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Alabama Readings & Resources

Red text within the citations are hyperlinks to digital copies of the publications. Links to external sites are noted in parentheses at the end of the respective citations. 

Alabama Department of Archives and History (ADAH) Lesson Plans

The Power of the Press
Extra! Extra! Read All About It? - The Lusitania 
A Question of Honor - The Selective Service
Military Conscription in World War I: Alabamians Express Their Opinions
Signing Up for Action and Sustaining Morale
The Home Front - "Food Will Win the War"
Dear Father: A College Student's Perspective on WWI
Black Alabamians in World War I
Link to the Past: The 1918 Influenza Pandemic
World War I and the 1918 Flu Pandemic: A Study of One Alabama Family 
A Worse Death: War or Flu?
World War I and Alabama's Rainbow Division
Alabama and the Treaty of Versailles 

Encyclopedia of Alabama

World War I and Alabama
167th Infantry Regiment
Alabama Department of Archives and History
Alabama Dry Dock and Shipbuilding Company (ADDSCO)
Alabama National Guard
Alabama Power Company
Aubrey W. Williams
Camp Sheridan
Charles Henderson (1915-1919)
Fort McClellan
Fort Morgan and Gaines
Great Migration from Alabama
James Reese Europe
John Kelly Fitzpatrick
Maxwell Air Force Base and Gunter Annex
Mervyn H. Sterne
Muscle Shoals
Populism in Alabama
Port of Mobile
S.S. Selma
Tennessee Valley Authority in Alabama (TVA)
Thirty-first "Dixie" Division
Waterman Shipbuilding Corporation
William March
Wilson Dam and Reservoir
William Crawford Gorgas
William Sibert

Published Primary Sources

Alabama Memorial Commission. Campaign Handbook: Suggestive Speech and Publicity Material for Use of Speakers, Directors and Others, in the Campaign for Funds for the Alabama Memorial. Montgomery, AL: Brown Printing, 1919. (External link)

Alabama Memorial Commission. Suggestive Program for use in the Schools of State, Memorial Building Day, May 9, 1919. Montgomery, AL: Brown Printing, 1919. (External link)

Alabama State Council of Defense: Report of the Alabama Council of Defense: Covering Its Activities from May 17, 1917 to December 31, 1918. Montgomery, AL: Brown Printing, 1919. (External link)

Amerine, William H. Alabama's Own in France: War Stories of the 167th U.S. Infantry. New York: Eaton & Gettinger, 1919. (External link)

Ayres, Leonard P. The War with Germany: A Statistical Summary. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1919. (External Link)

Cade, John B. Twenty-Two Months with "Uncle Sam": Being the Experiences and Observations of a Negro Student Who Volunteered for Military Service Against the Central Powers from June, 1917, to April, 1919. Atlanta: Robinson-Cofer, 1929.

Crowell, Benedict. America's Munitions, 1917-1918. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1919. (External link)

Cruikshank, George M., ed. The History of the Four Minute Men of Alabama. Birmingham: Alabama Historical Publishing Co., 1921.

Hart, Hastings J. Social Problems of Alabama: A Study of the Social Institutions and Agencies of the State of Alabama as Related to Its War Activities. Montgomery, AL: Russell Sage Foundation, 1918. (External link)

Scott, Emmett J. Scott's Official History of the American Negro in the World War. New York: Underwood & Underwood, 1919. (External link)

Secondary Sources

Alsobrook, David. "A Call to Arms for African Americans during the Age of Jim Crow: Black Alabamians' Response to the U.S. Declaration of War in 1917." In The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, edited by Martin T. Olliff, 81-100. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

Badger, Reid. "The Conquests of Europe: The Remarkable Career of James Reese Europe." Alabama Heritage 1 (Summer 1986): 34-49. 

Barbeau, Arthur E. and Florette Henri. The Unknown Soldiers: African-American Troops in World War I. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1974. Reprint, Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 1996.

