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World War I Centennial News


From the World War I Centennial News Podcast

Remembering Veterans: The Revitalization of American Legion Post 43 in Hollywood, CA   

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In August 26th's edition of the World War I Centennial News Podcast, Episode 137, host Theo Mayer spoke with Lester Probst and Fernando Rivero from Hollywood, CA's American Legion Post 43. Started by WWI vets, Post 43 has had a distinguished membership, including many famous names from the film industry. Over time, the Post fell into disrepair. However, an effort spearheaded by Mr. Probst, Mr. Rivero, and others to remember WWI in the Los Angeles area and inject new life into Post 43 has been wildly successful; it has grown in numbers and once again become a community focal point. Read on to learn more about this remarkable transformation. The following is a transcript of the conversation, lightly edited for clarity:

fernando riveroFernando Rivero is a veteran of Iraq and Afghanistan and Post 43's past commander and chairmanlester probstLester Probst is a Korean War veteran and the chairman of Post 43's Americanism CommitteTheo Mayer
: For Remembering Veterans, it's the 100th anniversary of the American Legion. Having been conceived in Paris as the war ended by veterans who served in World War I, the American Legion, its history, its advocacy on behalf of veterans, and its accomplishments are truly amazing. But one of the more interesting aspects of the organization, and one that I've come to appreciate during my years working on the World War I Centennial project, is the American Legion's structure and organization. It seems to me that it's all about the actions and activities of individual Posts that gives the organization its real strength. So with that as a set up, I'd like to invite you to join me in exploring one of those Posts, its history, and its unusual role because of its unique location. It's Post number 43 in Hollywood, California. And joining us to talk about the Post's history and its current projects are Fernando Rivero, the Post's past commander and chairman and founder of the Legion Theater, and Lester Probst, Post chairman of the Americanism Committee, which is one of the four pillars of the American Legion, and co-chairman of the Budget and Finance Committee. Gentlemen, welcome to the podcast!

Fernando Rivero: Hi Theo. Thanks for having us.

Lester Probst: Yes. Thanks very much, Theo.

Read more: Podcast Article - American Legion Post 43

From the World War I Centennial News Podcast

Spotlight on the Media: Over There With Private Graham   

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In August 19th's edition of the World War I Centennial News Podcast, Episode 136, Bruce Jarvis and Steve Badgley joined the show to discuss their new book, Over There With Private Graham. Drawing on a Graham's own accounts of his service, which he intended to publishing during his lifetime, Jarvis and Badgley have assembled an impactful, first-person account of the Great War. As the authors discuss, Graham's background, including his age and police career, and Military Police role gave his writing a distinct perspective. The following is a transcript of the conversation, lightly edited for clarity: 

overthere coverTheo Mayer: For Spotlight on the Media, the story of a new book. An article from military history now opens with quote, "Few if anyone today will remember the name of William J. Graham. The anonymous Doughboy was one of more than two million Americans who fought in the first World War, yet the 39 year old Philadelphia native and Private in the US Army's 28th Infantry Division, kept a series of remarkable detailed diaries of his 16 months overseas. In fact, Graham hoped to one day get them published so that he could share what he'd lived through with future generations. Unfortunately, he died in 1940 before he could make good on his promise. Now, 100 years later, two book publishers are finally realizing Graham's long forgotten dream." With us today are the two publishers who got this compelling personal account out. Steve Badgley is an author and owner of the Badgley Publishing Company, and Bruce Jarvis, a collector and public historian with a special interest in World War I. Together they compiled and published, Over There With Private Graham. Gentlemen, welcome to the podcast.
Bruce Jarvis: Thank you, Theo.

Steve Badgley: Thank you.

Bruce Jarvis: I'm glad to be here.

Theo Mayer: So let me open with a question: how did the two of you come together to create this project, and how did you come to the project in the first place? Bruce?

