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World War I Centennial News


 

 

USS Nevasa composite 1925The USS Nevada (BB-36), shortly after her launch in 1914 (left) and as she appeared in 1925. Nevada was a leap forward in dreadnought technology; four of her new features would be included on almost every subsequent US battleship. Commissioned in March 1916, Nevada served in World War I, escorting convoys en route to the British Isles. After the war, Nevada escorted the ocean liner George Washington while it delivered President Woodrow Wilson to the 1919 Paris Peace Conference.  

Underwater Drones Discover Battleship That Survived Both World Wars and Atomic Blasts 

By George Dvorsky
via the gizmodo.com web site

The wreck of the USS Nevada has been located 75 miles off the coast of Hawaii at a depth of nearly three miles. It’s a significant discovery, as the battleship represents one of the most storied vessels in U.S. history, having survived Pearl Harbor, a kamikaze suicide attack, and atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll.

The submerged and deteriorating 27,500-ton battleship was discovered by Ocean Infinity and SEARCH Inc., using a fleet of autonomous underwater vehicles, according to a press release issued Monday. The two private U.S. firms joined forces for the expedition aboard the multi-purpose vessel Pacific Constructor.

Search crews had a rough idea of where the USS Nevada was located, as it was deliberately sunk by the U.S. Navy in 1948, but the vessel’s precise resting place was unknown, according to USNI News. The wreck was found 120 kilometers (75 miles) southwest of Pearl Harbor at a depth of 4,690 meters (15,400 feet).

Photographs of the wrecked USS Nevada show one of its 32 dual mount anti-aircraft guns, a toppled foremast, the stern hull still displaying its number, and an old tank, among other features.

The USS Nevada is among the U.S. Navy’s most storied battleships, having survived both world wars and blasts from atomic bombs.

Read more: Underwater Drones Discover Battleship That Survived Both World Wars and Atomic Blasts

 

Falls Township, PA World War I Statue To Be Restored

By Tom Sofield
via the levittownnow.com (Levittown, PA) web site

A statue of a World War I infantryman in Falls Township’s Fallsington section will be restored.

The limestone Doughboy statue that sits atop a small memorial at the intersection of Yardley Avenue, New Falls Road, Main Street, and West Tyburn Road has become weathered and damaged over the years.

Fallingston doughboyThe Doughboy statue in Falls Township’s Fallsington section will be restored.The Doughboy name comes from a popular nickname for American troopers who fought on the battlefields.

The Falls Township Board of Supervisors, who met virtually Monday evening, approved spending $10,700 to clean the statue and pedestal, perform a process to strengthen the stone while maintaining permeability, repair a crack and recreate a missing barrel on the rifle stock, and steam the brick walkway and low wall to clean it and reduce biological growth.

Kreilick Conservation is the firm performing the work. The company has worked on preserving the iconic Rocky statue in Philadelphia, historical monuments in Gettysburg, some in Washington D.C., and hundreds in total, township officials said.

The restoration and repair work will take place following the American Institute for Conservation’s Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice and in accordance with the U.S. Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Restoration.

“It’s in bad shape,” Supervisor John Palmer said. “They are a complete historical reconstruction statue outfit. I’m glad we’re getting this thing moving ahead.”

Palmer noted acid rain and pollution have taken their toll on the statue erected to recognize the veterans and casualties of World War I.

Read more: Falls Township, PA World War I Statue To Be Restored

 

America's deadliest month? Not April, but a deadly combination of war and pandemic 

By J. Mark Powell
via the Washington Examiner newspaper (DC) web site

This is a time for taking stock amid the COVID-19 outbreak. President Trump and his top advisers, public health experts, governors, business leaders, and everyday people are all asking the same questions: Is the outbreak finally starting to wane? If it is, will there be a second wave? And if that happens, could it be worse than the first round?

Times may change, but history is once again repeating itself. Just over 100 years ago, folks were asking similar questions as they endured a different, but savage, illness. It helped make October 1918 the deadliest month in our history.

