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Monuments & Memorials

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

DCWorldWarMonumen 1World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century.

In the war's aftermath, individuals, towns, cities, counties, and states all felt compelled to mark the war, as did colleges, businesses, clubs, associations, veterans groups, and houses of worship. Thousands of memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US in the 1920s and 1930s, blanketing the American landscape.

Each of these memorials, regardless of size or expense, has a story. But sadly, as we enter the war's centennial period, these memorials and their very purpose—to honor in perpetuity the more than four million Americans who served in the war and the more than 116,000 who were killed—have largely been forgotten. And while many memorials are carefully tended, others have fallen into disrepair through neglect, vandalism, or theft. Some have been destroyed. Watch this CBS news video on the plight of these monuments.

The extant memorials are our most salient material links in the US to the war. They afford a vital window onto the conflict, its participants, and those determined to remember them. Rediscovering the memorials and the stories they tell will contribute to their physical and cultural rehabilitation—a fitting commemoration of the war and the sacrifices it entailed.

Memorial Hunters Club

We are building a US WW1 Memorial register through a program called the Memorials Hunters Club. If you locate a memorial that is not on the map we invite you to upload your treasure to be permanently archived in the national register.  You can include your choice of your real name, nickname or team name as the explorers who added that memorial to the register. We even have room for a selfie! Check the map, and if you don't see the your memorial CLICK THE LINK TO ADD IT.

 

Alfred Skitt Reed Memorialloupe
Town Hall, Main St.
Great Barrington
MA
USA
01230

H.L. Movius designed this pair of curved granite benches, with ends formed as wings with three-toed claws, all placed on a wide-semicircular granite base. This was a gift of Mrs. F.B. Robins of Toronto, Ontario, in 1926 in memory of her son. Alfred Skitt Reed, a veteran of WWI.

 
All Crawfordsville Veterans in War & Peace Memorialloupe
Crawfordsville
IN
USA
47933
July 14, 1980
 
All Veterans Memorial Monument And Flag Poleloupe
Southwest Watson Avenue, Central Beaverton
Beaverton
OR
USA
97005

Erected in part by Beaverton “Barracks 1760, Veterans Of World War 1”. Dedicated: “August 1980

 

Bronze Plaque At Base Of Adjacent Flag Pole Reads

 

      Donated By Beaverton Posts

    4617 Veterans Of Foreign Wars

             124 American Legion

Barracks 1760, Veterans Of World Wart 1

 

The Fayetteville County, TX one is a bit more difficult, because the granite monument says one thing, and in actuality, that has been changed.  It says the plaques listing soldiers names are inside the courthouse when they have been moved outside and attached to metal stands around the granite monument.  

In addition, one of the new ones I am submitting today needs two photos also, because you can not tell from the full photo what you are looking at, because the bronze plaque is mounted flat to the ground and the name plaques are randomly and individuals mounted to a nondescript concrete block.

 
All Wars Memorial - East Havenloupe
East Haven Green
East Haven
CT
USA
06512

On the southwest corner of the East Haven Green is a shaft of light gray Barre granite, topped by a globe showing the outlines of the continents.  On the front of the shaft is a relief of an eagle with raised wings and talons clutching sticks. It was made by the Thomas Phillips and Sons Co. and was dedicated on May 30, 1988. Sponsored by the East Haven Town Green Restoration Committee, American Legion Posts 89 and 175, and the Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 2090, it is a tribute to the Veterans of all wars.  Inscribed on the memorial: KEEP FOREVER LIVING THE FREEDOMS FOR WHICH THEY SERVED; LET NONE FORGET THEY GAVE THEIR ALL AND FALTERED NOT WHEN CAME THE CALL.

 
All Wars Memorial - Enfieldloupe
Church St
Enfield
CT
USA
06082

This monument was sculpted by David Richards and was erected in 1885 to honor the citizens of Enfield who served in the Civil War.  Later plaques were added as tributes to those who served in World War I and World War II.

 
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All Wars Memorial Monument loupe
119 Veterans Drive
Columbus
TX
USA
78934

It is an all wars Memorial Monument in Columbus, TX.  It stands in front of the Veterans Memorial Center.

 
All Wars Memorial to Colored Soldiers and Sailorsloupe
Logan Circle, in front of Franklin Institute off of Benjamin Franklin Parkway
Philadelphia
PA
USA
19103

Photos and description courtesy of waymarking.com

The front of this vertical granite monument is adorned with an allegorical female figure representing "Justice" flanked by two groups of three African-American officers, soldiers and sailors representing those from Pennsylvania who served in American wars. The figure of Justice is dressed in long flowing robes and wears her hair pulled back and braided around her face. She stands on a low stepped platform holding up a small wreath in each hand to represent Honor and Reward. The African-American Servicemen are dressed in the uniforms of the various branches of the military. On the back of the monument four allegorical female figures, representing the principles for which wars are fought, flank a bronze tablet. On the proper left of the tablet stands "War" holding a shield and wearing a helmet. Next to her stands "Liberty" carrying a torch and wearing the headdress of the Statue of Liberty. On the proper right of the tablet stands "Peace" carrying a large palm frond. Next to her stands "Plenty" holding a filled cornucopia. The monument is topped with a bronze Torch of Life surrounded by four eagles.

