The Kimball World War Memorial was the first memorial built in the United States to honor African-American veterans of World War I. The Classical Revival style building designed by noted West Virginia architect Hassel T. Hicks of Welch was completed in 1928 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. The War Memorial became the headquarters of the nation’s first all-black American Legion Post and hosted some of the state’s first NAACP meetings.
Unknown today by many Americans, over 400,000 African Americans volunteered to serve in combat during the Great War. 50,000 of these soldiers actually served overseas-one-third of the total U.S. fighting forces-and 1,500 of these came from McDowell County. While discriminatory military practices were still prevalent, when allowed to fight, these black soldiers did so with honor, demonstrating their valor in combat with French forces at the Battles of Argonne, Chateau Thierry, St. Mihies, Champagne, Vosges, and Metz, for which 171 were awarded the Croix de Guerre for “gallantry in action”. 1,300 were eventually commissioned as officers in the U.S. Military for their service during World War I.
The War Memorial was designed in the classical Greek style by Hassell T. Hicks, a noted Welch architect, also a World War I veteran, and was dedicated on February 11, 1928. Originally the building housed an auditorium with a small stage, a library, meeting rooms, kitchen facilities, a billiard room and a trophy room, with displays of plaques dedicated to veterans, and wartime memorabilia. It was a multi-purpose facility, hosting such diverse activities as American Legion meetings, high school proms, wedding receptions, and performances by Cab Calloway and other well-known entertainers of the day.
The Kimball War Memorial was a focal point of community life for decades, serving as a cultural and social center for all residents of McDowell County.
Over time, deterioration, abandonment and finally a fire in 1991 crippled the beautiful structure, leaving only its exterior shell.
For over 30 years, a group of citizens had been pursuing the dream of restoring the Memorial to its former glory. With the financial and other support of many, the dream became a reality. The memorial was the recipient of a 2007 Honor Award presented to by the West Virginia Chapter of the America Institute of Architects and was also featured in the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s forum as a Preservation Solution. The Memorial was also honored in 2006 with a Congressional Black Caucus Veterans Braintrust Award.
Presently, The Kimball World War Memorial was serves as a living community resource and is available for a wide variety of functions, including tours, training sessions, classes, organizational meetings, organizational dinners and receptions as well as social events.
The two-story, light-brick building stands on a sturdy cut-stone foundation. Its plan is a rectangular box with a small entrance vestibule on the east side. The facade faces south and displays a monumental classical portico centered in the middle. Four terra cotta columns stand on brick bases and support a tall terra cotta entablature. Laurel reliefs decorate the frieze section over each column. A band of dentils extends across the portico just under the cornice. Historic photographs of the building reveal a terra cotta extension over the entablature that held the words "World War Memorial". This section of the entablature has crumbled and no longer displays the building's name. A simple terra cotta parapet at the roofline flanks the centered portico and extends along the other two sides of the building.
Three pairs of door openings stand between the columns and open onto a shallow balcony, each separated by the columns' brick bases. The original doors were wood-framed, multipaned double doors with metal-framed transoms. On the second level centered over each doorway are tall, metal-framed multipaned windows in arched openings. flanking the portico are single multipaned windows on each level.
The Memorial Building's main entrance stands on the east side behind an entrance vestibule that has an arched opening. Concrete stairs with wrought iron railings ascend from the street level to the entrance. An arched window identical to the windows on the facade, is located directly above the entrance. The rear of the building holds two second-level doorways that open at ground level to the steep grade behind. The building's west side simply has a narrow chimney and two windows on each level.
Dedicated May 30, 1928. A goldfish pond that was once at the base is now filled in and planted with flowers. A machine gun was originally mounted on the raised part of the base between the two figures. Its disappearance has been the subject of news articles containing speculations about when it vanished. While it was missing in a 1997 picture that appeared in the Daily Miner, it was reported as being present at the time of a 1993 survey of outdoor sculptures.
The color picture at the left above is included to show more details of the sailor, who appears to be standing on a dock by a rope enwrapped stanchion (between his feet) as he waves his small round cap at some offshore object. Other metal "Spirit of the American Navy" sculptures accompany Doughboys at Clearwater, Florida; Naperville, Illinois; Fort Wayne, Indiana; Granite and Hobart, Oklahoma; and a stone version at Crowell, Texas. A similar Viquesney tribute to the Navy, titled "Sailor", occurs at Palatka, Florida.
Kingman, Arizona is the only known location where two Viquesney statues occur on the same pedestal (Fort Worth, Texas has a Viquesney Doughboy and a WWII G.I. on the same base, but the latter is by a different sculptor, Giordano Grassi, and was placed in 1980).
Photo credit: https://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=29398
Description credit: http://doughboysearcher.weebly.com/kingman-arizona.html
Dedicated July 10, 1927. Acquisition of the monument was sponsored by Phillips County Memorial Association, the 7-Generals Chapter of United Daughters of the Confederacy, and the City of Helena.
A part of the rifle barrel and the bayonet are missing. Needs cleaning and treatment.
