fbpx
African American Officers Mule Rearing pilots in dress uniforms Riveters The pilots doughboys with mules gas masks African American Soldiers 1

Maps

 

Pictures gallery    Display the map      
WWI Monument - Bradley Beachloupe
Borough Hall, Main Street (Rt. 71)
Bradley Beach
NJ
USA
07720
L. Manning & Sons

This monument consists of a three-level marble slab base. The top slab has a shallow-gabled top and has incised insignias on each side representing the US Army Air Corp, Infantry, Field Artillery & the US Navy. The next stage, square in cross section, has bronze plaques commemorating service of residents in WWI on all four sides. This stage is surrounded by an overhanging square stone slab that serves as the base for a classic stone obelisk with a crowning stone pyramidal top. 

The Bradley Beach monument is situated in the center of a circular, brick plaza in front of the municipal building. 

Photos courtesy of:
NJ State Historic Preservation Office
Plaques - RC & Historical Marker Database

 
Site of Signing of US WWI Peace Treaty - Raritanloupe
Routes 28 & 202/206 (Entrance to Somerville Shopping Center)
Raritan
NJ
USA
08869

The following is an account of the signing of the US WWI Peace Treaty published in the New York Times issue of May 27, 1984: 

"Although the other Allies accepted the Treaty of Versailles, a vicious, partisan battle over its adoption erupted in the United States.  ... Formal peace did not come for another two years: July 2, 1921. The place the war ended was in rural Somerset County. 

The US resolution contained some of the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, but not membership in the League of Nations.

As the debate in Congress was ending, President Warren Harding left to spend a relaxing Fourth of July weekend at the picturesque country home of Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen in Somerville, NJ.

The President was accompanied by his wife and a group of cronies from the Senate and the House. The Presidential party arrived on Friday evening, July 1, after taking the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Washington to Bound Brook.

The following day, a White House courier arrived with the resolution that had just been adopted by Congress, and reporters described the ensuing events with the sort of colorful journalistic detail that characterized newspaper reporting in those days.

President Harding, who had been playing golf at the Somerset Hills Country Club, returned to the Frelinghuysen home in an automobile. He was wearing ''a Palm Beach suit, white shoes, white socks with black clocks, a white shirt buttoned by removable gold studs and a green and red bow tie.''

He met the White House courier on the front porch, where he read through the documents. The President then entered through the front door and sat at a table.

About 30 people crowded into the room, including reporters, photographers, Secret Service agents, Washington dignitaries, the Frelinghuysen children, the acting Governor of New Jersey, butlers, maids, chauffeurs and gardeners.

A reporter asked Senator Frelinghuysen what he called the room.

''Oh, I don't know,'' he said, ''library, living room, parlor - anything you please.''

A group of Somerset County officials, including Sherrif Bogart Conkling, had brought along a feathery quill pen for the President to use, but he instead took a ''new steel pen in an ordinary wooden holder'' from Senator Frelinghuysen.

In silence, except for the clicking of cameras, the President signed the resolution.

''That's all,'' he said, in what must be one of the most unmemorable lines ever uttered in a historic moment.

At that point, a large drop of ink fell from the pen to the page, obscuring part of Mr. Harding's signature. An aide applied a blotter, and the document was placed in a leather pouch to be returned to Washington.

After a few moments of conversation, the President and his party departed for some more golf, this time at the Raritan Valley Country Club.

Nobody is quite sure how it got there, but the desk on which President Harding signed the resolution is tucked away in a small room in the concrete and glass library on the Rutgers-Newark campus. There is no plaque or marker on it, and it is used principally as a conference table for librarians."

Today, a small plaque commemorates the location of the former Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen home in Somerville, NJ.  It is located at the entrance to the Somerville Circle Shopping Center. 

Photo courtesy of: Somerset County Historical Society; original credit:  Unionist-Gazette newspaper, 1921 

 

 
Camp Merritt Memorial - Cresskillloupe
Madison Avenue & Knickerbocker Road
Cresskill
NJ
USA
07627
1924
Capt. Robert Ingersoll Aitken

In August 1919, Bergen County purchased land for a monument commemorating the role of Camp Merritt during the Great War at the intersection of Madison Avenue & Knickerbocker Road in Cresskill - marking the center of the largest embarkation camp in the US during WWI.  Modeled after the Washington Monument, the obelisk is 65 feet tall and made of granite.  Inscribed on the base are the names of the 578 people who died at the camp, mostly as the result of the 1918 influenza epidemic.  A large carved relief by the sculptor Robert Ingersoll Aitken shows a striding doughboy with an eagle flying overhead.

