Mule Rearing doughboys with mules pilots in dress uniforms Riveters African American Soldiers 1 gas masks African American Officers The pilots

Hawaii's involvement in World War I - Timeline

 

01.19 04 Parade in front of Elks Club

  • January 1914
  • 01/01

    Hawaii charity relief work for Europeans

    1914-01-01

    large business had their own telegraph equipment for privacy in financial / business discussions

  • February 1914
  • 02/01

    Hawaii residents leaving to fight for homeland

    1914-02-01

    residents with English, French, and German connections return home to help their countries

  • March 1914
  • 03/01

    Hawaii residents contribute to Red Cross solicitations

    1914-03-01

    Red Cross was not yet international and all combatant countries raised funds in Hawaii

  • November 1914
  • 11/07

    German ships interned

    1914-11-07

    Japanese ships were patroling the Pacific to attack German ships; Hawaii as neutral US port provided sanctuary; city attempts to make them feel comfortable

  • March 1915
  • 03/25

    USS F-4 experimental sub lost of O'ahu

    1915-03-25

    21 seamen lost; Hawai’i community steps up with funds to aid families of those lost

  • August 1915
  • 08/30

    USS F-4 Raised

    1915-08-30

    raised sent to dry dock at Inter-island Steam Navigation

  • September 1915
  • 09/14

    USS F-4

    1915-09-14

    what remains sunk again off Pearl Harbor

  • November 1915
  • 11/11

    NG moves to Punchbow

    1915-11-11

    Eerie date given when war will end but date will likely make it hard to make this a commemoration of this event - but could be mentioned at other events as footnote

  • January 1916
  • 01/01

    Naval Militia formed in Hawaii

    1916-01-01

  • April 1916
  • 04/23

    Naval Militia

    1916-04-23

    official formation

  • June 1916
  • 06/03

    Militia of Hawaii

    1916-06-03

    Organized Militia of Hawaii legally changes to national guard status

  • September 1916
  • 09/14

    Hawaii Naval Militia

    1916-09-14

    Hawaii Naval Militia underway on the First Class Cruiser USS St. Louis

  • January 1917
  • 01/31

    Interned German ships sabotaged by crews

    1917-01-31

  • April 1917
  • 04/01

    Sinking of the SS Aztec

    1917-04-01

    The civilian merchant ship Aztec was sunk by German U-boat off the northwest coast of France. There were five men from Hawaii among the crewmen who died.

  • 04/05

    Interned German ships seized

    1917-04-05

    The vessels are converted for US combat

  • 04/06

    Public telegraph messages subject to censorship

    1917-04-06

  • 04/10

    Private telegraph equipment seized by Federal government

    1917-04-10

    large business had their own telegraph equipment for privacy in financial / business discussions

  • 04/21

    Honolulu Harbor goes dark

    1917-04-21

    Harbor lights turned off at night in fear of German subs using the lights to attack

  • 04/22

    Public Memorial to the SS Aztec

    1917-04-22

    A public memorial was held at Iolani Palace to honor those lost aboard the SS Aztec. Thousands attended including the governor, mayor, military officials, Territorial legislators, and the Hawaiian Band. Elements of the service were held in both English and Hawaiian.

  • May 1917
  • 05/13

    Japanese ship visits Honolulu

    1917-05-13

    The [vessel name here] is returning the body of US Ambassade who died of natural causes in Japan; American & Japanese troops pose together outside Honolulu recruiting station

  • 05/26

    Fijian soldiers enroute to Europe stop in Hawaii

    1917-05-26

    As members of the British empire Fijian soldiers were part of the support services in Europe

  • 05/26

    Anthrax on island cattle ranches attributed to German sabatoge

    1917-05-26

    Although without evidence, the community becomes convinced "Hun spies" have spread the disease to sabatoge the islands food supply

  • June 1917
  • 06/06

    Federal Miliary law forbids alcohol to US military in Hawaii

    1917-06-06

  • 06/18

    Draft Boards begin work in Hawii

    1917-06-18

  • July 1917
  • 07/31

    Hawaii Draft Registration Day

    1917-07-31

    big ad campaign, public events

  • September 1917
  • 09/14

    American Red Cross chapter receives flag from Queen Liliuokalani

    1917-09-14

    Hawaii War Relief Committee had operated since 1914, now it is part of the Red Cross and is supported by all communities within the islands