Breen, William J. "Black Women and the Great War: Mobilization and Reform in the South." Journal of Southern History 44, no. 3 (August 1978): 421-440.

Budreau, Lisa M. "The Politics of Remembrance: The Gold Star Mothers' Pilgrimage and America's Fading Memory of the Great War." Journal of Military History 72, no. 2 (April 2008): 371-411.

Budreau, Lisa M. Bodies of War: World War I and the Politics of Commemoration in America, 1919-1933. New York: NYU Press, 2011.

Byerly, Carol R. Fever of War: The Influenza Epidemic in the U.S. Army. New York: NYU Press, 2005. 

Clemens, Joan S. "The Gold Star Book: Personal Memories of Alabamians Who Died in the Great War.Alabama Heritage 37 (Summer 1995): 34-35.

Douglas, Bill. "Wartime Illusions and Disillusionment: Camp Dodge and Racial Stereotyping, 1917-1918.The Annals of Iowa 57, no. 2 (Spring 1998): 111-134.

Duvall, Sam. "Alabama and World War One: The Gold Star Collection.Alabama Heritage 72 (Spring 2004): 14-23.

Eaves, Richard G. "Pro-Allied Sentiment in Alabama 1914-1917: A Study of Representative Newspapers." Alabama Review 25, no. 1 (January 1975): 30-55.

England, Bob, Jack Friend, Michael Bailey, and Blanton Blankenship. Fort Morgan. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2000.

Fallin, Wilson, Jr. "Alabama's Black Baptist Leaders, the Progressive Era, and World War I." In The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, edited by Martin T. Olliff, 66-80. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

Flynt, Wayne. Alabama in the Twentieth Century. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2004.

Frazer, Nimrod T. "'Send Me All The Alabamians You Can Get': The 167th Infantry at Croix Rouge Farm.Alabama Heritage 112 (Spring 2014): 8-17.

Frazer, Nimrod T. Send The Alabamians: World War I Fighters in the Rainbow Division. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2014. 

Giffin, William W. "Mobilization of Black Militiamen in World War I: Ohio's Ninth Battalion." Historian 40, no. 4 (Fall 1978): 686-703.

Goldfarb, Stephen. "Alabama and the Great War.Alabama Heritage 116 (Spring 2015): 64-66.

Hallford, Keri. "The Art of the Great War.Alabama Heritage 119 (Winter 2016): 50-51.

Hettieh, Dana L. "And Its Name Was Enza: The 1918 Flu and Its Sweep Through Birmingham." Southern Historian 23 (Spring 2002): 25-42.

Hickel, K. Walter. "'Justice and the Highest Kind of Equality Require Discrimination': Citizenship, Dependency, and Conscription in the South, 1917-1919." Journal of Southern History 66, no. 4 (November 2000): 749-780.

Hopenwasser, Nanda and Signe Wegener. "The Intrepid Annie Wheeler.Alabama Heritage 53 (July 1999): 34-43.

Jakeman, Robert J. "Memorializing World War I in Alabama." In The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, edited by Martin T. Olliff, 201-220. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

Johnson, Timothy D. "Anti-War Sentiment and Representative John Lawson Burnett of Alabama." Alabama Review 39, no. 3 (July 1986): 187-195.

Keith, Jeanette. "The Politics of Southern Draft Resistance, 1917-1918: Class, Race, and Conscription in the Rural South." Journal of American History 87, no. 4 (March 2001): 1335-1361.

Kidd, Jessica Fordham. "Fort Morgan: Guardian of the Bay.Alabama Heritage 87 (Winter 2008): 8-17.

Land, Frank S. "Alabama National Guard.Alabama Historical Quarterly 1, no. 2 (Summer 1930): 51-73.

Littleton, Dowe W. "Defending the Home Front: The Alabama State Council of Defense, 1917-1919." Master's thesis, Auburn University, 1991.

Littleton, Dowe W. "The Alabama Council of Defense, 1917-1918." In The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, edited by Martin T. Olliff, 152-168. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

March, William. Company K. New York: Smith & Haas, 1933. Reprint, Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2006.

