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Monuments & Memorials

"The centennial of World War One offers an opportunity for people in the United States
to learn about and commemorate the sacrifices of their predecessors."

from The World War One Centennial Commission Act, January 14, 2013

DCWorldWarMonumen 1World War One was a watershed in American history. The United States' decision to join the battle in 1917 "to make the world safe for democracy" proved pivotal in securing allied victory — a victory that would usher in the American Century.

In the war's aftermath, individuals, towns, cities, counties, and states all felt compelled to mark the war, as did colleges, businesses, clubs, associations, veterans groups, and houses of worship. Thousands of memorials—from simple honor rolls, to Doughboy sculptures, to grandiose architectural ensembles—were erected throughout the US in the 1920s and 1930s, blanketing the American landscape.

Each of these memorials, regardless of size or expense, has a story. But sadly, as we enter the war's centennial period, these memorials and their very purpose—to honor in perpetuity the more than four million Americans who served in the war and the more than 116,000 who were killed—have largely been forgotten. And while many memorials are carefully tended, others have fallen into disrepair through neglect, vandalism, or theft. Some have been destroyed. Watch this CBS news video on the plight of these monuments.

The extant memorials are our most salient material links in the US to the war. They afford a vital window onto the conflict, its participants, and those determined to remember them. Rediscovering the memorials and the stories they tell will contribute to their physical and cultural rehabilitation—a fitting commemoration of the war and the sacrifices it entailed.

Memorial Hunters Club

We are building a US WW1 Memorial register through a program called the Memorials Hunters Club. If you locate a memorial that is not on the map we invite you to upload your treasure to be permanently archived in the national register.  You can include your choice of your real name, nickname or team name as the explorers who added that memorial to the register. We even have room for a selfie! Check the map, and if you don't see the your memorial CLICK THE LINK TO ADD IT.

 

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Brookville
IN
USA
47012
2007
 
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Castile United Church of Christ, Main and Washington Sts.
Castile
NY
USA
14427

This copper figure of a WWI infantryman carrying a rifle and a grenade appears to be advancing through No Man's land. It was sculpted by E.M. Viquesney and dedicated in 1926. The statue is re­moved from its granite base at the end of each October to be cleaned and repainted, and is returned to the site at the church at the end of the following May.

 
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Logansport
IN
USA
46947
Located in Mount Hope Cemetery.
 
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Ohio Historical Center, 1982 Velma Ave.
Columbus
OH
USA
43211

This nine foot tall sculpture was created by Bruce Wilder Saville (1893 - 1938), depicting a WWI soldier returning home from vic­tory. He holds his rifle and a German soldier's helmet. It was dedi­cated on April 6, 1926, and was part of the War Memorial Wing of the old State Museum on the Ohio State University campus. It was moved in August of 1970 to the top of the dome of the Ohio His­torical Center, and in 1991 was moved to the center's entrance.

 
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Former Swain County Courthouse, Main and Everett Sts.
Bryson City
NC
USA
28713

This is a tall limestone WWII soldier, wearing a helmet, pants tucked into boots, and a uniform shirt and belt. Over his right shoul­der is slung a rifle. It is dedicated to the war dead from Swain County in WWI, WWII, and the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Their names are incised on the marble base.

 
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15 Depot Park
Kalispell
MT
USA
59901
July 4, 2007

This memorial monument is dedicated to the fallen servicemembers of Flathead County from the Spanish-American War to the present day. It is located near the old Kalispell railroad depot, in what is now called Depot Park.

 
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Montgomery County Courthouse Square 108 E. Main St.
Troy
NC
USA
27371

A five foot tall white marble statue of a WWI soldier is dressed in a waist-length jacket, helmet, boots and britches. His right arm is raised in the air and he holds a rifle in his left. It was dedicated in about 1926 to honor the Montgomery County men who served in the Spanish-American War and WWI.

 
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Green County Courthouse, 320 Main St.
Catskill
NY
USA
12414

A bronze WWI soldier is running over rocks and barbed wire, with his rifle held in the air in his right hand. He wears a helmet and has a knapsack on his back. Beneath is a square granite base with a plaque dedicated to the men who served in the Tenth New York In­fantry during WWI.