Bruce Jarvis: Back in 2001, I acquired a manuscript of approximately 600 pages that were anonymous at the time, but many clues contained in it to figure out who had written it. Over years, I put the pieces together to figure out who the writer was. My intent was to use it as part of a larger work involving firsthand accounts, letters, diaries and what have you from different sources to tell the story of a common America soldier in the first World War. Mr. Badgley, I met his acquaintance as an editor as publisher of local authors and historical works. I was intrigued and we talked and hit it off. I think we started work on it in 2009. We made the acquaintance of distant relatives, granddaughters, great-granddaughters of William Graham, who miraculously had other pieces of his writings from after the war, and in one case, someone who had the very end of the story and the very beginning of the story. So basically three different sources all came together. These things survived by a miracle and were able to find each other. We were able to obtain permission to use those and put his entire story together. That's an unusual situation to begin with.

Read more: Podcast Article - Over There With Private Graham


Henry Johnson, the One-Man Army Who Fought Off Dozens of German Soldiers During WWI

By Jake Rossen
via the Mental Floss web site

It was after midnight on May 15, 1918 when William Henry Johnson began to hear the rustling. Johnson was a long way from his home in Albany, New York, guarding a bridge in the Argonne Forest in Champagne, France. Sleeping next to him was Needham Roberts, a fellow soldier. Both men had enlisted in the New York National Guard just a few months earlier and were now part of the French Army, donated by U.S. forces to their understaffed allies in the thick of World War I.

Henry JohnsonHenry JohnsonAs Johnson continued hearing the strange noises late into the night, he urged his partner to get up. A tired Roberts waved him off, believing Johnson was just nervous. Johnson decided to prepare himself just in case, piling up his assortment of grenades and rifle cartridges within arm's reach. If someone was coming, he would be ready.

The rustling continued. At one point, Johnson heard a clipping noise—what he suspected was the sound of the perimeter fence being cut. He again told Roberts to wake up. "Man," he said, "You better wake up pretty soon or you [might] never wake up."

The two began lobbing grenades into the darkness, hoping to discourage whoever might be lurking around the perimeter.

Suddenly, in the middle of the French forest, Johnson saw dozens of German soldiers come charging, bayonets pointed toward him. They began to fire.

What transpired over the next hour would become an act of heroism that prompted former President Theodore Roosevelt to declare Johnson one of the bravest Americans to take up arms in the war. Johnson would even lead a procession back in New York City, with crowds lined up along the street to greet him.

Read more: Henry Johnson, the One-Man Army Who Fought Off Dozens of German Soldiers During World War I


04874c3c1683d42c8e699f25cfe6a80aConvalescing soldiers from the Camp Sherman, Ohio base hospital in front of Chillicothe's Majestic Theatre. 

Camp Sherman look-back: WWI wounded brought to local base hospital 

By Tim Vollet
via the Chillicothe Gazette newspaper (OH) web site

On the morning of Dec. 4, 1918, three weeks after the Armistice was signed that ended World War I, President Woodrow Wilson stood on the bridge of the U.S.S. George Washington and waved his hat to the thousands of flag- waving citizens packing the shoreline to wish him a safe voyage. Wilson was departing for the Peace Conference in Paris, France.

As the ocean liner began to make its way out of New York harbor, by sheer chance it crossed paths with a British transport ship returning from France with 2,000 American soldiers aboard. The Doughboys packed the rails and whooped and hollered as the commander-in-chief slowly steamed past them. Unfortunately, though, missing the historic moment were the wounded men lying below deck, unable to get topside to wish the president well.

More than 200,000 American soldiers were wounded in WWI, many of them disfigured, missing limbs, suffering from devastating gas attacks or shell shock. With the signing of the Armistice, the wounded were crossing back across the Atlantic aboard ships like the British transport, and many of them were destined for the base hospital at Camp Sherman in Chillicothe.