More U.S. citizens died then than ever passed away during any 30-day stretch before or since. Blame it on the one-two punch of a hideous pandemic and an equally horrific world war.

Flu patients Base Hospital Number 29First Lieutenant W.F. Faris (kneeling, left) and Captain R.N. Brookmeyer (kneeling, right) diagnose newly arrived flu patients at Base Hospital Number 29, 5th Division, in Hollerich, Luxembourg, 7 December 1918. (National Archives)While World War I had officially begun in summer 1914, the United States didn’t enter the conflict until April 1917. The nation wasn’t prepared for combat, and it took a long time to equip and train it and transport it across the Atlantic. But by summer 1918, the doughboys (as American soldiers were nicknamed) were finally in the thick of the action.

That September, the Allied Forces (the British, French, and Americans) launched a major counter-offensive against the Germans. A host of new names such as the Meuse River, Argonne Forest, and the Hindenburg Line joined the roster of earlier bloody battles such as Belleau Wood and Chateau Thierry. People in the U.S. pored over maps of Europe, locating these unfamiliar places as the casualty counts poured in. By month’s end, General John “Black Jack” Pershing reported a total of 19,552 U.S. servicemen killed in action and dead from illness and injuries. (That figure would jump to 38,819 the next month.)

At the same time, the Spanish Flu pandemic was raging unchecked back home.

It had popped up mysteriously on an army training base in Kansas that winter. One soldier woke up feeling ill. By lunchtime, 106 others were sick. The ailment was so intense and spread so fast, doctors had never seen anything like it. Strangest of all, unlike typical infections that target the very young and the very old, this one brought down healthy people from late teens to the early 40s. With the nation mobilizing for war, the flu went with the troops, then spread through civilian ranks from city to city and bringing death and incredible suffering along with it.

Things seemed to turn a corner as spring gave way to summer and the weather grew warmer. That, many people thought, was that.

Except it wasn’t. The Spanish Flu returned with a vengeance that fall, stronger and more deadly than before. By October, it was again silently rampaging across the U.S. Major cities went into quarantine. People wore gauze face masks. Schools were dismissed, mail service stopped, churches and theaters were closed.

Read more: America's deadliest month? Not April, but a deadly combination of war and pandemic

 

Ask Geoffrey: How Did Chicago Deal With 1918 Spanish Flu? 

By Erica Gunderson
via the WTTW television station (Chicago, IL) web site 

 

The so-called Spanish flu infected one-third of the population of the entire world, some 500 million people. It is generally said to have killed between 20 million and 50 million people, although some estimates are as high as 100 million. In the U.S., about 675,000 died from what we now know was an H1N1 avian virus.

Unlike COVID-19, which is mostly lethal in older people, mortality in the 1918 pandemic was high among children under age 5, and adults from 20 to 40 years old.

The first thing to know about the Spanish flu is that it wasn’t Spanish

Spain’s media was first to report it widely because the news wasn’t blacked out there as it was in other countries during WWI. This gave the rest of the world the false impression that it started in Spain. The first recorded outbreak actually happened in the U.S., at a military base in Kansas in March 1918. The actual origin of the virus has never been conclusively determined, but theories on its birthplace range from New York to France to China.

This first wave of influenza wasn’t widely noticed as American soldiers mobilized in large numbers for WWI. This first outbreak didn’t spread very widely and it didn’t get much notice in America because focus at the time was on the country’s entry into World War I.

As troops traveled back and forth to Europe, a second, more virulent wave broke out in the fall of 1918. This was the one that caused the most deaths. Just as that was subsiding, the war ended on Nov. 11, 1918. Parades and parties celebrating the armistice caused a third outbreak that lasted through the spring of 1919.

In Chicago, the first outbreak didn’t have much more of an effect than the regular flu, but the second Spanish flu outbreak arrived with a vengeance starting on Sept. 8, 1918, when a few sailors at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station north of the city fell ill. Within two months, the virus had killed 8,500 people in the Chicago area.

Read more: Ask Geoffrey: How Did Chicago Deal With 1918 Spanish Flu?

