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"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century. 

Camp Zachary TaylorDuring the war's duration, places all across the nation had various roles in the prosecution of the war effort. After the war, memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US.  Places and structures were named in honor of men, women, organizations, and even animals who served with distinction during the war.  Libraries and museums were established to house the artifacts and documents related to the great war.  Many of the facilities and structures that were important during the war have faded into obscurity, or are gone, but many remain.
Each of these places has a story to tell about the nation's struggle during World War One.  This nationwide inventory during the Centennial Commemoration of the Great War seeks to identify, document, and preserve the knowledge of all these places.

You can submit information on a place that played a role during the war, or plays a role now in preserving the history of the nation's war effort.  Click here to submit information about significant places that are not in the database, or to correct information about a place already recorded.

See here for more information on the country's World War One memorials and monuments, and efforts intended to raise public awareness of the presence, and in many cases, sadly, the plight of these historic monuments and memorials, or to submit a Monument or Memorial to the database.

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In small triangular memorial area known as “East Point” at the intersection of East Queen and Lincoln Way (U. S. Highway 30).
Chambersburg
PA
USA
http://doughboysearcher.weebly.com/chambersburg-pennsylvania.html

November 12, 1923

E.M. Viquesney, sculptor

The memorial acquisition had its beginnings as early as March 1920 when a successful campaign was conducted to raise funds to acquire the plaque by public subscription. The original plan was to place it on a large boulder at the Franklin County Courthouse, but a state art commission rejected that plan. After considerable delay, the base shown in the above photograph was built and the Doughboy was dedicated at the current location on a rainy November 12, 1923 – Armistice (November 11) was on Sunday that year. The parade paused for a minute of silence at 11 a. m. to recognize the effective time of the armistice five years earlier. Numerous organizations, bands and speakers participated in the ceremony.

 
South of the Dwight D. Eisenhower Executive Office Building
Near 17th Street NW, across from Corcoran Gallery
Washington
DC
USA
20005
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Division_Monument

October 4, 1924

Cass Gilbert, architect; Daniel Chester French, sculptor

The First Division Monument sits on a plaza in President's Park, west of the White House and south of the Eisenhower Executive Office Building (EEOB) at the corner of 17th Street and State Place, NW. (The EEOB was originally known as the State, War, and Navy Building and then as the Old Executive Office Building.) The monument was conceived by the Society of the First Division, the veteran's organization of the U.S. Army's First Division, to honor the valiant efforts of the soldiers who fought in World War I. Later additions to the monument commemorate the lives of First Division soldiers who fought in subsequent wars. The World War II addition on the west side was dedicated in 1957, the Vietnam War addition on the east side in 1977, and the Desert Storm plaque in 1995. Cass Gilbert was the architect of the original memorial and Daniel Chester French was the sculptor of the Victory statue. Gilbert's son, Cass Gilbert Jr., designed the World War II addition. Both the Vietnam War addition and the Desert Storm plaque were designed by the Philadelphia firm of Harbeson, Hough, Livingston, and Larson. Congressional approval was obtained to erect the First Division Monument and its later additions on federal ground. The Society of the First Division (later called the Society of the First Infantry Division) raised all the funds for the original monument and its additions. No federal money was used. Today, the monument and grounds are maintained by the National Park Service. (Courtesy National Park Service)

 
1700 East Capitol Street SE
Washington
DC
USA
20003

1923

Kathryn Harris, designer

The Eastern High School Alumni flagstaff commemmorates seven former Eastern High students who were killed in the Spanish-American War and World War I. Paid for by alumni of the school, the flagstaff stands before the school's main entrance. It was in place when the school moved to this then-new building on March 1, 1923.

 
White Chapel Cemetery
621 West Long Lake Road at Crooks Road
Troy
MI
USA

May 30, 1930

Leon Hermant, sculptor

The Polar Bear Monument is the work of sculptor Leon Hermant and was commissioned by the Polar Bear Association, whose members were veterans of the US Army's 85th Division who fought the Bolshevik Red Army in North Russia during the Allied Intervention in the Russian Civil War, 1918-1919.  

