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Monuments & Memorials

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

DCWorldWarMonumen 1World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century.

In the war's aftermath, individuals, towns, cities, counties, and states all felt compelled to mark the war, as did colleges, businesses, clubs, associations, veterans groups, and houses of worship. Thousands of memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US in the 1920s and 1930s, blanketing the American landscape.

Each of these memorials, regardless of size or expense, has a story. But sadly, as we enter the war's centennial period, these memorials and their very purpose—to honor in perpetuity the more than four million Americans who served in the war and the more than 116,000 who were killed—have largely been forgotten. And while many memorials are carefully tended, others have fallen into disrepair through neglect, vandalism, or theft. Some have been destroyed. Watch this CBS news video on the plight of these monuments.

The extant memorials are our most salient material links in the US to the war. They afford a vital window onto the conflict, its participants, and those determined to remember them. Rediscovering the memorials and the stories they tell will contribute to their physical and cultural rehabilitation—a fitting commemoration of the war and the sacrifices it entailed.

Memorial Hunters Club

We are building a US WW1 Memorial register through a program called the Memorials Hunters Club. If you locate a memorial that is not on the map we invite you to upload your treasure to be permanently archived in the national register.  You can include your choice of your real name, nickname or team name as the explorers who added that memorial to the register. We even have room for a selfie! Check the map, and if you don't see the your memorial CLICK THE LINK TO ADD IT.

Filter:
125 Main Street
Crossett
AR
USA
71635

No additional information at this time.

 
 
125 Main Street
Crossett
AR
USA
71635

No additional information at this time.

 
1544 Sportsman Lake Road NW
Cullman
AL
USA
35055

This stone monument formerly located at the Cullman County Courthouse is now part of the larger Cullman Veterans Memorial Park at Sportsman Lake Park. It lists the names of the servicemembers from Cullman County who gave their lives in service during WWI.

 

Culver Legion War Memorial

          
Culver
IN
USA
46511
http://www.culver.lib.in.us/legion_war_memorial_program_1924.htm

11/02/1924

The Legion War Memorial Building was a monumental structure with a monumental mission when it was completed and dedicated: to stand as a memorial to war veterans -- both alive and fallen -- from Culver's ranks. Famous for its Gold Star at the entrance and its classical, exquisite architecture, the memorial building, of course, still stands today. The site features an imposing three-floor memorial building with a Gold Star room, Gold Stars on exterior, and a plaque in honor of those Culver academy students (unnamed) killed in the war from the Federation Interalliee des Anciens Combattants at the base of the staircase (presented and dated October 23, 1922).

 
Culver
IN
USA
46511
http://www.culver.lib.in.us/legion_war_memorial_program_1924.htm

November 02, 1924

 
 
Culver
IN
USA
46511

December 07, 1922

Three Memorial Elms were planted for the three Culver Military Academy cadets who died in the First World War.  These were planted in a ceremony attended by General Pershing.
 
301 Veterans Memorial Boulevard
Cumming
GA
USA
30040

Photos Courtesy of Lamar Veatch

This memorial is located at 301 Veterans Memorial Boulevard, one block from City Square. Dedicated in May, 1992, by the City of Cumming, the memorial consists of individual pedestals to the different conflicts.  Each pedestal is topped with bronze replicas of appropriate historical artifacts of that war. 
 
100 Court Sq
Ozark
AL
USA
36360

1990

 
 
Memorial Stadium, 100 W Dallas Ave
Selma
AL
USA
36701

1949

Erected by American Legion Post 20 and V.F.W. Post 3016.
 
 
Old Live Oak Cemetery, 110 W Dallas Ave
Selma
AL
USA
36701
Erected by the Selma Memorial Association.
 
 
New Live Oak Cemetery
Selma
AL
USA
36701

November 11, 1929

Erected by American Legion Selma Post No. 20. The bricks were added at a later date to memorialize the African Americans from Dallas County who paid the ultimate sacrifice.
 