Set into a large boulder is a copper plaque with a relief of the Palisades, illustrating that the Camp Merritt site was used as an area of embarkation.  The plaque was designed by artist Katherine Lamb Tait.

The monument was dedicated on May 30, 1924.  A crowd of 20,000 heard a dedicatory address given by famed Army General Pershing.

Narrative adapted from Bergen County, NJ official website. 

Photo courtesy of:  Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

 
Spirit of the American Doughboy - Doverloupe
Hurd Park, Rt. 46 & Princeton Avenue
Dover
NJ
USA
07801
1922
EM Viquesney

This sculpture is one of many casts made from EM Viquesney's doughboy design. Monuments using this design are scattered around NJ & the United States.

The sculpture, set upon a concrete base, depicts a World War I infantryman advancing through the stumps and barbed wire of "No Man's Land."  He holds a rifle in his left hand & a grenade in his raised right hand.

The monument was donated in 1922 by Dover Township resident, Peter C. Buck.  

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System Inventory (SIRIS) inventory #47260068. 

Photo courtesy of:  EM Viquesney Doughboy Database & Frank Poolas 

 
WWI Monument - Edgewaterloupe
Route 5 & River Road
Edgewater
NJ
USA
07020
1919
Ettore Cadorin

Located at a major road intersection in Edgewater, Bergen County, the monument consists of two bronze relief plaques mounted to the face of a quarry-faced, stone slab. The plaques were designed by sculptor Ettore Cadorin.

The upper plaque depicts a sailor, soldier, & marine, each dressed in uniform, standing side by side with their arms interlinked. The sailor has a raised right arm and points to a depiction of a ship at sea at the left side of the plaque. The figure at right holds a rifle by its barrel in his lowered left hand.

The lower plaque depicts a seated allegorical female figure, dressed in flowing robes who raises her right arm while holding a flagpole with unfurled flag with her left hand. To the right of the figure is a list of names.

The monument, originally erected to honor veterans of the Great War, now has plaques commemorating service in World War II, Korea and Vietnam, as well. 

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000240.

Photo courtesy of:  Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

 
Veterans Monument - Emersonloupe
High & Linwood Avenues
Emerson
NJ
USA
07630

The Emerson monument consists of a tree-shaded, rusticated stone slab with a bronze honor roll plaque. The honor roll lists citizens of Emerson who served in the military during World War I.

Photo courtesy of: Michael Herrick & Historical Marker Database

 
Spirit of the American Doughboy - Fair Havenloupe
Memorial Park, Fair Haven & River Road
Fair Haven
NJ
USA
07704
1924
EM Viquesney

This sculpture is one of many casts made from EM Viquesney's doughboy design. Monuments using this design are scattered around NJ & the US.

This copper cast sculpture, set upon a pink Maine granite base with beveled corners, depicts a World War I infantryman advancing through the stumps and barbed wire of "No Man's Land."  He holds a rifle in his left hand & a grenade in his raised right hand.

The monument was dedicated on August 16, 1924, in honor of Fair Haven residents who served in WWI. The base contains a bronze plaque with a Fair Haven World War I honor roll.  It cost approximately $1,000 with an undisclosed sum for the base. The Memorial Park Committee financed it by holding several events including a boxing tournament feature Gene Tunney.

In the late 1960s, vandals stole the rifle and broke the figure’s left hand.  In 1995, the sculpture was refurbished.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000436. 

Photos Credit:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
Spirit of the American Doughboy - Frenchtownloupe
Edith Ort Thomas Elementary School, 902 Harrison Street
Frenchtown
NJ
USA
08825
1926
EM Viquesney

This sculpture is one of many casts made from EM Viquesney's doughboy design. Monuments using this design are scattered around NJ & the US.

This bronze cast sculpture, set upon a base, depicts a World War I infantryman advancing through the stumps and barbed wire of "No Man's Land."  He holds a rifle in his left hand & a grenade in his raised right hand.

The sculpture was erected in 1926 on the front lawn of Frenchtown High School (presently Edith Ort Thomas Elementary School) to honor Frenchtown & vicinity soldiers who served in World War I. The sculpture cost $2,700.

In the summer of 1995, the sculpture was refurbished and cleaned by the Easton Memorial Finishing Works of Easton, PA. The rifle end was refashioned and attached, and the sculpture was sandblasted and buffed. A new plaque honoring veterans of subsequent wars was added and the sculpture was rededicated on November 11, 1995.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Infomration System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000454. 