 
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100 Year Armistice Memorialloupe
Lawrenceburg
IN
USA
47025

This memorial was my Eagle Scout project dedicated to all Americans who served in the First World War. It has the names of the local veterans who served in WW1 and are buried in the cemetery. It was unveiled and dedicated at 11am on November 11th, 2018. Exactly 100 years after the armistice that ended the Great War. The 48 star flag is atop the inscription and it only has the years 1917-1918 inscribed upon it because it is an American memorial.

 
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101 Memorialloupe
Oakwood Cemetery, off of Hatch Blvd
Sheffield
AL
USA
35660

101 Memorial

100 Cities / 100 Memorials

100c 100m wwi centennial plaque This project by the citizens of Muscle Shoals Area of Alabama is to recognize and honor the civilian war efforts of those who worked and died during 1918 in the building of Nitrate Plants and Wilson Dam of the Tennessee River. Sponsorship of the project is being provided by a local Steering Committee of leading citizens together with support from the American Legion and DAR/SAR organizations.

The 101 victims (all died in Nitrate #2 hospital) were recorded by name and sketched as to location of burial by Mr. R.B. Brodie (recorded in data book of 1918 and transcribed in 1921). It is intended that this recognition monument stand for all time as a tribute to their devotion to duty and sacrifice during time of war in service to their nation.

 
102nd Infantry Regiment Memorial loupe
279 Derby Avenue
West Haven
CT
USA
06516

The memorial was constructed August 9, 1942 by the New Haven Chapter Yankee Division Veterans Association. The regiment is where the New Haven Grays were formed. Today the memorial continues to serve as an active National Guard Reserve Unit.

 
107th Regiment Memorialloupe
Central Park, 5th Ave. and 67th St.
New York
NY
USA
10065

This bronze sculpture nearly 10 X 15 X 5 feet in size, depicts seven soldiers charging the front lines during WWI. The three cen­tral ones attack with bayonets while the others are wounded and slump. They are arranged as in a pyramid, and beneath is a stepped granite base. It was sculpted by Karl Illava (1896-1954) and dedicated on 66th St. on September 29,1927, to honor the members of this in­fantry regiment who served in WWI. It was moved to its present site after WWII.

 
117th Infantry Regiment Doughboy Memorialloupe
101 E. 5th Ave.
Knoxville
TN
USA
37917

In 1921 a monument was erected in front of Knoxville High School in honor of the men who served in the 117th Infantry Regiment during World War I. The 117th had been part of the 3rd Tennessee Infantry in the pre-war National Guard. Called into service, the unit became the 117th Infantry Regiment, serving during the Great War as part of the 30th Infantry Division. On May 22, 1922 a special dedication ceremony was held. General John Pershing was one of the guest speakers who addressed the crowd of approximately 7,000.

The memorial consists of a life-sized bronze World War I infantryman appearing to run across rocky ground, carrying a rifle in his left hand and a grenade in his upraised right hand.  Beneath is a granite base and behind is a tall granite shaft topped by an eagle with outstretched wings. The shaft is adorned with medallions and several plaques honoring the local participants in wars from the Mexican War through World War I.  Some list the names of the 453 members of the 117th Infantry who died in World War I.

 
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141st Infantry Regimentloupe
100 E. Market st
San Antonio
TX
USA
78205

Description: Dedicated to: The Oldest Malitia Unit In Texas.Serving in all wars of the United States, from The Texas Revolution To World War II.  The 141st fought in the Meuse Argonne Campaign in WWI.  The Monument is located in the 36th Infantry Division Plaza and was erected in 1991 by the San Antonio Chapter of the 36th Division Association.at the intersection of E. Market Street and Losoya St./Alamo St. It is on the street just above San Antonio’s world famous River Walk.  The monument is also about two blocks from the famous Schilo’s Delicatessen, a San Antonio landmark since 1917.