All throughout the winter of 1919, the Scioto Gazette carried headlines announcing the arrival of the war injured: “OVER THREE HUNDRED OVERSEAS WOUNDED ARE DUE TO ARRIVE AT CAMP ON THURSDAY.” “MORE WOUNDED MEN ARRIVE.” “ANOTHER BUNCH OF WOUNDED MEN HERE.” And they kept coming and coming. By early April, 1,700 wounded warriors filled the beds at the base hospital.

The hospital was actually a group of 50 buildings facing Frankfort Pike (Pleasant Valley Road), near where Unioto High School now is. After a tour of the hospital complex, a reporter for the Gazette described it as a “little city in itself.” As for the spirits of the wounded, he insisted, “Everywhere was cheer, bright faces, cheery words, playful interchange of jest and an air of liveliness.” The reporter attributed it to the youth of the wounded that “bubbled up despite their shattered condition.”

Read more: Camp Sherman look-back: WWI wounded brought to local base hospital


PH 826009996Twin brothers, Steven Finch, left, and Brad Finch, hold the Purple Heart medal of their great uncle that was presented to them Monday afternoon. The folded flag was also presented to the brothers by Congressman William Keating. The flag was flown over the US Capitol during the116th Congress.

Brewster, MA family receives Purple Heart in honor of great-uncle lost in WWI 

By Ethan Genter
via the Cape Cod Times newspaper (MA) web site

CHATHAM, MA — Nearly 101 years ago, Norman Wood Finch was out to sea aboard the Coast Guard cutter Tampa, a 190-foot-long vessel that was one of six ships on convoy duty in European waters during World War I.

On Sept. 26, 1918, the Tampa was sailing alone in Welsh waters en route to load a fresh supply of coal at the port of Milford Haven when it was torpedoed by a German U-boat. All 130 men on the Tampa died, with Finch among the 111 Coast Guardsmen aboard.

For about 20 years, the Coast Guard has been working to honor the people aboard the Tampa. On Monday, Finch finally got his due when legislators and Coast Guard officials gathered at the Coast Guard Station Chatham and presented a Purple Heart to his two great-nephews, Bradley and Steven Finch, who live in Brewster.

The pair never met their grandfather’s brother — he died at 23, before their father was born — nor did they know much about his service.

“People didn’t talk about it much,” Bradley said.

Read more: Brewster family receives Purple Heart in honor of great-uncle lost in WWI


55422c3f40a59.imageA circa-1920 photo shows Ryan’s Market on Brown Street in Wickford, RI. The market added pleas and reminders in its advertising during World War I to save peach pits and nut shells for Allied soldiers’ gas masks.

Peach pits, nut shells, and how they helped us win the Great War 

By G. Timothy Cranston
via the Independent Newspapers (RI) web site

A month or so ago, we took a look at something as innocuous and unassuming as the lowly bootscraper and tried to see what it might tell us about history on both a local and larger scale. This week, we tell the tale of the seemingly inconsequential peach pit and its equally unimportant companion – the discarded nut shell – to see what historic part they played in World War I.

“Peach pits and nut shells?” you say. “This Swamptown guy is going to prattle on about peach pits and nut shells. Maybe he’s a few peaches short of a bushel himself.” Scoff if you will, but these common bits of food waste saved many an American Doughboy during the Big War.

You see, the first great global conflict caused certain unexpected problems. One of the most demanding was dealing with shortages of critical raw materials. If your enemy had control of the territories where certain crucial raw materials were found or produced, well, you were soon going to either be in trouble, or get creative and come up with an alternate source of material. The rubber shortage of World War II is a classic example. The Axis powers controlled virtually the entire rubber growing world, and the Allies had to get creative. After a lot of recycling, a short period of head scratching and pondering, and a little American ingenuity…Voila! Plastics are born and the rest is history.

World War I’s problems included dealing with the fairly new and very potent threat of German gas attacks. Gas masks were the answer and the problem was their main component: activated carbon and its limited availability. Again, after some heady pondering and some serious head scratching, American and British scientists and engineers found the solution right under their noses. Fruit stones and nuts shells, burned slowing in a controlled fashion, were the perfect source for activated carbon. Now the problem was getting enough of these common everyday items together to do the job. After all, it took 200 peach pits or 2 pounds of nut shells to produce enough carbon to outfit one gas mask.

