fbpx
Riveters gas masks doughboys with mules The pilots Mule Rearing African American Officers African American Soldiers 1 pilots in dress uniforms

Monuments & Memorials

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

DCWorldWarMonumen 1World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century.

In the war's aftermath, individuals, towns, cities, counties, and states all felt compelled to mark the war, as did colleges, businesses, clubs, associations, veterans groups, and houses of worship. Thousands of memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US in the 1920s and 1930s, blanketing the American landscape.

Each of these memorials, regardless of size or expense, has a story. But sadly, as we enter the war's centennial period, these memorials and their very purpose—to honor in perpetuity the more than four million Americans who served in the war and the more than 116,000 who were killed—have largely been forgotten. And while many memorials are carefully tended, others have fallen into disrepair through neglect, vandalism, or theft. Some have been destroyed. Watch this CBS news video on the plight of these monuments.

The extant memorials are our most salient material links in the US to the war. They afford a vital window onto the conflict, its participants, and those determined to remember them. Rediscovering the memorials and the stories they tell will contribute to their physical and cultural rehabilitation—a fitting commemoration of the war and the sacrifices it entailed.

Memorial Hunters Club

We are building a US WW1 Memorial register through a program called the Memorials Hunters Club. If you locate a memorial that is not on the map we invite you to upload your treasure to be permanently archived in the national register.  You can include your choice of your real name, nickname or team name as the explorers who added that memorial to the register. We even have room for a selfie! Check the map, and if you don't see the your memorial CLICK THE LINK TO ADD IT.

 

Pictures gallery    Display the map      
Belleau Wood Monumentloupe
Rue des Chevaliers de Colomb
Belleau
Hauts-de-France
France
02400

Belleau Wood is located on the high ground to the rear of Aisne-Marne American Cemetery south of the village of Belleau (Aisne), France. In the center of the road leading through the woods is a flagpole and a monument commemorating the valor of the U.S. Marines who captured this area in 1918. 

It commemorates the actions of the 4th Marine Brigade of the U.S. Army’s 2nd Division. The 2nd Division attacked German positions beginning on June 6, 1918. The 4th Marine Brigade liberated Bouresches that day. Its 5th and 6th Marine Regiments fought in Belleau Wood through most of June 1918.  Their gallant actions resulted in the Battle of Belleau Wood ending on June 26. On June 30, 1918, the Commanding General, French 6th Army, officially renamed Belleau Wood as “Wood of the Marine Brigade.”  The 2nd Division sustained casualties of 8,100 officers and men during the intense fighting in this vicinity during June 1918.

Vestiges of trenches, shell holes, and relics of the war to include weapons found in the vicinity, may be seen near the marine monument, which was erected by the U.S. Marine Corps.

 
Pictures gallery    Display the map      
Bellevue WWI Memorial Monumentloupe
201 NE 4th St
Bellevue
WA
USA
98004

On November 11, 1926, the Bellevue Minute Women dedicated a bronze plaque and 65' wooden flagpole to the memory of the three Bellevue citizens who lost their lives in WWI. 89 years later, the memorial was restored to prominence by the "Lest We Forget" committee of VFW Post 2995 in conjunction with Jewish War Veterans Pacific NW Post 686, the Bellevue Department of Parks and Community Services, the Eastside Heritage Center, and the Bellevue City Council. Although the original flagpole no longer stands today, the restored memorial contains a metal representational remnant. It also features a new sculpture depicting a ceremonially folded American casket flag with three roses placed on top. Nearby, three elm trees in a memorial grove symbolize the three fallen sons of Bellevue. Every Memorial Day, Flag Day, Independence Day, and Veterans Day, three flags are flown to honor the servicemen's memory; there are also plans to hold commemorative ceremonies recognizing the centennial of each man's date of death. The memorial is located in the center of Bellevue's Downtown Park.

 
Pictures gallery    Display the map      
Bellicourt American Monumentloupe
Bellicourt
Hauts-de-France
France
02420

The Bellicourt American Monument is one mile north of the town of Bellicourt, west of highway D1044. Erected above a canal tunnel built by Napoleon I, it commemorates the achievements and sacrifices of the 90,000 American troops who served in battle with the British Armies in France during 1917 and 1918. Engraved on the rear facade of the memorial is a map illustrating the American operations; on the terrace is an orientation table.

The 27th and 30th Divisions came to the vicinity after fighting Belgium earlier in September 1918. The St. Quentin Canal Tunnel passes beneath Bellicourt and Bony. It was part of the Germans’ formidable Hindenburg Line, which was broken by the American troops in a brilliant offensive in September 1918. The Bellicourt Monument lies above the tunnel.

