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Monuments & Memorials

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

DCWorldWarMonumen 1World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century.

In the war's aftermath, individuals, towns, cities, counties, and states all felt compelled to mark the war, as did colleges, businesses, clubs, associations, veterans groups, and houses of worship. Thousands of memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US in the 1920s and 1930s, blanketing the American landscape.

Each of these memorials, regardless of size or expense, has a story. But sadly, as we enter the war's centennial period, these memorials and their very purpose—to honor in perpetuity the more than four million Americans who served in the war and the more than 116,000 who were killed—have largely been forgotten. And while many memorials are carefully tended, others have fallen into disrepair through neglect, vandalism, or theft. Some have been destroyed. Watch this CBS news video on the plight of these monuments.

The extant memorials are our most salient material links in the US to the war. They afford a vital window onto the conflict, its participants, and those determined to remember them. Rediscovering the memorials and the stories they tell will contribute to their physical and cultural rehabilitation—a fitting commemoration of the war and the sacrifices it entailed.

Memorial Hunters Club

We are building a US WW1 Memorial register through a program called the Memorials Hunters Club. If you locate a memorial that is not on the map we invite you to upload your treasure to be permanently archived in the national register.  You can include your choice of your real name, nickname or team name as the explorers who added that memorial to the register. We even have room for a selfie! Check the map, and if you don't see the your memorial CLICK THE LINK TO ADD IT.

 

WWI Memorial - Newfoundlandzoom
Route 513 & Route 23
Newfoundland
NJ
USA
07435

The Newfoundland World War I Memorial is a rough cast rectangular granite slab on a dressed granite base.  A bronze plaque with a green patina has an eagle in relief, and lists the men from Newfoundland who sacrificed their lives in the war. 

It is an important remnant of the former civic center of Newfoundland that was situated in the vicinity of the adjacent rail station. 

(Newfoundland is an unincorporated community located along the border of West Milford in Passaic County & Jefferson in Morris County, NJ.) 

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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WWI Memorial - North Bergenzoom
4233 Kennedy Boulevard
North Bergen
NJ
USA
07047

This World War I granite memorial sits on the lawn of North Bergen’s Municipal building.  It consists of a slab base with a canted top.  The face of the monument is a thick granite slab with a rounded top, flanked by wings extending to either side to form capstones for battered flanking piers.  Mounted to the center of the slab is a bronze plaque honor roll with vertical oak leaf edges, and an elaborate half-oval pediment flanked by scroll work. 

The half-oval pediment contains a bas-relief depiction of Liberty standing on an orb of the world, her arms outstretched, holding a garland behind her.  She is flanked by a soldier and a sailor.  The rays of a rising sun over the ocean radiate behind the figures outward.  Other elements include an airplane at lower right and a tank at lower left.  A gun carriage with a cannon sits behind the soldier.  A scroll legend at the top of the pediment reads, “Roll of Honor.” 

The figures stand above a platform that reads, “For God and Country.”  The honor roll lists the names of 38 North Bergen residents who fought in the war. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office 

 
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WWI Memorial - Orangezoom
Military Commons, Main & Hickory Streets
Orange
NJ
USA
07050
http://www.hmdb.org/Marker.asp?Marker=49231
1923

This memorial is one of three in Orange, NJ.

It is a vertical boulder slab with a rectangular bronze honor roll plaque mounted to the front.  The honor roll memorializes area residents who died in WWI. 

The memorial was erected by area veterans' groups in 1923. 

Photo credit: Bill Coughlin & Historical Marker Database

 
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WWI Memorial - Pitmanzoom
Ballard Park, South Broadway
Pitman
NJ
USA
08071
1919

The Pitman World War I Memorial is located downtown in Ballard Park. It lists an Honor Roll of Pitman residents who served. 

The rectangular bronze plaque is mounted on a 6' quarry-faced granite stele with an arched top, on which perches a bronze eagle.  The plaque has 3 framed panels at its top, with the Great Seal of the US flanked by vegetative decoration. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
WWI Memorial - Pompton Lakeszoom
Hamburg Turnpike & Wanaque Avenue
Pompton Lakes
NJ
USA
07442
1920

The Pompton Lakes memorial consists of a small bronze plaque featuring a raised frame, upper shoulders, arched pediment, and bottom corner mutules. The top central portion of the monument features an eagle with its wings outstretched atop crossed partially furled flags.

