In 1918, the Lawrenceville Board of Trade organized a carnival in Arsenal Park to raise money for the troops fighting in World War I. When the war ended, before the money could be put to use, neighborhood leaders decided to spend it on a memorial instead. The monument was sculpted by Allen George Newman, who was known for his military-themed works including The Hiker, a depiction of a weary Spanish–American War soldier. Newman's bronze Doughboy statue was unveiled on Memorial Day in 1921 with over 20,000 onlookers present; the Pittsburgh Gazette Times described the occasion as the "largest ceremonial event ever witnessed in Lawrenceville". The memorial originally honored the residents of Pittsburgh's Sixth Ward (comprising Lower Lawrenceville, Polish Hill, and the upper Strip District) who served in World War I.
The Wheeling Doughboy was dedicated on Memorial Day 1931. The statue, affectionately known locally as "Lester", is named in honor of Wagoner Lester Scott, a doughboy from Wheeling who was killed during WWI. It is one of many identical "Spirit of the American Doughboy" monuments designed by Ernest Moore "E.M." Viquesney. Following years of neglect, in a state of disrepair (dented, rusted, missing bayonet and rifle, cracked base), the doughboy was restored and rededicated in 2020.
The inscriptions on the left and right lower sides of the cenotaph read:
SERVICE STAR LEGION
IN WORLD WAR
1917 - 1918
In 1940, during the original dedication of this memorial at Skinners Park, Ora Wheat, commander of Roosa-Fleming VFW Post 161, declared the 20-ton granite disc monument “dedicated to the memory of the living and dead.” Post 161 planned to add later an eternal flame and a marker intended by General Chairman Harold E. Scales during planning stages in 1938. A re-dedication ceremony on November 11, 2020 included the addition of the flame and a bronze plaque naming the 34 Port Jervis men who gave the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty during World War I. They are: Joseph M. Alvord, James C. Bilz, William E. Bross, John Collins Jr., Tracy K. Decker, Aloysius A. Delaney, William J. Earley, James Fleming, Lewis V. Gray, George Hamilton, Harrison E. Hornbeck, Norman Howe, Charles Kalin, Walter Koenig, Joseph Mascanz, Elliott McAllister, Joseph McGuire, Charles F. Meade, Hugh Leonard Miller, William Mulligan, Horace Murtha, Francis J. O’Connor, Levi Owens, Daniel Joseph Quigley, Harold Reid, Harold P. Rooney, Isaac H. Roosa, William J. Ryan, Charles Shaneberg, Arthur Sterritt, Bruno Terpilowsky, Samuel Thorne, William Williams, and Fred Youmans.
The Loudoun County Memorial Plaque was erected 1921, three years after the end of World War I. The plaque, on a stone monument, lists 30 names of Loudoun County residents who died serving during the Great War. The names of three of those residents are at the bottom of the plaque, separated by a line - they are the three Black people of the group: Pvts. Ernest Gilbert, Valentine B. Johnson and Samuel C. Thornton. Plans are currently underway to replace this plaque with a new one with a similar design, with all of the names listed together alphabetically, not segregated. It is hoped that the memorial will be re-dedicated in 2021 on its 100th anniversary.