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Monuments & Memorials

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

DCWorldWarMonumen 1World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century.

In the war's aftermath, individuals, towns, cities, counties, and states all felt compelled to mark the war, as did colleges, businesses, clubs, associations, veterans groups, and houses of worship. Thousands of memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US in the 1920s and 1930s, blanketing the American landscape.

Each of these memorials, regardless of size or expense, has a story. But sadly, as we enter the war's centennial period, these memorials and their very purpose—to honor in perpetuity the more than four million Americans who served in the war and the more than 116,000 who were killed—have largely been forgotten. And while many memorials are carefully tended, others have fallen into disrepair through neglect, vandalism, or theft. Some have been destroyed. Watch this CBS news video on the plight of these monuments.

The extant memorials are our most salient material links in the US to the war. They afford a vital window onto the conflict, its participants, and those determined to remember them. Rediscovering the memorials and the stories they tell will contribute to their physical and cultural rehabilitation—a fitting commemoration of the war and the sacrifices it entailed.

Memorial Hunters Club

We are building a US WW1 Memorial register through a program called the Memorials Hunters Club. If you locate a memorial that is not on the map we invite you to upload your treasure to be permanently archived in the national register.  You can include your choice of your real name, nickname or team name as the explorers who added that memorial to the register. We even have room for a selfie! Check the map, and if you don't see the your memorial CLICK THE LINK TO ADD IT.

Filter:
Monument Park
Chicago
IL
USA
60631

1919

James J. Egan

 

World War I Monument - Wildwood

          
Memorial Park, 3300 New Jersey Ave
Wildwood
NJ
USA
08260

1927

The World War I monument in Wildwood, NJ features the helmeted head and arms of a doughboy, holding the hilt of a sword, looking over the top a tall, rectangular, granite pillar.  The sword bisects a cross, with the words loyalty, courage, sacrifice and victory in each of the four quadrants.  The monument is “Wildwood’s Tribute to the glory of her sons, 1917-1918.”  Around the four sides of the flat, rectangular, marble base are the names of six significant WWI battles abroad. 

The sculptor of the doughboy is unknown; the granite pillar was completed by O. J. Hammell of Pleasantville, NJ. 

The monument was dedicated on May 26, 1927 by Senator William Bright.  “The Wildwoods” – Wildwood, North Wildwood & Wildwood Crest – sent 33 people to serve in the war.  Three died, including one woman.  The American Legion coordinated the dedication event, which included a parade through town honoring veterans and the new monument. 

The monument was erected prominently directly across the street from the Pennsylvania Railroad Station.  Being a shore community, thousands of tourists exited the train on this spot.  The train station is long gone today, and the monument’s park is now in front of senior housing complex. 

Narrative adapted from a history of Wildwood’s parks in The Sun.

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office 
Vintage photos courtesy of:  The Sun

 
3700 E. Yandell
El Paso
TX
USA
79903
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
http://www.concordiacemetery.org/
Concordia Cemetery is a Texas State Historical Cemetery,  with over 60,000 people buried there.  In the Masonic Section of the cemetery is the Wolrd War I spire, erected in Memory of El Paso Masons who made the supreme sacrifice in World War 1917-1918. The names of the Mason's that died in WWI are engraved. There is also a Veteran interpretive sign in the main Veterans section of the cemetery that references Veterans buried in Concordia the War of 1812 to Desert Storm
 
Howard County Courthouse 8360 Court Ave.
Ellicott City
MD
USA
21043

11/11/1921

sculptor unknown

This monument was erected during the 1960s to honor veterans of the World and Korean Wars.

 
Town Hall Snow Hill, MD,
Snow Hill
MD
USA
21863

Located here is a monument to the local residents who served in four 20th century American wars.

 
 
Village of Ewell, Village Hall
Smith Island
MD
USA
21824

A monument in this small town commemorates the local residents who served in four 20th century American wars.

 

World War Memorial

      
 
805 Highway 59
Pembina
ND
USA
58271

May 30, 1920

The inscription on this memorial states "Erected by the people of Pembina Township to the memory of those who made the supreme sacrifice for Our Country in the great World War" on one side. The other side has the names of two soldiers and the date of 1918. While it was erected in 1918, the dedication was not held until May 30, 1920 with Governor Lynn J. Frazier delivering the address. The memorial was moved from its original location in Selkirk Park to the Pembina State Museum in 1998 due to a flood control project.