 
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Alliance War Monumentsloupe
Freedom Square
Alliance
OH
USA
44601

Steven P. Rebeck sculpted this pair of monuments, a ten foot tall granite soldier to honor Civil War veterans and a shorter bronze one tor WWI veterans.

 
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Amador County Memorial Stoneloupe
Hwy 49 -- southern entrance to Sutter Creek
Sutter Creek
CA
USA
95685

A large triangular stone is set in a narrow grass island at the South entrance/exit to Sutter Creek. This memorial to the men of Amador County was the original brass plaque placed on the stone. Later plaques were added to the stone commemorating those lost in later foreign wars. The back side of the stone has a plaque for those lost in Vietnam. The stone is multicolored: golds, reds, greens (partly due to moss and lichen). The brass has not been polished in recent years, but it is still easy to read.

When exiting town South on Old Hwy. 49, the WWI plaque is visible, facing the driver on the left side of the road. When entering town, headed North, the stone is to the left with the WWI plaque visible only after you pass. The "Vietnam in Honored Glory" plaque faces those entering from the South.

 
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America Triumphant - Jersey Cityloupe
Pershing Field, Summit Avenue & Sanford Place
Jersey City
NJ
USA
07307
1922
James Novelli

The following is an account of the dedication of the monument published in the New York Times issue of July 5, 1922:

Roses Fall on Monument: 

Jersey City Unveils Memorial  for 147 Soldiers Who Fell in War.

A monument to 147 soldiers from Jersey City who fell in the war was unveiled at Pershing Field, Jersey City, yesterday afternoon, as part of Jersey City's Independence Day exercises. A feature of the ceremony was the dropping of roses over the field during the services.

Lieutenant Stanton Weissenborn, a former army air pilot, circled above the crowd for two hours, and at frequent intervals dropped a rose until 147, one for each man who died, had fluttered down and made an immense bouquet at the foot of the monument.

The memorial is a life-size bronze figure of a woman, her arms filled with laurels. It is called, "Triumphant America." It was bought by the people of Jersey City through voluntary subscription.

Julius Beger, Chairman of the Monument Committee, presented the memorial to the Captain E. Fisk Post of the American Legion, and Arthur Liesemgang, post commander, presented it to the city. Lieutenant Louis Van Den Ecker, representing the French Consul General at New York; Dr. Foster Timothy of New York, representing British veterans, and Lieut. Col. Kerfoot, U.S.A., were among those who took part in the exercises.

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
American Expeditionary Forces Memorial Boulder - Hobokenloupe
First Street & Pier A
Hoboken
NJ
USA
07030
1925

This monument was erected in 1925 to commemorate Hoboken's role as the US Army Port of Embarkation during World War I, and honor the 3 million troops who passed through Hoboken's port. The monument contains a bronze tablet mounted to the face of a granite boulder. It was erected by the Hoboken Assembly, Fourth Degree, of the Knights of Columbus. 

The current plaque was fabricated in 1978 and paid for by Hudson County. The boulder originally sat on Pier 4 near River Street. It was moved to River Street near Pier B in 1976. In 2002-03, with the completion of the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway, it was moved to its present location at First Street & Pier A.

Narrative adapted from Hoboken Historical Museum website. 

Photo courtesy of: Hoboken Historical Museum

 
American Legion 'Memorial Hall'  Benewah Post No. 25loupe
South 7th St. & South 8th St.
Saint Maries
ID
USA
83861

To quote the attached historic document, with photographs, in the photo gallery, “November 29, 1921, St. Maries had the honor of being host to Marshal 

Ferdinand Foch and his party from France on their tour of the United States.  Below he is seen shoveling the first concrete for piers beneath Legion 

Memorial Hall in St. Maries, the first such memorial in Idaho,  National Commander MacNider participated.”

 
American Legion Florence-Lauderdale Post No. 11loupe
318 S Court St
Florence
AL
USA
35630
 
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American Legion Memorial Monumentloupe
State Highway 6, East of Ponderosa Street
Potlatch
ID
USA
83855

Dedication Plaque:
IN REMEMBRANCE
ROBINSON POST No. 81
AMERICAN LEGION - 1959

Also on the Memorial Monument are name plaques of Potlatch veterans and
casualties of war including the Post’s namesake C.J Robinson, U.S. Army,
1895 to 1918. On both sides are concrete bases which most like held some
type of machine gun or motor unit, which are both missing. The cemetery &
Memorial Monument are directly across State Highway 6 from the historic
Post Home, a log building with a dedication Plaque inset in the stone chimney.

