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Alabama Sailors Who Vanished Along with the USS Cyclops

May 3, 2018

By Laura Newland Hill, Encyclopedia of Alabama 

When the USS Cyclops (Fuel Ship No. 4) disappeared in March 1918, among the 309 men aboard were at least 12 sailors who called Alabama home. The ship was declared officially lost at sea on June 1, 1918, by Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt. The announcement followed a massive sea search that had been underway after the collier failed to arrive in Baltimore, Maryland, as expected on March 13. The disappearance of the Cyclops remains the U.S. Navy’s greatest non-combat related loss of life.

NH 76012The USS Cyclops, in the background, conducting an experimental coaling at sea with the USS South Carolina off the coast of Virginia in April 1914. (U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph)

NH 101063 1The USS Cyclops, circa 1913. (U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph)

The ship carried 10,800 long tons of manganese ore from Brazil destined for munitions. It departed Rio de Janeiro for Baltimore on February 22. The Cyclops made an unscheduled stop on March 4 in Barbados. It is speculated that the course deviation was related to problems with the starboard engine. The ship’s captain, Lt. Commander G.W. Worley, reported that a cracked cylinder was reducing the ship’s speed to 10 knots. The ship carried 10,800 long tons of manganese ore from Brazil destined for munitions. 

The eight-year-old, 542-foot vessel disappeared without a trace in the Atlantic. There was no distress signal, no debris, nothing. German navy logs, released after the war ended, ruled out its sinking by a submarine. The location of the Cyclop’s wreck is still undiscovered. 

Correspondence from the Secretary of the Navy to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, dated July 8, 1918, advised that the “official date of death on all the officers who were on board that vessel has been designated as June 14, 1918.”  Included on the list of officers “whose death occurred in the line of duty” was Boatswain Roy T. Smith, a native of Phenix City.

Other Alabama sailors aboard the Cyclops at the time of its disappearance were:

Lee Otis Battle, seaman, second class, from Andalusia

Bascomb Newton Branson, coxswain, from Whistler 

Earl LeBaron Carroll, seaman second class, from Oak Grove 

Thomas Jackson McKinley, seaman second class, from Evergreen

George Mason McNeal, fireman, second class, from Birmingham

John Freeman Mitchell, seaman second class, from Pratt City

William Thomas Wise, fireman, third class, from Glenmore

Hamilton Thomas Beggs, electrician, second class (G), from Birmingham

Q0000002943Hamilton Thomas Beggs, born in Birmingham on October 12, 1895, was the son of John Phillip and Amy Etter Beggs. He joined the Navy in 1912 and served on the USS Michigan for four years, where he learned “the occupation of electrician.” His paternal grandfather settled in Birmingham in 1871 and built and operated one of the first foundries in the city. (Image: Alabama Department of Archives and History)

John Clarence Dempsey, seaman, from Dothan

Q0000040797John Clarence Demspey (on right), born on October 18, 1900, in Montgomery, was the son of Charles Clarence and Annie Trott Dempsey. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy on April 8, 1917. His uncle, Frank Trott, served in the Spanish-American War and died in Cuba. (Image: Alabama Department of Archives and History)

Austin Mize, seaman, from Odenville

Q0000040915Austin Mize (Image: Alabama Department of Archives and History)

Francis Olney Strong, fireman, third class, from Ashland

Q0000040999Frances Olney Strong (Image: Alabama Department of Archives and History) 



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Georgia Ann Hudson
[email protected]
(334) 353-3312


  • Steve Murray, Director, Alabama Department of Archives and History
  • Maj. Gen. Sheryl E. Gordon, Adjutant General, Alabama National Guard

Honorary Chairman

  • Nimrod T. Frazer, Montgomery 

U.S. Commission Liaison

  • Monique Seefried, Atlanta

Committee Members

  • Greg Akers, Montgomery

  • Leah Rawls Atkins, Birmingham

  • Jim Baggett, Birmingham

  • Mike Bailey, Gulf Shores

  • Donna Baker, Tuscaloosa

  • Randy Bartlett, Auburn

  • Ken Bedsole, Abbeville

  • David Black, Florence

  • Berta Blackwell, Ozark 

  • Young Boozer, Montgomery

  • Borden Burr, Birmingham

  • Lt. Gen. Charles G. Cleveland, Montgomery 

  • Patrice Donnelly, Birmingham

  • Lydia R. Ellington-Joffray, Tuscaloosa

  • Stuart Foss, Birmingham

  • Gary Fuller, Opelika

  • Gen. Walter Givhan, Troy

  • Col. Joe Greene, Montgomery

  • Jan Gunter, Opelika

  • Laura Newland Hill, Auburn

  • Jeff Jakeman, Auburn

  • Gerald Johnson, Butler County

  • Tina Jones, Livingston

  • Mary Jones-Fitts, Faunsdale

  • Mortimer Jordan, Tuscaloosa

  • Jay Lamar, Montgomery

  • Ashley D. Ledbetter, Montgomery

  • Sebastian Lukasik, Montgomery

  • Clark Lundell, Auburn

  • Jo Screws McGowin, Montgomery

  • Shea McClean, Mobile

  • T.C. McLemore, Birmingham

  • Joel Mize, Tuscumbia

  • Darryn Moten, Montgomery

  • Graham Neeley, Montgomery

  • Glenn Nivens, Harpersville

  • Lt. Col. Larry Norred, Bessemer

  • Marty Olliff, Dothan

  • Michael Panhorst, Montgomery

  • Melvina Phillips, New Hope

  • Rob Riser, Livingston

  • John A. Screws, Birmingham

  • Betsy Simmons, Birmingham

  • Steve Trout, Mobile

  • Ruth Truss, Montevallo

  • David Tuck, Rockford

  • Ted Urquhart, Mary Esther, FL

  • Tom Walker, Montevallo

  • Johnny Waller, Montgomery

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