pilots in dress uniforms The pilots gas masks doughboys with mules Riveters African American Soldiers 1 Mule Rearing African American Officers



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Doughboy - Cliffside Parkloupe
Memorial Park, Edgewater Road & Palisade Avenue
Cliffside Park

This monument commemorates the soldiers from Cliffside Park, NJ who served in World War I.  It was dedicated on Decoration Day 1929. 

The bronze sculpture depicts a WWI soldier leaning on his left foot. He is wearing his uniform, ragged on both arms, a helmet and carrying a rifle on his left shoulder. His left hand is holding the rife strap, his right hand is hooked to the ammunition belt hanging around his hips. He is wearing a gas mask on his chest & a canteen on his right hip. 

On February 12, 1950, the monument was rededicated and a new plaque was added to include the names of the soldiers who gave their lives in WWII. The new plaque, made of polished labradorite, covers the original inscription on the stone base. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000379.

Photos courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) 

Citizen Soldiers Monument - Irvingtonloupe
Springfield Avenue & Nesbitt Terrace
Charles Keck

This monument was erected to honor the soldiers & sailors of Irvington, NJ who fought in World War I. It depicts a bronze soldier dressed in a military uniform with an open-collared shirt, holding a bayonet in his lowered right hand. In his left hand, he grasps an upright flagpole topped with a small eagle. A partially unfurled American flag wraps around the flagpole.

In the back of the figure, an anvil is placed atop a tree stump and topped with an open book and an oil lamp. The statue stands on an inscribed marble base decorated in its upper portion with a relief of garland leaves.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000277.

Photo courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

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Hart Memorial - Orangeloupe
BPOE Lodge 135, 475 Main Street
Laura Gardin Fraser

This memorial is one of three in Orange, NJ.

It was erected by the Orange Benevolent Order of Elks, Lodge 134, in memory of Private Joseph Hart, the only member of the lodge killed in World War I. The sculpture consists of a bronze depiction of a resting elk placed atop a stepped granite base measuring approximately 5' 3" by 10'. The base was designed by architect, Albert Randall Ross.

The sculptor, Laura Gardin Fraser, studied art at the Arts Students League in New York City. Best known for her designs for medals, she also designed elk sculptures for several venues including, Chicago's Elks Memorial & the Elks Lodge in New Brunswick, NJ. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000082.

Photo courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

Atlanta – Woodward Academy Memorial Monument loupe
1662 Rugby Avenue
College Park
Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch
                  In Memoriam
           G.M.A. World War Heroes
             Whose Fidelity to Duty
             Honor and Country was
         Only Commensurate with the
          Supreme Sacrifice they Made

Dulce et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori

“It is sweet and glorious to die for one’s country"
Liberty in Distress Monument - Atlantic Cityloupe
S. Albany & Ventnor Avenues
Atlantic City
Frederick MacMonnies

In 1907, the city of Atlantic City joined with the famous New York architecture firm of Carrere & Hastings in a plan for a civic monument.  Delayed by US involvement in World War I, in 1919, the city decided the monument should be built in honor and memory of city residents who served in the war. 

Designed in the Greek tholos form, the circular structure reaches 124’ in diameter and features 16 Doric columns made of Indiana limestone.  Paving between the columns is bluestone & slate.  The monument’s frieze depicts the name of battles in which Atlantic City men fought.

There are four medallions (Army, Navy, Marines & Aviation) that alternate around the circumference of the frieze.  The battles in which Atlantic City men fought are inscribed upon the architrave. 

In the interior of the temple is a nine-foot bronze statue, “Liberty in Distress,” designed by Philadelphia sculptor, Frederick MacMonnies.  This sculpture was installed in July 1929.  It depicts victory over the enemy, but at the same time emphasizes the sorrows & sufferings of war.  It was mounted on a green Vermont marble pedestal. 

The monument was dedicated in 1923. 

Narrative adapted from "Greek Temple Monument," The Atlantic City Experience, Atlantic City Public Library; and "Atlantic City World War I Memorial, History & Setting," Hunter Resarch, Inc., 2008. 

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

B&W Photos courtesy of: Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) / National Parks Service

Victory Veterans Monument - Bellevilleloupe
Town Hall, 159 Washington Avenue
Carl Tefft

This monument honors the 700 men from Belleville who served in the Great War, and the 20 men who gave their lives whose names are enumerated on a shield plaque. It consists of an allegorical bronze female figure representing Victory holding a shield and quill pen in her left hand, and a bouquet of flowers in the crook of her right arm. She wears a laurel wreath in her hair.

The sculpture sits atop a square stone base. Dedicated in 1922, it was designed by New York sculptor, Carl Emerson Tefft.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #76008075.

Photos courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

War Memorial (WWI & WWII) - Basking Ridgeloupe
S. Finley Avenue & Oak Street
Bernards Township - Basking Ridge

Located near the center of the village of Basking Ridge, NJ this monument consists of a thick glacial boulder slab with a rectangular bronze honor roll plaque mounted on its surface.  The plaque recognizes local residents who served in WWI. 

