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Private Harry Druckerman

Submitted by: Henry Druckerman {son}

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Harry Druckerman was born around 1892. Harry Druckerman served in World War 1 with the United States Army. The enlistment was in 1917 and the service was completed in 1918.

Story of Service

 

Harry Druckerman # 2671056
Private Co. C, 106th Infantry Regiment,
27th Infantry Division, United States Army

On April 4, 1918, Harry Druckerman was inducted at the rank of Private, into Company C, 106th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division, a federalized division of the New York National Guard.

On May 10, 1918 he and his division departed Camp Wadsworth, near Spartanburg, SC and made the Atlantic crossing to Brest. They were then transported (in “40 and 8” boxcars of the French railroad) to training sites on the Somme River. There, the 27th Division (along with the US 30th Division) was assigned to the US II Corps, commanded by Major General George W. Read.

As a result of an agreement between General John Pershing, commanding the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) and General Sir Douglas Haig, commanding the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), the US II Corps would serve as part of the Fourth Army, BEF, commanded by General Sir Henry Rawlinson. Rawlinson assigned them to the Australian Corps, commanded by Lieutenant General Sir John Monash. It is one of the rare times in US Army history that a non-American general personally commanded American troops.

At the Somme River, the four infantry regiments of the division turned in their U.S. equipment and were issued British rifles, light and heavy machine guns, trench mortars, grenades, equipment belts and packs. Experienced officers and noncommissioned officers of the BEF trained them in the weapons and tactics of trench warfare, and acquainted them with the realities of life in the muddy trenches of Picardy and Flanders.

From July 24th to August 2nd, the 27th Division was engaged in action under near continuous artillery and machine gun fire from German positions in the Scherfenberg sector, near Ypres, Belgium. From August 22nd to September 2nd, the 106th Regiment attacked and occupied Vierstratt Ridge in the Dickebush – Scherfenberg Sector in preparation for an attack, which proved unnecessary because of a German withdrawal from the objective.

The Supreme Allied Commander, Marshal Ferdinand Foch, developed a plan to launch offensives on the western front from Verdun north to the Channel on four successive days, from September 26th to September 29th.

The American divisions were assigned the formidable task of leading the attack near Ronssoy, in France to penetrate the Hindenburg Line in the vicinity of the St. Quentin canal and the Bellicourt-Catelet tunnel. The Germans had constructed four defensive lines, and an elaborate system of trenches between them, protected by belt after belt of barbed wire entanglements described by General Monash as aiming “in all directions” and “disposed to herd attackers to machine guns.” On September 24th, the 27th Division occupied a position some 1,200 yards west of the Hindenburg Line.

On September 27, General Monash ordered the 106th Regiment to take and hold a section of the Hindenburg Line, known as the Outpost Line. This attack failed. The regiment had neither the manpower nor the experience to overcome the German defenses and capture the well-defended strong points in the Outpost Line. Some progress was made, but by nightfall the 106th Regiment had been pushed back to its start line, leaving behind many wounded and small groups of survivors.

That day, September 27th 1918, Private Harry Druckerman received a shrapnel wound in his right leg. 45 days later, while he was in a hospital, recuperating from his wound, Armistice was declared.

After the Armistice, the 27th Division moved to Corbin in France, and on November 26th to Le Mans. On March 6th, 1919 they arrived back in New York City, and passed in review in a tumultuous welcoming parade down Fifth Avenue.

On April 2, 1919. Harry Druckerman, 2671056, Private, Company C, 106th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. was honorably discharged from the United States Army. At that time the officers over him were:

Company Commander, Major Arnold T. Brown
Regimental Commander, Colonel Franklin W. Ward
Division Commanding General, Major General John F. O’Ryan

He received the Victory medal with campaign bars for the Somme Offensive and the Ypres-Lys Defensive Sector at the time of his Honorable Discharge in 1919. In 2016, through the efforts of his two sons, Martin and Henry Druckerman, Harry Druckerman received the Purple Heart Medal posthumously, ninety eight years after being wounded.

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