 
146th F.A.A.E.F. WW1 Equipment Displayloupe
755 NE Myra Road
Walla Walla
WA
USA
99362

The 66th Artillery Brigade was the parent organization of the 146th. It had two assigned Field Artillery Regiments, the 146th and 148th, was the first brigade of the A. E. F. (American Expeditionary Force) to have its regiments become motorized heavy artillery units. The 146th, arriving in their training camp at Camp de Souge, France, (10 miles southwest of Bordeaux) first on January 16,1918, were equipped with the newly manufactured French 155mm (6 in.) Filloux rifles, commonly know as the 155 G. P. F. gun. The 148th arrived there on February 14th and was soon also equipped with these spectacular guns.The 146th Field Artillery Regiment of the Washington National Guardwas originally formed at Fort Walla Walla, WA, there was little or no time to train with as all units once formed were quickly sent to France. Fort Walla Walla served the U.S. Cavalry from 1859 to closing in 1910.  The was briefly reopened in 1917 to train A.E.F. Field Artillery Battalions.It wasn’t until they reached France that the Brigade was designated as “Corps Artillery” reporting to either a Corps or the higher unit, the First Army, and assigned the 155 mm G. P. F. Guns. Their combat service was within the First Army, however, when serving in Germany with the Army of Occupation, they were within the Third Army area. As such they worn the Third Army patch on their left shoulder, a white A within a red circle in all of the available pictures 

 
167th Infantry Memorial loupe
700 19th St (VA Hospital)
Birmingham
AL
USA
35233
Erected by the Mortimer H. Jordan Chapter of the Rainbow Division Association.
 
16th Infantry Memorial - Flevilleloupe
Town Hall
Fleville
Grand Est
France
08250

This memorial is located in the parking spaces directly in front of the Fleville town hall.  It is dedicated to the 16th Infantry Regiment who liberated the village of Fléville on October 4th, 1918. During this liberation, 27 of the soldiers of the 16th Infantry Regiment were awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.

The memorial is a stone stele with a bronze plaque containing text and the symbol of the 16th Infantry Regiment.  The inscription reads:

This plaque is dedicated to the men of the 16th Infantry Regiment who fought so gallantly during the heavy fighting in the Meuse-Argonne and who on October 4, 1918 liberated the village of Fleville from the Germans. During the Battle of the Meuse-Argonne and the liberation of Fleville, twenty-seven men of the Regiment received the Distinguished Service Cross, America's second highest award for gallantry in action. It was after the liberation of Fleville, that the 16th Infantry Regiment adopted the Blue and White Fur Vair shield from the town's Coat of Arms, as the background for its Regimental Crest. That crest has been worn proudly by members of the Regiment for over eighty-years and has seen service in World War II, the Cold War, Vietnam, in the deserts of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and in Bosnia. The Regiment stands ready to serve again with pride and distinction. SEMPER PARATUS - ALWAYS PREPARED. 

The Regiment and the village of Fleville must never forget the heroic actions of those men and their dedication to their country and the ideals of freedom. We must always remember that - FREEDOM IS NEVER FREE. In this small French village in 1918, the price of Freedom was very high. 

Presented November 11, 1999 by the 16th Infantry Regiment Association. 

 
1918 Fort Caswell Rifle Range Memorialloupe
Foxfire Trace and Bunker Court
Caswell Beach
NC
USA
28465

1918 Fort Caswell Rifle Range Memorial

100 Cities / 100 Memorials

100c 100m wwi centennial plaqueOn January 21, 1918, the U.S. War Department proposed the construction of a new rifle range adjacent to Fort Caswell, N.C., for small arms training of soldiers in preparation for the entrance of the United States into World War I. After World War II, the rifle range was declared surplus and sold. In commemoration of the Centennial of World War I, a group of Caswell Beach residents have worked to create a memorial and dedicate the 1918 Fort Caswell Rifle Range to the WWI veterans of Brunswick County, N.C. and have the structure added to the National Register of Historic Places.  

 
1935 Hurricane Memorialloupe
3260 SW 8th St
Miami
FL
USA
33135

The American Legion Harvey W. Seeds Post No. 29 erected this memorial to the World War veterans who died in the 1935 Labor Day hurricane. It is located in Section 2A of Woodlawn Park North Cemetery. The memorial sits atop a mass grave of five parallel trenches, originally containing 90 identified bodies (81 veterans, 9 civilians) and 19 unidentified bodies -- 109 altogether. Four veterans were later exhumed. 70 of the remaining veteran graves are marked, most since 2015. The burial with full military honors took place on September 8, 1935.

