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Monuments & Memorials

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

DCWorldWarMonumen 1World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century.

In the war's aftermath, individuals, towns, cities, counties, and states all felt compelled to mark the war, as did colleges, businesses, clubs, associations, veterans groups, and houses of worship. Thousands of memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US in the 1920s and 1930s, blanketing the American landscape.

Each of these memorials, regardless of size or expense, has a story. But sadly, as we enter the war's centennial period, these memorials and their very purpose—to honor in perpetuity the more than four million Americans who served in the war and the more than 116,000 who were killed—have largely been forgotten. And while many memorials are carefully tended, others have fallen into disrepair through neglect, vandalism, or theft. Some have been destroyed. Watch this CBS news video on the plight of these monuments.

The extant memorials are our most salient material links in the US to the war. They afford a vital window onto the conflict, its participants, and those determined to remember them. Rediscovering the memorials and the stories they tell will contribute to their physical and cultural rehabilitation—a fitting commemoration of the war and the sacrifices it entailed.

Submitting a Monument or Memorial for the Database

This interactive database provides location and all other available information on known World War One monuments and memorials.  Do you know of a World War One Monument or Memorial that is not listed in our database? Do you see incorrect information listed for one of the sites? Do you have photos of one of our listed sites that you want to contribute? Click here to submit the relevant information for inclusion in the database.

Filter:
Coleman Hill
Macon
GA
USA
31201

     Erected in 1922, the monument was beautifully restored in 2015 under the direction of Middle Georgia State University President Christopher Blake.  It honors soldiers from Macon who served primarily in the 42nd Rainbow Division, and depicts the cities in France where the 42nd saw action.  It is inscribed in Latin with a phrase translated as “It is sweet and glorious to die for one’s country.”

“Erected by the Ladies Auxiliary 151 Machine Gun Bt., assisted by the Men of the Battalion - 1922”

”in memory of the 51st Machine Gun Battalion” 

 
201 W Main St, Huntsville, AR 72740
Huntsville
AR
USA
72740
No additional information at this time.
 
200 Monroe St SW
Huntsville
AL
USA
35801
 
509 E 9th St.
Little Rock
AR
United States
72202
This memorial was part of the Main Street Bridge over the Arkansas River when it was built in 1924.  The memorial was moved when the bridge was demolished and replaced.
 
4725 South Mill Road
Dryden
MI
USA
48428

Major General George O. Squier Monument

Major General George Owen Squier (1865-1934) was a noted soldier and scientist. Graduating from West Point in 1887, he subsequently led the United States Signal Corps. He was also Chief of the Army Air Service during World War I and military attache in London during the postwar period. Working in the capacity of science, he discovered the multiplex telegraph system, which made him world renowned. The general held membership in the National Academy of Sciences, London Physical Society and the Royal Institute of Great Britain. Although he was denied royalties because of his army affiliations, Squier continued to contribute to the world of invention and discovery. He perfected much of his work at his country estate, which he opened as this free public park for the people of the community.

Major General George Owen Squier (1865-1934) was a noted soldier and scientist. Graduating from West Point in 1887, he subsequently led the United States Signal Corps. He was also Chief of the Army Air Service during World War I and military attache in London during the postwar period. Working in the capacity of science, he discovered the multiplex telegraph system, which made him world renowned. The general held membership in the National Academy of Sciences, London Physical Society and the Royal Institute of Great Britain. Although he was denied royalties because of his army affiliations, Squier continued to contribute to the world of invention and discovery. He perfected much of his work at his country estate, which he opened as this free public park for the people of the community.

 

 
Baker Street
Maplewood
NJ
USA
07040

1931

A memorial bronze plaque and 10-ton boulder dedicated Maplewood Memorial Park "to the men and women who served their country during World War I."  The formal dedication occurred on Memorial Day, 1931 when the park first opened. 

Originally, eight American Elm trees were planted to commemorate fallen solders from Maplewood.  A small plaque near the amphitheater still marks the location. 

