and had thus approved Seaman Renshaw's name to be engraved alongside the other US service personnel listed as Lost at Sea on the Wall to the Missing at Brookwood American Military Cemetery in England. This report and the authorization letter will be posted in the next couple of days for public consumption. We have had our first major success in making sure that a lost American serviceman from the Great War is not forgotten!

Between May 18th and May 21st, Mr. Laplander has been busy speaking to almost a dozen news outlets on the story, including ABC, NBC, CBS, History.com and the Wall Street Journal. Many of these stories are to run on Monday, May 22nd, in honor of the 100th anniversary of Seaman Renshaw's loss. Keep an eye and ear out for these. Links for all, when possible, will be posted here as soon as possible. With out first success under our belt, we look with enthusiasm to the next!

Doughboy MIA also welcomes Sjoerd Van der Ven and Peter Wever to the team as leads to our new overseas research arm!


Update for week ending 03AUG2016:

We have had two small expeditions down to College Park NARA and spoken with the Army Records manager and some people at Mortuary Affairs this summer, looking for what we need and spreading the word of our work. We had a few possible leads, but so far nothing has panned out. Nevertheless, each step leads us closer to the goal. We are now focusing our efforts on the National Personnel Records Center at St. Louis. We will be heading down with a small team Sunday afternoon for a Monday research day and so far have been extended every courtesy and assistance in the planning stage.

We also have been in touch with the director of the Army Quartermaster Corps Museum and he's combing files on his end and has offered to provide as much information as we might need concerning the temporary cemeteries from the time. This is a very valuable resource and we cannot thank them enough.


Update for week ending 30MAY2016:

We have had several updates placed in the Active Cases section, including a new one assigned Case #9 which is a Marine found on Hill 142 in 1988. We are proud to note that COL William Anderson, USMC (Ret.) has joined us on this case and has pretty much provided all the starting research. Thanks a million Colonel! Be sure to check that case out.

The former Case #9 (Ambulance Man) has been reassigned to Case #16. It was discovered they were one in the same.

New information in Case #18 may prove to be beneficial for a minor breakthrough in that case, but the missing paperwork for the Unknowns must be found to make definitive identification.

General Research Appeal: We are working every angle possible that we can think of to find the missing paperwork for the Unknowns (see the Active Cases section for an explanation of just what it is we need), but we believe that it'll be found faster through networking. Pass along our website and contact info to ANYONE you know who might have an idea where to search. Bear in mind that we've been at this for a dozen years now, so looking under the obvious rocks has been done more than once. We believe that the paperwork may still be in the hands of the army, but this is only an educated guess. Even then, we need inside contacts - older former serving people who may have seen this paperwork in their careers at one time or another. I can email examples of exactly what it is we are after to anyone who needs to see it. 

We are also in need of 'benefactors' to help us move forward. Researching these men is something my wife and I do in our own time, but copies of the BCF's and other official paperwork and trips to paperwork sites (or the independent researchers to do the looking if we cannot go) costs money. Thus far we have funded the project out of pocket, but it's getting to be far bigger than we can afford with three kids to feed. To that end we are looking for someone who can help us set Doughboy MIA up as a non-profit and then someone willing to give us money, to put it plainly. It's not a huge amount we seek, but it is substantially more than we can afford on our own. If you can help, please contact me.


Update for week ending 01MAY2016:

I teased it last week, now here is the straight dope: As we continue to work our way through the great information we gathered from NARA-College Park, MD, we are pleased to announce that one mystery is solved, that of Case #10, PVT Thomas P. McDonald, USMC and KIA 03OCT1918. This name appears twice on the ABMC's searchable database - once from Iowa and once from Idaho - and the question was, were the two names actually the same man? That has been proven to be indeed the case and the Doughboy MIA report on this has been handed in to the WW1 Centennial Commission for review. Once they are satisfied with the results, the report will then begin moving along the path to getting this situation fixed. When it is cleared for public consumption, the report will be posted here.

We are also working on updating the MIA Database. It has been noted that somewhere along the line the file corrupted and some things are not where they should be on it. This is being fixed and updates are being entered from a ten page report that team members Nancy and Lauren Schaff found at the Archives last trip detailing all army personnel buried at sea. Great work you two!

 Nancy and Lauren also brought out copies of reports and letters dealing with interments from the two expeditions to Russia a decade after the war to bring out bodies. This information, along with copies of all the burial cards from the N.R.A.E.F. during the war is bringing more clarity to a somewhat murky situation. Eventually, we will be copying everything we found at NARA and donating the copies to the Polar Bear Society (who are dedicated to remembering the men of the N.R.A.E.F.) in Michigan.


