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Monuments & Memorials

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

DCWorldWarMonumen 1World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century.

In the war's aftermath, individuals, towns, cities, counties, and states all felt compelled to mark the war, as did colleges, businesses, clubs, associations, veterans groups, and houses of worship. Thousands of memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US in the 1920s and 1930s, blanketing the American landscape.

Each of these memorials, regardless of size or expense, has a story. But sadly, as we enter the war's centennial period, these memorials and their very purpose—to honor in perpetuity the more than four million Americans who served in the war and the more than 116,000 who were killed—have largely been forgotten. And while many memorials are carefully tended, others have fallen into disrepair through neglect, vandalism, or theft. Some have been destroyed. Watch this CBS news video on the plight of these monuments.

The extant memorials are our most salient material links in the US to the war. They afford a vital window onto the conflict, its participants, and those determined to remember them. Rediscovering the memorials and the stories they tell will contribute to their physical and cultural rehabilitation—a fitting commemoration of the war and the sacrifices it entailed.

Memorial Hunters Club

We are building a US WW1 Memorial register through a program called the Memorials Hunters Club. If you locate a memorial that is not on the map we invite you to upload your treasure to be permanently archived in the national register.  You can include your choice of your real name, nickname or team name as the explorers who added that memorial to the register. We even have room for a selfie! Check the map, and if you don't see the your memorial CLICK THE LINK TO ADD IT.

 

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Camp D. D. Gaillardzoom
Oakmont Service Plaza
Verona
PA
United States
15147
1928

Camp D. D. Gaillard

15th U.S. Engineers. World War Volunteers. Enlisted at Pittsburgh. Trained here May 23, 1917 to July 8, 1917. Embarked from New York July 9, 1917. England July 19, 1917, to July 23, 1917. First Armed foreign troops to land in England since Sixteenth Century. France July 28, 1917, to April 13, 1819. Debarked at New York, April 27, 1919. Mustered out of service at Camp Sherman May 15, 1929. Pittsburgh’s Pioneer Engineers. Erected by Allegheny County 1928.

Marker is on the Pennsylvania Turnpike at Oakmont Service Plaza.

 
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Camp Doniphan Part of Fort Sillzoom
Randolph Road at Currie Road
Lawton
OK
USA
73503