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
 
116 E Coats Ave
Linden
AL
USA
36748
 
300 E Old Main St, Yellville, AR 72687
Yellville
AR
USA
72687
No additional information at this time.
 

Martinsburg WW1 Doughboy

          
400 W. King St.
Martinsburg
WV
USA
25401
 
Mount Greylock State Reservation, Notch Rd.
Adams
MA
USA

06/30/1933

Maginnis & Walsh, architects

A 93-foot-tall lighthouse-like structure atop Mount Greylock, the highest summit (3,505 feet) in Massachusetts. Eight narrow windows at the top of the shaft give views to the surrounding landscape from within an observatory that is reached by iron spiral staircases. A semi-transparent glass globe sits atop a stem that emerges from the crown of the shaft. The crown is decorated with art deco eagles. The globe is lit at night, becoming a beacon. The exterior features a relief of the shield of the commonwealth of Massachusetts. An art deco eagle in relief surmounts the inset entrance to the memorial.

in the interior, the base features a domed chamber. The dome is decorated with art deco patterns made from small tiles. A gold lantern hangs from the centerpoint of the dome. Two narrow rows of a laurel leaf pattern surround the center.  Most of the dome is decorated with gold tesserae arranged in an overlapping pattern of half-discs. Under this is a narrow band of blue tesserae with red borders; against the blue-patterned mosaic are ranged 48 white stars. Below this are the interior inscriptions. The floor is made of different-colored marble that form a star-like pattern. In the center, inlaid in a circular black marble piece, is a bronze "US," with the letters surrounding a bronze relief of a lit torch.

 

Matthew J. Buono

          
2 Hylan Blvd
Staten Island
NY
USA
10305

June 4, 2002

Storch Associates

In memory of Matthew J. Buono, born June 28, 1942, died April 4, 1968. Please take a moment to remember Matthew. He and all of America's war dead gave their lives for their country, for freedom, and for you. Never forget.

Panel 2: Korean War

Panel 3: Vietnam War - Matthew J. Buono

Panel 4: World War I - [list of 6 names]

Panel 5: World War II - [list of 37 names]

 
500 Woodlane St, Little Rock, AR 72201
Little Rock
AR
USA
72201
No additional information at this time.
 

Memorial Amphitheater

      
University of North Alabama
Florence
AL
USA
35630

The Memorial Amphitheater was dedicated to the University of North Alabama students who lost their lives during the war. Funding was provided by alumni and the U.S Civil Works Administration.

 

Memorial Bell Tower

          
North Carolina State University
2011 Hillsborough St
Raleigh
NC
USA
27607

November 11, 1949

William Henry Deacy

The idea for a monument to honor NC State alumni killed in World War I originated with Vance Sykes, a member of the class of 1907. Today, the 115-foot monument, called "a legend in stone," is a symbol of the university and a rallying point for the campus community. Constructed at a cost of more than $150,000, the tower is made of 1,400 tons of granite set on a 700-ton concrete base. Its blending of Romanesque features and Gothic verticality are reminiscent of the towers at West Point.

Although 34 alumni died in the war, the memorial plaque contains 35 names. George L. Jeffers, class of 1913, was wrongly reported killed in action and his name was included by mistake. When the error was discovered, the university decided to alter the extra name beyond recognition. It was therefore changed to George E. Jefferson, a symbol of unknown soldiers from NC State and elsewhere.

 

Memorial Bridge

          
Memorial Bridge
Portsmouth
NH
USA

1923

Constructed between 1920 and 1923, the bridge was the first without toll to span the Piscataqua between Portsmouth and Kittery. The bridge was constructed as a joint venture between the states of Maine and New Hampshire and the federal government. It was dedicated as a World War I memorial.

Its plaque, above the entrance to the first truss span on the Portsmouth side, reads: Memorial to the Sailors and Soldiers of New Hampshire who participated in the World War 1917-1919. Originally, the road over the bridge was part of  New England Interstate Route, also known as the Altantic Highway. When the New England routes were superseded by the United States Numbered Highways in 1926 it was redesignated as US 1.

The bridge was reconstructed in 2010 as the original structure had become unsafe. It was rededicated in 2013 by former Portsmouth Mayor Eileen Foley, who cut the red ribbon 90 years after she performed the same honors for the original span in 1923.

 
25 Beal St.
East Lansing
MI
USA
48825
http://campusarch.msu.edu/?p=2397

June 11, 1919

Memorial Grove of the Great War

The West Circle neighborhood is known for its beautiful Collegiate Gothic dorms, with beautifully sculpted gardens and peaceful stands of trees. One grove of trees though holds exceptional significance in the legacy of our university. Just east of Williams Hall is a grove of thirty-three oak trees overlooking Michigan Avenue. Few students notice the nondescript fieldstone slab nestled within the small park space.

