African American Officers doughboys with mules gas masks Riveters African American Soldiers 1 Mule Rearing The pilots pilots in dress uniforms

Location Explorer

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century. 

Camp Zachary TaylorDuring the war's duration, places all across the nation had various roles in the prosecution of the war effort. After the war, memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US.  Places and structures were named in honor of men, women, organizations, and even animals who served with distinction during the war.  Libraries and museums were established to house the artifacts and documents related to the great war.  Many of the facilities and structures that were important during the war have faded into obscurity, or are gone, but many remain.
Each of these places has a story to tell about the nation's struggle during World War One.  This nationwide inventory during the Centennial Commemoration of the Great War seeks to identify, document, and preserve the knowledge of all these places.

You can submit information on a place that played a role during the war, or plays a role now in preserving the history of the nation's war effort.  Click here to submit information about significant places that are not in the database, or to correct information about a place already recorded.

See here for more information on the country's World War One memorials and monuments, and efforts intended to raise public awareness of the presence, and in many cases, sadly, the plight of these historic monuments and memorials, or to submit a Monument or Memorial to the database.

Filter:
Fort Benning
Columbus
GA
USA
31905

The national-level museum of all of the wars in which the United States has participated and a memorial to the infantry soldiers who served.  Experience more than two centuries of infantrymen’s service and sacrifice in immersive exhibits that put you in the midst of the battle.  

 
Berrien County Courthouse Square
Nashville
GA
USA
31639

The first of the statues by sculptor E. M. Viquesney. It honors the 60 Berrien County residents who died in service during World War I, including 28 who perished in the disastrous sinking of the troop ship Otranto off Scotland in 1918.

Copies of this statue were placed in many other communities throughout Georgia and the United States in subsequent years.

 
101 Sanford Dr
Athens
GA
USA
30605
http://www.uga.edu/a-z/location/memorial-hall/

Photos courtesy of Tom Jackson

Begun in 1910 as a University of Georgia center for student activities, construction stopped in 1912 from lack of funding.  The building stood idle until a 1922 fundraising drive known as the War Memorial Fund enabled its completion as a memorial to the 47 UGA students and alumni who died in service during World War I.  Their names are engraved on two bronze plaques under the impressive rotunda, which is encircled by the words “In loyal love, we set apart this house – a memorial to those lovers of peace who took arms, left home and dear ones, and gave life that all men might be free.”  Around the upper exterior of the building are engraved names of major WWI battles in which Georgians participated.
 
Broad Street across from the UGA Arch
Athens
GA
USA
30602

A small plaque in memory of Moina Michael (1869-1944), originator of the idea of the memorial poppy in honor of Armistice (later Veterans) Day.  It is in a small park in the median of Broad Street directly in front of the UGA Arch, adjacent to the Confederate memorial monument. 

 

 

Moina Michael Highway

      
U.S. 78
GA
USA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CPcZRUGbCAM

Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch

The Georgia General Assembly designated U.S. Highway 78 from Monroe to Athens, through Walton, Oconee and Clarke counties as the “Moina Michael Highway” in honor of the originator of wearing the memorial poppy for Veterans Day.  Michael was born near Monroe and was a faculty member at the University of Georgia.

The Georgia Department of Transportation has planted beds of memorial poppies along the median of the highway to bloom in the springs of 2017 and 2018 as part of the observance of Georgia’s role in World War I.

 

Roosevelt Little White House

          
401 Little White House Road
Warm Springs
GA
USA
31830
The Georgia home of Franklin D. Roosevelt, U.S. President during World War II.  Roosevelt first came to Warm Springs in 1924, hoping to find in the area’s warm springs a cure for the polio (infantile paralysis) that had struck him in 1921.  He built the Little White House in 1932 while governor of New York, came here often on retreat during his presidency, and died in the home on April 12, 1945.  Roosevelt served as U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the Wilson Administration, and was a forceful advocate for U.S. entry into World War I, putting him at odds with many of his administration colleagues.
 

Fort McPherson

          
1518 Stovall Lane SW
Atlanta
GA
USA
30310
Founded in 1885 and closed in 2011 under the Base Realignment and Closure Act of 2005, Fort McPherson was used as an internment camp for German POWs during World War I.  It also housed a base hospital, General Hospital No. 6; and was the site of an officers' training camp.  Immediately to the west of the post, across Campbellton Road, a war prison barracks was established to confine German POWs. The prison camp reached a peak population of 1,411 in July 1918.  The secretary of war directed that the permanent barracks of Fort McPherson be made available for general or base hospital use June 23, 1917. The command of the post was turned over to the ranking medical officer and Fort McPherson transformed itself into a general hospital with a capacity of nearly 2,400 beds. It is estimated that more than 10,000 patients were admitted from August 1917 until December 1918.