The 30th and 27th Divisions went into the line in adjoining zones of action on September 24 and 25 respectively, under tactical control of the Australian Corps. After actions in succeeding days, they participated in the main Allied offensive beginning on September 29.

Both the 27th and 30th Division engaged in heavy fighting with many casualties. Australian troops passed through the American divisions and continued the offensive. The 27th and 30th divisions were relieved from the vicinities of Bellicourt and the area west of Bony on September 30, 1918. American casualties from fighting in this region are interred at the Somme American Cemetery near Bony, a mile to the northwest.

 
Display the map      
Belmont Roll of Honorloupe
Church St. and Church Hill Rd.
Belmont
NH
USA
03220

On a bronze plaque is a relief WWI scene depleting an allegor­ical female figure representing America or Columbia, standing in flowing robes. One hand holds a flagstaff bearing the American flag, and the other rests on a shield. Flanking her is a kneeling WWI in­fantryman and sailor. Above the three is an eagle.

Beneath is a roll of honor with a list of names of men who served during the Civil War, Spanish-American War, and WWI. The plaque is mounted on a rock-faced base comprised of an upright granite block atop a shorter, wider block. On the back is a bronze plaque honoring local citizens who died during WWII and the Korean and Vietnam Wars. The monument was produced by Liberty Bronze Works and was originally dedicated on Armistice Day, 1919.

 
Pictures gallery    Display the map      
Benewah County Veterans Memorialloupe
17599 Idaho Highway 5
Saint Maries
ID
USA
83861

A year’s worth of work was dedicated at the Benewah County Veterans’ Memorial Saturday, Oct. 19, 2013. 

The dedication ceremony started at 1 p.m. at Woodlawn Cemetery in St. Maries. Prominent in this Memorial
is a Medal of Honor Monument to the four Benewah County Service Members to receive The Congressional
Medal Of Honor.
Woodlawn is also the site of the Fire Fighters Memorial, 57 graves are arranged in a circle each is one of
the Fire Fighters lost in the Great Forest Fire of 1910. 57 of the 92 people who died in this fire rest here.

 
Pictures gallery    Display the map      
Benicia World War I Memorialloupe
120 W. K St.
Benicia
CA
USA
94510

Erected in 1925, the inscription on this memorial reads:

IN MEMORY
of
EDMUND RUDOLF ANDERSON
KARL H. DAUBER
WALTER E. ERICKSON
JAMES JOHN POMETTA
DAVID ALLEN RICHIE
ARTHUR ROOD
CHRIS CONDARE
WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES IN THE WORLD WAR

ERECTED IN 1925 BY THE BENICIA POST NO.101, AMERICAN LEGION, MAY 30TH, 1925.

 
Benton County War Memorialloupe
401 NE Martin Luther King Jr Pkwy
Bentonville
AR
USA
72712

No additional information at this time.

 
Pictures gallery    Display the map      
Berea Triangle WWI Memorialloupe
Berea
OH
USA
44017

The Berea memorial on the Berea Triangle, along East Bridge Street, lists residents who served during the Great War.

 
Display the map      
Beresford War Memorialloupe
Corner of N 2nd St and E Cedar St
Beresford
SD
USA
May 27, 1991

This memorial honors each branch of the Armed Forces as well as those who served in World War 1, World War 2, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, Lebanon, and Desert Storm.

 
Berlin’s Heroes of the World War loupe
Pleasant and Union Streets
Berlin
NH
USA
03570

Creator: Raymond Averill Porter, noted Boston sculptor
Monument elements: Concrete base, Milford pink granite shaft and bronze relief panels.
Cost: Funded by the City of Berlin, NH in the amount of $6,720.
Original location name: Grand Trunk Railway station on Mount Forist Street in Depot Square.

On April 29th, 1919, Company L of the 26th Division assembled on last time at this location upon
returning from their service in France, after which they were Honorably Discharged, but not all of
those 1.040 men who left returned home. 34 men Made The Supreme Sacrifice in the service of
their country defending liberty. The names of those who’s served and those that sacrificed appear
here for all to see, remember and thank for what they did. When I see a perfect example of a
community War Memorial I think of the country song, All Gave Some And Some Gave All.

 
Display the map      
Berryville Town Squareloupe
Berryville
AR
USA
72616
Town Square in the city of Berryville, Arkansas.
 
Display the map      
Berryville Town Squareloupe
302 Public Square, Berryville, AR 72616
Carroll
AR
USA
72616
No additional information at this time.
 
Berwick, Pennsylvania WWI Memorialloupe
Berwick
PA
USA
18603
1923

The inscription reads: (Bronze plaque on front of base:) DEDICATED TO ALL MEN OF BERWICK AND VICINITY WHO FOUGHT IN THE WORLD WAR -TO THOSE WHO FOUGHT AND LIVED, AND THOSE WHO FOUGHT AND DIED; TO THOSE WHO GAVE MUCH, AND THOSE WHO GAVE ALL. 1914 IN MEMORIUM(sic) 1918 ERECTED BY THE MOSES VAN CAMPEN CHAPTER DAR 1923.