Photos courtesy of: Bill Coughlin & Historical Marker Database

WWI & WWII Memorial - Liberty Cornerloupe
Church Street & Valley Road
Bernards Township - Liberty Corner

This monument consists of an oblong boulder with a bronze plaque dedicated to Bernards Township residents who served in WWI & WWII.  The plaque contains a relief of an eagle with wings spread along with several military branch logos.  

Photos courtesy of: Alan Edelson & Historical Marker Database

World War Memorial Building - Beverlyloupe
Beverly Free Library, 441 Cooper Street

Beverly's memorial library is dedicated to its local citizens who served in World War I.  A plaque reads, "World War Memorial Building / Erected by the citizens of Beverly and Edgewater Park as a tribute to those patriots of this vicinity who served their country in the World War / 1917-1918." 

Photo courtesy of: Deb Hartshorn & Historical Marker Database

Singer Sewing Machine Company - Elizabethloupe
First & Trumble Streets

In 1873, the Singer Sewing Machine Manufacturing Co. purchased 32 acres of land in Elizabeth, NJ and established its first factory in the US. The company isn’t credited with inventing the sewing machine, but founder Isaac Singer made crucial improvements to machine designs, patenting 12 ideas in 1857 alone.  By the time the Elizabeth factory opened, Singer was selling more sewing machines than all of its competitors combined.

During WWI, the Singer Company converted from manufacturing sewing machines to making 75-mm cannons & the famous .45 automatic pistol. 

The factory operated in Elizabeth for 109 years.  In 1982, the last 560 workers at the 1,400,000 square foot factory were laid off, and the facility closed.  The building still stands & is home to an industrial park. 

Narrative adapted from "Made in Jersey: Singer sewing machines had the market sewn up;" Greg Hatala; The Star-Ledger, November 18, 2013. 

Photo courtesy of:  New Jersey State Archives

Wrens — Jefferson Co. — Veterans Memorialloupe
Towns Square
Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch
Burke Co. -– Monument to WW1 Soldiersloupe
602 North Liberty Street
Burke County Courthouse in Waynesboro, Georgia is a Carpenter Romanesque building completed in 1857. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

At the entrance of this courthouse is a plaque in memory of those from this community that lost their lives in the S.S. Otranto sinking, October 6, 1918.
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New York Shipbuilding - Camdenloupe

The New York Shipbuilding Corporation was founded in 1899 by industrialist Henry G. Morse. Its name reflects its originally intended location in Staten Island, New York. Land proved to be cheaper in Camden, New Jersey, so Morse constructed the shipyard there on 160 acres on the east side of the Delaware River and retained its originally incorporated name.

From the outset it was decided to break away from the accepted traditions of shipbuilding and construct a yard which employed the most up-to-date machinery and advanced methods of structural steel construction. The keel was laid for its first ship on November 29, 1900.

By the time America entered World War I, NY Shipbuilding had grown to be the largest shipyard in the world. 

The company had significant government contracts during both World Wars and built ships for the United States Navy and the Emergency Fleet Corporation. World War I-era ships constructed at the yard included primarily tankers, colliers, and passenger/cargo vessels, many under Emergency Fleet Corporation contracts.

Narrative adapted from The New York Shipbuilding Corporation, 50 Years: New York Shipbuilding, Camden, New Jersey (1949).

Photos courtesy of:
Black & white photos - 50 Years: New York Shipbuilding, Camden, New Jersey
Vintage postcards - Rutgers University Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives

Murray Co. -- Courthouse Memorial Monumentloupe
121 North Third Avenue
Photos courtesy of Lamar Veatch
Murray County Courthouse in Chatsworth, Georgia was built in 1916. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.
WWI Memorial - Bound Brookloupe
E. High Street & E. Main Street
Bound Brook

The Bound Brook monument consists of a projecting bronze plaque mounted to the surface of an irregular glacial boulder.  Erected by an American Legion Post, the simple plaque is ornamented with three relief crosses, two garlands, a torch, & the seal of the American Legion.

Photo credit: Bill Coughlin & Historical Marker Database

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WWI Monument - Bradley Beachloupe
Borough Hall, Main Street (Rt. 71)
Bradley Beach
L. Manning & Sons

This monument consists of a three-level marble slab base. The top slab has a shallow-gabled top and has incised insignias on each side representing the US Army Air Corp, Infantry, Field Artillery & the US Navy. The next stage, square in cross section, has bronze plaques commemorating service of residents in WWI on all four sides. This stage is surrounded by an overhanging square stone slab that serves as the base for a classic stone obelisk with a crowning stone pyramidal top. 

The Bradley Beach monument is situated in the center of a circular, brick plaza in front of the municipal building. 

Photos courtesy of:
NJ State Historic Preservation Office
Plaques - RC & Historical Marker Database

Site of Signing of US WWI Peace Treaty - Raritanloupe
Routes 28 & 202/206 (Entrance to Somerville Shopping Center)

The following is an account of the signing of the US WWI Peace Treaty published in the New York Times issue of May 27, 1984: 

"Although the other Allies accepted the Treaty of Versailles, a vicious, partisan battle over its adoption erupted in the United States.  ... Formal peace did not come for another two years: July 2, 1921. The place the war ended was in rural Somerset County. 