This is where smalltown America and Britain came in. All across these two nations, the call went out to save and stockpile these items. The lead was taken by none other than the International Red Cross and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Schools, churches, Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts all got involved. Post offices such as the ones in Wickford, Hamilton, Davisville, Lafayette and the like were used as collection points. The big “Do Your Bit – Save the Pit” campaign was off and running.

Read more: Peach pits, nut shells and how they helped us win the Great War


Rodiguez in cemeteryDigging Into History: WWI Trench Restoration in Seicheprey, France has just returned from three weeks in Seicheprey, France. This innovative experiential learning program brought 15 Connecticut high school students entering grades 11 and 12 this fall to the site of the first German offensive against American troops. Above, Torrington student Lucas Rodriguez sits in St. Mihiel American Cemetery.

Torrington, CT student returns from WW I archaeological dig in France 

via the Torrington Register Citizen newspaper (CT) web site 

HARTFORD, CT — The expedition, “Digging Into History: WWI Trench Restoration” recently returned from three weeks in Seicheprey, France. This innovative experiential learning program brought fifteen Connecticut high school students entering grades 11 and 12 this fall to the site of the first German offensive against American troops to restore a section of trench once occupied by Connecticut’s 102d Infantry Regiment.

RodriguezLucas RodriguezAmong the participating students was Lucas Rodriguez of Torrington, who researched a Torrington soldier with the historical society to prepare for the trip. He attends the Connecticut River Academy in East Hartford.

This program, the only one of its kind in the United States, was a spectacular success and resulted in a life changing experience for students and chaperones alike.The group stayed in a nearby village during the dig, and were in France from July 6-27.

The trench restoration work, led by local military historians Phillipe Dourthe and Denis Meyer, resulted in more than 100 meters of trench restored; two wattle walls built and a shelter rebuilt. A number of artifacts were found, including an American boot, a French spoon with a bullet hole and even a Napoleon III coin dating to the 1850s.

Students cataloged the finds and documented their work through photos and video that will become part of the Connecticut State Library’s permanent archives. The Connecticut students lived and work side by side with sixteen French students from villages within the Communauté de Communes Mad et Moselle, the French administrative organization that funded this portion of the journey. Just as the Doughboys formed bonds with the village 100 years ago, the students formed lifelong friendships with their French peers as they worked to clear rubble from the trenches, relaxed at Lake Madine or performed in a talent show at the lodge in Beaumont where the group stayed.

In preparation for the trip to France, Rodriguez researched Torrington soldier John Ryan, who served in WW I, with the help of the Torrington Historical Society. A 1918 newspaper article reported Ryan to be the first Torrington soldier to be killed with the U.S. Army in France.

Rodriguez said his interest in military history stemmed in part by stories he heard about family members who served in the military, including his grandfathers, who served in the army and navy, respectively, and his father, who served in the U.S. Marines Corps.

Read more: Torrington, CT student returns from WW I archaeological dig in France


5d5e9bac32576.image After a 1,000-mile journey, Al McCormick unveils a replica of the iconic WWI Doughboy statue at the Wentworth Military Academy Museum, 1128 Main St., Lexington, Missouri. (Photo by Teresa Shaw| Richmond Daily News)

Doughboy returns to Wentworth Military Academy Museum

By Teresa Shaw
via the Richmond News newspaper (MO) web site
Additional information from the E. M. Viquesney Doughboy Database web site

After the Wentworth Military Academy and College closed in 2017, after a court battle between the bank and the academy, and after academy alumni agree to place the original statue at the Lafayette County Courthouse, a replica of the “Spirit of the American Doughboy” was unveiled on August 20 at the Wentworth Military Academy Museum, 1128 Main St. in Lexington, MO.