 

Looking back at ‘displays of humanity’ in Hudson, OH

By Christopher Bach, President / Hudson Heritage Association
via the Hudson, OH thesuburbanite.com web site

In the face of this unprecedented worldwide coronavirus pandemic, I am reminded of two periods in history when the Hudson community united and overcame similar challenges.

Hudson in World War I

Just over 100 years ago, on the morning of November 11, 1918, as Hudson was receiving news of the end of World War I with the signing of the Armistice, the world was fighting another global crisis: the influenza pandemic or “Spanish flu.” And while the Hudson community would come together to celebrate the end of the war with a great gathering on the Village Green and a parade up Oviatt Street that ended with a ceremony at Western Reserve Academy’s Chapel, the influenza epidemic had dramatically altered life in Hudson and across the country.

EP 305109996David Hudson Lee (1893-1919), Hudson WWI veteran, and the only Hudson casualty of WWI.It is estimated that 50 million people worldwide, about 3% of the world population, died as this disease spread with ruthless efficiency. About 45,000 American soldiers were killed by the influenza virus and not by a mortal enemy in combat (53,402). In the United States alone, over a quarter of the population would become infected and about 675,000 would die because of the disease.

The Akron Beacon Journal would report 3,114 deaths in Ohio alone during the months of October, November, and December 1918. The influenza epidemic sweeping across America was described as “the deadliest scourge that ever had invaded the United States.”

The flu was rapidly spreading through the Hudson community with public events postponed or canceled and schools closing and reopening on a weekly basis for months, to control the spread of the flu. On Oct. 10, 1918, a month before the signing of the Armistice, one of Hudson’s physicians, Dr. J. Edgar Allport, delivered a speech at Western Reserve Academy for students and faculty, called “The Flu, and How to Avoid It.”

Accounts in the local newspaper reported that Dr. Allport made house visits to as many as 40 people a day who had the flu.

Hudson physician and WWI veteran Dr. George A. Miller (1875-1935), a graduate of WRA (1897), was among thousands of doctors and nurses who were the first ones to be sent home from Europe after the signing of the Armistice, to help their communities battle the influenza epidemic.

Martha C. Clark (1879-1946), a Hudson schoolteacher, was the only Hudson woman to serve in the Great War, and at the age of 38, joined the Red Cross as a nurse. Clark was sent to Camp Upton in Yaphank, N.Y., on eastern Long Island, where she cared for New York State soldiers who were stricken with influenza. She also served overseas for about six months as a Red Cross nurse.

David Hudson Lee (1893-1919), a fifth-generation descendant of Hudson founder David Hudson, was one of 81 WWI veterans from Hudson. He contracted influenza in the winter of 1918 while serving with the American Expeditionary Force. While he survived the virus, it left him weakened and susceptible to other illnesses. On June 6, 1919, at the age of 26, Lee passed away in Koblenz, Germany, from lobar pneumonia, the only casualty from Hudson in the First World War.

Read more: Looking back at ‘displays of humanity’ in Hudson

 

Benson flu masks Oct 27 1948 111 SC 56013 for webOn October 8, 1918, the “Oregonian” reported on four cases of influenza and “six other of suspicious character” at Benson Polytechnic School in Portland, Oregon. This first outbreak in the city prompted the school to put its 300 Student Army Training Corps (S.A.T.C.) students in quarantine. Members of the Benson Polytechnic S.A.T.C third section in this photograph are wearing masks on October 27, 1918.  

From Whence Did it Come and to Where Did it Go?: The 1918 Influenza Pandemic in Oregon 

By Erin Brasell
via the Oregon Historical Society web site

In a Spring 1963 Oregon Historical Quarterly article, “The 1918 ‘Spanish Influenza’ Pandemic in Oregon,” author Ivan M. Woolley opens with a question: “From whence did it come and to where did it go?” This question about plagues and pandemics, Woolley argues, is one that scientists and historians have pondered for ages. Woolley cites examples of pandemics that are well documented throughout history: an onslaught described by Hippocrates in 412 B.C.E. that destroyed an Athenian army, the Black Death of the fifteenth century, and the 1918 “Spanish” influenza pandemic, which infected twenty to thirty percent of the world’s population and resulted in 50 million deaths worldwide — about 675,000 of them Americans. The Oregon State Board of Health listed 48,146 cases of the virus between October 1, 1918, and September 30, 1920, and 3,675 resulting deaths.