Photo courtesy of: Alan Edelson & Historical Marker Database

 
War Memorial - Garfieldloupe
Veterans Square, Harrison & Midland Avenues
Garfield
NJ
USA
07026

This monument consists of a rusticated granite square column with a central long inset vertical section topped with a segmented arch.  The column capital is topped by a concrete hemisphere, which is in turn, surmounted by a concrete orb, both resting on a base.  An iron eagle in flight is mounted to the top of the orb.

The base of the statue has a bronze honor roll plaque on its front side, which is also constructed of rusticated granite. 

The monument is placed on a landscaped triangular traffic island in downtown Garfield.

Photo courtesy of:  Sheena Chi

 
Pictures gallery    Display the map      
WWI Honor Roll - Glen Rockloupe
Rock Road & Doremus Avenue
Glen Rock
NJ
USA
07452
1921

A bronze plaque with an eagle crowning its rectangular frame is affixed to a glacial boulder. The plaque itself lists all those from Glen Rock who served in World War I. It was dedicated before a large crowd in 1921.

The "Rock" from which Glen Rock gets its name was left approx. 15,000 years ago by the Wisconsin Glacier.  The granite boulder weighs about 590 tons. 

Photos courtesy of: Glen Rock Historical & Preservation Society

 
Pictures gallery    Display the map      
Doughboy - Haddon Townshiploupe
Westmont Fire Company, 120 Haddon Avenue
Haddon Township
NJ
USA
08108
1920
Richard Walter Bock

The Haddon Township Doughboy is one of the iconic figures not designed by Visquesney. It was, instead, designed by sculptor Richard Walter Bock who had been born in Germany in 1865. In 1870, his family emigrated to Chicago where his father opened a cabinet making business. Bock began his art education in the United States but returned to his native country and France to complete his training.

Bock opened a sculpture studio in Chicago, designed sculptures for the World’s Fair Columbian Exposition, and gained notice by his interior bas-reliefs for the city’s Schiller Theatre designed by famed Chicago architect, Louis Sullivan. While working with Sullivan, Bock became acquainted with the architect’s draftsman, Frank Lloyd Wright. Bock became a friend of Wright’s and designed numerous sculptures for Wright buildings.

In 1928, Bock was selected as head of the Sculpture Department at the University of Oregon. He retired from the University in 1932, and died in 1949. In his memoirs, Bock described the Haddon Township commission:

Following the War, I had  a number of commissions commemorating that unhappy event. One was a very conventional statue made as a civic monument for Jersey City, New Jersey. It was a realistic charging soldier with a fixed bayonet, titled “Over the Top.”…In a small size, about four feet tall, it was widely copied for schools all over the county.”

One cast of his Jersey City sculpture is located in Haddon Township, Camden County. It includes a pedestal on which the 81 Township residents who served in the war are commemorated, The monument originally stood in front of Westmont School #1, located at the intersection of Haddon and Reeve Avenues. In 1961, the sculpture was moved to its present location, in front of the Westmont Firehouse on Haddon Avenue. The monument was dedicated in 1920.

Narrative adapted from Sandra White-Grear, “The Haddon Township Doughboy,” edited and added to by William Brahms, Haddon Township Historical Society, 2010.

Photos courtesy of:  Haddon Township Historical Society

 
WWI Honor Roll Monument - Hamiltonloupe
Bernard Foley Park, Nottingham Way & Mercer Street
Hamilton
NJ
USA
08690

This monument consists of a square stone pier constructed of coursed quarry-faced stones.  It is capped by a stone slap with a flagpole rising from the center.  A rectangular bronze plaque is attached to the left side of the pier. 

It is dedicated to the area's citizens who served in WWI, including a nurse, Grace Blackwell. 

Narrative adapted from "A History of Hamilton Township, NJ," 1998 & Historical Marker Database. 

Photos courtesy of: Deb Hartshorn & Historical Marker Database

 
WWI Roll of Honor - Hasbrouck Heightsloupe
Terrace & Passaic Avenues
Hasbrouck Heights
NJ
USA
07604
1919

This monument consists of a rusticated granite stele mounted on a granite base.  Three large, bronze plaques are mounted to the sides of the monument. The front plaque depicts a bas relief image of Liberty holding a laurel wreath.  The plaque contains the dedication to Hasbrouck Heights residents who served in World War I.  Plaques on two sides contain the Honor Roll. 

