Camp Dix was named for Major General John Adams Dix, a veteran of the War of 1812 & the Civil War, who served as a US Senator, Secretary of the Treasury, Minister to France, and Governor of New York.
Construction began at the site in Burlington County, NJ in June 1917, and on July 18th, the War Department named the cantonment, Camp Dix. During World War I, the camp was a training and staging ground for the 78th, 87th & 34th Divisions. Camp Dix rapidly grew and by war's end was the largest military installation in the northeast.
Following the Armistice, the camp became a demobilization center. In March 1939, Camp Dix became Fort Dix as the installation transitioned to a permanent Army post. In October 2009, Fort Dix became part of Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst.
Narrative adapted from Fort Dix official website.
Photos courtesy of:
Hand-colored postcards - Burlington County Library
Dormitory photo postcard - Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives
Troops Arriving photo postcard - NJ State Library