 
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1949 Merci Trainloupe
111 South 18th Street
Yakima
WA
USA
98901

The Merci Train was a train of 49 French railroad box cars filled with tens of thousands of gifts of gratitude from at least that many individual French citizens. They were showing their appreciation for the more than 700 American box cars of relief goods sent to them by (primarily) individual Americans in 1948. The Merci Train arrived in New York harbor on February 3rd, 1949 and each of the 48 American states at that time received one of the gift-laden box cars. The 49th box car was shared by Washington D.C. and the Territory of Hawaii. Parades and ceremonies of welcome were conducted in the state capitols and major cities of almost all the states.

The 40/8 designation refers to the fact that during World War 1, each box car could handle either 40 soldiers or 8 horses as troops, horses and supplies were shipped to the front lines.

The symbol of the Merci Train to the right, shown next to the French flag, is a frontal view of a steam engine with flowers on the pilot which are symbolic of Flanders Field, where many American "Doughboys" from WW1 are buried. The drawing was adopted as the official symbol of the French Merci Train Committee, and a plaque of the drawing was placed on each of the Merci box cars. The committee also had gift tags made bearing the symbol, and one accompanied each of the more than 52,000 gifts that came in the box cars.

 

 
20th Century War Heroes of Lancaster Honor Rollsloupe
128 Main St./U.S. Hwy. 3
Lancaster
NH
USA
03584

Sculpture Foundry:
Gotham Silversmiths

IN HONOR OF THE
MEN AND WOMEN
OF LANCASTER
NEW HAMPSHIRE
WHO SERVED IN
THE ARMED FORCES
OF THEIR COUNTRY
IN TIME OF WAR

This plaque is on the Main Street side of the monument which is toped by the Gorham
Silversmith’s foundry produced American Eagle with full spread wings. On the other
three sides are Honor Rolls listing those residents who served in the 20th Century wars
of our republic. This monument was dedicated on Memorial Day, Wednesday, May 30th,
1951.

HONOR ROLL
WORLD WAR I
1917 - 1918

This plaque lists the names of 143 Lancaster residents who served in the war and the
five Sons of Lancaster who “Made The Supreme Sacrifice” in defense of our liberty.
Those five lost son’s names are followed by a star.

This Monument sits front and center in Lancaster’s Centennial Park, formerly know as
Central Park, this gray granite War Memorial Monument surrounded by Weeks Memorial
Library and the Coos County Superior Court.

 
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307th Infantry Memorial Groveloupe
Central Park
New York
NY
USA
10019
1925

Front: (Names of 590 men are listed in 9 columns.)
Rear: To The Dead / of the / 307th Infantry A.E.F / 590 Officers and Men / 1917-1919 /

 
32nd Red Arrow Divisionloupe
Grayling
MI
USA
49738

32nd Red Arrow Division 

After American entry into World War I in 1917, President Woodrow Wilson ordered all of Michigan's National Guard to Camp Grayling. Eight thousand of these troops then went to Texas where they joined Wisconsin soldiers to form the 32nd Division. Arriving in France in 1918 the division earned the name "Red Arrow" for its swift assaults through German lines. During World War II the 32nd Red Arrow Division fought courageously in the Pacific Theatre and received a commendation from General Douglas MacArthur.

 
42nd Rainbow Division Memorial at Croix Rouge Farmloupe
La Croix Rouge
Fère-en-Tardenois
Hauts-de-France
France
02130

Inaugurated in November 2012, this Memorial of the 42nd Division commemorates the 162 soldiers from Alabama and their Iowa comrades who died on the battle field of the Croix Rouge Farm as well as all the soldiers of the Rainbow Division who gave their life for France during the Great War. Created by British sculptor James Butler, MBE (RA), it was erected by the Croix Rouge Farm Memorial Foundation (Montgomery, Alabama) and was donated to the city of Fère-en-Tardenois, so that the bronze soldier who carries the body of his dead comrade remains forever the witness of the sacrifice made by young Americans on July 26, 1918, and so that it remains for future generations a symbol of French-American friendship and a call for peace among nations. 

For background on the memorial, see: https://croixrougefarm.org/the-sculpture/

 
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5th Regiment Armory WWI Memorialloupe
219 29th Division St
Baltimore
MD
USA
21201

Inside the 5th Regiment Armory in Baltimore is a Maryland Museum of Military History. Although the armory is usually closed to visitors, the building's facade is home to a number of WW1 memorials.

 

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