The monument reads: "1917-1919. In honor of the men who served in the Army or Navy of the United States of American in the World War. This tablet is erected by the Borough of Pompton Lakes, N.J."

Photo courtesy of:  Bill Coughlin & Historical Marker Database

 
WWI Memorial - Pottervillezoom
Potterville
MI
USA
48876

WWI Memorial - Potterville

The park contains memorials to several different wars. There are benches to sit on, and plenty of parking in the street.

This memorial is a large boulder with a plaque.

The plaque reads:
"In honor of the students of Potterville School who served in the World War 1914-1918" and there is a list of names readable in the gallery photo.

 
WWI Memorial - Prowers County Courthouse Squarezoom
301 S. Main St
Lamar
CO
USA
81052
 
WWI Memorial - Riverdalezoom
Riverdale Public Elementary School, 52 Pompton Turnpike
Riverdale
NJ
USA
07457
c.1929
Pietro Montana

This memorial depicts a World War I soldier, his jacket is open in the front and he wears an ammunition belt.  The figure is cast metal that has been painted, and sits on a red granite base.  A bronze plaque on the base dedicates the memorial to Riverdale residents who served in the war. 

Originally located on private property at the intersection of Hamburg & Newark turnpikes in Riverdale, it was moved to its current location in front of Riverdale Elementary School in 1963. 

The statue was removed from its base in June 2016 due to deterioration.  The plaque & base remain in place. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000607. 

Photo courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

 
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WWI Memorial - Sayrevillezoom
Borough Hall, 167 Main Street
Sayreville
NJ
USA
08872
1919

The Sayreville WWI Memorial contains a modern reproduction of the original bronze Honor Roll plaque, listing residents who served in the Great War.  The entire monument consists of two flanking square shafts of yellow-gray brick of uneven height with faux corner quoins ornamentation.  Originally crowned with corbeled brick battlements, this ornamentation has been replaced by concrete slab caps. The two shafts are joined together by a shorter brick wall which supports the bronze plaque containing the names of approximately the 350 local men who served.  

The Honor Roll plaque, which is crowned by a semi-ovoid decorative panel containing the figure of Liberty striding forward atop a globe, flanked by a sailor to her left and a solder to her right.  This panel is flanked by scroll brackets. 

The monument was designed by Monsignor William Gilfillan, of Our Lady of Victories Roman Catholic Church.  It was one of the first WWI monuments erected in the US.  Built by local men of local materials, the bricks were donated by the Sayre & Fisher Brick Company - the borough's major industry. 

Source:  Sayreville Historical Society

Vintage images courtesy of Sayreville Historical Society 
Photos courtesy of NJ State Historic Preservation Office 

 
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WWI Memorial - Sea Isle Cityzoom
JFK Boulevard & Landis Avenue
Sea Isle City
NJ
USA
08243

This World War I monument, centered in a grassy area, consists of a rusticated, pink granite stele set on a concrete slab.  A bronze plaque with eared corners & a semi-oval top projection, is attached to the stele, and honors local residents who fought in the war. 

A circular plaque with a laurel wreath & five-point bas-relief star is centered above the honor roll, honoring an individual veteran. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office 

 
WWI Memorial - South Riverzoom
Old School Baptist Church, 64 Main Street (Rt. 535)
South River
NJ
USA
08882

This monument consists of a WWI doughboy statue atop a quarry-faced stone base & concrete slab.  The soldier stands at attention with his rifle in his right hand with the butt resting on the ground.

A bronze plaque on the front of the monument contains an honor roll of local residents who served in WWI. 

Photo courtesy of:  RC & Historical Marker Database

 
WWI Memorial - Spring Lake Community Housezoom
300 Madison Avenue
Spring Lake
NJ
USA
07762
1923

The Spring Lake Community House is one of a small number of functional memorials constructed in New Jersey.  It was dedicated to those who served in World War I and as a center for the community for 'social and educational purposes.' 