 
Display the map      
Berwyn WW1 Memorialloupe
3001 S. Wisconsin
Berwyn
IL
USA
60402
In Proska park there is a WW1 memorial that is in need of some repair.
 
Bibb Co. - Macon - Coleman Hill Memorialloupe
Coleman Hill
Macon
GA
USA
31201

     Erected in 1922, the monument was beautifully restored in 2015 under the direction of Middle Georgia State University President Christopher Blake.  It honors soldiers from Macon who served primarily in the 42nd Rainbow Division, and depicts the cities in France where the 42nd saw action.  It is inscribed in Latin with a phrase translated as “It is sweet and glorious to die for one’s country.”

“Erected by the Ladies Auxiliary 151 Machine Gun Bt., assisted by the Men of the Battalion - 1922”

”in memory of the 51st Machine Gun Battalion” 

 
Bibb Co. - Macon - Middle Georgia Veterans Memorialloupe
200 Coliseum Drive
Macon
GA
USA
31217
November 11, 1988
Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch

The memorial is inscribed with names from World War 1 from Jones County, Monroe County, Crawford County, Peach County, Twiggs County, Houston County, and Bibb County.

Inscription - "In honor of the men and women of the armed forces of the United States who served in World War I, World War II, Korea, and Vietnam.  The names of those who gave their lives and those who remain missing are inscribed heron."

“But we….shall be remembered;
We few, we happy few, we band of brothers;
For he to-day that sheds his blood with me 
Shall be my brother…"
William Shakespeare
Henry V

 
Bill Brown Post Memorialloupe
Greenstreet
Brooklyn
NY
USA
11203
November 18, 1986

 

  • FOR GOD AND COUNTRY / IN MEMORY OF THOSE / WHO SERVED / IN THE ARMED FORCES / OF OUR COUNTRY / BILL BROWN POST NO. 507 / AMERICAN LEGION /
 
Binghamton World War I Memorial to Marinesloupe
Memorial Bridge
Binghamton
NY
USA

On the four bridge abutments are metal plaques honoring four branches of the military who participated in WWI. At the southeast are three infantrymen charging ahead, one down and one throwing a grenade. At the northwest, there are four biplanes amidst clouds. At the northeast are five artillery soldiers firing a cannon. At the southwest are two warships with smoke billowing from their stacks. These plaques were placed here in 1925 by the city as a tribute to Broome County citizens who served in WWI and in all other Amer­ican wars.

 
Bisbee WW2 Memorial’s WW1 Guardianloupe
Evergreen Cemetery
Bisbee
AZ
USA
85603

Bisbee WW2 Memorial’s WW1 Guardian

Located in the Bisbee cemetery is a World War 2 Memorial Monument that is guarded by a World War 1 era United States Army 3” Field Artillery Piece Model 1902, mounted on a No. 78, 3” Gun Carriage Model 1902, from the Rock Island Arsenal, 1905. All of these artillery pieces were used to train American gunners, but few were shipped to the front in Europe and none were used in combat.

Addition information from the face of the gun barrel :
AM&BR MFG. CO. BRIDGEPORT CONN 1904. 836 POUNDS NO. 65 W.S.P.

Also stamped into the barrel, above the breech: MIDVALE STEEL

This WW2 Memorial Monument was erected by: L.A. Engle American Legion Post No. 16
Army CPL. Leonard A. Engle, Jr.for who this Post was named, served with Company F, 355 Infantry Regiment, 89th Division and Died of Wounds received in the Argonne Campaign. His body was repatriated to the U.S. and buried at Arlington National Cemetery, December 30, 1920.

 
Bishop –- American Veterans Memorialloupe
Corner of US Highway 441 and Old Bishop Road
Bishop
GA
USA
30621
Erected on July 6, 2003 by the AMVet Post 10 and Auxiliary

“In Honor of All American Veterans Who Served During Wars in Defense of Their County 1917 - 2003"
 
Black Hawk County Soldiers Memorial Hallloupe
194 West 5th Street
Waterloo
IA
USA
50701

The Black Hawk County Soldiers Memorial, is a classical revival styled veterans hall, located in downtown Waterloo, Iowa. It was built
between 1915 and 1916 as The Great War was ragged across the Atlantic in Europe.
It was built by the young tradesmen who soon would be called upon to enlist in
the U.S. Military and join that fight for freedom and liberty. Americans saw this
as an opportunity to repay our debt to France for their assistance 141 years earlier
during our War for Independence.
It was built by The Grand Army of the Republic as a memorial to soldiers who died in
the American Civil War. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places
in 1988 due to its architecture and importance in local history.
As there were fewer Civil War veterans the hall turned to Spanish War and World
War 1 and World War 2 veterans to carry on it’s mission as a gathering place for
all American military veterans.

