Erected in 1931, and designed by Sir Astor Webb P.R.A. & Son, this monument is a 75-foot tall obelisk constructed entirely from large blocks of Westerly granite. The monument commemorates the Dover Patrol, which was formed in Britain in July 1914. During World War I, a variety of craft served in the patrol - cruisers, destroyers old and new, submarines, mine-sweepers, armed trawlers, drifters, armed yachts, motor launches and other coastal craft - as well as a variety of aircraft - flying boats, airplanes, and airships. A committee was formed in November 1918 to raise a public subscription for the erection of a monument in memory of the patrol. Over £45,000 was raised, including £1,000 donated by King Albert and Queen Elizabeth of the Belgians. The first Dover Patrol monumental obelisk was dedicated in Dover, England in 1921. Two additional replicas were subsequently erected, one in Calais, France, and the third in Brooklyn/New York City. The monument sits in the middle of a plaza set within a larger landscape park at the Verrazano Narrows entryway to New York Harbor. On the front of the monument, etched into the stone, is the dedication to the Dover Patrol unit of the British Royal Navy, which was responsible for safeguarding the English Channel from German U-boats. An inscription on the proper right side of the granite base also dedicates it to the American Naval Forces of WWI. On the back of the base, set within a square niche, is the dedication date.