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Maryland WWI Centennial Home

Maryland Milestones        Maryland Milestones/Anacostia Trails Heritage Area 

Overview

Maryland Milestones/Anacostia Trails Heritage Area (ATHA) is the regional Heritage Area program – part of a system of Certified Maryland Heritage Areas – for northern Prince Georges’ County and the Washington D.C. Metro area.  We celebrate unique historical innovations, major community moments, and amazing resources of the region.  The Heritage Area is a place to discover your own personal milestones – from kayaking or hiking to biking the trails and from experiencing history to enjoying arts!  Bordered by Washington D.C., Howard County, Anne Arundel County, Montgomery County, and the Baltimore/Washington Parkway, the Heritage Area encompasses approximately 84 square miles.

World War I

Anacostia Trails Heritage Area will be working with partners throughout the Heritage Area on projects related to WWI.  Specifically, we are considering the Peace Cross in Bladensburg and the College Park Aviation Museum as two major components of this program.  ATHA, Inc. will help to market additional events that will be developed at their partner sites. 

Address
P.O. Box 367
(4318 Gallatin Street)
Hyattsville, MD 20781

Hours
Varies (typically 10-5, M-F)

Phone Number
301-887-0777

peace cross2

WWI Peace Cross Memorial 

Website: www.marylandmilestones.org

National Cryptologic Museum        National Cryptologic Museum

Overview

The National Cryptologic Museum is the National Security Agency's principal gateway to the public.  It shares the Nation's, as well as NSA's, cryptologic legacy and place in world history.  Located adjacent to NSA Headquarters at Ft. George G. Meade, Maryland, the Museum houses a collection of thousands of artifacts that collectively serve to sustain the history of the cryptologic profession.  Here visitors can catch a glimpse of some of the most dramatic moments in the history of American cryptology: the people who devoted their lives to cryptology and national defense, the machines and devices they developed, the techniques they used, and the places where they worked.  For the visitor, some events in American and world history will take on a new meaning. For the cryptologic professional, it is an opportunity to absorb the heritage of the profession.

Originally designed to house artifacts from the Agency and to give employees a place to reflect on past successes and failures, the Museum quickly developed into a priceless collection of the Nation's cryptologic history.  The Museum opened to the public in December 1993 and quickly became a highlight of the area.

Being the first and only public museum in the Intelligence Community, the Museum hosts approximately 50,000 visitors annually from all over the country and all over the world, allowing them a peek into the secret world of codemaking and codebreaking.

The Museum has been featured in a plethora of international TV, print, and radio media and has hosted visitors and dignitaries from around the world.

World War I

The NCM houses several exhibits dealing with the cryptologic aspects of World War I to include:

World War I: Zimmerman Telegram
The museum exhibit highlights how one decoded message changed the course of history during World War I. The Germans planned to cut off supply lines to Britain and France by beginning unrestricted submarine warfare in the Atlantic.  Fearing the United States would join the battle if their ships were sunk; Germany asked Mexico to start a war with the United States and promised the return of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.  The request was sent from the foreign minister in Berlin, Arthur Zimmermann, through the German ambassador in Washington DC to the German ambassador in Mexico City, in the form of a coded message. It became known as "The Zimmermann Telegram."  Britain intercepted the message as it was transmitted overseas.  Royal Navy cryptanalysts decoded and showed the message to the United States. Ultimately, Congress declared war on Germany.  Thus, a single coded message, and the efforts of cryptanalysts, changed history.


World War I: Radio Intercept Site
This site is a mock-up of the World War I intercept site in Verdun, France. The exhibit is based on two pictures of the original shack.  Intercepting the enemy's radio communication was imperative for success during WWI. At the outbreak of war in August 1914, the German Army successfully used vital radio intercepts, enabling them to defeat the Russian 2nd Army in the Battle of Tannenberg.  Although signals intelligence was in its infancy, and radio was the new communications technology, the U.S. Army's Radio Intelligence Section used their newfound capabilities to "spy" on enemy conversation. Signals could be intercepted without being in close proximity to the transmitter or transmission lines and could provide vital information about enemy tactics and strategy.

Address
9899 Savage Road
Fort George G. Meade
Maryland, 20755

Hours
Weekdays: 9 AM-4 PM
(Closed on Federal Holidays)
1st & 3rd Saturdays: 10 AM-2 PM

Phone Numbers
301-688-5848

Website: www.nsa.gov/about/cryptologic-heritage/museum/

 

Jewish Museum        Jewish Museum of Maryland

Overview

The Jewish Museum of Maryland, America’s leading museum of regional Jewish history, culture and community, is located in downtown Baltimore, blocks from the Inner Harbor. Here at the JMM, visitors can uncover the roots of Jewish history in our landmark historic sites – the Lloyd Street Synagogue, built in 1845, now the nation’s third oldest surviving synagogue and B’nai Israel Synagogue, built in 1876 and still home to a vibrant congregation.  Our Museum Campus includes three exhibition galleries featuring fascinating and diverse exhibitions that explore in depth, the Jewish American experience. The Museum offers a wide range of programs and special events for children, adults, and families as well as a research library and family history center.  We invite students of all ages to experience the rich vitality of Jewish culture and heritage on and off-site through our education programs.

