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Monuments & Memorials

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

DCWorldWarMonumen 1World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century.

In the war's aftermath, individuals, towns, cities, counties, and states all felt compelled to mark the war, as did colleges, businesses, clubs, associations, veterans groups, and houses of worship. Thousands of memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US in the 1920s and 1930s, blanketing the American landscape.

Each of these memorials, regardless of size or expense, has a story. But sadly, as we enter the war's centennial period, these memorials and their very purpose—to honor in perpetuity the more than four million Americans who served in the war and the more than 116,000 who were killed—have largely been forgotten. And while many memorials are carefully tended, others have fallen into disrepair through neglect, vandalism, or theft. Some have been destroyed. Watch this CBS news video on the plight of these monuments.

The extant memorials are our most salient material links in the US to the war. They afford a vital window onto the conflict, its participants, and those determined to remember them. Rediscovering the memorials and the stories they tell will contribute to their physical and cultural rehabilitation—a fitting commemoration of the war and the sacrifices it entailed.

Memorial Hunters Club

We are building a US WW1 Memorial register through a program called the Memorials Hunters Club. If you locate a memorial that is not on the map we invite you to upload your treasure to be permanently archived in the national register.  You can include your choice of your real name, nickname or team name as the explorers who added that memorial to the register. We even have room for a selfie! Check the map, and if you don't see the your memorial CLICK THE LINK TO ADD IT.

 

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WWI Doughboy Statueloupe
Living Memorial Park, 20th Street & 2nd Ave
Nitro
WV
USA
25143

The city of Nitro was dedicated as a Living Memorial Park in 2017 as it was originally founded for ordinance production during the war. The name itself came from the explosives manufacturing that took place there. The town was established by the U.S. government to house gunpowder and explosives manufacturing.

The statue and memorial were created to honor Nitro’s yearlong centennial celebration and the names of approximately 300 Nitro World War I veterans are engraved at the park.

 
WWI Elk Memorial - New Brunswickloupe
Former Elk Lodge #324, 40 Livingston Avenue
New Brunswick
NJ
USA
08901
1930
Laura Gardin Fraser

This memorial is one of two extant in New Brunswick, NJ.

The bronze elk, created by Laura Gardin Fraser, was a gift of Arthur Bishop in 1930 to memorialize the former members of New Brunswick Lodge #324 who died in World War I.The sculpture consists of a bronze depiction of a resting elk placed atop a stepped granite base.

The sculptor, Laura Gardin Fraser, studied art at the Arts Students League in New York City. Best known for her designs for medals, she also designed elk sculptures for several venues including, Chicago's Elks Memorial & the Elks Lodge in Orange, NJ.

Photo courtesy of: NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
WWI Honor Roll - Berlinloupe
E. Taunton Ave. & White Horse Pike (Rt. 30)
Berlin
NJ
USA
08009
1946

The Berlin monument consists of a group of World War I monuments angled around the edge of a tree-shaded plot in the center of Berlin. The monuments themselves are placed in a mulched area planted with perennial flowering plants and a small concrete plaza is located in front of the monuments.

 The World War I monument may be a replacement for an original monument. It consists of a arched top, vertical granite slab, smooth-faced on the front, and quarry-faced on the edges which sits on a horizontal, rectangular, granite slab with quarry faced edges. The bronze plaque is divided into two sections. The framed lower section consists of an honor roll of Berlin residents who served in World War I listed in two columns. The upper section, slightly wider than the lower contains the commemoration text and is ornamented with cross cannons with an “e pluribus unum” scroll topped by a flying eagle and five furled flags, with the American flag in the center.

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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WWI Honor Roll - Delancoloupe
Burlington & Rancocas Avenues
Delanco
NJ
USA
08075

The Delanco WWI monument is one of several placed in a park on the east side of Burlington Avenue. It consists of a bronze plaque mounted to the front of a granite slab. 

The top of the plaque features an arched lintel ornamented with a eagle perched on a shield which surmounts a partially unfurled scroll reading, “Honor Roll.”  The bottom of the plaque contains a quotation from Abraham Lincoln’s Cooper Union address. 