IN JUNE 1917, ON THE PRARIE WEST AND SOUTH OF HERE. ONE OF THE GREAT TRAINING GROUNDS OF THE
FIRST WORLD WAR WAS ESTABLISHED. NAMED IN HONOR OF MISSOURI’S COLONEL ALEXANDER W. DOLIPHAN OF MEXICAN
WAR FAME THE HUGE NATIONAL ARMY CANTONMENT OCCUPIED 1,200 ACRES AND WAS LAID OUT IN MTHE FORM OF A
HORSESHOE, OPENING TO THE EAST. THE MARKER IS AT THE SITE OF THE NORTH ENTRANCE TOL THE CAMP.
FRAME MESS HALLS, STOREHOUSES, CANTEENS AND OTHER FACILITIES WERE ERECTED BY THE SELDEN-BRECK
CONSTRUCTION COMPANY OF SAINT LOUIS. THE REST OF THE CAMP WAS A CITY OF PYRAMIDAL TENTS HEATED BY SIBLEY
STOVES.”JITNEYS” AND A TROLLY LINE PROVIDED TRANSPORTATION TO LAWTON.
INFANTRY UNITS OF THE OKLAHOMA NATIONAL GUARD, PART OF THE 36TH DIVISION COMMANDED BY MAJOR GENERAL
EDWIN ST. JOHN GREBLE, TRAINED IN THE SUMMER OF 1917 BEFORE JOINING THE DIVISIONS TEXAS NATIONAL GUARD
ELEMENTS AT CAMP BOWIE. ON 13 SEPTEMBER THE 35TH DIVISION, COMPRISING THE KANSAS AND MISSOURI NATIONAL
GUARD, AND COMMANDED BY MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM M. WRIGHT, WAS ACTIVATED HERE, CAMP DONIPHAN WAS ITS
HOME FOR THE NEXT SIX MONTHS.
THE 50,000 MEN WHO TRAINED HERE WOULD REMEMBER WITH NOSTALGIA THE WIND, THE DUST, THE HEAT OF SUMMER,
THE COLD OF WINTER IN CANVAS TENTS, THE STRENUOUS DRILLS AND MARCHES, AND THE ENDLESS DIGGING OF TRENCHES,
DUGOUTS, AND ARTILLERY EMPLACEMENTS IN HARD-BAKED SOIL AND HARDER ROCK IN “NO MAN’S LAND” NEAR
SIGNAL MOUNTAIN.
AMONG NOTED MISSOURIANS PRESENT WERE 1ST LIEUTENANT HARRY S. TRUMAN, BATTERY F, 129TH FIELD ARTILLERY,
LATER PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, AND CAPTAIN DWIGHT F. DAVIS, COMPANY L, 138TH INFANTRY, LATER SECRETARY
OF WAR, MAJOR GENERAL ROBERT M. DANFORD, LAST CHIEF OF FIELD ARTILLERY, COMMANDED THE 129TH FOR A PERIOD
HERE. A MARKER ON GRIERSON HILL OVERLOOKS THE ENCAMPMENT OF PRESIDENT TRUMEN’S BATTERY F.
IN THE SPRING OF 1918, TO THE HAUNTING STRAIN OF “OVER THERE;’ THE MEN OF THE 35TH LEFT FOR THE BATTLEFIELDS
OF FRANCE. THERE, WITH THEIR COMRADES-IN-ARMS OF THE 36TH, THEY FOUGHT AND DIED IN THE MEUSE-ARGONNE
OFFENSIVE, ONE OF HISTORY’S MOST DECISIVE CAMPAIGNS.
AFTER THEIR DEPARTURE, CAMP DONIPHAN BECAME A FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE FIRING CENTRE, COMMANDED BY
BRIGADIER GENERAL EDMUND L. GRUBER, COMPOSER OF THE “CAISSON SONG.” IN THE LATER YEARS THE SITE WAS AS THE
SUMMER TRAINING CAMP FOR THE OKLAHOMA NATIONAL GUARD.
THIS PLAQUE, TOGETHER WITH THE SIMPSON GUN ON SIGNAL MOUNTAIN THAT OVERLOOKS THE CAMP DONIPHAN AREA, STAND AS
LASTING AND GRATEFUL MEMORIALS TO THE HOST OF BRAVE SOLDIERS WHO TRAINED HERE IN FREEDOM’S CAUSE IN WORLD WAR ONE.

 
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Camp Greene WWI Monumentzoom
Ashley Park
Charlotte
NC
USA
28208

Description:

The monument was erected to honor the men who trained for World War One at Camp Greene. The most striking feature is a tall fluted column with an elaborate carving at the top holding the earth. The column stands on a large granite plinth on a triple base with inscriptions naming all the units stationed at the camp. The south face also has the spinning wheel insignia of the Daughters of the American Revolution above the inscription. It is surrounded by a black wrought iron fence.

 
Camp Merritt Memorial - Cresskillzoom
Madison Avenue & Knickerbocker Road
Cresskill
NJ
USA
07627
1924
Capt. Robert Ingersoll Aitken

In August 1919, Bergen County purchased land for a monument commemorating the role of Camp Merritt during the Great War at the intersection of Madison Avenue & Knickerbocker Road in Cresskill - marking the center of the largest embarkation camp in the US during WWI.  Modeled after the Washington Monument, the obelisk is 65 feet tall and made of granite.  Inscribed on the base are the names of the 578 people who died at the camp, mostly as the result of the 1918 influenza epidemic.  A large carved relief by the sculptor Robert Ingersoll Aitken shows a striding doughboy with an eagle flying overhead.

Set into a large boulder is a copper plaque with a relief of the Palisades, illustrating that the Camp Merritt site was used as an area of embarkation.  The plaque was designed by artist Katherine Lamb Tait.

The monument was dedicated on May 30, 1924.  A crowd of 20,000 heard a dedicatory address given by famed Army General Pershing.