Highway 9 North. 186 Recreation Road.
Dawsonville
GA
USA
30534

November 11, 2005

Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch

Park with large memorial wall inscribed with names from the Civil War to recent confilcts.  The WW1 section contains forty-four names.  Inscriptions on adjacent plaque:  “If we cannot end now our differences, at least we can help make the world safe for diversity. – President John F. Kennedy”  “Welcome To All Veterans Who Have Protected Our Nation Through Military Service in Time of War.  Dedicated November 11, 2005”

 
Greensburg
IN
USA
47240

November 11, 1997

 
 
305 Grande Ave SW
Fort Payne
AL
USA
35967
 
Muncie
IN
USA
47304

August 13, 1939

Displays one of E. M. Viquesney's "Spirit of the American Doughboy" sculptures.
 
5401 Courthouse Circle
Eastman
GA
USA
31023
http://www.dodgecountyga.com/

October 14, 1984

Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch

Granite monument listing war dead from Eastman County for the major conflicts.  Inscription:  “Dedicated to All Those Who Served and In Memory of Those Who Paid the Supreme Sacrifice So We Might Live Free of Oppression and Tyranny.” 


Thirty-nine names are listed for WW1. 

“Dedicated Oct. 14, 1984, as a joint project of the Eastman Kiwanis Club and the American Legion Post #126.”

 
High and Water Streets
Cambridge
MD
USA
21613

Granite monument dedicated to recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross and memorial fountain, located in Long Wharf Park

 

Doughboy - Cliffside Park

          
Memorial Park, Edgewater Road & Palisade Avenue
Cliffside Park
NJ
USA
07010

This monument commemorates the soldiers from Cliffside Park, NJ who served in World War I.  It was dedicated on Decoration Day 1929. 

The bronze sculpture depicts a WWI soldier leaning on his left foot. He is wearing his uniform, ragged on both arms, a helmet and carrying a rifle on his left shoulder. His left hand is holding the rife strap, his right hand is hooked to the ammunition belt hanging around his hips. He is wearing a gas mask on his chest & a canteen on his right hip. 

On February 12, 1950, the monument was rededicated and a new plaque was added to include the names of the soldiers who gave their lives in WWII. The new plaque, made of polished labradorite, covers the original inscription on the stone base. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000379.

Photos courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) 

 

Doughboy - Eatontown

          
Veterans Plaza, Wampum Park, Route 35 & West Street
Eatontown
NJ
USA
07724

1922

This World War I monument consists of an approx. 5' tall sculpture placed upon a square base about 5' high.  A plaque with raised lettering on the front of the base indicates this was erected to honor the men of Eatontown who served in the war. 

The sculpture itself depicts a WWI doughboy at parade rest with his left foot forward.  The soldier clasps the barrel of a rifle with both hands. The butt of the rifle rests on the ground near his right foot.  He wears a wide-brimmed hat, a belted jacket and his pants are tucked into wrappings that cover both calves. There is a tree trunk behind his left leg.

The monument was purchased from LL Manning & Son, a Plainfield, NJ monument company. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000434. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 

Doughboy - Haddon Township

          
Westmont Fire Company, 120 Haddon Avenue
Haddon Township
NJ
USA
08108

1920

Richard Walter Bock

The Haddon Township Doughboy is one of the iconic figures not designed by Visquesney. It was, instead, designed by sculptor Richard Walter Bock who had been born in Germany in 1865. In 1870, his family emigrated to Chicago where his father opened a cabinet making business. Bock began his art education in the United States but returned to his native country and France to complete his training.

Bock opened a sculpture studio in Chicago, designed sculptures for the World’s Fair Columbian Exposition, and gained notice by his interior bas-reliefs for the city’s Schiller Theatre designed by famed Chicago architect, Louis Sullivan. While working with Sullivan, Bock became acquainted with the architect’s draftsman, Frank Lloyd Wright. Bock became a friend of Wright’s and designed numerous sculptures for Wright buildings.