Photos courtesy of: NJ State Historic Preservation Office 

 
WWI Monument - Hawthorneloupe
Borough Hall, Lafayette & Warburton Avenues
Hawthorne
NJ
USA
07506

This monument consists of a rusticated granite slab that rises from a marble base.  A large bronze plaque, mounted to the front of the slab, contains an honor roll of the Hawthorne residents who served in World War I.  The plaque is crowned by a central spread-winged eagle whose talons are anchored in a US shield. In the background are sets of three angled, partially furled flags. 

Photo courtesy of: Michael Herrick & Historical Marker Database

 
Pictures gallery    Display the map      
Doughboy WWI Monument - Highlandsloupe
Highland Avenue & Portland Road (Rt. 36 East)
Highlands
NJ
USA
07732

A World War I soldier stands at parade rest. Both hands clutch the barrel of his rifle, the butt of which rests on  the ground.  He wears a helmet, shirt, pants and boots and leans his right leg against a stump.  He stands atop a granite, multi-tiered base.  The front of the base contains a plaque honoring the veterans of Highlands.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #NJ000175.

Photos courtesy of:
Full monument - RC & Historical Marker Database
Detail - NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
Veterans Monument - Hillsdaleloupe
Broadway & Park Avenue
Hillsdale
NJ
USA
07642
1922

The Hillsdale, NJ monument consists of a rusticated granite arched slab sitting atop a granite base.  A bronze eagle is perched atop the slab; a bronze plaque on the front contains an honor roll of Hillsdale residents who served in World War I. 

Two angled stone slabs with smaller plaques are placed in front of the monument honoring those who participated in later wars.

Photo courtesy of: Michael Herrick & Historical Marker Database

 
American Expeditionary Forces Memorial Boulder - Hobokenloupe
First Street & Pier A
Hoboken
NJ
USA
07030
1925

This monument was erected in 1925 to commemorate Hoboken's role as the US Army Port of Embarkation during World War I, and honor the 3 million troops who passed through Hoboken's port. The monument contains a bronze tablet mounted to the face of a granite boulder. It was erected by the Hoboken Assembly, Fourth Degree, of the Knights of Columbus. 

The current plaque was fabricated in 1978 and paid for by Hudson County. The boulder originally sat on Pier 4 near River Street. It was moved to River Street near Pier B in 1976. In 2002-03, with the completion of the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway, it was moved to its present location at First Street & Pier A.

Narrative adapted from Hoboken Historical Museum website. 

Photo courtesy of: Hoboken Historical Museum

 
Soldiers & Sailors Monument - Jersey Cityloupe
Leonard Gordon Park, Kennedy Blvd & Manhattan Avenue
Jersey City
NJ
USA
07307
1930

This Soldiers & Sailors Monument is a full-length figure of a World War I soldier, wearing a uniform and hat. His left arm is outstretched holding a rifle.  In his right hand he holds a grenade which he is positioned to toss. The painted bronze sculpture stands on a white concrete base. 

The monument was installed by the Hudson City Soldiers & Sailors Welfare League in 1930.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)  inventory #NJ000481.

Photo courtesy of: Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS)

   
 
Spirit of the American Doughboy - Matawanloupe
Memorial Park, Main & Broad Streets
Matawan
NJ
USA
07747
1927
EM Viquesney

This sculpture is one of many casts made from EM Viquesney's doughboy design. Monuments using this design are scattered around NJ & the US.

This bronze cast sculpture, set upon a granite base, depicts a World War I infantryman advancing through the stumps and barbed wire of "No Man's Land."  He holds a rifle in his left hand & a grenade in his raised right hand.

The monument was dedicated on Memorial Day 1927. The base contains a bronze plaque with a Matawan World War I honor roll.

Narrative adapted from Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) inventory #47260070. 

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 
Display the map      
WWI Memorial - Medfordloupe
South Main Street
Medford
NJ
USA

The World War I monument consists of a granite base whose top angles up to meet the lower corners of an arched top rusticated granite slab.  Mounted to the front of the slab is a bronze plaque with an arched top and upper corner shoulders.  This plaque, an honor roll, lists the names of the residents of Medford who served in the war.

Photo courtesy of:  NJ State Historic Preservation Office

 

"Pershing" Donors

$5 Million +


Founding Sponsor
PritzkerMML Logo


Starr Foundation Logo


The Lilly Endowment