  • 09/21

    Food Conservation program

    1917-09-21

    Saving food, reducing waste are patriotic; Love's Bakery begins ads for "War Bread" and Central Union Chruch as sermon on Food Conservation

  • 09/23

    Plantation workers support Red Cross

    1917-09-23

    Hakalau Plantation Japanese field workers donate $301 [$5650 2015] to Red Cross

  • October 1917
  • 10/01

    Hawaii National Guard

    1917-10-01

    Typhoid scare in water supply sends National Guard unit of Hawaii Japanese to guard Nuuanu reservoir

  • November 1917
  • 11/01

    Hawaii Red Cross

    1917-11-01

    Hawaii Red Cross sends Hawaii young men on USS ST LOUIS Christmas box including “huge pot of poi”

  • 11/06

    Bolsheviks / V. Lenin / L. Trotsky overthrow Russian Provisional Government

    1917-11-06

  • 11/11

    Queen Liliuokalani dies about 2 months after joining Red Cros

    1917-11-11

  • December 1917
  • 12/07

    Romania signs armistice with Central Powers<br />

    1917-12-07

  • 12/15

    Soviet Russia signs an armistice with Germany

    1917-12-15

  • January 1918
  • 01/01

    U.S. Congress

    1918-01-01

    Pres. Wilson outlines elaborate peace plan to U.S. Congress based on Fourteen Points

  • 01/02

    Hawaiian Vigilance Corps of American Defense Society

    1918-01-02

    Hawaiian Vigilance Corps of American Defense Society forms branches on all islands to define ‘patriotism’ and search for “Kaiserism”

  • 01/03

    Love’s Bakery produces patriotic “Victory Loaf” made with banana flour to save wheat<br />

    1918-01-03

  • 01/15

    Banana Consuming Propaganda Committee encourages local food to reduce shipping / fuel into islands <br />

    1918-01-15

  • February 1918
  • 02/01

    Red Cross fundraisers in islands

    1918-02-01

  • 02/01

    Rotary Club

    1918-02-01

    Rotary Club sponsors sending tobacco to troops; women told is OK for them to enter shops without a man to buy smokes for soldiers

  • 02/01

    list of days for doing without restricted foods is published (wheat, meats)<br />

    1918-02-01

  • 02/09

    Porkless Saturday is lifted for Chinese New Year<br />

    1918-02-09

  • 02/15

    Hawaii Red Cross

    1918-02-15

    100+ crates supplies leave Hawaii for Red Cross (rolled bandages, gauze compresses, pajamas, knitted wear, more)

  • March 1918
  • 03/01

    Daughters of Hawaiian Warriors propose a polished lava rock memorial to the fallen<br />

    1918-03-01

  • 03/03

    Soviet Russia signs harsh treaty with Germany ending participation in war

    1918-03-03

  • 03/04

    Executive Order

    1918-03-04

    Pres. Wilson signs Executive Order making Oahu alcohol dry zone April 10; all islands August 20, 1918

  • 03/20

    Red Cross<br />

    1918-03-20

    Daughters of Hawaiian Warriors hold a knit-in at Princess Kawananakoa’s house for Red Cross

  • April 1918
  • 04/05

    Third Liberty Loan campaign opens<br />

    1918-04-05

  • 04/08

    US Army company of Engineers leaves Oahu for war

    1918-04-08

  • 04/10

    Oahu dry of alcohol

    1918-04-10

  • 04/12

    Liberty Bond goals set for each island; noon rally very successful<br />

    1918-04-12

  • 04/24

    Rice prices criticized as too high – price gouging <br />

    1918-04-24

  • 04/26

    Hawaii subscribes Third Liberty loan <br />

    1918-04-26

  • May 1918
  • 05/06

    Red Cross drive starts; 50%+ goal reached day-one <br />

    1918-05-06

  • 05/14

    Territorial legislature

    1918-05-14

    Bill passes Territorial legislature for “internment of alien enemies”, but tabled in Senate as in conflict with Pres. Wilson policy; Resolution passes both houses, asks Pres. Wilson for internment camp