Notation: These photos are not as clear as I would have liked, but the daylight was waining
and it was raining heavily. I could not take the time I normally do to make sure they were
perfectly clear. If the opportunity presents itself, I will retake these pictures.

 
Black Tom Explosion Memorials - Jersey Cityloupe
Jersey City
NJ
USA
07305

There are two memorials for the Black Tom explosion - one at Liberty State Park in NY Harbor; the other, a stained glass window at Our Lady of Czestochowa Church in Jersey City. 

Black Tom was an island in New York Harbor, next to Liberty Island, that received its name from an early African American resident.  By 1880, a railroad connected it to Jersey City & it began its use as a shipping depot.  By 1916, its mile-long pier housed a depot and warehouses for the National Dock & Storage Company. 

In 1914 Imperial Germany sent Count Johann von Bernstorff to be its new ambassador in Washington D.C. But von Bernstorff's staff of diplomats were not all as they seemed for these bureaucrats were a veritable army of undercover spies and saboteurs, arriving with millions of dollars to aid the German war effort by sabotage and illicit destruction.

Among their principal targets were the endless supplies of munitions that the neutral US was selling to Great Britain and France. In 1916, over 2,000,000 tons of explosives were in storage on Black Tom, ready to sail across the Atlantic. The island soon caught the attentions of von Bernstorff and his saboteurs.

On the night of July 30, 1916, Black Tom island disappeared. Just after 2 am, slow burning pencil bombs planted by the German agents ignited an explosion so colossal it registered 5.5 on the Richter scale. As glass windows shattered in Times Square and St.Patrick's Cathedral, the blast shook the Brooklyn Bridge and was felt as far away as Philadelphia and Maryland. The Statue of Liberty felt the full blast and was showered with shrapnel, exploding bullets and shells.  

Federal investigations named two guards at Black Tom as the likely culprits; the guards turned out to be German agents Kurt Jahnke and Lothar Witzke, but both escaped. An explosion in 1917 at the Mare Island naval shipyard in Vallejo, CA was also attributed to them. When the US finally responded to German's secret war of attrition by declaring war in 1917, Jahnke and Witzke fled to Mexico.

Black Tom Island was reconstructed with landfill and is today the southeastern part of Jersey City's Liberty State Park. Today the park is a popular recreation area, with families taking advantage of the close up views of the Statue of Liberty. But in the corner of the picnic area is a simple plaque, often passed by, which reads, "You are walking on a site which saw one of the worst acts of terrorism in American history."

It is not known exactly how many people died or were injured in the explosion. Possibly, the congregation of Our Lady of Czestochowa were hit hard, which led to the commemorating of the attack with their stained glass window memorial.

The Lehigh Valley Railroad who owned Black Tom Island sought compensation against Germany, who settled on a payment of $50 million which was finally paid as recently as 1979. 

The attack may be long forgotten and little known, but it has an ongoing repercussion.  Structural damage caused by the explosion is the reason today's visitors to the Statue of Liberty are prohibited from going up into the torch.  It has been closed to the public since that fiery evening. 

Narrative adapted from Atlas Obscura website. 

Photos courtesy of: 
Memorials - Luke J. Spencer, Atlas Obscura
Vintage photos - NJ Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Parks & Forestry

 
Blackford County WWI Monumentloupe
Hartford City
IN
USA
47348
September 28, 1921
Ernest Moore Viquesney
This monument includes the Blackford County World War I Honor Roll as well as one of sculptor E. M. Viquesney's "Spirit of the American Doughboy" sculptures.
 
Bleckley Co. – Cochran – Flame of Freedom Memorialloupe
112 Second Street
Cochran
GA
USA
31014
March 15, 1969
Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch

Flame of Freedom Monument on courthouse grounds.

Inscription:  “ Presented By Bleckley County and the American Legion Honoring Veterans of All Wars, March 15, 1969, Rededicated Memorial Day 1991”.

The WW1 portion of this monument contains the names of 7 service members.

 
Pictures gallery    Display the map      
Blooming Grove Memorial Tabletloupe
29 West Main Street
Washingtonville
NY
USA
10992

"This Tablet is Erected in Honor of the Men and Women of the Town of Blooming Grove who Served Their Country in the World War and in Memory of Those Who Gave Their Lives 1917-1919"

 

"Pershing" Donors

$5 Million +


Founding Sponsor
PritzkerMML Logo


Starr Foundation Logo


The Lilly Endowment