Photos courtesy of: NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 

 
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WWI Honor Roll - Dunellenloupe
Washington Memmorial Park, N. Washington Avenue
Dunellen
NJ
USA
08812
1931

The Dunellen Honor Roll consists of an upright, horizontal, quarry-faced granite slab with a large, inset rectangular bronze plaque framed in rope molding affixed to the front.  The memorial is dedicated to Dunellen residents who served in World War I.  Their names are listed alphabetically in five columns. 

The memorial was dedicated in front of 2,000 people, following a parade to the site.  It was unveiled by two Dunellen boy scouts.  A roll call of the Honor Roll's names was read. 

This memorial is located among several monuments facing N. Washington Avenue which commemorate Dunellen’s residents’ participation in 20th century conflicts. 

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office
Vintage postcard courtesy of:  Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives

 
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WWI Honor Roll - Glen Rockloupe
Rock Road & Doremus Avenue
Glen Rock
NJ
USA
07452
1921

A bronze plaque with an eagle crowning its rectangular frame is affixed to a glacial boulder. The plaque itself lists all those from Glen Rock who served in World War I. It was dedicated before a large crowd in 1921.

The "Rock" from which Glen Rock gets its name was left approx. 15,000 years ago by the Wisconsin Glacier.  The granite boulder weighs about 590 tons. 

Photos courtesy of: Glen Rock Historical & Preservation Society

 
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WWI Honor Roll - Jefferson PAloupe
Spring Grove
PA
United States
17362
 
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WWI Honor Roll - Lyndhurstloupe
Veterans Park, 217 Webster Avenue
Lyndhurst
NJ
USA
07071
1919

This monument consists of a bronze bas-relief plaque mounted on a granite stele.  At the top of the large plaque is a trio of figures.  A full-length figure of Liberty, wearing a gown with her arms outspread, holding a garland of laurel in each hand.  On her right is a WWI soldier standing in front of a cannon & holding a rifle.  On his right is a tank.  On Liberty's left is a WWI sailor holding a pair of binoculars. 

The monument was dedicated on September 1, 1919 at its former location at Lincoln School, to all Lyndhurst residents who served in WWI.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000498. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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WWI Honor Roll - Morristownloupe
Morristown Library, 1 Miller Road
Morristown
NJ
USA
07960
1926
Samuel Yellin

An impressive World War I Honor Roll consisting of 23 brass plaques is installed in the Morristown/Morris Township Library along the west wing balcony railing.  Designed by noted Philadelphia iron artist, Samuel Yellin, known as the “Tiffany of metalwork,”  it was originally installed in the Library’s 1917 building in 1926.  When the library expanded in 1930, the railing was moved to the current “new” Reference Room. 

The memorial consists of 25 brass panels placed side-by-side including a dedicatory proclamation, and the names of Morristown residents who served in the war. 

(Yellin was responsible for much of the structural ironwork in the original Library building, and also designed an iron fire screen for the 1930 addition.) 

Narrative adapted from the Samuel Yellin Collection of the University of Pennsylvania Architectural Archives.
Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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WWI Honor Roll - Oaklynloupe
Municipal Building, 500 White Horse Pike
Oaklyn
NJ
USA
08107
1918

The Oaklyn WWI Honor Roll monument is an upright granite block with quarry-faced edges with a bronze plaque on the front.  The plaque lists the names of borough residents who served in the war. 

The monument is located at the municipal building. 

Photos courtesy of: NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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WWI Honor Roll - Wenonahloupe
East Manua & Southeast Avenues
Wenonah
NJ
USA
08090

This World War I Honor Roll memorial consists of an irregularly shaped boulder with the bronze honor roll plaque mounted to its sloping front face.  The plaque has a molded frame with a US seal centered at the top.  It reads, "Dedicated to the men of Wenonah who answered their country's call in the World Wa4r, 1917-1918." 

One soldier was killed in the war - Alfred J. Holeton.  His name appears first, followed by an alphabetical listing of those from Wenonah who served. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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WWI Honor Roll - Wood Ridgeloupe
Hackensack Street & Highland Avenue
Wood Ridge
NJ
USA
07075
1919

This monument consists of a vertical quarry-faced granite slab with rounded upper corners, resting on a granite base. 

A bronze plaque is recessed into the front of the stone, containing an honor roll of Wood Ridge residents who served in WWI. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
WWI Honor Roll Monument - Hamiltonloupe
Bernard Foley Park, Nottingham Way & Mercer Street
Hamilton
NJ
USA
08690

This monument consists of a square stone pier constructed of coursed quarry-faced stones.  It is capped by a stone slap with a flagpole rising from the center.  A rectangular bronze plaque is attached to the left side of the pier. 