“This is a $20,000, state-of-the-art replica of our Doughboy,” museum Chairman George Hittner said. “It is light enough to be on these very historic floors.”

The replica statue was constructed by computer-scanning and scaling up from one of the miniature foot-tall statuettes (which look a little different from the actual outdoor sculptures) and 3D-printed life-size in Styrofoam for a traveling WWI exhibit that began in St. Paul, Minnesota, and was sponsored by the Minnesota Historical Society.

After the exhibit ended in August of 2019, the replica needed a new home, or else it, along with the rest of the exhibit, would have ended up being dismantled and destroyed. The publishers of the E. M. Viquesney Doughboy Database suggested the Wentworth Military Academy Museum in Lexington, Missouri as a good candidate to receive the statue. Museum Chairman George Hittner of the Houston, TX, area was helpful in coordinating the fundraising efforts to pay the shipping costs of the statue from its last location in Austin.

Read more: Doughboy returns to Wentworth Military Academy Museum


Hokah Public Library presents "Minnesota in the Great War" August 29 

via The Caledonia Argus (MN) web site

5d5d4c57e4ef4.imagePresenter Arn Kind in authentic Doughboy attire.Presenter Mr. Arn Kind, a teacher of 42 years, will come in the authentic uniform of an American Doughboy on August 29 to teach attendees at the Hokah, MN Public Library about “the war to end all wars.”

2017 was the 100th anniversary of the America’s entry into the Great War, now known as World War I and 2018 was the centennial of the end of that war. To commemorate it, Historical Experiences presents MINNESOTA IN THE GREAT WAR, an exciting living history program that will entertain us while we learn all about the first modern war.

This presentation is a wonderful way to commemorate the contributions and sacrifices made by Minnesotans during World War I. The Great War is often called the forgotten war because people know so little about it as compared to World War 2 and America’s other conflicts.

MINNESOTA IN THE GREAT WAR will enlighten us and cause us to come away from the program realizing what an epic event it was and how it set the stage for many important events that would follow in the 20th and 21st century.

This multimedia presentation will use power-point, video, music, drama, role-playing and living history experiences, to give us an understanding of this turbulent time and make history come alive for us.

Read more: Hokah Public Library presents Minnesota in the Great War August 29


Lectures bring WWI exhibition at Knights of Columbus Museum to close 

By Peter Sonski
via the Knights of Columbus Museum (CT) web site

Two lectures on September 7 at the Knights of Columbus Museum in New Haven, CT  will be the final events in the museum’s exhibition World War I: Beyond the Front Lines, which concludes September 8.

At 11:00a.m. on the 7th, War Within War: The 1918 Influenza in America will examine the impact of the so-called "Spanish Flu" on America and the world.  At 2:00 p.m. on the 7th, The Red Baron & Military Aviation Developments in World War I will examine a key figure in the rise and impact of military aviation spawned by the world conflict. Free parking and admission is offered to both events.

Exhibit posterThe early years of the 20th century were a time of growing tension in the United States and abroad. 1914 marked the first time that a single military conflict would have significant impact on a global scale. Though U.S. involvement in the war in 1917 would tip the balance if favor of the Allied Powers and bring fighting to an end, still another watershed event was forming in Western Europe. An influenza outbreak, aided by the effects of war, spread rapidly and extensively to other world regions.

The disease, commonly known as “Spanish Flu,” added to the misery America felt as a result of war casualties, and brought added hardship at a time when people sought to reclaim life as they knew it before international warfare. Simon Perlsweig, an author and historical researcher, will discuss the bearing of the nation that was, at once, celebrating victory “over there” while mourning losses at home.

Perlsweig recently published Front Porches to Front Lines, a historical memoir of World War I and the concurrent influenza epidemic, providing an account of his maternal great-grandparents, who lived in Springfield, Vermont, during the Great War.