A polar bear advancing menacingly and protectively past a cross with a World War I helmet strapped to it. The sculpture is mounted upon a stepped, castellated base of polished Swedish black granite.

On Memorial Day, May 30, 1930, at White Chapel Cemetery in Troy, Michigan, the remains of forty-five 85th Division soldiers who died in North Russia were re-interred alongside the Polar Bear Monument during a ceremony that included the dedication of the Monument. In later years the remains of eleven more "Polar Bears" who had died in North Russia were re-interred next to the Monument.




In 1988 the Monument and surrounding graves, were recognized as a registered Michigan Historic Site and a state historical marker was erected nearby.  The marker reads as follows (note that the text provides the wrong number of burials that actually took place on May 30, 1930):




THE POLAR BEARS 

(SIDE ONE) 

In the summer of 1918, President Woodrow Wilson, at the urging of Britain and France, sent an infantry regiment to north Russia to fight the Bolsheviks in hopes of persuading Russia to rejoin the war against Germany. The 339th Infantry Regiment, with the first battalion of the 310th Engineers and the 337th Ambulance and Hospital Companies, arrived at Archangel, Russia, on September 4, 1918. About 75 percent of the fifty-five hundred Americans who made up the North Russian Expeditionary Forces were from Michigan; of those a majority were from Detroit. The newspapers called them "Detroit's Own,"; they called themselves "Polar Bears." They marched on Belle Isle on July 4, 1919. Ninety-four of them were killed in action after the United States decided to withdraw from Russia but before Archangel's harbor thawed. 




(SIDE TWO) 

In 1929 five former "Polar Bears" of the 339th Infantry Regiment returned to north Russia in an attempt to recover the bodies of fellow soldiers who had been killed in action or died of exposure or disease ten years earlier. The group was selected by the members of the Polar Bear Association under the auspices of the Veterans of Foreign Wars. The trip was sponsored by the federal government and the state of Michigan. The delegates recovered eighty-six bodies. Fifty-six of these were buried on this site on May 30, 1930. The Polar Bear monument was carved from white Georgian marble; the steps, from white North Carolina granite. The black granite base symbolizes a fortress, and the cross and helmet denote war burial.

 

 

 
101 Railroad Ave.
Elkton
MD
USA
21921

11/11/1921

sculptor unknown

A standing figure of a soldier dressed in his khakis and wearing his helmet. He holds a rifle in front of him with both hands. The base of the sculpture is a shaft flanked by large paneled slabs inscribed with the names of Cecil County men who died in World War I. At the bottom of the base is a row of three steps. At each end of the base, on the front corners, are tapered shafts topped by electric lamps. On the front of the base is a carved eagle.

 
Mount Greylock State Reservation, Notch Rd.
Adams
MA
USA

06/30/1933

Maginnis & Walsh, architects

A 93-foot-tall lighthouse-like structure atop Mount Greylock, the highest summit (3,505 feet) in Massachusetts. Eight narrow windows at the top of the shaft give views to the surrounding landscape from within an observatory that is reached by iron spiral staircases. A semi-transparent glass globe sits atop a stem that emerges from the crown of the shaft. The crown is decorated with art deco eagles. The globe is lit at night, becoming a beacon. The exterior features a relief of the shield of the commonwealth of Massachusetts. An art deco eagle in relief surmounts the inset entrance to the memorial.

in the interior, the base features a domed chamber. The dome is decorated with art deco patterns made from small tiles. A gold lantern hangs from the centerpoint of the dome. Two narrow rows of a laurel leaf pattern surround the center.  Most of the dome is decorated with gold tesserae arranged in an overlapping pattern of half-discs. Under this is a narrow band of blue tesserae with red borders; against the blue-patterned mosaic are ranged 48 white stars. Below this are the interior inscriptions. The floor is made of different-colored marble that form a star-like pattern. In the center, inlaid in a circular black marble piece, is a bronze "US," with the letters surrounding a bronze relief of a lit torch.

 

Horace Farnham Square, Boston, MA

          
Junction of Newbern and Elm Streets
Jamaica Plain
MA
USA
02130

10/12/1921

A corner marked with a sign that includes the deceased's name and a gold star.