As we all practice physical distancing and wait for stay-at-home orders to ease, public health experts warn that moving too quickly could have serious implications in terms of the disease’s spread — and resulting deaths. Historians are well positioned to echo these warnings, especially when analyzing the 1918 influenza pandemic (which occurred during World War I) and Oregon’s response to COVID-19. Historical context matters, and you’re in luck! Making relevant connections to history is one of the Oregon Historical Society’s specialties, and we’ve even created an illustrated timeline* to assist.

The Summer 2017 issue of the Oregon Historical Quarterly features a special section, “World War One Centennial Roundtable,” which is an excellent resource for that historical context. This virtual roundtable includes an introduction by Dr. Kimberly Jensen and Dr. Christopher McKnight Nichols and six essays shedding light on the “many complex questions and changes to Oregon and the nation” during that period. The articles show that the 1918 influenza pandemic and response did not develop in a vacuum; those events were among a series of World War I-era “conversations” about citizenship, suffrage, surveillance, the definition of Americanism (and who could identify as such), and the country’s response to turbulent times. 

Read more: From Whence Did it Come and to Where Did it Go?: The 1918 Influenza Pandemic in Oregon

 

Flu Boston Red Cross Volunteers Camp Devens MA 1918 LR EditsBoston Red Cross Volunteers at Camp Devens, MA 1918.

Lives lost and the country at a standstill: A look back back at the 1918-1919 Spanish Influenza and its impact on Phillips and Abbot academies

By Paige Roberts
via the Phillips Academy Andover (MA) web site

The Spanish Influenza has been called America’s forgotten pandemic. In the face of this 20th-century scourge, the orderly life of America began to disintegrate as the sudden, terrifying disease destroyed the country’s social cohesiveness. Despite the waves of illness, there also was profound social pressure to forget the widespread catastrophe of influenza and the war and to press on toward the future.

On January 22, 1919, the student newspaper The Phillipian reported, “George Vose ’21 died of influenza yesterday morning at his home, East Eddington, Maine. He was well liked by all that knew him. He fell ill scarcely a week ago, and was expected to recover in a short time.”

The influenza had likely started in Kansas in the winter of 1918, traveled to Europe with American soldiers headed to World War I, and returned with troops to Boston in late August 1918, launching a deadlier second wave of disease. The third wave of the pandemic hit the United States in the winter of 1919. In total between 50 to 100 million people around the world, including 675,000 Americans, died of influenza between 1918 and 1920. Young adults—people in their twenties and thirties in the prime of life—were most vulnerable. The close quarters and rapid troop movements of World War I quickened the spread of the disease and helped it mutate.

Despite the sad loss of George Vose, influenza had a relatively benign impact on Andover and its student body, certainly less impact than World War I. There were 593 students at Phillips Academy in 1919. Musical concerts, club activities, chapel services, and athletic contests on campus were postponed during the fall of 1918, but the 1919 Pot Pourri yearbook and the Mirror student literary magazine did not mention influenza at all. Advocating for extra vacation days, a February 5, 1919, student letter to the editor in The Phillipian outlines the minimal impact of the disease at PA as compared to the war.

During the entire period of the influenza epidemic, Andover kept up her scholastic work while all the other secondary schools in the country, with very slight exceptions, remained closed over an average period of six weeks in the months of October and November, thus giving us a head start over them of that amount of time…. The “Flu”, as we all know, was a terrible calamity…. It came as came all the other misfortunes of war. The War, itself, set us all back a great deal.

Read more: Lives lost and the country at a standstill: A look back back at the 1918-1919 Spanish Influenza...