Matthews, Bruce E. "The 1914 Cotton Crisis in Alabama." Alabama Review 46, no. 1 (January 1993): 3-23.

Mennell, James. "African Americans and the Selective Service Act of 1917." Journal of Negro History 84, no. 3 (Summer 1999): 275-287.

Montgomery, Rebecca. "The Crusade of 'Mrs. Moses': Ida Mathis and the Cotton Crisis of 1914.Alabama Heritage 115 (Winter 2015): 58-60.

Murphree, Joel Borland. "Alabama's Attitude Toward World War I." Master's thesis, Auburn University, 1957.

Neeley, Graham R. and Georgia Ann Connor. "Alabamians in the Great War.Alabama Heritage 115 (Winter 2015): 54-56.

Newton, Jane W. "Letters from an Alabama Doughboy in the Great War." Southern Historian 3 (Spring 1982): 29-34.

Newton, Wesley Phillips. "'Tenting Tonight on the Old Camp Grounds': Alabama's Military Bases in World War I." In The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, edited by Martin T. Olliff, 41-65. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

Olliff, Martin T., ed. The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

Olliff, Martin T. "'Can All We Can, and Can the Kaiser, Too': The Montgomery Cooperative Canning Club." In The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, edited by Martin T. Olliff, 169-184. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

Ott, Victoria E. "From the Cotton Field to the Great Waterway: African Americans and the Muscle Shoals Project during World War I." In The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, edited by Martin T. Olliff, 101-120. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

Owen, Thomas M. History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. 4 vols. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing, 1921.

Peterson, J. Darren. "A Gold Star Pilgrimage to Flanders Field.Alabama Heritage 81 (Summer 2006): 47-49.

Pruitt, Paul M., Jr.  "New-South Soldier: The Prewar Military Career of Walter E. Bare, 1902-1917." Alabama Review 36, no. 1 (January 1983): 18-36.

Reed, Mary Beth, Charles E. Cantley, and J.W. Joseph. Fort McClellan, A Popular History. Stone Mountain, GA: New South Associates, 1993. 

Rogers, Frank L. "The 167th Alabama Regiment in World War I." Master's thesis, University of Alabama, 1966.

Rogers, William Warren, Robert D. Ward, Leah R. Atkins, and Wayne Flynt. Alabama: The History of a Deep South State. 2nd ed. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2010.

Saunders, Robert, Jr. "World War I: Catalyst for Social Change in Alabama." In The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, edited by Martin T. Olliff, 185-200. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

Schaffer, Daniel. "War Mobilization in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, 1917-1918." Alabama Review 39, no. 2 (April 1986): 110-146.

Schoonover, Shirley G. "Alabama Public Health Campaign, 1900-1919.Alabama Review 28, no. 3 (July 1975): 218-233.

Seefried, Monique Brouillet. "The Croix Rouge Farm Memorial.Alabama Heritage 112 (Spring 2014): 17. *For more information, please visit www.croixrougefarm.org

Simmonds, Roy S. "Alabama's William March.Alabama Heritage 3 (Winter 1987): 36-47.

Singleton, Billy J. Montgomery Aviation. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2007.

Sterkx, H.E. "Unlikely Conquistadors: Alabamians and the Mexican Border Crisis of 1916.Alabama Review 24, no. 3 (July 1971): 163-181.

Thomas, Mary Martha. The New Woman in Alabama: Social Reforms and Suffrage, 1890-1920. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1992.

Thomason, Michael V.R. "Mobile in World War I." In The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, edited by Martin T. Olliff, 121-140. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008.

Trehub, Aaron. "William March and Eugene B. Sledge: Mobilians, Marines, and Writers." Alabama Review 66, no. 1 (January 2013): 30-66.

Trout, Steven. On the Battlefield of Memory: The First World War and American Remembrance, 1919-1941. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2012.