Funds for the Community House were donated by Oliver H. Brown, a prominent Spring Lake civic leader, politician and philanthropist.  He was elected in 1896 to the NJ State Assembly,and served as a delegate to the 1900 Republican National Convention.  He later simultaneously held the offices of mayor of Spring Lake and NJ State Senator.  Brown was a leading businessman who owned OH Brown's Furniture Store, and served as president of the First National Bank of Spring Lake. 

The building was designed by New York architect, Frank Eaton Newman and built by local contractor, Horace Moore.  The Tudor Revival structure houses the Spring Lake Library, a 350-seat theater, and meeting rooms.  Since 1978, the Spring Lake Theatre Company has called it their home. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office 

 
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WWI Memorial - Summitzoom
Town Park, Park, Elm & Broad Streets
Summit
NJ
USA
07901

This memorial consists of an 8' tall bronze figure of an angel standing atop a 7' polished pink granite base.  The angel with full-length wings, is dressed in a long, loose-fitting tunic, stands with its left arm raised up to its chest. The inscribed base is decorated around the upper perimeter with a bronze relief depicting marching World War I soldiers carrying rifles. 

The memorial was erected by the people of Summit, to honor the men of the community who died in WWI. 

The noted sculptress, E. Barretto Parsons was a native of Halifax, VA & studied at the Art League of New York under Daniel Chester French. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000241 & the NY Times obituary of E. Barretto Parsons. 

Photos courtesy of:  Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

 
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WWI Memorial - Teaneckzoom
Library exterior, Teaneck Road & Cedar Lane
Teaneck
NJ
USA
07666

The Teaneck memorial is a bronze plaque mounted to the exterior wall of the community’s public library. An elaborate design, it features a frame with shelf sills & lintels, and a relief eagle with wings spread crowning the frame. The plaque contains an honor roll recognizing Teaneck residents who served in WWI.

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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WWI Memorial - Tenaflyzoom
County & Piermont Roads
Tenafly
NJ
USA
07670
1923

This World War I memorial consists of a white marble rectangular pillar with multiple tiers.  It is capped with an oval shield listing the war dates of 1917-1918.  On the face of the pillar is a bronze eagle above a protruding marble shelf adorned by a garland wreath.  Originally, the eagle perched on top of a bronze sphere which rested on the shelf, however the sphere is no longer there. 

Beneath the garlanded shelf is attached a vertical rectangular bronze plaque dedicating the memorial to all Tenafly residents who served in the war, and listing the five men who gave their lives.  The memorial was refurbished in 1996. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office
Vintage postcard courtesy of: Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives

 
WWI Memorial - Tuckertonzoom
Greenwood Cemetery, 501 N. Green Street
Tuckerton
NJ
USA
08087
1920

This memorial consists of a bronze honor roll mounted on a rusticated granite pillar listing the men who served from Tuckerton, NJ in World War I.   

It was created by the diligent efforts of the King's Daughters with the support of the  "Tuckerton Beacon" newspaper, which proudly detailed all the individuals who had subscribed to the $500 memorial fund. 

The monument was relocated to Greenwood Cemetery in 1925 after rising waters had undermined its foundation in its original location on Route 9 at Lake Pohatcong. 

Photo courtesy of:  Ocean County Cultural & Heritage Commission 

 
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WWI Memorial - West Berlinzoom
Veterans Park, Veterans Way/3rd Ave/Clarence Ave
West Berlin
NJ
USA
08091

This WWI monument consists of two parts.  An rectangular granite slab contains a gabled bronze honor roll set in a frame with an upside-down shield in the gable. 

Placed on the ground in front of the slab is a bronze plaque set on a granite slab dedicating the monument to West Berlin residents who served in the war.  This plaque is dominated by an elaborate relief depiction of a flying eagle above crossed cannons, & a ribbon labeled, "Roll of Honor."  Behind the eagle is the depiction of several partially unfurled flags. 

The monument is located in Veterans Park alongside monuments honoring those who served in other wars. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

consists of two parts. On the ground is a bronze plaque set on a granite slab. This plaque notes the dedication of the monument to the members of the community who served in World Ward I. It is dominated by an elaborate relief depiction of a flying eagle above crossed cannons  and a ribbon labeled "Roll of Honor." Behind the eagle are several partially furled flags. Behind this plaque is n upright rectangular granite slab to which is attached a gabled bronze honor roll set in a frame with an upside down shield in the gable.
 