 

Quarantine leads local military expert to story behind chaplain's World War I pandemic efforts 

By Bryan McKenzie
via the Richmond Times-Dispatch newspaper (VA) web site

CHARLOTTESVILLE — All he wanted was a little COVID-19 distraction, but the century-old photo of a military chaplain took an Albemarle County man on a 102-year time trip to a different state during a different deadly pandemic.

The sepia-toned photo of a man in a World War I-era uniform sits in a swivel frame meant for a tabletop. His round face sports an enigmatic smile, and his round-rimmed glasses peer from beneath the brim of an officer’s cap topped with a U.S. Army insignia badge.

Art BeltroneArt Beltrone of Albemarle County used his stay-at-home time to research a photograph of an Army chaplain who turned out to be a hero of the 1918 influenza pandemic.Across the mat, in expansive and fluid cursive, is the inscription “Florence, May God Bless You.” It is signed “Regis Barrett, OSB, Chaplain, U.S. Army.”

“I’ve had it for several years,” said Art Beltrone, a local military historian, collector and appraiser of military artifacts. “I obtained it from a Northern Virginia collection of military collectibles, and I liked it because it’s a photo of a chaplain and those are difficult to find, especially from the First World War era, because the chaplain corps was small.”

Beltrone said the photo, its dedication and signature caught his eye years ago.

“This one was signed and so it had a connection to an actual person, and that’s always a nice thing. It was in a nice, large frame with a swivel base, so it obviously meant a lot to someone,” he said. “It fascinated me.”

Beltrone is a man driven by fascination. His discovery of canvas bunks festooned with graffiti scrawled by soldiers, sailors and Marines aboard the General Nelson M. Walker, a Vietnam-era troop ship, led to the nationally known Vietnam Graffiti Project, which preserved the hopes, fears and jokes of men going to war.

In the time of COVID-19, with everyone warned to stay home as much as possible, Beltrone found himself with a lot of time and home projects on his hands. He began to see the portrait of the chaplain in a different light.

Read more: Quarantine leads local military expert to story behind chaplain's WWI pandemic efforts

 

Pershing with mayorGeneral John Pershing greeted by the mayor of Liverpool, taken on the morning on June 8, 1917 during his arrival in England.

Review: “The Conundrum of American Power in the Age of World War I” 

By Justin Quinn Olmstead
via the H-Net: Humanities & Social Sciences Online web site

As one would expect, the First World War centenary has been greeted with a mountain of publishing by many of the world’s military, diplomatic, and cultural historians, as well as a number of political scientists. A number of these works focus on individuals, specific battles, or particular aspects of war. As a result, authors are relying on ‘truths’ to convey the fundamental aspects of each nation's strengths and weaknesses.

An aspect that is all too often left to the side is that of Anglo-American relations. The term ‘special relationship,’ while not coined until the 1940s, has become so synonymous with Britain and the United States (U.S.) that it is often found lurking in the pages of history books dealing with two countries in the late 1800s and early 1900s. More importantly, but fundamentally linked, is the idea that the transfer of hegemonic power from Great Britain to the United States took place at the turn of the last century. In “The Conundrum of American Power in the Age of World War I,” Katherine Epstein does not avoid this problem, she confronts it head-on.

Epstein states that her goal is to “build bridges between the ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ power scholarly approaches”. In a world where scholars are increasingly shielding themselves within their academic silos, this is a much-needed wake-up call. One problem that arises is that while the author makes many good points about the need to expand methodology and pair cultural history with ‘traditional’ history, the argument seems to be aimed more at those traditionalists who believe that the U.S. took the reins of global power from Britain somewhere between 1898 and 1918. This is not necessarily wrong, but if the idea is to build bridges between scholarly approaches, it would seem that each side would be guilty of staying in its respective lane.

Nevertheless, Epstein’s arguments are good ones. She rightly points out that globalization and industrialization are not the same thing, and that in order to understand the sinews of the United States' rise to global predominance, it is essential to distinguish not just between the two, but between their strengths and weaknesses. This is the article’s strength. Epstein’s analysis of how Britain remained great is sharp and takes into account several facets of empire and economy which demonstrate America's continued reliance on the British Empire's infrastructure in 1918. For instance, the author points out that the U.S. Navy was reliant on British dry docks and coaling stations to support the Great White Fleet’s world tour. Another example of American dependence is the need for British marine insurance and reinsurance for the U.S. Merchant Marine and the lack of a global communications grid.