Lieutenant J. Horace Farnham, of the Canadian Royal Flying Corps, was killed in an aeroplane accident in England, April 25, 1918. Mr. Farnham enlisted in the Canadian Royal Flying Corps in August, 1917, and for a time was stationed at Toronto; later he was sent to Kelly Field, San Antonio, Tex., where he finished his training in aviation. He was then sent to England for intensive training, and specialization on war machines, at the R. F. C. camp at Yatesbury, Wiltshire. Mr. Farnham was at the time of his death a senior in the evening division of the College of Business Administration. He was one of the most popular men in college. The members of his class presented to the college a fine portrait of Mr. Farnham; this portrait has been placed on the walls of the college library.

 

Henry W. Broughton Square

          
Junction of Everett, Elm, and Gordon Streets
Jamaica Plain
MA
USA

10/12/1921

A corner marked with a sign that includes the deceased's name and a gold star.

 

Lt. John Thomas Carr Square

          
Intersection of Prince, Centre, and Arborway Sts.
Jamaica Plain
MA
USA

10/12/1921

A corner marked with a sign that includes the deceased's name and a gold star.

 

Matthew O'Gorman Square

          
intersection of Pond and Prince Streets
Jamaica Plain
MA
USA

10/12/1921

A corner marked with a sign that includes the deceased's name and a gold star.

 

Liberty Memorial, Kansas City, MO

          
100 West 26 Street
Kansas City
MO
USA
http://www.theworldwar.org

11/11/1926

Harold Van Buren Magonigle, architect

Located at the National World War I Museum and Memorial in Kansas City, Missouri, the Liberty Memorial is a memorial to service men and women who served in World War I. It is a National Historic Landmark and associated with the National World War I Museum located nearby.

 

William A. Damm Square

      
 
Hyde Park Ave. and lower Walk Hill St.
Forest Hills
MA
USA

05/15/1921

 

Stonehenge Memorial

          
Stonehenge Memorial
Maryhill
WA
USA

The Maryhill Stonehenge was the first monument in the United States to honor the dead of World War I (specifically, soldiers from Klickitat County, Washington who had died in the still on-going war). The altar stone is placed to be aligned with sunrise on the Summer Solstice. Hill, a Quaker, informed that the original Stonehenge had been used as a sacrificial site, therefore constructed the replica as a reminder that humanity is still being sacrificed to the god of war. The monument was originally located in the center of Maryhill, which later burned down leaving only the Stonehenge replica. A second formal dedication of the monument took place upon its completion on May 30, 1929. Sam Hill, who died in 1931, lived long enough to see his Stonehenge completed.

The dedication plaque on this Washington Stonehenge is inscribed:

"In memory of the soldiers of Klickitat County who gave their lives in defense of their country. This monument is erected in the hope that others inspired by the example of their valor and their heroism may share in that love of liberty and burn with that fire of patriotism which death can alone quench."

 

Santa Barbara Memorial Oaks

          

In 1928, as a memorial to local combat soldiers that died in World War I, the American Legion Post 49 and the Boy Scouts planted 71 coast live oak trees along the 101 freeway between Summerland and Carpinteria.

The trees were aligned in two columns on either side of the narrow cement road. The one lane ribbon of concrete through the country turned into the four lane speedway of today, and a number of the oak trees now grow in the center median between opposing lanes of traffic. About 35 of the original 71 trees still stand today.

 
435 Fair Oaks Ave.
South Pasadena
CA
USA

The two-acre War Memorial Park located on Fair Oaks Avenue provides a site for the two-story 12,000 square feet War Memorial building.

The War Memorial building was built in 1921 and is identified as a city cultural heritage landmark. The building was built on the former Oak Lawn Park with funding from city bonds and donations from the American Legion. The upper floor of the building includes a kitchen and a large multi-purpose room for dancing, meetings, banquets and other activities for groups up to 200 people. The lower consists of smaller rooms, storage and restroom facilities.

In 1921, Marshal Ferdinand Foch laid the cornerstone of the building. In 1923, General John J. Pershing planted a redwood tree on the grounds. The building is #2 on South Pasadena's Register of Cultural Heritage Landmarks. North of the building, grounds are dedicated for a landscaped memorial garden.