Read more: Lectures bring WWI exhibition at Knights of Columbus Museum to close


Spectrum News 1 snipKentucky soldier Clifford Fralick in France during World War I. Fralick's dog tag was recently discovered and returned to his family, 100 years after the war ended.. 

WWI Dog Tag Discovered in France Returned to Soldier's Family in Louisville 

By Jonathon Gregg
via the Spectrum News 1 television station (KY) web site

CRESTWOOD, KY — At first Larry Fralick thought it was a scam call. A man with a French accent on the other end of the line was trying to convince him he found something that belonged to his family.

Turns out he was telling the truth. "He sent us a picture of the metal detector he used to find it, Fralick tells Spectrum News 1. Fralick's grandfather, Clifford, spent his entire life in Louisville apart from his service in World War I. Thankfully, the Army private returned home from the Great War in 1917.

According to his grandson, Larry, the war veteran didn't share too many stories about his time fighting in France.

"Just day after day going from foxhole to foxhole and fighting and how much it rained and how muddy it was." are the details Larry Fralick recalls.

Mr. Olivier Bena, the mysterious caller, convinced Clifford's descendants that the soldier left something behind.

“I wish you good reception and thank you for having responded favorably to this approach which was really close to my heart. Best Regards, Oliver Bena" the man wrote in a letter to the Fralicks along with a now prized possession.

Read more: WWI Dog Tag Discovered in France Returned to Soldier's Family in Louisville


Minnesota Family Reunited with WWI Dog Tag After More than 80 Years 

By Ryan Juntti
via the WDIO television station (MN) web site

Alan Carpenter often looks for buried artifacts in Hibbing's Cobb Cook Park using his metal detector. It's something he does for fun, but he and his partner Jim Kochevar also return lost items.

Last spring, Carpenter made his most important discovery, a World War I dog tag found buried under at least 6 inches of frost.

"At first I didn't know what it was, I thought it was some kind of token or something until I got home and rinsed it off, then I seen the United States Marine Corps on it," said Carpenter.

With Kochevar's help, this past Memorial Day he figured out the dog tag belonged to Anton Bernhardt, a World War I veteran, and former Hibbing police officer.

Then it was time to track down a family member who they could return it to. After a year of looking, they found Joseph Martin, Anton's great nephew.

"To find something like this after being lost for 80 years that's just unbelievable," said Martin.

And on August 19 at Maple Hill Cemetery in Hibbing where Anton is buried, Martin was given an American flag with the dog tag on top.

"It means a lot to be able to return it to a family member that deserves it. Anything found that we find, if a ring has a name in it, or something, we always return it to the owner. It makes you feel good," said Carpenter.

Read more: Family Reunited with WWI Dog Tag After More than 80 Years


SLO early1900sEmersonSchoolMrs. Nicholson’s class at Emerson School in San Luis Obispo. About 35 students pose for a photo in an early 20th century classroom, in a room full of blackboards and folding desks.

World War I pins and their finest overalls:
Back to school circa 1918 in San Luis Obispo was a lot different 

By David Middlecamp
via the San Luis Obispo Tribune newspaper (CA) web site

It is the end of August, and the days are getting longer — if you are a student.

I remember the shock when endless summer was over and bicycling to the pool was replaced with bicycling to school.

Teachers usually find a way to get a room full of random energy all working in the same direction. In the undated photo above, the only information provided on the teacher bringing this room together is Miss or Mrs. Nicholson, Emerson school teacher.

It was picture day, for what appears to be about a fifth-grade class of 35 students. Many of the boys are wearing ties, two in their best clean overalls.

All of the students sit with hands folded. Many of the girls have giant ribbons in their hair. Boys have their hair brushed back out of their eyes.

At least one boy couldn’t hold still for the long exposure, his face blurred.

Several of the children are wearing buttons with a cross on them; perhaps it was a fundraiser for the Red Cross during World War I which makes me guess the photo is circa 1918.

Read more: WWI pins and their finest overalls: Back to school circa 1918 in San Luis Obispo was a lot...

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