Read more: Review: “The Conundrum of American Power in the Age of World War I.”

 

Victory GardensAllison Sturm, urban farm assistant, is seen at the Urban Growers Collective farm in Chicago. The nonprofit teaches young kids and others to grow vegetables at eight urban farms around the city. While their spring educational programs are on hold because of rules on social distancing, co-founder Laurell Sims said they still are focusing on food production and getting produce to families that need it.

A century later, victory gardens connect Americans again 

By Kristin M. Hall, Associated Press
via the myjournalcourier.com newspaper (IL) web site

During World War I, posters proclaiming “Food will win the war” encouraged Americans to grow victory gardens. A century later, home gardeners are returning to that idea in the fight against a global pandemic.

Backyard gardeners are coming together, mostly virtually, to learn and share stories on how to grow vegetables, fruits and flowers as the novel coronavirus raises fears about disruptions in food supplies and the cost of food in a down economy.

Creating a victory garden now can be, as it was during World Wars I and II, a shared experience during hardship and uncertainty.

“World War I, to me, is a pretty stark parallel,” said Rose Hayden-Smith, a historian and author of “Sowing the Seeds of Victory: American Gardening Programs of World War I.” “Not only was there a war, but there was an influenza pandemic.”

Now, gardeners new and old are getting online and on social media to post pictures of freshly tilled backyards, raised garden beds, seeds germinating under grow lights or flocks of chickens. Facebook groups like Victory Garden 2020 or Victory Garden Over COVID-19 are filling up.

Read more: A century later, victory gardens connect Americans again

 

OaklandThe Oakland Municipal Auditorium serves as a temporary hospital with volunteer nurses from the American Red Cross tending the sick there during the influenza pandemic of 1918, in Oakland, California. 

The 1918 Flu Pandemic Killed Millions. So Why Does Its Cultural Memory Feel So Faint? 

By Rebecca Onion
via the Slate web site

Last year, I wrote an anniversary piece about the “forgotten” 1918–19 flu pandemic, relying on the work of historians who’ve asked why such a huge event had so little effect on culture, policy, and public memory in the decades after that deadly flu strain burned itself out, leaving between 50 million and 100 million people dead. This year, as SARS-CoV-2 has forced the entire world into a terrifying and depressing alternate reality, I find this historical phenomenon even harder to understand. How could such a mind-bending, society-upending experience pass unremarked?

Enter Elizabeth Outka, a literary scholar whose fortuitously timed late-2019 book Viral Modernism: The Influenza Pandemic and Interwar Literature explains quite a bit. The book looks at the small group of authors who addressed the pandemic head-on in their work but also argues that the work of some of the greats—T.S. Eliot, Virginia Woolf, William Butler Yeats—was deeply affected by the flu in ways that aren’t so immediately obvious. Combining literary analysis with flu history and writing by flu survivors, Outka makes it clear that the pandemic wasn’t “forgotten”—it just went underground.

We spoke recently about the narrative impossibility of viruses, the mental health struggles of flu survivors, and the pervasive presence of something Outka calls “contagion guilt.” Our conversation has been edited and condensed for clarity.

Rebecca Onion: There’s this idea that the 1918–19 pandemic had no impact—that this big thing that killed so many people was, somehow, a cultural nothing. Your book takes a different approach. Sometimes you’re talking about the clear impact of the pandemic, in the case of authors like William Maxwell or Katherine Anne Porter, and sometimes you’re identifying something that’s a little more nebulous or subterranean—the pandemic’s shadowy influence on the work of famous modernist writers. How did you come upon the idea of approaching flu’s memory this way?

Read more: The 1918 Flu Pandemic Killed Millions. So Why Does Its Cultural Memory Feel So Faint?