 

 

Fort Oglethorpe

          
Fort Oglethorpe
GA
USA
30742

Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch

Opened in 1904, Fort Oglethorpe was an Army post for cavalry training in World War I, and also housed some 4,000 German prisoners of war and civilian detainees.  During World War I and World War II, it became a war-time induction and processing center. During World War II, it was a major training center for the Women’s Army Corps.  After its closure in 1946, the fort became the nucleus of the current town of Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia.

 

 

Fort Screven

          
Meddin Drive at Tybee Light
Tybee Island
GA
USA
31328
http://visittybee.com/what-to-see-and-do/attractions/fort-screven/

Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch

     In 1786, the Georgia Legislature approved the creation of a fort on Cockspur or Tybee Island, to be named in honor of Revolutionary War hero General James Screven. The fort was never built by the state, but in 1808 the property fell under the jurisdiction of the Federal government as the Fort Screven Reservation.

     In 1855, the government approved building Fort Screven on the north end of Tybee to provide modern coastal defense. Six poured-concrete, low-profile gun batteries (named for war heroes) and a minefield were ordered for Tybee along with hundreds of other military buildings. From 1897 to 1947 the fort was an integral part of America’s Coastal Defense system. Troops stood guard on Tybee through the Spanish American War of 1898, World War I and World War II. The Fort was closed in 1947 and sold to the City of Tybee and tourism returned as a major part of Tybee’s history. By the 1950s many of the fort’s buildings had been converted for use by private owners.

     In 1961, Battery Garland, the former gun battery and magazine for a 12-inch long-range gun, became the Tybee Island museum. A room that once stored six hundred pound projectiles and two hundred pound bags of gun powder, now holds the collections and exhibits of more than 400 years of Tybee Island history.  It is the location of the only shot fired in anger in Georgia during World War I.

     Today, the abandoned and silent concrete bunkers stand side-by-side with fine beachside homes. Visitors marvel at the private residences nestled atop the fort’s walls, the magnificent ocean and river views and the fort that played a role in so many phases of American history.

 

 

Augusta Arsenal

      
Augusta
GA
USA
30904

Relocated in 1827-28 from an earlier site along the Savannah River, the Augusta Arsenal served as a military armament supply and training center for the U.S. military, and briefly for the Confederate armies, until its closure in the mid-1950s.  During World War I, the Arsenal became a center for the repair of small arms and rifles.  After 1918, only a small force was stationed at the Arsenal.  After closure, it first was transferred to the Richmond County Board of Education, but later became the site of Augusta State College, which today is part of Augusta University.  The old Arsenal buildings remain in place as administration buildings for the campus.  A museum is in the former guardhouse of the Arsenal, at Walton Way and Katherine Street, Augusta.  An official state historical marker is at the site. 

 
Savannah
GA
USA
31404

“Role of Honor - 1914-1918”

“These Palmetto Trees were planted and this Tablet erected by the Savannah Women’s Federation - In Loving Honor of the Soldiers Sailors and Marines of Chatham County who Died in the Great War for the Cause of World Liberty"

"The Base of this Tablet was given by Chatham Post 36 - American Legion - April 26, 1929 - In Memory of their Comrades who Fell During the World War”

“They Do Not Die Who Serve Humanity”

 

Camp Hancock

      
Augusta
GA
USA
30909

Camp Hancock existed only from 1917-1919.  It was one of sixteen U.S. Army National Guard Mobilization and Training Camps established in 1917 to train and integrate National Guard units for service in a U.S. Army division. The site contained some 1,777 acres on a reservation of 13,811. The camp was to have a capacity of about 50,000 officers and enlisted men that would become the 28th U.S. Infantry Division.  Formed originally in August 1917 from Pennsylvania National Guard units, the Division began departing for France in April 1918. The 28th distinguished itself in combat, fighting sometimes hand to hand. The 28th suffered heavy casualties, including 2,531 killed, 13,746 wounded and 726 captured. At the end of the war the camp became a demobilization center until it was abandoned in March 1919.  No signs of the camp remain at the site along Wrightsboro Road across from the Forest Hills Golf Course. 


 

Camp Gordon

      
Chamblee
GA
USA
30341

Established July 1917, Camp Gordon was constructed as one of sixteen National Army Training Camps prepared for U.S. entry into World War I.  The camp was built on 2,400 acres and came to have 1,600 buildings with a capacity of 47,000 troops and an eventual cost of $ 11,900,000.  Camp Gordon served as the training camp for the 82nd Infantry Division, organized in August 1917, which began deployment to Europe in April 1918.  While in Europe the 82nd had 8,300 casualties.  Camp Gordon was ordered abandoned in 1920 and disposed of in September 1921, and is now the site of Peachtree-DeKalb Airport.  A state marker is on a small plaza at the airport. 