Truss, Ruth Smith. "The Alabama National Guard from 1900 to 1920." Ph.D. diss., University of Alabama, 1992.

Truss, Ruth Smith. "Progress Toward Professionalism: The Alabama National Guard on the Mexican Border, 1916-1917." Military History of the West 30, no. 2 (Fall 2000): 97-121.

Truss, Ruth Smith. "The Alabama National Guard's 167th Infantry Regiment in World War I." Alabama Review 56, no. 1 (January 2003): 3-34.

Truss, Ruth Smith. "Military Participation at Home and Abroad, 1917-1918." In The Great War in the Heart of Dixie: Alabama during World War I, edited by Martin T. Olliff, 24-40. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2008. 

Waldrep, Floyd. "A Nine-Year-Old Boy's Memories of World War I." Southern Cultures 3, no. 1 (Spring 1997): 123-128.

Walton, Donnelly Lancaster. "Glimpses of the Great War and Abroad.Alabama Heritage 114 (Fall 2014): 54-56.

Ward, Robert D. "Stanley Hubert Dent and American Military Policy, 1916-1920.Alabama Historical Quarterly 33, no. 3-4 (Fall & Winter 1971): 177-189.

Williams, Chad L. Torchbearers of Democracy: African American Soldiers and the Era of the First World War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

Alabama WWI Commission Logo

Contact

Georgia Ann Hudson
georgiaann.hudson@archives.alabama.gov
(334) 353-3312

Co-Chairmen

  • Steve Murray, Director, Alabama Department of Archives and History
  • Maj. Gen. Sheryl E. Gordon, Adjutant General, Alabama National Guard

Honorary Chairman

  • Nimrod T. Frazer, Montgomery 

U.S. Commission Liaison

  • Monique Seefried, Atlanta

Committee Members

  • Greg Akers, Montgomery

  • Leah Rawls Atkins, Birmingham

  • Jim Baggett, Birmingham

  • Mike Bailey, Gulf Shores

  • Donna Baker, Tuscaloosa

  • Randy Bartlett, Auburn

  • Ken Bedsole, Abbeville

  • David Black, Florence

  • Berta Blackwell, Ozark 

  • Young Boozer, Montgomery

  • Borden Burr, Birmingham

  • Lt. Gen. Charles G. Cleveland, Montgomery 

  • Patrice Donnelly, Birmingham

  • Lydia R. Ellington-Joffray, Tuscaloosa

  • Stuart Foss, Birmingham

  • Gary Fuller, Opelika

  • Gen. Walter Givhan, Troy

  • Col. Joe Greene, Montgomery

  • Jan Gunter, Opelika

  • Laura Newland Hill, Auburn

  • Jeff Jakeman, Auburn

  • Gerald Johnson, Butler County

  • Tina Jones, Livingston

  • Mary Jones-Fitts, Faunsdale

  • Mortimer Jordan, Tuscaloosa

  • Jay Lamar, Montgomery

  • Ashley D. Ledbetter, Montgomery

  • Sebastian Lukasik, Montgomery

  • Clark Lundell, Auburn

  • Jo Screws McGowin, Montgomery

  • Shea McClean, Mobile

  • T.C. McLemore, Birmingham

  • Joel Mize, Tuscumbia

  • Darryn Moten, Montgomery

  • Graham Neeley, Montgomery

  • Glenn Nivens, Harpersville

  • Lt. Col. Larry Norred, Bessemer

  • Marty Olliff, Dothan

  • Michael Panhorst, Montgomery

  • Melvina Phillips, New Hope

  • Rob Riser, Livingston

  • John A. Screws, Birmingham

  • Betsy Simmons, Birmingham

  • Steve Trout, Mobile

  • Ruth Truss, Montevallo

  • David Tuck, Rockford

  • Ted Urquhart, Mary Esther, FL

  • Tom Walker, Montevallo

  • Johnny Waller, Montgomery

  • Mike Watson, Montgomery

  • Phil Williams, Gadsden

  • Mark Wilson, Auburn

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