The Helena Doughboy is one of only two specifically designated Viquesney Doughboys on the National Register of Historic Places. The other is at Fort Smith, Arkansas. However, at least three more Viquesney Doughboys (Spencer, Indiana, Meridian, Mississippi, and Columbia Falls, Montana) are on the grounds of locations included on the Register (close, but no cigar, as they say).
Front: (Names of 590 men are listed in 9 columns.)
Rear: To The Dead / of the / 307th Infantry A.E.F / 590 Officers and Men / 1917-1919 /
1914 - ROLL OF HONOR - 1919
IN HONOR OF THE MEN OF HOLLIS
WHO SERVED IN THE GREAT WORLD WAR
UNITED STATES ARMY
B.T. ABRAMS --- H.E. GRIMSHAW --- H.H. PLIMPTON
P.C. ALBEE --- A.T. GRINYER --- R.A.PLIMPTON
J.B. ALLISON --- H.W.GRINYER --- W.M. PRIMONT
H.D. ALLISON --- A.F.GRUNENTHAL --- M.J. REMSEN
E.P. ARMSTRONG --- C.C. GRUNENTHAL --- R. REMSEN
R.S.H. BALDWIN --- B.B. HALLECK --- H.B. RUPP
F.A. BATES --- H.W. HEINS --- W.H. RUPP
J. BEBELL --- C. HOOPER --- F.W. SCHEIDENHEIM
W.F. BEBELL --- F. HOOPER --- G.P. SCOTT
W. BEHRMAN --- E.E. JACKSON --- C. SJOBERG
M. BOLLING --- W.C. JOHNSON --- C.J. SOLAN
K.O. KLAESSIG --- H. SPOONER
W.H. BRODE --- A.F. KOLM --- W.L. STEIN
G.K. BRUNER --- FLORENCE L. LENOX ---N. STOUTENBURGH
R.V. BUCHER --- MARGARET I. STRACHAN --- P. STOUTENBURGH
W.J. BULGER --- J.J. MCDONNELL --- J.F. SYLVESTER
D.L. CANTOR --- D.B. MCGOLDRICK --- O.C. TRAPPE
W. CHROSTOWSKI --- E.A. MCGUIRE, JR. --- M.D. UTER
J.W. CLERKE --- W. MCLAUGHLIN --- J. VANDERPOOL
W.B.COLYER --- S.R. MALLETT --- A.D. VANSICLEN
B. COTTON --- D.T. MARSHALL --- C.D. VANSICLEN
R.V. CROKER --- J.T. MARSHALL --- H.R. VANSICLEN
L.L. DAVIS --- W.P. MARSHALL --- C.A. WARDLOW
R.H. FELTNER --- H.F. MERRITT --- A. WATHERSTON
W.P. FISCHER --- A. MIGLENO --- R.D. WHITE JR.
J. FITZGIBBONS --- B. NEISLOSS --- V.R. WHITE
H.O. FORWARD --- A.F. NERGER --- C.P. WILLIAMS
F. GLASER --- T. O'CALLAGHAN --- E.G. WILLIAMS
W.W. GOETZ --- J.D. OUCHTERLONEY --- F.A. WILLIAMS
C. GREGORIUS --- J.H. PHILLIPS --- J.J. WILLIAMS
T. WISNER --- G.R. WOOD
UNITED STATES NAVY
LILLIAN I. BULGER --- W.F. BUCKNER, JR. --- J. KEENAN
EDITH H. CROKER --- H.G. COLYER --- A. LYNCH
ETHEL L. FARNER --- C.E. CRAWFORD --- C.B. MALOY
H.W.R. BAUER --- B.B. DUBOCQ --- W.F. MULLER
J.H. BEDFORD --- J. GILL --- G. SUMNER
E. BENYON --- W.A. HARGRAVE --- T.G. SWEET
W.B. BORSDORF --- F.W. HASSLER --- E.S. TABER
W.J. BROWN --- L. JENSEN --- E.C. THOMSEN
M.C. VANDINE --- P. WOODS
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
A. E. FLEISCHAUER --- H.C. GREGORIUS --- J.H. SWEET
ALLIED FOREIGN SERVICE
B.V. MCGUIRE, FOREIGN LEGION --- G.V. TONNER, CANADIAN FORCES
B.F. PLIMPTON, RED CROSS --- BESSIE PLIMPTON, Y.M.C.A.
P.A. MCGUIRE, Y.M.C.A.
IN MEMORY OF THE FOLLOWING MEN
WHO MADE THE SUPREME SACRIFICE
FRANK LESTER ALEXANDER --- GEORGE GARFIELD GOETZ --- THOMAS MASON WHEELER
ERECTED / IN MEMORY OF / JOSEPH H. LYONS / BORN NOV. 13, 1891 DIED
DEC. 12, 1934
A GALLANT SOLDIER / IN THE WORLD WAR / 1917-1918/
A CIVIC MINDED CITIZEN / BELOVED BY ALL WHO KNEW HIM / PRO PATRIA/
DEDICATED BY / JAMES S. SLOSSON POST / AMERICAN LEGION / MAY 28,
In memory of the Lost Battalion. Built A.D. 1938 by Work Projects Administration. George U. Harvey Borough President of Queens.
Side 1: Erected in memory of those who died in the service of their country in the world war.