 

SATC on the Hill 1 1024x417Student Army Training Corps on the Hill at the University of Tennessee. (Cindy and Mark Proteau/KHP) 

Knoxville & The Spanish Flu: How 1918 was the same–and very different 

By Jack Neely
via the Knoxville History Project (TN) web site

These are strange days. You don’t need me to tell you that. What we’re going through now may be “unprecedented” in some ways, as dozens of well-meaning pundits have parroted, in recent weeks.

Before we use that word with confidence, of course, we’ll at least have to consider 1918.

In my youth I knew several people who remembered what happened. Maybe you did, too. None of them are around today. It was the year of what became known as the Spanish Flu. What made it similar to the coronavirus pandemic today is as striking as what made it very different, especially in terms of the public perception of it.

That year, the epidemic was indeed considered newsworthy, but it was never what dominated the front pages. There might be several reasons why that was true.

The newspapers brought violent stories, each day dozens of them, about something else that was unprecedented in scale, the big war in Europe. Both papers, the morning Journal and the evening Sentinel, were full of them. Many of them were optimistic, concerning the “Hohenzollern Proposal,” predicting that Germany was just about to capitulate to the Allied onslaught.

Each daily paper had a Roll of Honor–a list of the American dead and seriously wounded. Despite the optimism, the worst was yet to come. For Knoxvillians in uniform, October, 1918, would be the deadliest month since the Civil War.

But every day that October there was news of something even deadlier than bullets and bombs, and much closer to home.

It’s hard to say exactly when the first Spanish Flu microbe came to town, riding on a human host, but even that almost certainly had something to do with the war.

Read more: Knoxville & The Spanish Flu: How 1918 was the same–and very different

 

This Giving Tuesday We Would Like to Give Back to You 

By Kathy Abbott
Staff Writer

Giving Tuesday Now logoMay 5, 2020 has been widely designated as “Giving Tuesday a Global Generosity Movement” to unleash the power of people and organizations to transform their communities, and the world, as a response to the unprecedented need caused by COVID-19. While you may be “Staying Home,” or one of our “Essential Workers,” or in some cities easing your way back into public life… we want to thank you for your bravery and steadfastness, much like our WWI Doughboys.

Here are a few items that have been meaningful to all of us as we continue our mission to remember all those who served in WWI, and to build the new National WWI Memorial in Washington, DC. . Please enjoy, and we hope you and your families will stay safe!

 

 

Genealogy GuideThe WWI Genealogy Research Guide, by Debra Dudek

Unlocking your family heritage is an exciting journey! To connect your ancestry with the events of WWI, sign up for the FREE WWI Genealogy Research Guide and we’ll help you get started.

https://www.worldwar1centennial.org/index.php/commemorate/family-ties/wwi-genealogy-research-guide.html

You may have heard stories about a grandparent, great grandparent, uncle, aunt or even friend who was touched by WWI. Maybe all you have to go on is a picture or two, a diary, some letters, some medals -- WWI record keeping was far from perfect with only manual birth, census, draft, and military records. On July 12, 1973, a disastrous fire at the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) took out 80% of the early Army records.

Now you CAN find your family WWI heritage if you know how and where to look — The WWI Genealogy Research Guide will help you with “HOW TO” and “LINKS" to literally hundreds of resources.

 

 

 

 

 

Hello Girls single"The Hello Girls" Single

For your listening pleasure the title song “Hello Girls” from the critically-acclaimed score, The Hello Girls. Click here: https://www.worldwar1centennial.org/index.php/commemorate/2015-12-24-23-41-36/hello-girls-single.html

This story of the groundbreaking women who served as the first soldiers in the U.S. Army, during WWI features music and lyrics by composer and lyricist Peter Mills, written by by Mills and Cara Reichel, and a cast of award winning ensemble actor-musicians. Brought to the stage by the Prospect Theater Company, NYC, these intrepid heroines served as bi-lingual telephone operators on the front lines, helping turn the tide of WWI. They then returned home to fight a decades-long battle for equality and recognition, paving the way for future generations.

 

 

 

 

 

Read more: This Giving Tuesday We Would Like to Give Back to You

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