  • 05/15

    Third Army Officer training course<br />

    1918-05-15

  • June 1918
  • 06/01

    1st & 2nd Regiments Hawaiian Infantry

    1918-06-01

    1st & 2nd Regiments Hawaiian Infantry, NG drafted into Federal Service

  • 06/01

    Army mobilization sets up camp on Iolani Palace grounds <br />

    1918-06-01

  • 06/07

    US Army Engineers leaves Oahu for war<br />

    1918-06-07

  • 06/10

    Soldiers on all sides dying from influenza. Losses from flu soon exceed casualties<br />

    1918-06-10

  • July 1918
  • 07/01

    draft quotas set by island

    1918-07-01

  • 07/17

    Russian Bolsheviks kill Czar Nicholas and family

    1918-07-17

  • 07/24

    War Savings Stamps

    1918-07-24

    War Savings Stamps mass meetings Honolulu business district, in Japanese and Chinese communities with moving pictures, speeches by Delegate to Congress Kalanianaole and others

  • 07/27

    War Savings Stamp parade

    1918-07-27

    War Savings Stamp parade - National Guard, Boy & Girl Scouts, Red Cross units, Schofield Barracks troops, fire units, police, students

  • 07/31

    Draft Registration rally

    1918-07-31

  • August 1918
  • 08/20

    Full Territorial prohibition of alcohol

    1918-08-20

  • September 1918
  • 09/20

    Fourth Liberty Loan campaign starts

    1918-09-20

  • 09/27

    Territorial Court cases uphold right of drafted men to absentee vote

    1918-09-27

  • 09/29

    Bulgaria signs armistice with Allies

    1918-09-29

  • October 1918
  • 10/01

    Fourth Liberty Bonds sold as Christmas gifts

    1918-10-01

  • 10/04

    German request armistice discussions on basis of Pres. Wilson Fourteen Points.

    1918-10-04

  • 10/19

    Fourth Liberty Loan campaign successful

    1918-10-19

  • 10/26

    Draft Registration event

    1918-10-26

  • November 1918
  • 11/03

    Austria-Hungary, only remaining ally of Germany, signs armistice with Italy

    1918-11-03

  • 11/10

    streets fill with celebrants as news of armistice reaches Hawaii (due to time zones is Nov 10)

    1918-11-10

  • 11/11

    Germans sign the Armistice effective at 11 am

    1918-11-11

  • 11/11

    Hawaii celebrates end of war with half-day holiday, thousands parade, viewed by thousands

    1918-11-11

  • 11/11

    United War Work campaign raises support for relief work

    1918-11-11

  • January 1919
  • 01/18

    Paris Peace Conference opens

    1919-01-18

  • June 1919
  • 06/28

    At Versailles Palace German delegation signs Treaty formally ending war. Terms have little of Wilson's Fourteen Points.

    1919-06-28

Hawaii WWI Task Force Logo

Contact: Hawaii@WorldWar1Centennial.org

Task Force Members

Ben Acohido Col (Ret), USA
(VFW Previous State Commander)

Chuck Anthony, Lt Col, HIANG
(Hawaii DOD Public Affairs)

LTC, USA, Ret. Les Bise
(Vice Commander, Military Order of World Wars)

Brenden Bliss
(Instructor, Hawaii Pacific University)

Donna l. Ching
(Friends of the Natatorium)

Rick Egged
(Waikiki Improvement Association)

Stan Fernandez, CMSgt (Ret), USAF
(VFW Previous State Commander)

Allen Hoe
(Aide to SECARMY) 

Alex Holowicki  
(faculty UH Maui Humanities – History) 



Bernard Lee
(American Legion Representative)

Gordon Lee
Kau Tom American Legion Post #11

Ron Lockwood, USMC Retired, Commander Waikiki VFW Post

Anita Manning
Task Force Historian
(Elks Lodge 616)

Catherine Miloni, Aloha Chapter   Daughters of the American Revolution

Eric Opheim Post Commander of American Legion Post 56

William Parker, CCMSgt, HIANG
(Senior Enlisted Advisor, HING)

Schoen Safotu
(VA Chief Volunteer Services)

Robert J. Schleck
(Director, Grove Farm Museum, Kauai)

Michael Soucie
(VA, Vocational Rehabilitation)

Jeffrey Allen Smith
(Associate Professor UH Hilo)


Art Tulak, COL  (Ret), USA
Task Force Chairman
(Military Order of Foreign Wars)
(Military Order of World Wars)

ADVISER:
Ron Han, Col (Ret), HIANG
(Director, HI State Office of Veterans' Services)