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U.S. Marshals during WWI: Protection of the Home Front

via the web site

CongressOn April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war against Germany. Congress declared war on April 6, 1917.When President Woodrow Wilson issued the declaration of war against Germany April 6, 1917, he told the American people that "the supreme test of the nation has come. We must all speak, act, and serve together." While American troops fought in the trenches of Europe, United States Marshals protected the home front against enemy aliens, spies, saboteurs, and slackers.

From the declaration of war on April 6, 1917 to the Armistice on November 11, 1918, U.S. Marshals:

  • INVESTIGATED 222,768 violations of the selective service laws;
  • REGISTERED 480,000 German enemy aliens;
  • ISSUED 200,000 permits to enemy aliens;
  • ARRESTED 6,300 enemy aliens under Presidential Arrest Warrants;
  • INTERVIEWED 2,300 enemy aliens in military camps; and
  • GUARDED restricted areas around docks, ammunition factories, military camps, and other sensitive areas.

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