Side 2: Martin Beifus / Peter Cheslock / Harry Daly / Louis Engesser / Thomas Erb / William Foyle / Walter A. Garlinge / Anton Kiley / Frank Kowalinski / Edward Lachance / Boleslaw Wieniewski / Michael J. Imperial
Side 3: Roy Mcneil / Charles Miller / Anthony Nowak / Louis Roscoe / Frederick Scholze / Stephen Shaddock / Louis Serlin / Frank Schlereth / William Stenchever / Leo Stancievitch / Harvey Thorn / Otto Windhorst
Honor roll: Lt. Henry J. Duff --- Corp. Oscar Gardenas --- Ens. Edw. Fitzgerald --- Copr. John J. Farrell --- Ens. Sidney J. Kelly --- Corp. Ralph de Flora --- Sgt. Vincent Aitken --- Corp. Oscar E. Fleury --- Sgt. Thos. Campbell --- Corp. Tohs. Harrington --- Sgt. Edward Messer --- Corp. John. A Kiernan --- Sgt. Otto Schindler --- Corp. Geo. Micholoski --- Sgt. Wm. V. Storch --- Corp. James OConnor --- Frederick I. Allard --- Joseph P. Griffin --- John Arcomano --- Antonio Guarino --- Charles I. Ash --- Jos. A. Guglulino --- Arthur Campbell --- Clarence F. Harris --- Francis J. Carr --- Sidney W. Harris --- Patrick Corcoran --- Michael Haley --- Peter J. Crimmins --- Edward H. Hernon --- Harry M. Gundy --- Frank J. Holahan --- George P. Davis --- Thomas Kelly --- Harry Eubanks --- Patrick Jos. Kane --- Thos. M. Gaffney --- Albert J. Kern --- Thomas K. Gilroy --- Willim E. Lannan ---Benjamin Green --- Richard Mcgeehan
Front: In loving memory of those men of this district who in the war of 1917 and 1918 fought and died for freedom. Their neighbors through the Seawanhaka Democratic Club erect this monument AD MDCCCCXIX.
Back: Bernard McGonigle --- Stephen Reardon --- James D. Mckeever --- Frank Reno --- John McLoughlin --- Harold A. Roth --- Thos. J. McLoughlin --- Ferd. Santarpia --- Attilio Manfredi --- William B. Sarlo --- Jack L. Martin --- Dennis P. Sheehan --- Antonio Massoni --- Simon Stewart --- Joseph A. Mernah --- Thomas I. Stoney --- Edward Morrissey --- Alfred J. Sullivan --- John J. O'Rourke --- Joseph Wallace --- Julio Pereira --- John E. White --- Chas. E. Reardon --- Jospeh Yantorno --- William F. Devine
"LEST WE FORGET" / ERECTED IN MEMORY / OF THE / VETERANS OF BORO PARK / WHO MADE THE / SUPREME SACRIFICE / DEDICATED BY / PVT. BUD H. ALBEN POST / NO. 1436 / VETERANS OF FOREIGN WARS / OF THE UNITED STATES / 1935 /
ERECTED BY / THE CITIZENS OF / LAUREL HILL / IN MEMORY OF / THOSE WHO DIED IN / THE WORLD WAR / I - II / KOREA AND VIETNAM /
GREATER LOVE HATH NO MAN THAN THIS THAT / A MAN LAY DOWN HIS LIFE FOR HIS FRIENDS /---/ ERECTED 1926 BY THE PEOPLE OF LONG ISLAND CITY / IN HONOR OF ALL THEIR FELLOW CITIZENS WHO SERVED IN THE WORLD WAR 1914-1918
PLANTED BY / 159 MEMBERS OF THE YOUNG / AUSTRALIA LEAGUE, / AS AN AUSTRALIAN TRIBUTE / TO AMERICA'S GLORIOUS DEAD, / MARCH 14, 1929 /
ERECTED BY THE / CITIZENS OF THIS COMMVNITY / IN GRATEFVL MEMORY / OF THE MEN OF THIS VICINITY / WHO SERVED IN / THE WORLD WAR / 1917-1918 / DEDICATED SEPT. 5, 1921 /
Side 1: They faced the perils of the sea and the hidden foe beneath the waves.
Side 2: They sought no glory but their country's good.
Two Honor Rolls entitled: Died in the service of their country.
In memoriam to the men of College Point who made the supreme sacrifice during the World War, April 6, 1917 - November 11, 1918: Oscar Ammann --- Albert W. Frey --- August Biegler --- Christian Geidel ---August Breisacher --- Charles O. Mahler --- Benjamin Blue --- Thomas Mc Cormack --- Rudolph Brugger --- William J. Mohrmann --- William Buerger --- Louis Schmidt --- John H. Embree --- Emil Schwab --- John B. Endres --- Edward Stack --- Thomas Fagan --- Alfred Stengel
CAPT. GERALD MACDONALD / MEMORIAL DEDICATED BY / FOREST HILLS
POST NO. 630 / THE AMERICAN LEGION / TO THOSE WHO SERVED / IN THE WORLD WAR / 1934/
Architect: Henry Deacy