It is dedicated to the area's citizens who served in WWI, including a nurse, Grace Blackwell. 

Narrative adapted from "A History of Hamilton Township, NJ," 1998 & Historical Marker Database. 

Photos courtesy of: Deb Hartshorn & Historical Marker Database

 
WWI In Memoriam Statue - Orangeloupe
Tony Galento Place at Railroad Station
Orange
NJ
USA
07050
1930
Leo Lentelli

This memorial is one of three in Orange, NJ. 

This sculpture consists of an 8' tall bronze of a WWI soldier, dressed in uniform with an ammunition belt is fastened around his waist.  A coat is draped over his left arm; his right hand holds a rifle at parade rest. 

The figure stands on a granite base, the front face of which has a bas-relief carving of the prow of a wooden boat.  On the back face of the base is an "In Memoriam" plaque listing 91 names. 

At the time of its dedication in 1930, the memorial's location was called, Lackawanna Plaza.  The name has since been changed to, Tony Galento Plaza. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ 000538. 

Photo credit:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
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WWI Louisiana Roll Of Honorloupe
6555 Magazine St
New Orleans
LA
USA
70118

At this one quiet spot, you have a living connection with the battle of Verdun, the conquest of Palestine, the greatest military victory in Italian history, and the charge up San Juan Hill. So after a paragraph on the park and its birds, this review will focus on telling you where this spot is, why military leaders from around the world came to it, and who they all were.
). The Roll of Honor is on an irregular polygon: bronze panels six columns wide alternate with narrower ones that are three columns wide. Most columns bear about 60 names of Louisianans who died in the war (see Corner of Memorial photo). The vast majority were Army personnel, although the last Army plaque lists 40 Marines and 108 Sailors who were killed (see USMC and Navy Plaque photo). Some Army casualties may have been aviators, but there was no Air Force then, and nothing indicates that someone was an aviator rather than an artilleryman or infantryman.
World War I was the largest war in human history, up till then. So New Orleans wanted a memorial to the Louisianans who’d lost their lives in the Great War, within a ring of live oak trees. Why live oaks? Live oaks can live for over a thousand years, and I assume the idea was that in 2918 the trees would still be a living reminder of the sacrifice of the state’s own in the greatest war of all time.
The first tree was planted by General “Blackjack” Pershing, the American commander-in-chief during WWI, who officially broke ground for the memorial in 1920.
At Audubon Park, the same year that Pershing planted one live oak, a second one was planted by the French General de Division Robert Nivelle. Nivelle, an artillery officer, took over command of Verdun halfway through that year-long battle, and promised the French troops “they (the Germans) shall not pass”.
In 1921, two more generals planted live oaks at Audubon Park: Ferdinand Foch and Armando Diaz.
Foch was Marshal of France and the supreme commander of the Allies in 1918 (basically, the Eisenhower of the first war). Foch was the foremost military strategist in the French Army. Armando Diaz was the Italian general who defeated the Austro-Hungarians, precipitating the collapse of the Hapsburg Empire, and thereby the collapse of Germany. In 1935, Japanese military representatives planted one last tree. The records all say that they were “Gen. Takashita and Lt General Niomiya” . THis information is subject to verification.

 
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WWI Medical Staff Memorialloupe
Anschutz Medical Campus -- near 12858 E Montview Blvd
Aurora
CO
USA
80045

The memorial is 10 feet high, beehive-shaped, and constructed of river rocks embedded in a concrete foundation. A bronze plaque measuring 4'2" x 7' is located on the south side of the monument. The Memorial Tablet represents the period at the Fitzsimons Army Hospital immediately following the First World War. This hospital (named after Lt. William T. Fitzsimons, the first officer of the U.S. Army's medical department to be killed in the war) was created during the war, and the medical department dedicated the memorial to fellow members of the department who lost their lives. The plaque reads:

1917 1918
In Memory
of the
Officers Nurses
and Enlisted Men
of the
Medical Department
United States Army
Who Lost Their Lives
During the
World War
This Tablet is Erected
by their Coworkers of
the Medical Department

 
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WWI Memorialloupe
930 Veterans Memorial Parkway
Boise
ID
USA
83703

Our city, the largest in Idaho, did NOT have a WWI Memorial...so my chapter decided to give the city one! Dedicated and presented to the City of Boise at the 11th hour, of the 11th day, of the 11th month, 100 years exactly after the Armistice ceased hostilities, I am proud to say our city finally has its own WWI Memorial, now and forever. The chapter raised funds from a number of sources, including a Special Projects Grant from the National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, and we designed, commissioned, and undertook getting all of the necessary permissions to make it happen. All told, it took about 18 months to complete the project. It is a thing to behold!

