National POW/MIA Day
Doughboy MIA remembers our missing, of all wars, on this day.
Update for week ending 03AUG2016:
We have had two small expeditions down to College Park NARA and spoken with the Army Records manager and some people at Mortuary Affairs this summer, looking for what we need and spreading the word of our work. We had a few possible leads, but so far nothing has panned out. Nevertheless, each step leads us closer to the goal. We are now focussing our efforts on the National Personnel Records Center at St. Louis. We will be heading down with a small team Sunday afternoon for a Monday research day and so far have been extended every courtesy and assistance in the planning stage.
We also have been in touch with the director of the Army Quartermaster Corps Museum and he's combing files on his end and has offered to provide as much information as we might need concerning the temporary cemeteries from the time. This is a very valuable resource and we cannot thank them enough.
Next week, there will be some changes made to the official list you'll want to see - tune in again!
Update for week ending 30MAY2016:
We have had several updates placed in the Active Cases section, including a new one assigned Case #9 which is a Marine found on Hill 142 in 1988. We are proud to note that COL William Anderson, USMC (Ret.) has joined us on this case and has pretty much provided all the starting research. Thanks a million Colonel! Be sure to check that case out.
The former Case #9 (Ambulance Man) has been reassigned to Case #16. It was discovered they were one in the same.
New information in Case #18 may prove to be beneficial for a minor breakthrough in that case, but the missing paperwork for the Unknowns must be found to make definitive identification.
General Research Appeal: We are working every angle possible that we can think of to find the missing paperwork for the Unknowns (see the Active Cases section for an explanation of just what it is we need), but we believe that it'll be found faster through networking. Pass along our website and contact info to ANYONE you know who might have an idea where to search. Bear in mind that we've been at this for a dozen years now, so looking under the obvious rocks has been done more than once. We believe that the paperwork may still be in the hands of the army, but this is only an educated guess. Even then, we need inside contacts - older former serving people who may have seen this paperwork in their careers at one time or another. I can email examples of exactly what it is we are after to anyone who needs to see it.
We are also in need of 'benefactors' to help us move forward. Researching these men is something my wife and I do in our own time, but copies of the BCF's and other official paperwork and trips to paperwork sites (or the independent researchers to do the looking if we cannot go) costs money. Thus far we have funded the project out of pocket, but it's getting to be far bigger than we can afford with three kids to feed. To that end we are looking for someone who can help us set Doughboy MIA up as a non-profit and then someone willing to give us money, to put it plainly. It's not a huge amount we seek, but it is substantially more than we can afford on our own. If you can help, please contact me.
Update for week ending 01MAY2016:
I teased it last week, now here is the straight dope: As we continue to work our way through the great information we gathered from NARA-College Park, MD, we are pleased to announce that one mystery is solved, that of Case #10, PVT Thomas P. McDonald, USMC and KIA 03OCT1918. This name appears twice on the ABMC's searchable database - once from Iowa and once from Idaho - and the question was, were the two names actually the same man? That has been proven to be indeed the case and the Doughboy MIA report on this has been handed in to the WW1 Centennial Commission for review. Once they are satisfied with the results, the report will then begin moving along the path to getting this situation fixed. When it is cleared for public consumption, the report will be posted here.
We are also working on updating the MIA Database. It has been noted that somewhere along the line the file corrupted and some things are not where they should be on it. This is being fixed and updates are being entered from a ten page report that team members Nancy and Lauren Schaff found at the Archives last trip detailing all army personnel buried at sea. Great work you two!
Nancy and Lauren also brought out copies of reports and letters dealing with interments from the two expeditions to Russia a decade after the war to bring out bodies. This information, along with copies of all the burial cards from the N.R.A.E.F. during the war is bringing more clarity to a somewhat murky situation. Eventually, we will be copying everything we found at NARA and donating the copies to the Polar Bear Society (who are dedicated to remembering the men of the N.R.A.E.F.) in Michigan.
More next week!
National Archives Research Notes - Trip #2:
Wow – what a week it was for Doughboy MIA! A second expedition went down to NARA/College Park last Wednesday and Thursday consisting of team members Nancy Schaff and her daughter Lauren. This time it was to paw through the files of the ABMC (American Battle Monuments Commission – the entity that has administered to the US cemeteries overseas since 1934). Boy did they strike silver here! We now have a complete list of all army burials at sea during the war, as well as more on the expeditions to Russia to recover remains of MIA’s in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s. There was also information in there concerning the recoveries in the 1930’s. And all that is just at first glance! I’ll be posting more updates as we work our way through all that they found. Way to go Nancy and Lauren – you struck a fine vein of info! Doughboy salute!
We are still looking for the form 16-A disinterment and reburial forms for the Unknowns though. That is the true ‘Golden Egg’ folks (as team member Mitch Yokelson puts it). With those files we can make some real in-roads into tying some of the Unknown graves to some of our MIA Doughboys. So the search continues.
We are also close to making a breakthrough concerning another case. I know that’s just a tease, but a few more things need to come together before any official announcements can be made.
Also, you will be invited to check back on Doughboy MIA here on the WW1 Centennial Commission website every Monday from now on for the weekly update.
National Archives Research Notes - Trip #1:
4/1/16 We wrapped it all up today. While we may not have located the burial cards themselves, we did catalogue and collect much useful information, as well as a plat of the original cemetery lay out. This alone may be worth its weight in gold. Tune in again for more updates as we have a chance to sort through all the information gathered in the coming weeks.
Note that today we uncovered the burial cards of the men from the NRAEF who were interred in Russian cemeteries! As time permits we will be comparing these records with those provided by the 'Polar Bears' in Detroit (the remembrance society for the NRAEF). We are also going to gift a full copy of these cards to the Polar Bears.
Another day in the records mine! Today we were joined by an honor guard soldier, Joshua Wesnidge. We are looking through the last couple of CPS boxes now. Trinie scanned the burial case files for Americans buried in Russian cemeteries. We also located two boxes worth of Lost Batallion information as well as other 77th division information that may give us some new answers.
Working in the map room. They couldn't make a copy of the map as it was too damaged, so Robert took tons of pics instead. Thank you to Nancy Schaff for joining us today. With her help, we cleared the majority of the rest of what was in the Graves Registration files. No burial cards of the type we need. BUT, we did get to see that original map of the Meuse-Argonne Argonne cemetery from 1920, which may yield clues. Lots to do when we get back in that direction.
Covered lots of ground today with a team of five local assistants, but have yet to locate the necessary cards. Thank you to Mike Rauer, Angelo DeCecco, Nancy Schaff, and Kurt Schwarz & Patsy Keenan. We made many interesting and useful discoveries though, and Trinie has been carefully cataloging everything. What the box says is in the box isn't always what's in there, so the records we are keeping will help in the future. Plenty left to explore and dive into today.
Did the initial pull at the Archives this afternoon. Despite being exhausted from the drive I just couldn't wait and so worked through some of the less likely spots. Found the KIA card for our man and the WIA card for the Lost Battalion guy whose diary I checked out earlier today. Got my pull slips started for tomorrow so we can hit the ground running right off.