National Archives Research Notes - Trip #2:

Wow – what a week it was for Doughboy MIA! A second expedition went down to NARA/College Park last Wednesday and Thursday consisting of team members Nancy Schaff and her daughter Lauren. This time it was to paw through the files of the ABMC (American Battle Monuments Commission – the entity that has administered to the US cemeteries overseas since 1934). Boy did they strike silver here! We now have a complete list of all army burials at sea during the war, as well as more on the expeditions to Russia to recover remains of MIA’s in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s. There was also information in there concerning the recoveries in the 1930’s. And all that is just at first glance! I’ll be posting more updates as we work our way through all that they found. Way to go Nancy and Lauren – you struck a fine vein of info! Doughboy salute!

We are still looking for the form 16-A disinterment and reburial forms for the Unknowns though. That is the true ‘Golden Egg’ folks (as team member Mitch Yokelson puts it). With those files we can make some real in-roads into tying some of the Unknown graves to some of our MIA Doughboys. So the search continues.

We are also close to making a breakthrough concerning another case. I know that’s just a tease, but a few more things need to come together before any official announcements can be made.

Also, you will be invited to check back on Doughboy MIA here on the WW1 Centennial Commission website every Monday from now on for the weekly update.

More soon!


National Archives Research Notes - Trip #1:

4/1/16                                                                                                                                              We wrapped it all up today. While we may not have located the burial cards themselves, we did catalogue and collect much useful information, as well as a plat of the original cemetery lay out. This alone may be worth its weight in gold. Tune in again for more updates as we have a chance to sort through all the information gathered in the coming weeks.

Note that today we uncovered the burial cards of the men from the NRAEF who were interred in Russian cemeteries! As time permits we will be comparing these records with those provided by the 'Polar Bears' in Detroit (the remembrance society for the NRAEF). We are also going to gift a full copy of these cards to the Polar Bears.


3/31/16research files cart
Another day in the records mine! Today we were joined by an honor guard soldier, Joshua Wesnidge. We are looking through the last couple of CPS boxes now. Trinie scanned the burial case files for Americans buried in Russian cemeteries. We also located two boxes worth of Lost Batallion information as well as other 77th division information that may give us some new answers. 

3/30/16Argonne Cemetery Map
Working in the map room. They couldn't make a copy of the map as it was too damaged, so Robert took tons of pics instead. Thank you to Nancy Schaff for joining us today. With her help, we cleared the majority of the rest of what was in the Graves Registration files. No burial cards of the type we need. BUT, we did get to see that original map of the Meuse-Argonne Argonne cemetery from 1920, which may yield clues. Lots to do when we get back in that direction.

research team 3/29/16

Covered lots of ground today with a team of five local assistants, but have yet to locate the necessary cards. Thank you to Mike Rauer, Angelo DeCecco, Nancy Schaff, and Kurt Schwarz & Patsy Keenan. We made many interesting and useful discoveries though, and Trinie has been carefully cataloging everything. What the box says is in the box isn't always what's in there, so the records we are keeping will help in the future. Plenty left to explore and dive into today. 

closeup of diary entry

Did the initial pull at the Archives this afternoon. Despite being exhausted from the drive I just couldn't wait and so worked through some of the less likely spots. Found the KIA card for our man and the WIA card for the Lost Battalion guy whose diary I checked out earlier today. Got my pull slips started for tomorrow so we can hit the ground running right off.

Doughboy MIA

Contact: doughboy-mia@worldwar1centennial.org

The Doughboy MIA Mission:

“To commemorate for all time the U.S. Missing in Action of the Great War; to assemble and make public the most complete and accurate accounting of the U.S. Missing in Action of the Great War; to attempt to gather back ground information and photographs of all of the U.S. Missing in Action of the Great War; to attempt when and where possible to locate and identify the final resting place of the U.S. Missing in Action of the Great War and to petition those, when appropriate, for the ways and means necessary to recognize and officially identify recovered U.S. Missing in Action remains or grave locations from the Great War, or to otherwise commemorate discovered or identified U.S. Missing in Action of the Great War.”

Help Us Find Them

Doughboy MIA is an ongoing program of the United States Foundation for the Commemoration of the World Wars. A volunteer team, including both American and European members, has performed extensive research in a variety of archives and resources to assemble more accurate and refined lists of Americans missing during the war. Doughboy MIA research has already eliminated duplicate names, and identified known individual service members who have been left off of memorials or otherwise not acknowledged. Doughboy MIA researchers have also analyzed possible battlefield recovery cases that could be pursued if resources were available. Your donation to the Foundation to support Doughboy MIA will help this work continue and expand.

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