DSCN1235 



A brass plaque explains that this grove of trees is a memorial to the thirty-three students and graduates of the college who gave their lives in World War One. Back then our school was still the Michigan Agricultural College (M.A.C.), and contained few of the buildings that now dominate our campus. Next year will mark the hundredth anniversary of the start of what would become known as the Great War. The conflict exploded the world into the modern era, where industrialized warfare clashed with outdated military doctrine creating tragic consequences. In all some 8,500,000 soldiers would die in the conflict that pitted the Allied Powers (France, Russia, America, and the United Kingdom) against the might of the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire).

America would not enter the war until 1917, when German U-boat attacks on commercial vessels would compel the nation to declare war on the Central Powers. America would mobilize over four million men to fight in Europe as part of the American Expeditionary Force. American soldiers would play a pivotal role in the battles of the Second Battle of the Marne and Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Ultimately America’s contribution would play a key part in bringing about the end of the war, but with a cost of 116,516 soldiers killed in action and a further 204,000 wounded.

Among the men who would never return home were students and alumni of the Michigan Agricultural College. In all thirty-three students and graduates of the college would give their lives in service to their country. Ten of the young men would never live to see their graduation from M.A.C. Their sacrifice would not be forgotten though.

1922 memorial service at the grove. Via the Michigan State University Archive flikr. 



The college community decided a memorial grove overlooking the Red Cedar River and Michigan Avenue would be a fitting way to pay respect for their fallen brothers. The planning for the memorial was headed by the Forestry Department lead by faculty chair Professor Alfred K. Chittenden (for whom Chittenden Hall is named after). An oak tree would be planted for each of the soldiers and a large fieldstone would bear a plaque listing the soldier’s names.

The dedication took place on the college’s Commencement Day of 1919. Following a parade and a review of the college’s R.O.T.C. unit, Lieutenant Colonel A. H. Gansser of the 125th infantry formally dedicated the memorial grove. Gansser was well known in Michigan for the published letters he would send from the front, and was well regarded as a skilled speaker and critical analyst of politics and the war. The day was especially meaningful to Gansser, as many of the memorialized men were fellow members of the 125th infantry.

The thirty-three oak trees still shade the sidewalks west of Wilson Hall and the memorial is right off the sidewalk following Beal Street. This quite corner of MSU’s campus may remain largely unknown to the student body, but it remains a somber and beautiful reminder to the sacrifices made by our fellow Spartans.

DSCN1237 

 

Memorial Honor Roll World War I

A bronze eagle with wings spread sits atop a 24 foot tall column of polished granite. Beneath is a three section base of unpolished granite with a plaque bearing the names of the 52 Ottawa County men who fought in WW1.

 
Main & Franklin Streets
Hightstown
NJ
USA
08520

1924

The lakeside Hightstown Memorial Park was dedicated on Armistice Day 1924, the result of a community fund drive to raise $25,000 to honor its veterans, following a $30,000 gift of the land by six local donors.  A concrete dam, stone retaining walls, a walkway across the dam, a boat landing with steps & grading & landscaping were created.

Situated near the boat landing, a granite obelisk was placed by the American Legion Post #148 & the VFW Post 5700.  The monument is dedicated to all who served in World War I.  

Narrative adapted from "Reflections from the Shrine" by John W. Orr, Jr., 1998. 

Vintage photo courtesy of Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives 

 

Memorial Park Jacksonville

          
1620 Riverside Ave
Jacksonville
FL
USA
32204
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Memorial Park was designed by the famed Olmsted Brothers and dedicated on Dec. 25, 1924. It is the only park in the state dedicated to the 1,220 Floridians who lost their lives in service during World War I.

In his composition of “Life” for Memorial Park, Charles Adrian Pillars made powerful use of the grand, theatrical style of Beaux Arts sculpture. Even though this style was regarded as somewhat old-fashioned by the 1920s, Pillars nonetheless found it fitting to tell a moving story of the true spirit of those who served. He wrote that he “desired this memorial to present the idea of life, its struggle and its victory."

To further honor the fallen, the names of the more than 1220 Floridians who died in the first World War were inscribed on parchment and placed in a lead box within a bronze box inside of Life.

 

Memorial Stadium

      
 
108 W Dallas Ave
Selma
AL
USA
36701
World Wars Memorial
 
1101 Maine St
Lawrence
KS
USA
66045
Built in 1920 as a memorial to KU students who died in service during WW1. Located on the University of Kansas campus.
 
103 North St
Battle Ground
IN
USA
47920
A total of 79 men from Tippecanoe Township in Tippecanoe County, Indiana served their country during the First World War. Below are the names of those men inscribed on 3 faces of the memorial.

