African American Soldiers 1 African American Officers doughboys with mules pilots in dress uniforms Mule Rearing gas masks The pilots Riveters

Ohio in World War I- Timeline

Registration Day

Registration Day photograph (Ohio History Connection)

Parade

Western Troops Returning Home photograph (Ohio History Connection)

  • March 1917
  • 03/27

    Ohio issued first military orders of the war

    1917-03-27

    Ohio issued its first activation order for select units of the National Guard to protect bridges and other possible easy targets for enemy agents

  • May 1917
  • 05/04

    The 10th Infantry, ONG, reached full strength

    1917-05-04

    The newly-raised 10th regiment provided the ONG with the size and strength to form its own division.

  • 05/22

    Ohio began recruiting the rest of its regiments to full strength

    1917-05-22

  • July 1917
  • 07/15

    President Wilson officially called the ONG into Federal service

    1917-07-15

    All Guardsmen ordered to report to their home stations at 12pm noon.

  • 07/18

    War Department officially formed the 37th Division

    1917-07-18

    Ohio’s National Guard soldiers constituted this division with the addition of draftees.

  • August 1917
  • 08/05

    ONG Mustered into Federal Service

    1917-08-05

  • 08/25

    First ONG troops arrived at Camp Sheridan

    1917-08-25

    Camp Sheridan was the first step in training the Ohioans for combat on the Western Front.

  • September 1917
  • 09/05

    First National Army draftees arrived at Camp Sherman, Chillicothe

    1917-09-05

  • October 1917
  • 10/28

    Last ONG troops reached Camp Sheridan

    1917-10-28

  • January 1918
  • 01/30

    New Berlin changed its name to North Canton

    1918-01-30

    In a wave of anti-German sentiment, citizens started a successful petition to change the Teutonic name of their town.

  • April 1918
  • 04/06

    37th Division paraded through the streets of Montgomery, Alabama

    1918-04-06

    Part of the opening of the Third Liberty Loan and the one year anniversary of US entry into the war.

  • May 1918
  • 05/08

    Major General Charles S. Farnsworth arrived at Camp Sheridan

    1918-05-08

    Farnsworth assumed command of the 37th Division and lead the Ohioans for the duration of the war.

  • June 1918
  • 06/05

    83rd Division left Camp Sherman

    1918-06-05

    Most of the division served in France, but as a Depot Division training replacements bound for combat divisions.

  • 06/07

    84th Division arrived at Camp Sherman

    1918-06-07

    The 84th had formed in Kentucky, but finished its training at Camp Sherman.

  • 06/15

    First elements of the 37th Division left New York on the Leviathan

    1918-06-15

    After nearly a year of training, the Ohio National Guardsmen were finally bound for France. By the end of the month the rest of the division had also left for Europe.

  • 06/22

    First of the 37th Division arrived in France

    1918-06-22

  • July 1918
  • 07/05

    Remainder of the 37th Division Infantry arrived in France

    1918-07-05

  • 07/16

    37th Division Artillery arrived at Havre, France

    1918-07-16

    The artillerymen trained at Camp de Souge and remained separate from the 37th Division infantry for the remainder of the war.

  • 07/28

    The 332nd Infantry arrived in Milan, Italy

    1918-07-28

    The Ohio National Army soldiers formed the core of a Phantom Army meant to intimidate the Austro-Hungarians.

  • August 1918
  • 08/06

    Sergeant Frank J. Knaack, Company C, 145th Infantry, killed

    1918-08-06

    Sgt. Knack was the first 37th Division soldier to die in combat, a victim of German Machine Guns.

  • 08/12

    37th Division received orders to occupy the Baccarat Sector

    1918-08-12

    A relatively quiet sector, Baccarat would initiate the Ohioans to life and combat on the Western Front.

  • April 1919
  • 04/14

    The 332nd Infantry arrived back in the United States

    1919-04-14

    The Ohio regiment disembarked at Camp Merritt, outside of New York City.

  • May 1919
  • 05/01

    Rioting occurred in Cleveland, part of the First Red Scare

    1919-05-01

    Supporters of Eugene V. Debs clashed with Liberty Loan workers. Two were killed before military and police subdued the violence.

  • 05/03

    The 332nd Infantry demobilized and disbanded at Camp Sherman

    1919-05-03

Ohio World War I Centennial Committee

Contact: Amy Rohmiller, Ohio History Connection: arohmiller@ohiohistory.org

Committee Members:

Carmella Cadusale, Youngstown State University & North Canton Heritage Society 

Ron Chapman, American Legion Department of Ohio

Steve Ebersole, American Legion Department of Ohio

Shannon Kupfer, State Library of Ohio 

Paul LaRue, High School History Teacher (Ret.)

Dr. Paul Lockhart, Wright State University

Pete Lupiba, Ohio Department of Education

SFC Joshua Mann, Ohio Army National Guard

David Merkowitz, Ohio Humanities

Colonel Thomas Moe, United States Air Force (Ret.)

Cyrus Moore, Southeast Ohio History Center

Toivo Motter, Stan Hywet Hall & Gardens 

Rebecca Odom, Ohio History Connection

Kyle Yoho, The Castle Historic House Museum

 

 

 

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