 

 

Camp Wheeler - Bibb Co. - Macon

          
Macon
GA
USA
31217

One of sixteen U.S. Army National Guard Mobilization and Training Camps established in 1917 to train and integrate National Guard units for service in a U.S. Army division, Camp Wheeler occupied a site of some 21,480 acres along what today is Riggins Mill Road at Joe Tamplin Industrial Boulevard in Macon. The camp was to have a capacity of about 43,000 officers and enlisted men that would become the 31st U.S. Infantry Division.  Formed in October 1917, the 31st departed for France in October 1918, returned to the U.S. and was demobilized in December 1918. When the 31st arrived in France its members were dispersed as replacements for other units, and thus did not see combat as a unit. At the end of the war, Camp Wheeler became a demobilization center until it was abandoned in April 1919. Reactivated in 1940 on the original site, it was used through World War II as a training camp and prisoner of war camp until 1945. A 1,000 bed hospital was constructed for returning wounded soldiers. The camp was abandoned as surplus property in January 1946 and the leased land returned to its owners. Today only a historical marker denotes the site.

 

 

Camp Greenleaf

      
Fort Oglethorpe
GA
USA
30742

Camp Greenleaf was a medical officer training camp created at Chickamauga National Battlefield Park as part of Fort Oglethorpe during World War I, under a program that utilized national park and battlefield land for military training installations.  Camp Greenleaf was authorized in May 1917 and began training the next month to prepare medical officers for work with motor field units, mule-drawn units, evacuation hospitals and base hospitals, additionally including veterinary and dental training.  In only 18 months of operation, being decommissioned in December 1918, Camp Greenleaf trained 6,640 officers and 31,138 enlisted men. 

 

 

Camp Forrest

      
 
Fort Oglethorpe
GA
USA
30742

Camp Forrest of World War I should not be confused with the much larger Camp Forrest of World War II, which was located northwest of Chattanooga near Tullahoma, Tennessee.  During World War I, Camp Forrest was co-located with Camp Greenleaf and Camp McLean at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia.  Its wooden barracks were erected among the monuments honoring Union and Confederate dead in the Battle of Chickamauga.  Its primary purpose was to train infantry engineers.  It was as short-lived as its colleague camps, and was decommissioned in December 1918.

 

 

Camp Jesup

      
 
Atlanta
GA
USA
30310

Camp Jesup was built next to Fort McPherson during World War I, constructed by local civilians and German prisoners of war to serve as a major center for repairing, overhauling, and reconstructing vehicles, and as a storage area for transport supplies. Jesup's facilities included living quarters, mess halls, and administrative buildings. During the peak of war activity, nearly 4,000 civilian and 2,100 military personnel were employed at the camp. Jesup remained active after the war as a motor transport school, a general depot, and a quartermaster intermediate storage depot. Camp Jesup was deactivated on August 23, 1927.

 

 

Sumter Co.-- Souther Field

          
(current site of Jimmy Carter Regional Airport, Americus, and South Georgia Technical College)
Americus
GA
USA
31709

Building on the rapid development of aviation during World War I, the U.S. Army in 1918 constructed Souther Field as a primary flight-training facility.  It was built just northeast of Americus in a former peach orchard purchased by Sumter County and deeded to the federal government.  At the height of its World War I activities, Souther had 147 planes and about 1,500 service personnel.  Deactivated following World War I in April 1923, its planes were sold off to the highest bidders.  Charles Lindbergh bought his first airplane as part of that auction, stayed for flight training, and completed his first solo flight at Souther within three weeks of his purchase.  A seven-foot statue of Lindbergh is displayed at the site.  Souther was reactivated during World War II to train aviation cadets of the U.S. Army Air Force and the British Royal Air Force.  Today, Souther Field has become the Jimmy Carter Regional Airport, and some of the original buildings still stand as part of South Georgia Technical College.  A state historical marker at the site recounts Lindbergh’s first solo flight.

 

Camp Benning

          
Cusseta
GA
USA
31905
http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/government-politics/fort-benning

Photo Courtesy, Georgia Archives, Vanishing Georgia Collection, mus006

Fort Benning, today home to the U.S. Army Infantry, began in 1917 as Camp Benning.  Now the world’s premier school of arms, it has trained many of the infantry who fought in America’s wars, including noted generals such as Omar Bradley, George Marshall, Dwight D. Eisenhower, George Patton and Colin Powell.  At the outbreak of World War I, as the nation faced inadequate infantry training facilities, a board chose Columbus, Georgia, for a new, larger infantry school based on its climate, terrain and transportation.  The first camp was established in fall 1918, and named (at the request of the Columbus Rotary Club) for Confederate brigadier general Henry L. Benning, who lived in Columbus until his death in 1875.  Troops began arriving in October 1918, and the camp was made permanent and the name changed to Fort Benning in 1922.

 

 

MacArthur Memorial

      
198 Bank Street.
Norfolk
VA
USA
23510
The MacArthur Memorial is a museum and research center dedicated to preserving and presenting the story of General Douglas MacArthur and the millions of men  and women who served with him in World War I, World War II, the Occupation of Japan, and the Korean War. Admission is FREE and the museum is open to the public Tuesday-Sunday ((757) 441-2965).
 

Founding Sponsor

PritzkerMML Logo