gas masks African American Officers The pilots pilots in dress uniforms African American Soldiers 1 Mule Rearing doughboys with mules Riveters

Birth of an Army: Spring 1918

In the spring of 1918, American forces were drawn into combat earlier than expected, in response to a series of major German offensives. Their performance under fire helped hold the line and turn the tide, and proved that U.S. troops were ready for action.

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The Lilly Endowment