 
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American Legion Post 134 Cannonloupe
Morton Grove
IL
USA
60053

WWI Field Artillery Piece on the grounds of Morton Grove's American Legion Civic Center

 

 
American Legion Post 1420 Fabbys Memorial Plaqueloupe
1420 Union Avenue
Newburgh
NY
USA
12550

"Fabbys" refers to employees of the Newburgh Fabrikoid Factory, which produced artificial leather and later bought out by DuPont.

 
American Legion Post 911 World War I Memorialloupe
Stonycreek Township Recreation Park
Shanksville
PA
USA
15560

American Legion Post 911 World War I Memorial

100 Cities / 100 Memorials

100c 100m wwi centennial plaqueThe American Legion Post 911 World War I Memorial includes an honor roll listing the name of every World War I veteran from the area and serves as a constant reminder of those who sacrificed for freedom.  A note that Shanksville is the host town of the Flight 93 National Memorial Park honoring those who lost their lives on 9/11; the American Legion Post 911 has had that number since 1946, an amazing coincidence.

 
American Legion Soldierloupe
1608 K St NW
Washington
DC
USA
20005

This 13-foot tall sculpture of Indiana limestone is of a standing male having elements of both a World War I Doughboy and a World War II GI. He wears battle fatigues with an unbuttoned shirt, dog tags, pants tucked into his boots, and a helmet.  His rifle is slung over his right shoulder and in his left hand he holds a grenade. Under his left foot is a snake, representing the enemy. This memorial was carved in 90 days by Frank Bowden at the studio of Adolph G. Wolter, and was dedicated on August 14, 1951. Its model was Lt. Hulon P. Whittington, who received the Congressional medal of Honor for his service in World War II.  

 
American Legion World War I Memorialloupe
726 N. Front St.
Wormsleyburg
PA
USA
17043

The inscription on this memorial, dedicated in 1979, reads:

In memory of
the Veterans
of World War I
who founded the
American Legion

At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker, including a World War II Memorial and Women of the Armed Forces. 

 
American Legion WW1 Memorial Monumentloupe
211 West Pioneer Ave.
Montesano
WA
USA
98563

It is noted, that this classic Memorial Monument featuring a three rifle stack, with
helmets and bayonets on the top was originally created using real helmets and rifles.

 
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American Prideloupe
Veterans Park, 13th St. W and Ply Dr.
Billings
MT
USA
59102

This is a bronze sculpture of an eagle, about 10 X 7 feet, with wings spread in a vertical direction. It is mounted on a pyramidal con­crete base. It was sculpted by Lyle E. Johnson, who gave it to the city in honor of the veterans of all wars. It was dedicated on May 30,1992.

 
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American War Mothers Chapter 3loupe
1798 Wall St.
Everett
WA
USA
98201

American War Mothers Chapter 3

WW1 Memorial Flag Pole

Located at the Snohomish County Administration Building Plaza

 

 

There are several other War Memorials and Monuments at this site including a very large sculpture, 

which can be seen on the right side of the gallery picture.

 
American War Mothers Memorialloupe
521 Ellrose Court
Frederick
MD
USA
21703
Small block memorial describing the memorial tree as planted in remembrance of those men who served from 1917-1918.
 
American War Mothers World War 1 Memorial Monumentloupe
100 Auditorium Circle
San Antonio
TX
USA
78205

At the right-hand corner (when facing it) of the Tobin Center is a WW1 Memorial that is practically hidden among the landscaping and shrubs of the auditorium. It is near the intersection of Auditorium Circle and Jefferson Street. It is a white marble monument about six feet tall with a prayerful woman (a mother) surrounded on her right side with several "doughboys" wearing World War I field uniforms, helmets and carrying their rifles with fixed bayonets. The inscription under this massive carving reads: “Honoring The Mothers Whose Sons Fought In The World War - Erected by San Antonio Chapter No. 2 - 1938”. 

The American War Mothers was founded in 1917 and was incorporated by an Act of Congress February 24, 1925. The AWM are a perpetual patriotic, 501(c) 4 non-profit, non-political, non-sectarian, non-partisan organization whose members are Mothers of children who have served or are serving in the Armed Services during a time of conflict.

This often unknown or overlooked organization of mothers has had an impact on our nation and on the welfare of our Armed Service members. This is a worthy war memorial for those from WWI on up to the present.

 
Amherst Soldier's Monumentloupe
Triangle of Church, School, and Middle Sts.
Amherst
NH
USA
03031

This is a full-length bronze figure of a Civil War soldier wear­ing an overcoat and cap. He holds a rifle, has a field bag on his right hip, and has a sword hanging on his left. Beneath him is a rectangu­lar stepped granite base. It was sculpted by Martin Milmore and was installed on December 9, 1871. It was formally dedicated on June 19, 1890, in memory of the citizen soldiers of Amherst.

It was rededicated on July 4,1985, with plaques listing veterans of the Spanish-American War, WWI, WWII, and the Korean and Vietnam Wars.

 

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