African American Officers Riveters doughboys with mules gas masks African American Soldiers 1 The pilots pilots in dress uniforms Mule Rearing



Asepermy, Lanny. From Warrior to Veteran. Oklahoma: Intertribal Visions, 2016.

Asepermy, Lanny. Fallen Warriors and Prisoners of War. Lawton, OK: Comanche Indian Veterans Association. 2007.

Britten, Thomas A. American Indians in World War I: At Home and at War. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1997.

The Carlisle Arrow. Carlisle, PA: Carlisle Indian Industrial School.

Chemawa American. Salem, OR: Chemawa Indian School.

The Indian Leader. Lawrence, KS: Haskell Institute.

The Indian School Journal. Chilocco, OK: United States Indian Training School.

Krouse, Susan Applegate and Joseph Kossuth Dixon. North American Indians in the Great War. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2007.

Knudson, Michael J. and Ann G. Knudson. Warriors in Khaki: Native American Doughboys from North Dakota. N.p. : Robertson Publishing, 2012.

The Native American. Phoenix: Phoenix Indian School.

Neighbors, Phil. “How W. K. Maxfield and the Doughboys from Southwest Oklahoma Helped Bring an End to the First World War.” The Chronicles of Oklahoma, vol. 96, no. 2, 2018, pp. 132-155.

Oglala Light. Pine Ridge, SD: The Oglala Indian Training School.

Sherman Bulletin. Riverside, CA: Sherman Institute.

Southern Workman. Hampton, VA: Hampton Institute.

Williams, Luke. “Adair County’s Fallen Cherokee WW1 Soldiers” GoingSnake Messenger, vol. 35, no. 1, 2018, pp. 9-12.

The Word Carrier of Santee Normal Training School. Santee, NE: Santee Normal Training School.


"The Patton of the Pacific: Admiral Jocko Clark," Osiyo, Voices of the Cherokee People, season 2, episode 10, OsiyoTV, 5 Nov. 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?reload=9&v=lAAOl0cae_o

Choctaw Code Talkers. Directed by Valerie Red-Horse, Red-Horse Native Productions Inc.,Valhalla Motion Pictures, Native American Public Telecommunications Inc., 2010.

Telephone Warriors: the Story of the Choctaw Code Talkers. Directed by Valerie Red-Horse, Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma and Red-Horse Native Productions Inc., 2006.


Camurat, Diane. “The American Indian in the Great War:  Real and Imagined.” MA Thesis. Institute Charles V of the University of Paris VII., 1993. http://www.gwpda.org/comment/camurat1.html

Carlisle Indian School Digital Resource Center. Dickinson College. http://carlisleindian.dickinson.edu/

Choctaw Code Talkers. Red-Horse Native Productions, Inc. http://www.visionmakermedia.org/sites/default/files/resources/edu_eg_ccta.pdf.pdf

"In Their Own Words: Native Americans in World War I." Mathers Museum of World Cultures, Indian University. http://dlib.indiana.edu/omeka/mathers/exhibits/show/in-their-own-words--native-ame

“Native Words, Native Warriors.” National Museum of the American Indian. http://nmai.si.edu/education/codetalkers/html/index.html

Welch Dakota Papers. Everett Cox. https://www.welchdakotapapers.com/


National Archives and Records Administration. Website: archives.gov. Phone: 866-272-6272.

Oklahoma Historical Society. Website: https://www.okhistory.org/. Phone: 405-521-2491.

“Wanamaker Collection of American Indian Photographs and Wanamaker Collection Archive at Mathers Museum of World Cultures, Indiana University.” Website: https://mathersmuseum.indiana.edu/. Email: mathers@indiana.edu. Phone: 812-855-6873.

"War Records Commission: World War I Military Service Records." Minnesota Historical Society. Website: http://www.mnhs.org/. Phone: 651-259-3000 or 800-657-3773.

American Indians in WWI Centennial Commission

Contact: Erin Fehr ehfehr@ualr.edu

American Indians in World War I was created by the Sequoyah National Research Center at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.

Contributors: Daniel F. Littlefield, Jr. and Erin Fehr

 sequoya ualr h rgb

"Pershing" Donors

$5 Million +

Founding Sponsor
PritzkerMML Logo

Starr Foundation Logo

The Lilly Endowment