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Monuments & Memorials

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

DCWorldWarMonumen 1World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century.

In the war's aftermath, individuals, towns, cities, counties, and states all felt compelled to mark the war, as did colleges, businesses, clubs, associations, veterans groups, and houses of worship. Thousands of memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US in the 1920s and 1930s, blanketing the American landscape.

Each of these memorials, regardless of size or expense, has a story. But sadly, as we enter the war's centennial period, these memorials and their very purpose—to honor in perpetuity the more than four million Americans who served in the war and the more than 116,000 who were killed—have largely been forgotten. And while many memorials are carefully tended, others have fallen into disrepair through neglect, vandalism, or theft. Some have been destroyed. Watch this CBS news video on the plight of these monuments.

The extant memorials are our most salient material links in the US to the war. They afford a vital window onto the conflict, its participants, and those determined to remember them. Rediscovering the memorials and the stories they tell will contribute to their physical and cultural rehabilitation—a fitting commemoration of the war and the sacrifices it entailed.

Memorial Hunters Club

We are building a US WW1 Memorial register through a program called the Memorials Hunters Club. If you locate a memorial that is not on the map we invite you to upload your treasure to be permanently archived in the national register.  You can include your choice of your real name, nickname or team name as the explorers who added that memorial to the register. We even have room for a selfie! Check the map, and if you don't see the your memorial CLICK THE LINK TO ADD IT.

Filter:
Muncie
IN
USA
47304

August 13, 1939

Displays one of E. M. Viquesney's "Spirit of the American Doughboy" sculptures.
 
 
Dighton Junior High School Somerset Ave.
Dighton
MA
USA
02715

A granite marker has attached to it a bronze plaque in memory of the 118 Dighton men who served in WWI. It was dedicated on November 11, 1935, about 150 feet from where it now sits.

 
5401 Courthouse Circle
Eastman
GA
USA
31023
http://www.dodgecountyga.com/

October 14, 1984

Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch

Granite monument listing war dead from Eastman County for the major conflicts.  Inscription:  “Dedicated to All Those Who Served and In Memory of Those Who Paid the Supreme Sacrifice So We Might Live Free of Oppression and Tyranny.” 


Thirty-nine names are listed for WW1. 

“Dedicated Oct. 14, 1984, as a joint project of the Eastman Kiwanis Club and the American Legion Post #126.”

 
104 S. 2nd Street
Vienna
GA
USA
31092

Photos courtesy of Janet Joiner, Community Development Director

Located at the front entrance of the Dooly County Courthouse, this Granite memorial contains four bronze plaques, one each for WWI, WWII, Korea, and Vietnam. Inscription: “Dedicated to the Honor and Sacrifice of our Men and Women who Served our Country in War and Peace.”

 
High and Water Streets
Cambridge
MD
USA
21613

Granite monument dedicated to recipients of the Distinguished Service Cross and memorial fountain, located in Long Wharf Park

 

Doughboy - Cliffside Park

          
Memorial Park, Edgewater Road & Palisade Avenue
Cliffside Park
NJ
USA
07010

This monument commemorates the soldiers from Cliffside Park, NJ who served in World War I.  It was dedicated on Decoration Day 1929. 

The bronze sculpture depicts a WWI soldier leaning on his left foot. He is wearing his uniform, ragged on both arms, a helmet and carrying a rifle on his left shoulder. His left hand is holding the rife strap, his right hand is hooked to the ammunition belt hanging around his hips. He is wearing a gas mask on his chest & a canteen on his right hip. 

On February 12, 1950, the monument was rededicated and a new plaque was added to include the names of the soldiers who gave their lives in WWII. The new plaque, made of polished labradorite, covers the original inscription on the stone base. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000379.

Photos courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) 

 

Doughboy - Eatontown

          
Veterans Plaza, Wampum Park, Route 35 & West Street
Eatontown
NJ
USA
07724

1922

This World War I monument consists of an approx. 5' tall sculpture placed upon a square base about 5' high.  A plaque with raised lettering on the front of the base indicates this was erected to honor the men of Eatontown who served in the war. 

The sculpture itself depicts a WWI doughboy at parade rest with his left foot forward.  The soldier clasps the barrel of a rifle with both hands. The butt of the rifle rests on the ground near his right foot.  He wears a wide-brimmed hat, a belted jacket and his pants are tucked into wrappings that cover both calves. There is a tree trunk behind his left leg.

The monument was purchased from LL Manning & Son, a Plainfield, NJ monument company. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000434. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 

Doughboy - Haddon Township

          
Westmont Fire Company, 120 Haddon Avenue
Haddon Township
NJ
USA
08108

1920

Richard Walter Bock

The Haddon Township Doughboy is one of the iconic figures not designed by Visquesney. It was, instead, designed by sculptor Richard Walter Bock who had been born in Germany in 1865. In 1870, his family emigrated to Chicago where his father opened a cabinet making business. Bock began his art education in the United States but returned to his native country and France to complete his training.