World War I

The JMM collections include artifacts, photographs, and archival material related to soldiers in the Jewish Legion and the US military; nurses and volunteers who worked in France with the Jewish Welfare Board; Jewish-owned businesses in Baltimore who helped supply the war effort; and the Maryland home front.  We plan to commemorate the centennial through public talks, programs, and small exhibits both on-site and online, on a variety of topics including the Jewish Legion, the roles of women in the war effort, life in Baltimore in the late 1910s, and ways to preserve your family’s WWI-related materials. 

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Members of the Jewish Welfare Board in Paris, France, 1918
Rose Lutzky (later Beser) is third from the right.
Gift of Sylvia Beser. JMM 1993.173.13b

Address
15 Lloyd Street    
Baltimore, Maryland 21202

Hours
Sunday – Thursday, 10 AM - 5 PM

Phone Number
410-732-6400

Website: www.jewishmuseummd.org

Tina at St. Annes Cem

Honoring WWI Soldiers in Anne Arundel County

For the past 20 plus years Tina Simmons has been researching Anne Arundel County cemeteries and their occupants for the Anne Arundel Genealogical Society. She is trying to keep track of the WWI soldiers buried in those cemeteries, recording their military service. She currently has information on 221 individuals buried within Anne Arundel County. As a disclaimer, although she also has information on individuals at the Annapolis National Cemetery, none are currently listed as World War I veterans although she believes that there are some. At the United States Naval Academy cemetery, there are 52 individuals listed as World War I veterans who she is currently adding to her database.

 Some interesting facts about the WWI veterans:

  • African-American veterans accounted for 99 of the 221 individuals recorded and served in mostly the service and labor areas. One served in both World War I and II; two served in the Spanish-American War and World War I. Five veterans were members of the 811 Pioneer Infantry.
  • Of the World War I tombstones she has found, 122 of the 221 individuals were believed to be white. Two were listed as having been killed in battle: Benjamin Carr “in France” and Leroy Disney in the Argonne-Meuse Offensive. Five were listed as having fought in both World War I and II; one in the Philippines, World War I, and II; and one in the Spanish-American War and WWI.
  • Louis Phipps was perhaps one of the most famous of her list of veterans, having been Postmaster in Tracy’s Landing; Mayor of Annapolis; State Senator of Anne Arundel County; and Clerk of the Court in Anne Arundel County, as well as having been a veteran of both World Wars.
  • Stanley Howes Windsor (1896-1974) is buried with his wife, Alice Merrill Windsor, at Cedar Bluff Cemetery in Annapolis. Under her name is written “First 300 Volunteers, U.S.N., WWI”.

Tina believes that there are many other individuals whose military service was never recorded on their tombstones or, do not even have an existing tombstone. To research WWI veterans she recommends using old newspaper obituaries, The National Archives (www.wwvets.com), and various veterans organizations such as the VFW (Veterans of Foreign Wars) and the American Legion.  She notes that service in the armed forces was a category filled in on death certificates starting around 1950 and may be helpful to those starting to research individuals for their military service. 

She is always interested in adding to her list of known military veterans; if you know of someone who is buried in Anne Arundel County please be sure to pass the information along to Tina!  She is the Cemetery Chairman for the Anne Arundel Genealogical Society (www.aagensoc.org/index.php) and can be reached at: tinasimmons622@yahoo.com 

 Preserving The Ghost Fleet of Mallows Bay

MallowsMallows Bay is situated south of Washington, D.C., along the tidal Lower Potomac River off the Nanjemoy Peninsula of Charles County, Maryland. This small embayment and adjacent waters contain one of the largest assemblages of shipwrecks in the Western Hemisphere. While there are nearly 200 known vessels dating from the Revolutionary War period to well into the 20th century, the vast majority represent the civilian efforts of the U.S. Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation during World War I. The need to man this fleet was a significant factor in the expansion and development of the U.S. Merchant Marine. At almost 300 feet long the skeletal remains of the last wooden steamship fleet fill the bay and give the illusion of rising from the waters when the tide ebbs and have been dubbed, “The Ghost Fleet.”

In addition, the area boasts archaeological sites and artifacts representing the depth of history of the Piscataway peoples and their ancestors in the region; there are Civil War encampments, as well as evidence for historic commercial fishing endeavors that include sturgeon fisheries and caviar canning.

The area is contiguous to the Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail, the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail, the Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail and the Lower Potomac Water Trail, which offers many educational and recreational opportunities.

Thriving populations of bald eagles, heron, beaver, river otter, deer, turtles and numerous aquatic species call this area home. Striped bass, white perch, channel catfish, blue crab, and others make this area particularly popular for recreational fishing. In fact, Mallows Bay is widely regarded as one of the best bass fishing areas in the country.

Designating this section of the Potomac River as a National Marine Sanctuary offers exciting opportunities to educate the public about our nation’s culturalMallows and maritime history, the ecology of the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River and to promote conservation and research, as well as enhance recreational fishing, boating and tourism in Maryland.                

The Partnership Committee submitted the nomination in September, 2014 to coincide with the initiation of global commemoration of WWI and is striving to fulfill all the necessary requirements to see the Sanctuary open formally in April, 2017 in order to commemorate the centenary of the American entry into the First World War. In addition, April is also appropriate because it is Archaeology Month in Maryland and Earth Day is April 22.