Narrative adapted from Bergen County, NJ official website. 

Photo courtesy of:  Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

 
Camp Robinson KIA Memorialzoom
704 E. Military Dr.
North Little Rock
AR
USA
72118

This memorial is located on an active military base at the Camp Robinson Chapel.

 
Campbell County War Memorialzoom
500 South Gillette Avenue
Gillette
WY
USA
82716
1955

This memorial, the older of the two in Gillette, honors "all who served our country in time of war" and lists the names of those from Campbell County who gave their lives in World War 1, World War 2, and the Korean Conflict. It is located outside the courthouse.

 
Candler Co - Metter - War Memorialzoom
W Broad Street and N Kennedy Street
Metter
GA
USA
30439
Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch
The memorial consists of three standing stone tablets inscribed “Dedicated to those brave men of Candler County who paid the supreme sacrifice in defense of their country.”  It is possibly the only marker in Georgia to recognize the Nicaraguan Conflict of 1927.  The site also contains a separate Candler County Veterans Memorial inscribed “Dedicated to all the residents of the county who served in the armed forces of our country during World War I, World War II and the Korean War and in memory of those who died in service.”
 
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Cannon Parkzoom
900 Hiawatha Drive, East Wabasha MN 55981
Wabasha
MN
USA
55981
 
Canton – World War Memorial Arch zoom
Brown Park
Canton
AL
USA
30114
Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch
The large arch monument is in the center of Brown Park.
 
Capitan Veteran's Memorialzoom
Smokey Bear National Monument
Capitan
NM
USA
88316

A concrete obelisk, painted white, was erected here in about 1945. It originally had a bronze plaque listing the names of Lincoln County residents who were killed or lost in WWI and WWII. The plaque was stolen and replaced by another in about 1990 which hon­ors veterans of all wars.

 
Carmel Veterans Memorialzoom
Carmel
IN
USA
46032
 
Carmel-by-the-Sea World War I Memorial Archzoom
Intersection of Ocean Ave and San Carlos St
Carmel-by-the-Sea
CA
USA
93921

Photo and description courtesy of American Legion Post 512

This memorial arch houses a ceremonial bell, which is inscribed:

"In honor of those who served / In memory of those who died / We dedicate this Centennial Bell / October 31, 1916...October 31, 2016 / American Legion Post 512 / The people and City of Carmel-by-the-Sea."

For 44 years the memorial arch lay empty, as there were not enough funds to construct a bell. A donated bell thought to date back to 1692 was added to the memorial in 1966, where it stood until it was replaced by a new bell on Veterans Day 2016. The old bell is now stored at the library's Local History Room.

 
Carroll County - Villa Rica - WW1 Memorial Monumentzoom
101 Main Street
Villa Rica
GA
USA
30180

“Nov. 29, 1933 - Charlie Rabun Chapter No. 14 - D.A.V of W.W. - In Memory of Our Deceased Comrades”.  “A Message to Future Generations.”  Inscribed with thirteen names.

 
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Carroll Park Memorialzoom
Carroll Gardens
New York
NY
USA
11231
June 1921
Eugene H. Morahan

Side 1: They faced the perils of the sea and the hidden foe beneath the waves.

Side 2: They sought no glory but their country's good.

Two Honor Rolls entitled: Died in the service of their country.

 
Cass County WW1 Memorialzoom
100 Main Street
Dowagiac
MI
USA
49047

Information

This monument dating from 1919 has a memorial plaque for Cass County residents, and one for Dowagiac City residents. It sets at the start of Main Street right across from the front of City Hall.

 
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Castle Rock War Memorialszoom
141 “A” Street
Castle Rock
WA
USA
98611

There are two Granite Obelisks dedicated
to the memory of Castle Rock residents
who made The Supreme Sacrifice in the
wars of our Republic.

Inscription of WW1 Obelisk:
IN MEMORIAM
CHAS. S. CHISM
GEORGE EATON
ELMER O. LEONARD
THOMAS MARTIN
HARLAN MERRILL
RUDOLPH ROCKWELL
ALBERT W. ROSIN
RICHARD SUGARS
1917-WORLD WAR-1918

The second obelisk features the names of
Castle Rock residents lost in World War 2,
Korean War and the Vietnam War.