Bock opened a sculpture studio in Chicago, designed sculptures for the World’s Fair Columbian Exposition, and gained notice by his interior bas-reliefs for the city’s Schiller Theatre designed by famed Chicago architect, Louis Sullivan. While working with Sullivan, Bock became acquainted with the architect’s draftsman, Frank Lloyd Wright. Bock became a friend of Wright’s and designed numerous sculptures for Wright buildings.

In 1928, Bock was selected as head of the Sculpture Department at the University of Oregon. He retired from the University in 1932, and died in 1949. In his memoirs, Bock described the Haddon Township commission:

Following the War, I had  a number of commissions commemorating that unhappy event. One was a very conventional statue made as a civic monument for Jersey City, New Jersey. It was a realistic charging soldier with a fixed bayonet, titled “Over the Top.”…In a small size, about four feet tall, it was widely copied for schools all over the county.”

One cast of his Jersey City sculpture is located in Haddon Township, Camden County. It includes a pedestal on which the 81 Township residents who served in the war are commemorated, The monument originally stood in front of Westmont School #1, located at the intersection of Haddon and Reeve Avenues. In 1961, the sculpture was moved to its present location, in front of the Westmont Firehouse on Haddon Avenue. The monument was dedicated in 1920.

Narrative adapted from Sandra White-Grear, “The Haddon Township Doughboy,” edited and added to by William Brahms, Haddon Township Historical Society, 2010.

Photos courtesy of:  Haddon Township Historical Society

 
50 S High St
Romney
WV
USA
26757

This stone sculpture honoring Hampshire County, WV veterans who gave there lives in World War I is officially name Doughboy - World War I.

The text of the monument reads:

IN HONOR OF/HAMPSHIRE'S SONS WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES/AND THEIR SERVICE IN THE WORLD WAR/"WE ARE THE DEAD/SHORT DAYS AGO WE LIVED/FELT DAWN, SAW SUNSET GLOW/LOVED AND WERE LOVED"/(list of twenty seven county dead)/ERECTED BY THE HAMPSHIRE REVIEW/1928

 

Doughboy - Highland Park

          
Veterans Memorial Park, 609 Raritan Avenue
Highland Park
NJ
USA
08904

1921

This monument depicts a World War I soldier in uniform standing at parade rest. Both hands grasp the barrel of his rifle, the butt of which rests on the ground.

The monument was sponsored by Amos Wheatley and dedicated to veterans of The Great War. It was purchased from LL Manning & Son, a Plainfield, NJ monument company. 

It was rededicated in 1989 as part of a refurbishing project at Veterans' Memorial Park. The figure was knocked slightly off its original position by a collision with a tractor trailer truck.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory NJ000048.

Photos courtesy of: Sheena Chi

 

Doughboy - Middletown

      
Church Street
Middletown
NJ
USA
07718

c.1930

This World War I monument consists of a life-size statue of a doughboy standing at attention in full uniform with the barrel of a rifle in his right hand and the butt of the rifle on the ground.  The figure is set upon a granite plinth, square in cross-section, with an angled top, resting on a rusticated granite slab. 

A bronze plaque mounted on the front of the plinth contains the names of local soldiers from Belford, Port Monmouth & New Monmouth, NJ who served in the war.  The monument sits on a low mound to heighten its prominence.  It was purchased from LL Manning & Son, a Plainfield, NJ monument company. 

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office 

 

Doughboy - Palisades Park

          
Police Station, Central & Broad
Palisades Park
NJ
USA
07650

This monument consists of a bronze WWI soldier in uniform holding a rifle in his left hand & a grenade in his right hand.  He wears a helmet, shirt, belt with packs, pants & boots.

It appears this statue was recently moved from its original granite base to the current polished black stone, 3-tiered base. 

The original bronze honor roll plaque has been restored and mounted on a separate, nearby stone pillar. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
Routes 33 & 526
Robbinsville
NJ
USA

1920

This World War I doughboy statue is fabricated from concrete - one of four in the state of NJ using that material.  The 7' figure stands atop a 10' tall, square pedestal inscribed with the names of 15 men from Washington Township, NJ who served in The Great War. 

The land for the memorial was donated by resident & Civil War veteran, John Yard in 1919.  The monument was purchased from LL Manning & Son, a Plainfield, NJ monument company.  It was unveiled on October 16, 1920 with more than 1,000 people in attendance. 

Narrative adapted from Cathy Zahn, "Nearly a Century Old, but Doughboy's Message of Patriotism is Timeless," Robbinsville Sun website.

Photo Credit:  Sheena Chi

 

Doughboy - Wanaque

      
Wanaque Borough Hall, 579 Ringwood Ave
Wanaque
NJ
USA
07465

1926

Gaetano Federici

This version of a doughboy was sculpted by Italian-American sculptor Gaetano Federici who emigrated to the United States and settled in Paterson.