In 1928, Bock was selected as head of the Sculpture Department at the University of Oregon. He retired from the University in 1932, and died in 1949. In his memoirs, Bock described the Haddon Township commission:

Following the War, I had  a number of commissions commemorating that unhappy event. One was a very conventional statue made as a civic monument for Jersey City, New Jersey. It was a realistic charging soldier with a fixed bayonet, titled “Over the Top.”…In a small size, about four feet tall, it was widely copied for schools all over the county.”

One cast of his Jersey City sculpture is located in Haddon Township, Camden County. It includes a pedestal on which the 81 Township residents who served in the war are commemorated, The monument originally stood in front of Westmont School #1, located at the intersection of Haddon and Reeve Avenues. In 1961, the sculpture was moved to its present location, in front of the Westmont Firehouse on Haddon Avenue. The monument was dedicated in 1920.

Narrative adapted from Sandra White-Grear, “The Haddon Township Doughboy,” edited and added to by William Brahms, Haddon Township Historical Society, 2010.

Photos courtesy of:  Haddon Township Historical Society

 

Doughboy - Highland Park

          
Veterans Memorial Park, 609 Raritan Avenue
Highland Park
NJ
USA
08904

1921

This monument depicts a World War I soldier in uniform standing at parade rest. Both hands grasp the barrel of his rifle, the butt of which rests on the ground.

The monument was sponsored by Amos Wheatley and dedicated to veterans of The Great War. It was purchased from LL Manning & Son, a Plainfield, NJ monument company. 

It was rededicated in 1989 as part of a refurbishing project at Veterans' Memorial Park. The figure was knocked slightly off its original position by a collision with a tractor trailer truck.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory NJ000048.

Photos courtesy of: Sheena Chi

 

Doughboy - Middletown

      
Church Street
Middletown
NJ
USA
07718

c.1930

This World War I monument consists of a life-size statue of a doughboy standing at attention in full uniform with the barrel of a rifle in his right hand and the butt of the rifle on the ground.  The figure is set upon a granite plinth, square in cross-section, with an angled top, resting on a rusticated granite slab. 

A bronze plaque mounted on the front of the plinth contains the names of local soldiers from Belford, Port Monmouth & New Monmouth, NJ who served in the war.  The monument sits on a low mound to heighten its prominence.  It was purchased from LL Manning & Son, a Plainfield, NJ monument company. 

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office 

 

Doughboy - Palisades Park

          
Police Station, Central & Broad
Palisades Park
NJ
USA
07650

This monument consists of a bronze WWI soldier in uniform holding a rifle in his left hand & a grenade in his right hand.  He wears a helmet, shirt, belt with packs, pants & boots.

It appears this statue was recently moved from its original granite base to the current polished black stone, 3-tiered base. 

The original bronze honor roll plaque has been restored and mounted on a separate, nearby stone pillar. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
Routes 33 & 526
Robbinsville
NJ
USA

1920

This World War I doughboy statue is fabricated from concrete - one of four in the state of NJ using that material.  The 7' figure stands atop a 10' tall, square pedestal inscribed with the names of 15 men from Washington Township, NJ who served in The Great War. 

The land for the memorial was donated by resident & Civil War veteran, John Yard in 1919.  The monument was purchased from LL Manning & Son, a Plainfield, NJ monument company.  It was unveiled on October 16, 1920 with more than 1,000 people in attendance. 

Narrative adapted from Cathy Zahn, "Nearly a Century Old, but Doughboy's Message of Patriotism is Timeless," Robbinsville Sun website.

Photo Credit:  Sheena Chi

 

Doughboy - Wanaque

      
Wanaque Borough Hall, 579 Ringwood Ave
Wanaque
NJ
USA
07465

1926

Gaetano Federici

This version of a doughboy was sculpted by Italian-American sculptor Gaetano Federici who emigrated to the United States and settled in Paterson.

The memorial consists of a statue of a World War I soldier mounted on a rectangular base. The base is flanked by four steles commemorating other wars. The soldier is painted bronze and stands with a rifle, butt end down in his left hand. At his side, he holds a grenade in his clenched right fist. The sculpture is mounted on a square base with a commemorative plaque on the front. It was originally dedicated on Memorial Day 1926 on the grounds of the community house in Midvale.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000307.

Photo courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

 

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