 
824 Mt. Mora Rd
Saint Joseph
MO
USA
64501

The Pershing Chapter No. 1, Service Star Legion arranged for the Missouri Granite Company to erect the WWI monument in Mount Mora Cemetery.

The dedication was held at 3:00 p.m. on Sunday afternoon, September 26, 1926, as a memorial to the Buchanan county soldiers who died in WWI. The women raised the $3,560 for this monument through poppy sales and donations from relatives of war veterans. Solicitation of funds began immediately after the end of the World War.

The monument base is made of light Barre, Vermont granite, the dais is dark Barre, Vermont granite, all Rock of Ages stone. Atop the dais is a larger than life size doughboy standing at parade rest. He is made of light gray Barre, Vermont granite. Altogether the monument stands 15 feet high in on a hillside at the entrance to the cemetery. The American flag flies overhead.

The Pershing Chapter was an outgrowth of an organization known as the “War Mothers” which formed in St. Joseph during the war. Following the formation of the national Service Star Legion, their organization became affiliated with it and adopted the present name.
More than 300 gathered in drizzling rain on Sunday, the 26th, to bow their heads as the World War I heroes who lost their lives were honored by the unveiling of the monument.

Rev. S. R. Bartle, pastor of Second Presbyterian Church, stated,

“This monument, which has been unveiled here this afternoon, teaches us the value and the cost of peace. The cost is obedience and self sacrifice and the value of peace is a man’s love for his country toward working for peace. The 100 per cent American citizens will never forget the great sacrifice which these boys made for us. This monument is here to keep fresh the memory of these boys. Memory is the mother of gratitude.”

 

Glen Cove Eagle WW I Memorial

          
121 School Street
Glen Cove
NY
USA
11542
Located at on School Road in front of the Presbyterian church.
 
Ludington
MI
USA
49431
http://www.getoffthecouch.info/mason/ludcity.htm

May 30, 1926

Monument at flag pole: "1917, 1918, Erected by the grateful people of Mason County in memory of these our heroes, who gave their lives for our country and in honor of our soldiers and sailors in the World War. John Benjamin Adam, Frank R. Allen, John Albert Anderson, Frederic Chris Bertelsen, John R. Borski, Russell Clayton Boxell, Louis Brozzo, Eric Carlson, Gordon Chadwick, Carl Christensen, Alvin R. Drabenstott, Dezerie A. Duplessis, Edwin Harold Ewing, Anton Brye, Edwin Glynn, August Gorski, Joseph Hall, John Hanson, Floyd James Herrington, R.D. Keith, Cosmer Leveaux, Walter Loxen, Frank Lukaszewicz, Joseph P. Maluski, Isadore Meyette, Marion Michael, Otto Miney, Francis Joseph Odean, Hans Christian Peterson, Michael Przybysz, Walter Rives, Albert Sheppard, Samuel Shinnock, Samuel Henry Shunk, Wilbur Nelson Sims, Louis Stump, Harold L. Sweet, William R. Vogel, Emil B. Von Sprecken, Lester Vorac, Charles Winner, August T. Ziolkowski, Joseph Zopel , Unveiled May 30, 1926"
 
4 Glen Cove Avenue
Glen Cove
NY
USA
11542
This memorial is Located in front of the Glen Cove Public Library and consists of a soldier statue with an Honor Roll plaque in the base.
 

Culver Legion War Memorial

          
Culver
IN
USA
46511
http://www.culver.lib.in.us/legion_war_memorial_program_1924.htm

11/02/1924

The Legion War Memorial Building was a monumental structure with a monumental mission when it was completed and dedicated: to stand as a memorial to war veterans -- both alive and fallen -- from Culver's ranks. Famous for its Gold Star at the entrance and its classical, exquisite architecture, the memorial building, of course, still stands today. The site features an imposing three-floor memorial building with a Gold Star room, Gold Stars on exterior, and a plaque in honor of those Culver academy students (unnamed) killed in the war from the Federation Interalliee des Anciens Combattants at the base of the staircase (presented and dated October 23, 1922).

 

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