The memorial consists of a statue of a World War I soldier mounted on a rectangular base. The base is flanked by four steles commemorating other wars. The soldier is painted bronze and stands with a rifle, butt end down in his left hand. At his side, he holds a grenade in his clenched right fist. The sculpture is mounted on a square base with a commemorative plaque on the front. It was originally dedicated on Memorial Day 1926 on the grounds of the community house in Midvale.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000307.

Photo courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

 

Doughboy -- Bullhead

      
Bullhead Veteran's Memorial Park, near intersection of Bullhead Rd and Sitting Bull Ave
Bullhead
SD
USA
57621

Description and photo from The E.M. Viquesney Doughboy Database

This monument is one of just two Viquesney Doughboys which specifically recognize the service of Native Americans in World War I. Muskogee, Oklahoma's recognizes "The Five Civilized Tribes" of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. For preservation purposes, the Doughboy has been heavily painted. The predominant color is green, but the face and hands are white, puttees (leggings) and shoes black, and the rifle and field pack brown. It appears to be in good condition, but the bayonet is missing.The Standing Rock Sioux Reservation is located just west of the Missouri River in both North and South Dakota. The larger portion is in South Dakota, but tribal offices are at Fort Yates, North Dakota, about 10 miles north of the line between the states. Bullhead is about 15 miles south of the line.

The inscription on the plaque on the front of the base reads:

DEDICATED TO THE
MEMORY OF THOSE WHO MADE
THE SUPREME SACRIFICE
AND HONOR OF THOSE
WHO SERVED IN THE WORLD WAR
1917-18
------------

PRESENTED BY
THE HUNKPAPA BAND OF SIOUX NATION
JUNE 29, 1935

The inscription on a plaque on the rear of the base reads:

HONOR ROLL
(followed by 8 names with stars)

DIED FROM EFFECTS OF WAR
(followed by 10 names)

SERVICE OVERSEAS
(followed by 12 names)

SERVICE WITH THE FLAG
(followed by 21 names)

The plaque was also made by E. M. Viquesney.  Many of the names listed are tribal, rather than “Anglicized”.

Picture

Although the presentation date on the plaque reads June 29, 1935, the unveiling ceremony was held four days later on July 3. A photograph and description of the unveiling ceremony can be seen at Digital Horizons. Background details in that old photo suggest that the statue and flagpole might have been later moved a short distance to the present location.

 

Doughboy -- Lonaconing

          
Corner of E Main St and Pershing St
Lonaconing
MD
USA
21539

1925

This memorial plaque and statue are dedicated to those from Lonaconing who died in service during World War 1.

 

Doughboy -- McMinnville

          
535 NE 5th St, Yamhill County Courthouse
McMinnville
OR
USA
97128

November 11, 1923

E.M. Viquesney

This Doughboy was originally dedicated to the Yamhill County soldiers of the World War in 1923, but its base now also contains plaques memorializing servicemembers in later wars. It is located in a small park adjacent to the Yamhill County Courthouse.

 

Doughboy -- Wildwood

          
3300 New Jersey Ave
Wildwood
NJ
USA
08260

Unknown Battles around base: :Chateau Thierry, Belleau Wood Cantigay, Meuse Argonne, Soissons St. Mihiel. On wreath: Loyalty, Courage, Sacrifice, Victory Located at 38deg, 59', 31N", 74deg, 48"52"W

 
Danbury
CT
USA
06810
 

Doughboy Memorial

          
101 N. Orange Ave.
Eufaula
AL
USA
36027

January 11, 1925

Erected by the Service Star Legion Porter Doughtie Chapter.
 

Doughboy Memorial

      
 
1 Park St.
Headland
AL
USA
36345

June 17, 1926

 

Doughboy Memorial

      
 
Basin Spring Park, Spring St.
Eureka Springs
AR
USA
72632

Basin Spring Park, Spring St. Eureka Springs, AR; City of Eureka Springs, Parks Commission, 44 S. Main Sr., Eureka Springs, AR 72632; Outdoors. Free,
In the early 1920s, this stone sculpture was erected as part of a fieldstone drinking fountain. It depicts a WWI soldier standing at parade rest, with both hands on the barrel of his rifle

 

Doughboy Memorial -- Monticello

          
Intersection of Main St and Columbia Ave
Monticello
KY
USA
42633
http://doughboysearcher.weebly.com/monticello-kentucky.html

April 8, 1923

This memorial was dedicated on April 8, 1923 to honor the 23 Wayne Countians who died in WWI.

 

Doughboy Monument

      
School Street, Route 12
Winchendon
MA
USA
01475

Located at the intersection of West Street and School Street (US Route 12) in Winchendon, Massachusetts. Monument was fully refurbished in 1998. My Dad was responsible for the renovation. There is a time capsule placed under the base of the monument. The monument is one of the stops along the parade route each Memorial Day.

 

Doughboy Monument -- Astoria

          
Astoria
OR
USA
97103

The Doughboy Monument is a large monument built to commemorate the soldiers who fought in The First World War. This monument is surrounded by grassy lawns and houses a public restroom. The monument was constructed in 1926.

 

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