Inscription:

(South Side)
(With Drinking Fountain)

“MEMORIAL
TO THE
WORLD WAR
VETERANS OF
TIPPECANOE
TOWNSHIP
1917 - 1918”




(East Side)
Raymond D. Baker
Alva Beaven
Norman E. Beeker
Samuel T. Beeker
Dr. Frank M. Biddle
Frederick W. Boetel
Clarence R. Booth
Horace H. Booth
Jesse I. Booth
Max Eller Booth
Charles P. Brown
Dawson C. Brown
Floyd E. Brown
Nelson S. Boyd
Henry Clifton Bryan
William Earl Bryan
Leslie D. Bryant
Walter E. Burkhardt
Joseph A. Buskirk
J. Evert Buck
Royal I. Clinger
Samuel H. Cochran
Aubert A. Condit
John Francis Cowger
Charles M. Donly
Lawrence J. Eylens

(North Side)
David C. Fisher
Donald D. Fisher
John A. Galey
Harry W. Hampton
Almon O. Harshman
Howard C. Henderson
Harry J. Hollcraft
Roger Hurst
Hubert T. Jackson
Wilbur S. Jackson
Bert Jennings
Claude Jolly
Roy E. Jolly
Albert C. Jones
Harry Kaufman
Leo C. Kelly
Harold G. Kolb
Lawrence F. Lank
Robert J. Lank
George A. Leibenguth
James Elwood Maxwell
Lillian D. Mahin
Elmer L. Martin
William M. Martin
Marion Paul Mitchell
Clarence C. Mullendore
Ivan D. Nice

(West Side)
Carl E. Overly
William L. Owens
Henry E. Pauley
Ivan Pauley
Harry C. Pierce
Vere Ransdell
Sherman K. Ridgway
B. Collie Ridgway
John N. Rosser
Gilbert E. Rowe
Joseph F. Royer
Russel C. Shigley
James Shoup
Clarence R. Smith
Evert F. Smith
Dewey W. Stackhouse
Roy C. Stretch
Lynn S. VanNatta
Minor VanSchepen
Roland L. VanScoyoc
Ross L. Watkins
Theodore Watkins
Roy Lee Wilson
Clinton A. Withrow
Arthur Ray Wright
Earl Zeibler

 
Detroit
MI
USA
48203
http://mwvm.grobbel.org/

September 10, 1939

Michigan War Veterans Memorial

"We trust that this memorial, when completed, will serve as a constant reminder to the youth of Michigan 
and the nation that this nation shall never perish from the face of the earth!"
 
Dr. Linwood Snow, General Manager of the Michigan State Fair, August 2, 1939 
at the laying of the cornerstone for the Michigan War Veterans Memorial.

On September 10, 1939, nine days after Germany's invasion of Poland and the start of what would become World War II, the Michigan War Veterans Memorial was dedicated during a ceremony attended by 5,000 people, who were mostly veterans of the Great War and their families.

The Memorial was designed to honor Michigan's military veterans of all wars and conflicts and was dedicated "to the memory of those living or dead, who served their flag and country so unstintingly". Its four sides contain about 250 stones identifying various veterans organizations from all across the state of Michigan. Represented were organizations consisting of veterans of the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, the Great War and the Allied intervention in North Russia of 1918-1919. A full list of the contributors of the stones can be found here.

Michigan's Secretary of State, Harry F. Kelly, was the main speaker during the dedication ceremony and the eternal flame on top of the memorial was lit by Augustus F. Chappell, who was commander of the Michigan Department of the GAR.

This unique Memorial is located at the northeast corner of Woodward and State Fair Avenues in Detroit, MI. For many years, the Memorial was the scene of the annual "Veteran's Day" activities of the Michigan State Fair. More information about the history of the Memorial can be found here.

Over the years, the Memorial has been sadly neglected and is now in need of significant structural and cosmetic restoration. The eternal flame's gas supply has been shut off for decades. The foundation is settling and some of the stones have fallen off. It has been estimated that it will take about $250,000 to restore the Memorial to all its former glory.

 
Midland
MI
USA
48640

Midland County WWI Veterans Memorial 

This is a small plaque that is dedicated to those from Midland Country who served during the Great War. Plaque is located at the top of the WWII memorial at the Midland County Courthouse.

 

Midway Village

      
Rockford
IL
USA
61107
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
http://www.midwayvillage.com/wordpress/
 

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