These two monuments were placed inside Mammoth Cave in the 1920s to honor the soldiers who died in World War I. The American Legion and American War Mothers selected Mammoth Cave as a timeless place to recognize the soldiers who died during the devastating conflict.
On August 30, 1922, as part of the American Legion Convention in Louisville, Kentucky, a monument was placed inside Mammoth Cave to honor the fallen of the Great War. Inside the monument, 35 states each placed a list of the fallen soldiers from their respective states. In 1929, a second monument was placed by the America War Mothers to also honor the fallen of the Great War.
In 2017, in coordination with the centennial of World War I, the two monuments were refurbished. The damage caused by years of vandalism was repaired, and what remained of the original documents listing the names of the American dead were once again enshrined inside the base of the American Legion monument. The two monuments were then returned to their original location at the entrance to the Rotunda.
The text on this monument reads:
In honor of those who made the supreme sacrifice in World War 1914-1918
Ballinger, Roy C.
Bower, Ollie G.
Clapper, Earl F.
Collier, Robert E.
Drain, Benjamin S.
Farr, George E.
Finney, Emmert O.
Fitzpatrick, John U.
Gaines, Fletcher W.
Meyer, Dennis C.
Moss, Leland S.
Schofield, F. Lee
Wilson, Robert K.
The World War I Chaumont Marker is a bronze plaque located at the entrance to Damremont Barracks in Chaumont, France. It signifies the location of the general headquarters of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) of World War I commanded by General John J. Pershing. Its inscription in French and English reads as follows:
General headquarters of the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe during the World War occupied the building of the Caserne Damremont from September 1, 1917 to July 11, 1919 and from here directed the activities of more than two million American soldiers.
The World War I Kemmel American Monument is six miles south of Ieper (Ypres), Belgium. It is a small monument on a low platform consisting of a rectangular white stone block, in front of which is carved a soldier's helmet upon a wreath. It commemorates the services and sacrifices of the American troops who, in the late summer of 1918, fought nearby in units attached to the British Army. Some are buried in Flanders Field American Cemetery at Waregem, Belgium, 30 miles to the east.
The inscription reads:
Erected by the United States of America to commemorate
the services of American troops who fought in this vicinity
August 18–September 4 1918
The 27th and 30th Divisions are honored. They served with the British Army from arrival in Europe in May 1918. Their participation in the Ypres-Lys Offensive began when the 30th Division took position in the line on August 18, and the 27th on August 23. The Allied advance began on August 31. Both divisions met determined German resistance. They moved forward slowly. That afternoon the 27th Division reached the area where the Kemmel Monument stands. They advanced against German forces on September 1 and 2. The 27th Division was relieved on September 3, and the 30th Division the next day. Both divisions moved south to the region near St. Quentin. Soon they fought in the Somme Offensive, September 23-30.