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WWI Memorial - West Patersonzoom
McBride Ave & Brophy Lane
West Paterson
NJ
USA
07424
1925

The West Paterson WWI Memorial consists of a bronze Honor Roll plaque from the original 1925 memorial, that has been placed on a new, contemporary, vertical granite slab.  The plaque features reliefs of an eagle with spread wings across the top; and in the four corners, images of a battleship, airplane, artillery piece and stacked rifles. The plaque indicates it was erected in honor of the men of West Paterson who served their country during the Great War. 

The original monument, no longer extant, was dedicated  on July 4, 1925 and designed by an unknown sculptor.  It featured a bronze eagle with outspread wings standing on a globe, with the plaque  mounted on a tall, rectangular granite base.

Narrative partially adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000299.

Photos credit:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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WWI Memorial - Woodstown, NJzoom
Ashbrooke Avenue
Woodstown
NJ
USA
08098

A small memorial plaque sits beside Woodstown's Memorial Lake, both named in memory of local resident Charles F. Pancoast, Jr. who died in World War I.  The local American Legion Post is also named after him.

Today, additional veterans' memorials have been added both to the plaque and the site, commemorating other wars.  Two mounted cannons are also on display. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
WWI Memorial at Louisville Cemeteryzoom
2195 Empire Road
Louisville
CO
USA
80027
An Honor Roll Monument to men from Louisville, Colorado who served in WWI, located in a local cemetery.
 
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WWI Memorial Boulderzoom
Memorial Point, Evergreen Park -- intersection of Fraley, Chestnut, and Birch Streets
Kane
PA
USA
16735
 
WWI Memorial Cannon - Garfieldzoom
Dahnerts Lake County Park
Garfield
NJ
USA
07026
1935

This memorial cannon sits atop a raised, rectangular concrete platform.  It has a metal carriage and features a riveted metal shield for protection to those who fired it. 

An adjacent granite monument reads, "Presented by Garfield Post 255, American Legion.  Dedicated in memory of our deceased comrades.  May 30, 1935." 

Photo courtesy of:  Sheena Chi

 
WWI Memorial Cenotaph - Morristownzoom
Municipal Building Plaza, 110 South Street
Morristown
NJ
USA
07960
http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=32793
1928
Joseph Nicolosi

This monument consists of an oblong granite base and a vertical granite slab adorned on the front with a bronze relief of a female figure representing Winged Victory.  She stands with her leg, hand & wing extended over the heads of a group of marching World War I soldiers.  She holds a palm frond in her right hand.  She is barefoot & dressed in a sleeveless, ankle-length robe with armor on her upper torso.

The monument was installed by the city to honor the Morristown men who died in WWI.  It was dedicated in 1928, on the 10th anniversary of the signing of the Armistice.  The monument & its setting were designed by John R. Brinley & John S. Holbrook, civil engineers of Morristown. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000354. 

Photo courtesy of:  Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

 
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WWI Memorial Gates - Ocean Grovezoom
Route 71 & Main Street
Ocean Grove
NJ
USA
07753
L. Manning & Sons

The memorial entry gates to Ocean Grove flank Main Street at the corner of Route 71. The two posts are set on concrete bases and have shafts marked with a series of squarish and oblong brick panels in the center of each side.  The remainder of the gateposts are sheathed in sandstone. The shafts are topped with capitals made of two stone slabs. Copper & frosted glass cylindrical lanterns sit atop the capitals. 

A bronze plaque mounted on the west side of the south gatepost identifies the gateposts as a memorial to those who fought in World War I.

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
WWI Memorial Honor Roll - Cranfordzoom
350 Springfield Avenue
Cranford
NJ
USA
07016
1920
L. Manning & Sons

Originally located in Josiah Crane Park, where it was dedicated in May 1920, the monument was relocated to Memorial Park in 1958. The Cranford monument consists of two vertical, smooth-faced granite slabs set on horizontal granite slab bases - one commemorating WWI, the other, WWII.  Both slabs contain a large bronze plaque listing all of those individuals from Cranford and vicinity who served in the wars. The WWI plaque is surmounted by a bronze, double-headed eagle with outstretched wings, perched on rocks.

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 

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