 
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WWI Memorialloupe
W Marlin & N Walnut Streets
McPherson
KS
USA
67460

This memorial can be seen at Memorial Park located at W Marlin and N Walnut Streets, McPerson KS 67460

 
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WWI Memorial - Audubonloupe
American Legion Post #262, 20 E. Chestnut Street
Audubon
NJ
USA
08106

This monument consists of a quarry-faced granite slab with a bronze plaque, with a shallow-gabled top, placed at the center of its front face.  The plaque contains an honor roll of Audubon's residents who served in WWI.

The monument is situated in a small park with monuments to other 20th-century wars arranged in an arc.

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
WWI Memorial - Avon by the Sealoupe
City Hall, 301 Main Street
Avon by the Sea
NJ
USA
07717

This monument consists of a stone Doric column topped by a plinth & stone ball.  The column rises from the third stage of a rusticated stone base that decreases in size from bottom to top.  Attached to the front of the base is a rectangular bronze plaque commemorating the service of area residents who served in WWI. 

Photo courtesy of :  New Jersey Historic Preservation Office

 
WWI Memorial - Bound Brookloupe
E. High Street & E. Main Street
Bound Brook
NJ
USA
08805

The Bound Brook monument consists of a projecting bronze plaque mounted to the surface of an irregular glacial boulder.  Erected by an American Legion Post, the simple plaque is ornamented with three relief crosses, two garlands, a torch, & the seal of the American Legion.

Photo credit: Bill Coughlin & Historical Marker Database

 
WWI Memorial - Brookside Cemeteryloupe
Tecumseh
MI
USA
49286

WWI Memorial - Brookside Cemetery

The Memorial is at the front of the cemetery. Michigan cemeterys are closed from Dusk until Dawn.

The plaque reads:
Erected to the Honor
of
the men and women of Tecumseh
Who served in 
The Army and the Navy 
of
The United States
During
The World War
1914-1918
* * *
Presented by Henry Bissell,
A civil War Veteran,
4th Michigan Infantry,
Dedicated May 30, 1928

 
WWI Memorial - Fairview Cemeteryloupe
Brighton
MI
USA
48116

WWI Memorial - Fairview Cemetery

"W.W.I. Barracks 3534 Veterans Memorial
erected by 
American Legion
and Auxillary Batallion
Post 235
1988"

 
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WWI Memorial - Florham Parkloupe
203 Ridgedale Avenue
Florham Park
NJ
USA
07932
1921

This World War I memorial honor roll plaque lists the residents of Florham Park, NJ that served during the war.  The plaque is attached to a large stone, flanked by stone planters. 

It is located on the grounds of Columbia School District #5, which is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office 

 
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WWI Memorial - Haddonfieldloupe
401 Kings Highway East
Haddonfield
NJ
USA
08033
1926

Haddonfield honored its World War I veterans with a two-part memorial. The borough’s high school, completed in 1927, was named Haddonfield Memorial High School. This elegant brick Georgian Revival school is still a landmark on the northwest side of Kings Highway east of the central business district.

The second part of the monument is an elegant ornamental granite bench placed in front of the west end of the high school. This symmetrical composition is anchored at either side by stone bollards with low conical caps. The central section is a tripartite granite slab composition with a taller, segmental arched central section. Elaborate scrolled brackets mark the lower corner of the central slab. A bronze plaque is placed on the front of the center section. The plaque, contains an honor roll of those who served in war & a bas-relief Great Seal of the United States.

Narrative adapted from "This is Haddonfield," Historical Society of Haddonfield, 1963. 

Photos courtesy of: 
NJ State Historic Preservation Office
Vintage postcard courtesy of:  Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives

 

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