 
Cathlamet I.O.R.M. Memorial Plaquezoom
Near 52 Forest Heights
Cathlamet
WA
USA
98612

This bronze plaque is dedicated to the fallen members of the Quillis tribe, a local chapter of the Improved Order of Red Men fraternal organization. It is located in a cemetery shelter at Greenwood Cemetery, next to a similar plaque honoring WWII servicemembers.

 
Catoosa Co. - Ringgold - World Wars Memorialzoom
7863 Nashville St.
Ringgold
GA
USA
30736
1950
Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch

Description:  Granite  memorial - Inscription:  “Dedicated to the memory of the men of Catoosa County, GA, who gave their lives and to all who served in World Wars I & II.  Erected 1950 by VFW Post No. 7675 of Ringgold, Georgia.”

This memorial contains the names of six soldiers from Catoosa County who died in WW1.  The backside of this memorial is dedicated to those that served in subsequent wars. 

 
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Causland Memorial Parkzoom
710 N Avenue
Anacortes
WA
USA
98221

Causland Memorial Park
Commissioned in 1919 & Completed 1921
Designed by John Baptiste
French Canadian Artist & Architect 

Named in honor of Harry Leon Causland, Private, Company I, 357th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry DivisionNamed in honor of Harry Leon Causland, Private, Company I, 357th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division“Killed In Action” in 1918, at the Battle of Bantheville Hill, Meuse-Argonne Offensive, France while volunteering to carry ammunition to his comrades.  Honored as one of General John J. “Blackjack” Pershing’s “One Hundred Mortals“, he was posthumously awarded America’s second highest medal for valor, The Distinguished Service Cross.

Bandstand Memorial Plaque is dedicated to the 14 service members from Hidalgo, Sinclair, Guemes, Decatur and Cypress Islands located in Washington State, who died in World War 1

 
Cayuga American Legion Veterans Memorialzoom
Cayuga
IN
USA
47928
May 30, 1996
 
Cecil County World War Doughboy Memorial, Elkton, MD zoom
101 Railroad Ave.
Elkton
MD
USA
21921
11/11/1921
sculptor unknown

A standing figure of a soldier dressed in his khakis and wearing his helmet. He holds a rifle in front of him with both hands. The base of the sculpture is a shaft flanked by large paneled slabs inscribed with the names of Cecil County men who died in World War I. At the bottom of the base is a row of three steps. At each end of the base, on the front corners, are tapered shafts topped by electric lamps. On the front of the base is a carved eagle.

 
Center Harbor Artillery Relief on Honor Rollzoom
Nichols Memorial Library, Plymouth and Main Sts. and Meredith Rd.
Center Harbor
NH
USA
03226

On a granite stele are three bronze plaques, a WWI artillery battery in action, emblems of three branches of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the military badges of the Army, Coast Guard, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Navy. It was originally installed in about 1920 to honor the Center Harbor citizens who fought in the Civil War, the Spanish-American War, and WWI. It was expanded after WWII to include its veterans. In 1992, it was expanded again to honor the vet­erans of the Korean, Vietnam, and Persian Gulf Wars.

 
Center Point Veterans Memorialzoom
335 Polly Reed Rd NE
Center Point
AL
USA
35215
May 29, 2010
 
Central Valley World War Honor Rollzoom
228 New York State Route 32
Woodbury
NY
USA
10917

"Dedicated to the Residents of Central Valley who Gave Their Services to the the Cause of Humanity"

 
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Century Towerzoom
Gainesville
FL
USA
32611
1953

Century Tower is one of the most identifiable features of the University of Florida campus. The dream of building a tower began in 1953, when alumni sought funds to construct a monument in memory of students killed in World War I and World War II. The tower also commemorates the 100th anniversary of the founding of the University of Florida in 1853. The fund drive resulted in the construction of the 157-foot-tall tower, completed in 1956.

 

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