The US resolution contained some of the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, but not membership in the League of Nations.

As the debate in Congress was ending, President Warren Harding left to spend a relaxing Fourth of July weekend at the picturesque country home of Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen in Somerville, NJ.

The President was accompanied by his wife and a group of cronies from the Senate and the House. The Presidential party arrived on Friday evening, July 1, after taking the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Washington to Bound Brook.

The following day, a White House courier arrived with the resolution that had just been adopted by Congress, and reporters described the ensuing events with the sort of colorful journalistic detail that characterized newspaper reporting in those days.

President Harding, who had been playing golf at the Somerset Hills Country Club, returned to the Frelinghuysen home in an automobile. He was wearing ''a Palm Beach suit, white shoes, white socks with black clocks, a white shirt buttoned by removable gold studs and a green and red bow tie.''

He met the White House courier on the front porch, where he read through the documents. The President then entered through the front door and sat at a table.

About 30 people crowded into the room, including reporters, photographers, Secret Service agents, Washington dignitaries, the Frelinghuysen children, the acting Governor of New Jersey, butlers, maids, chauffeurs and gardeners.

A reporter asked Senator Frelinghuysen what he called the room.

''Oh, I don't know,'' he said, ''library, living room, parlor - anything you please.''

A group of Somerset County officials, including Sherrif Bogart Conkling, had brought along a feathery quill pen for the President to use, but he instead took a ''new steel pen in an ordinary wooden holder'' from Senator Frelinghuysen.

In silence, except for the clicking of cameras, the President signed the resolution.

''That's all,'' he said, in what must be one of the most unmemorable lines ever uttered in a historic moment.

At that point, a large drop of ink fell from the pen to the page, obscuring part of Mr. Harding's signature. An aide applied a blotter, and the document was placed in a leather pouch to be returned to Washington.

After a few moments of conversation, the President and his party departed for some more golf, this time at the Raritan Valley Country Club.

Nobody is quite sure how it got there, but the desk on which President Harding signed the resolution is tucked away in a small room in the concrete and glass library on the Rutgers-Newark campus. There is no plaque or marker on it, and it is used principally as a conference table for librarians."

Today, a small plaque commemorates the location of the former Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen home in Somerville, NJ.  It is located at the entrance to the Somerville Circle Shopping Center. 

Photo courtesy of: Somerset County Historical Society; original credit:  Unionist-Gazette newspaper, 1921 


Camp Merritt Memorial - Cresskillloupe
Madison Avenue & Knickerbocker Road
Capt. Robert Ingersoll Aitken

In August 1919, Bergen County purchased land for a monument commemorating the role of Camp Merritt during the Great War at the intersection of Madison Avenue & Knickerbocker Road in Cresskill - marking the center of the largest embarkation camp in the US during WWI.  Modeled after the Washington Monument, the obelisk is 65 feet tall and made of granite.  Inscribed on the base are the names of the 578 people who died at the camp, mostly as the result of the 1918 influenza epidemic.  A large carved relief by the sculptor Robert Ingersoll Aitken shows a striding doughboy with an eagle flying overhead.

Set into a large boulder is a copper plaque with a relief of the Palisades, illustrating that the Camp Merritt site was used as an area of embarkation.  The plaque was designed by artist Katherine Lamb Tait.

The monument was dedicated on May 30, 1924.  A crowd of 20,000 heard a dedicatory address given by famed Army General Pershing.

Narrative adapted from Bergen County, NJ official website. 

Photo courtesy of:  Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

Spirit of the American Doughboy - Doverloupe
Hurd Park, Rt. 46 & Princeton Avenue
EM Viquesney

This sculpture is one of many casts made from EM Viquesney's doughboy design. Monuments using this design are scattered around NJ & the United States.

The sculpture, set upon a concrete base, depicts a World War I infantryman advancing through the stumps and barbed wire of "No Man's Land."  He holds a rifle in his left hand & a grenade in his raised right hand.

The monument was donated in 1922 by Dover Township resident, Peter C. Buck.  

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System Inventory (SIRIS) inventory #47260068. 

Photo courtesy of:  EM Viquesney Doughboy Database & Frank Poolas 

WWI Monument - Edgewaterloupe
Route 5 & River Road
Ettore Cadorin

Located at a major road intersection in Edgewater, Bergen County, the monument consists of two bronze relief plaques mounted to the face of a quarry-faced, stone slab. The plaques were designed by sculptor Ettore Cadorin.

The upper plaque depicts a sailor, soldier, & marine, each dressed in uniform, standing side by side with their arms interlinked. The sailor has a raised right arm and points to a depiction of a ship at sea at the left side of the plaque. The figure at right holds a rifle by its barrel in his lowered left hand.

The lower plaque depicts a seated allegorical female figure, dressed in flowing robes who raises her right arm while holding a flagpole with unfurled flag with her left hand. To the right of the figure is a list of names.

The monument, originally erected to honor veterans of the Great War, now has plaques commemorating service in World War II, Korea and Vietnam, as well. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000240.

Photo courtesy of:  Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)


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