 

World War Memorial

          
333 Washington St
Brookline
MA
USA
02445

Dedicated on November 11th, 1958 and located right outside of Brookline's town hall, this memorial recognizes individuals from Brookline who served and who lost their lives serving in the armed forces of the United States. Specifically, the memorial lists the names of those who were killed in action during World War I, World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The inscription in the center of the memorial reads: "Dedicated to the men and women of Brookline who served their country in the armed forces of the United States of America in time of war and in loving memory of those who gave their lives." On the viewer's lefthand side of the memorial are the names of those killed in action during World War II. On the viewer's righthand are the names of those killed in action during World War I (left panel), the Vietnam War (right panel, top), and the Korean War (right panel, bottom).

 
Borough Hall, 227 Trenton Avenue
Barrington
NJ
USA
08007

This monument, located in the rear of Barrington Borough Hall, consists of a quarry-faced stone stele with a bronze plaque Honor Roll on the front.  The upper plaque takes the form of a half-star with a central spread winged eagle pierced on an American shield flanked by swags.  The monument was erected in honor of those in Barrington who served in WWI. 

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
East Palisades Avenue
Englewood
NJ
USA
07631

1923

Harry Lewis Raul

This monument was designed by sculptor Harry Lewis Raul to commemorate the citizens of Englewood, NJ who served in World War I. The bronze sculpture depicts a soldier in uniform at parade rest, mounted on a granite base. He holds his rifle in his right hand, butt on the ground, by his right foot. He holds his helmet in his left hand at his side. An American flag flies on a pole behind him.

The figure stands atop an inscribed pedestal, a projecting lower portion of an obelisk that rises to the rear of the statue. Atop the obelisk is a common World War I symbol of an eagle perched on a sphere.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) Inventory #NJ000077.

Photo courtesy of:  Greg Guderian

 
American Legion Post #281, 2101 Chews Landing Road
Gloucester
NJ
USA
08012

1919

This World War I monument is constructed of concrete and placed in a square garden bordered by colored concrete edge blocks. The lower portion of the monument, sheathed in stucco, consists of three stages, each square in cross-section descending in size as they rise.  The lower section, the base, is undecorated on each of its four faces.  The second and third stages contain bronze plaques honoring those from the township who fought in World War I.  The top stage is crowned by a stuccoed obelisk.  A small metal eagle sculpture rises from the top of the obelisk.

Photo courtesy of: NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
Kings Highway & West Atlantic Avenue
Haddon Heights
NJ
USA

The Haddon Heights memorial consists of a vertical concrete slab finished to resemble rusticated stone to which is attached a bronze plaque listing those from the borough who served in World War I. 

The memorial is located in the western portion of the VFW post lot, at 615 E. Atlantic Avenue.

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
Johnson American Legion Post 370, 430 N. Warwick Road
Magnolia
NJ
USA
08049

This memorial consists of a rectangular quarry-faced, dark granite slab with an attached plaque listing names of Magnolia residents who served in World War I. 

The memorial is located in a brick plaza that also commemorates other wars. 

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 

World War Memorial - Mays Landing

          
Veterans Park, 100 Route 50
Mays Landing
NJ
USA
08330

This monument is a shallow gable, granite slab set on a granite base.  A rectangular bronze plaque is attached to the front.  Its frame is topped by a broken pediment containing a bas-relief eagle.  The plaque contains an honor roll of Mays Landing residents who served in WWI. 

The monument is one of several in a brick plaza situated around an octagonal fountain with a sculpture of a woman rising from the raised central bowl. 

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
Route 71 (Main Street)
Neptune
NJ
USA
07756

1920

LL Manning & Son

This monument, dedicated to the people of Neptune who served in World War I, consists of a stone figure, column & base. A doughboy stands in uniform atop the column. The three-sided base is marked by inscribed bronze plaques. Three pedestals project from the corners each topped by a cannon.

The monument was purchased from LL Manning & Son, a Plainfield, NJ monument firm.  It was dedicated on Memorial Day 1920 by Rev. Edward Mount of West Grove ME Church. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000137.

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 

World War Memorial - Norwood

          
602 Broadway
Norwood
NJ
USA
07648

The Norwood World War Memorial was once a tall pedestal monument topped by a granite eagle, with a bronze honor roll plaque honoring residents who fought in WWI.  It sat in a small traffic circle in front of the Eastside Train Station.  When the station closed in the 1950s or 60s, the eagle was moved to its present location, which at that time, was the Norwood municipal building.  (It is now the Fire Department.)  The pedestal & honor roll plaque have been lost. 

