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H. (Henry) Stuart Hotchkiss

Submitted by: T.J. Cullinane, community historian

H Henry Stuart HotchkissH. (Henry) Stuart Hotchkiss born around 1878, He served in World War 1 with the United States Army. The enlistment was in 1917 and the service was completed in 1919.

Story of Service


H. (Henry) Stuart Hotchkiss, a prominent and successful manufacturing executive, served as a commissioned officer on the Bureau of Aircraft Production both in Washington D.C. and France during the First World War.

Hotchkiss was born in New Haven, Connecticut on October 1, 1878 to Henry L. and Jane (Trowbridge) Hotchkiss. A graduate of the prestigious Phillips Academy (Class of 1897) he went on to earn a Bachelor of Philosophy degree from Yale in 1900.

Hotchkiss gained his first bit of military experience while serving in the Connecticut Naval Reserve from 1899 – 1901. He began his career in the manufacturing industry by joining L. Candee & Company, a subsidiary of the United States Rubber Company in 1901. He would remain with the firm for 29 years, advancing to position of vice-president.

During the First World War, he was called to active duty in the U.S. Army on November 1, 1917 and assigned as a Captain in the Aviation Section, Signal Corps. He was promoted to Major on January 28, 1918 and to Lieutenant Colonel (LTC) on October 14, 1918.

LTC Hotchkiss began his work on the Bureau of Aircraft Production in Washington D.C. before deploying to France on April 16, 1918 on board the U.S.S. Philadelphia. He was honorably discharged on January 25, 1919.

Upon receiving his discharge, he resumed his career with the United States Rubber Company. After leaving this firm he would serve as President and Chairman of the Board of the Cambridge Rubber Company. He devoted much of his career to developing rubber plantations in Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. His work here may have sparked his interest in exploration. He would become a member of the American Council, Institute of Pacific Relations, and Vice-President of the American Geography Society. Hotchkiss would also serve as the Chairman of the Board of the General Rubber Company as well as the General Latex & Chemical Corporation.

Hotchkiss married Elizabeth Wyndham Washington on October 9, 1907. They had four children; Henry, Mary Bolling Washington, Stuart Trowbridge and Joseph Washington. Hotchkiss died on September 16, 1947 and is buried in his home town of New Haven.

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