(See vintage postcard image in Pictures Gallery for original monument image.)

Today, the eagle sits on a small granite pedestal, low to the ground, on the lawn of the Norwood Fire Department.  Its wings are outstretched, one talon resting on top of an American flag shield.  A small, recent plaque mounted on the pedestal front is in memory of two soldiers, presumably from Norwood, one from WWI & one from WWII. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office
Vintage Postcard courtesy of:  Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives

 
Presbyterian Church Cemetery, 35 Church Street
Rockaway
NJ
USA
07866

This monument, located in a church cemetery, consists of an upright boulder slab set on a two-part concrete base.  An brass honor roll plaque is attached to the front.  The plaque contains an elaborate eagle in relief and the list of names of Rockaway residents who served in WWI. 

Photo courtesy of:  Bill Coughlin & Historical Marker Database

 

World War Memorial - Vineland

          
600 East Park Avenue
Vineland
NJ
USA
08360

Vineland's World War I memorial, located in Landis Park, consists of an upright slab of quarry-faced granite to which is mounted a bronze plaque containing the names of all those from Vineland who served in the war. 

Landis Park, named for Charles Landis, the founder of Vineland, was developed as the city's memorial park with a series of monuments honoring those who served in each of the country's major foreign conflicts. The WWI monument is the first one encounters when entering the main drive off Park Avenue. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office
Vintage postcard courtesy of:  Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives

 
Veterans Park, 5504 JFK Boulevard East
West New York
NJ
USA
07093

1936

Works Progress Adminstration (WPA)

This unusual pyramid-shaped World War I memorial sits along the Hudson River, with the Manhattan skyline as its backdrop.  It is a concrete structure, painted white, sitting on a two-stepped base. 

On the front center face are three square, bronze bas-relief panels, placed in a vertical line.  The top panel features the bust of a WWI soldier; the middle the bust of a WWI sailor; the bottom panel the bust of a WWI female nurse. 

A plaque on the side of the memorial says it was built by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in 1935-36.  On the front, horizontally beneath the above panels, are plaques listing the names of the workers. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000587.

Photo courtesy of:  World War I Centennial Commission website 

 

World War Memorial and Honor Roll

          
New Haven
CT
USA
06511

The monument was placed on the original site of the Liberty Pole.

Designed by architect Douglas Orr and sculptor Michele Martino, the flagpole is surrounded by a white marble frieze on a six sided base.

Flattened figures of "Peace" and "War," along with two female personifications of the armed services appear on the frieze.

 
Escanaba
MI
USA
49829
"In memory of our American soldiers" 
 
 
107 2nd Avenue NE.
Belfield
ND
USA
58622

September 30th, 1937

Also known as Memorial Hall, the World War Memorial Auditorium was built through the Works Progress Administration program and dedicated on September 30, 1937. The Art Deco building has been used for community functions such as graduations, dances, and sporting events as well as for city offices, police department offices, and by the American Legion.

 
 
215 6th St.
Bismarck
ND
USA
58501

Andrew Weinberger

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The World War Memorial Building was built in 1930 to provide space for community functions, a national guard armory, gymnasium, and convention hall. It was also used by the ND State Legislature in 1931 after the original capitol building had burned and hosted numerous Inaugural Balls for the ND Governors. The steel-framed building was built in the Art Deco style by Andrew Weinberger and still serves as a community gymnasium.

 
 
510 4th Ave NE
Devils Lake
ND
USA
58301

John Marshall

Ramsey County approved $100,000 in funds for this building in 1934 and ultimately some Public Works Adminsitration funds were also used. John Marshall of Devils Lake (originally from Scotland) designed the building to serve as a community recreation center and armory. The design pulled from the popular Art Deco and Art Moderne styles of the time and includes three relief panels depicting agricultural products over the entrance

 
 
300 1st St NW
Mandan
ND
USA
58554

1934

This memorial building was started in 1932 and dedicated in 1934 despite only being partially built. It was completed in 1937 with the help of Works Progress Administration funds and originally had the largest indoor swimming pool in the state in the basement. The pool was removed in the 1960s. It also had an auditorium that could seat 3000 people but now houses city government. This building is currently threatened with demolition to make way for new offices.

 

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